Ventricular Arrythmias

Also known as: Arrhythmia, Ventricular / Ventricular arrhythmia NOS / Ventricular Arrhythmias / Ventricular Arrhythmia / Ventricular Arrythmia / Arrhythmia of ventricular origin / Arrhythmia ventricular / Arrhythmia ventricular (NOS)

DrugDrug NameDrug Description
DB01193AcebutololA cardioselective beta-adrenergic antagonist with little effect on the bronchial receptors. The drug has stabilizing and quinidine-like effects on cardiac rhythm as well as weak inherent sympathomimetic action.
DB00280DisopyramideA class I anti-arrhythmic agent (one that interferes directly with the depolarization of the cardiac membrane and thus serves as a membrane-stabilizing agent) with a depressant action on the heart similar to that of guanidine. It also possesses some anticholinergic and local anesthetic properties.
DB01064IsoprenalineIsopropyl analog of epinephrine; beta-sympathomimetic that acts on the heart, bronchi, skeletal muscle, alimentary tract, etc. It is used mainly as bronchodilator and heart stimulant.
DB00281LidocaineEver since its discovery and availability for sale and use in the late 1940s, lidocaine has become an exceptionally commonly used medication [T583]. In particular, lidocaine's principal mode of action in acting as a local anesthetic that numbs the sensations of tissues means the agent is indicated for facilitating local anesthesia for a large variety of surgical procedures [F4349, L5930, L5948]. It ultimately elicits its numbing activity by blocking sodium channels so that the neurons of local tissues that have the medication applied on are transiently incapable of signaling the brain regarding sensations [F4349, L5930, L5948]. In doing so, however, it can block or decrease muscle contractile, resulting in effects like vasodilation, hypotension, and irregular heart rate, among others [F4349, L5930, L5948]. As a result, lidocaine is also considered a class Ib anti-arrhythmic agent [L5930, L5948, F4468]. Nevertheless, lidocaine's local anesthetic action sees its use in many medical situations or circumstances that may benefit from its action, including the treatment of premature ejaculation [A177625]. Regardless, lidocaine is currently available as a relatively non-expensive generic medication that is written for in millions of prescriptions internationally on a yearly basis. It is even included in the World Health Organization's List of Essential Medicines [L6055].
DB01182PropafenoneAn antiarrhythmia agent that is particularly effective in ventricular arrhythmias. It also has weak beta-blocking activity. The drug is generally well tolerated.
DB00908QuinidineAn optical isomer of quinine, extracted from the bark of the Cinchona tree and similar plant species. This alkaloid dampens the excitability of cardiac and skeletal muscles by blocking sodium and potassium currents across cellular membranes. It prolongs cellular action potential, and decreases automaticity. Quinidine also blocks muscarinic and alpha-adrenergic neurotransmission.
DB00243RanolazineRanolazine is an acetanilide and piperazine derivative that inhibits the late sodium current.[A174946] It is presented as a racemic form in a ration 1:1 with no inter-conversion.[L5473] The ranolazine product as found today was developed by Lupin Ltd and approved by the FDA in 2013.[L5437] However, the original ranolazine product was developed by CV Therapeutics Inc, FDA approved in 2006[L5440] and EMA approved in 2008.[A174946]
DrugDrug NameTargetType
DB01193AcebutololBeta-1 adrenergic receptortarget
DB01193AcebutololCytochrome P450 2D6enzyme
DB01193AcebutololBeta-2 adrenergic receptortarget
DB01193AcebutololMultidrug resistance protein 1transporter
DB00280DisopyramideSodium channel protein type 5 subunit alphatarget
DB00280DisopyramideAlpha-1-acid glycoprotein 1carrier
DB00280DisopyramideCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB00280DisopyramideMuscarinic acetylcholine receptor M1target
DB00280DisopyramideMuscarinic acetylcholine receptor M2target
DB00280DisopyramideMuscarinic acetylcholine receptor M3target
DB00280DisopyramidePotassium voltage-gated channel subfamily D member 2target
DB00280DisopyramidePotassium voltage-gated channel subfamily D member 3target
DB00280DisopyramideSolute carrier family 22 member 2transporter
DB00280DisopyramideSolute carrier family 22 member 1transporter
DB00280DisopyramidePotassium voltage-gated channel subfamily H member 2target
DB00280DisopyramideAlpha-1-acid glycoprotein 2target
DB00280DisopyramideCytochrome P450 1A2enzyme
DB01064IsoprenalineBeta-1 adrenergic receptortarget
DB01064IsoprenalineBeta-2 adrenergic receptortarget
DB01064IsoprenalinePhosphatidylinositol 3-kinase regulatory subunit alphatarget
DB01064IsoprenalineBeta-3 adrenergic receptortarget
DB01064IsoprenalineMitogen-activated protein kinase 1target
DB01064IsoprenalinePhosphatidylinositol 3-kinase regulatory subunit betatarget
DB01064IsoprenalinePhosphatidylinositol 3-kinase regulatory subunit gammatarget
DB01064IsoprenalineCytochrome P450 1A1enzyme
DB01064IsoprenalineCAMP phosphodiesterasetarget
DB01064IsoprenalineSuperoxide dismutase [Cu-Zn]target
DB00281LidocaineSodium channel protein type 5 subunit alphatarget
DB00281LidocaineSodium channel protein type 10 subunit alphatarget
DB00281LidocaineEpidermal growth factor receptortarget
DB00281LidocaineSodium channel protein type 9 subunit alphatarget
DB00281LidocaineCytochrome P450 1A2enzyme
DB00281LidocaineCytochrome P450 2D6enzyme
DB00281LidocaineCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB00281LidocaineCytochrome P450 3A5enzyme
DB00281LidocaineCytochrome P450 3A7enzyme
DB00281LidocaineSolute carrier family 22 member 5transporter
DB00281LidocaineMultidrug resistance protein 1transporter
DB00281LidocaineCytochrome P450 2A6enzyme
DB00281LidocaineCytochrome P450 2B6enzyme
DB00281LidocaineCytochrome P450 2C18enzyme
DB00281LidocaineCytochrome P450 2C8enzyme
DB00281LidocaineCytochrome P450 2C9enzyme
DB00281LidocaineSodium channel protein type 4 subunit alphatarget
DB00281LidocaineAlpha-1-acid glycoprotein 1target
DB00281LidocaineAlpha-1-acid glycoprotein 2target
DB01182PropafenoneSodium channel protein type 5 subunit alphatarget
DB01182PropafenonePotassium voltage-gated channel subfamily H member 2target
DB01182PropafenoneCytochrome P450 1A2enzyme
DB01182PropafenoneCytochrome P450 2D6enzyme
DB01182PropafenoneCytochrome P450 2C8enzyme
DB01182PropafenoneCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB01182PropafenoneMultidrug resistance protein 1transporter
DB01182PropafenoneBeta-1 adrenergic receptortarget
DB01182PropafenoneBeta-2 adrenergic receptortarget
DB00908QuinidineSodium channel protein type 5 subunit alphatarget
DB00908QuinidineAlpha-1-acid glycoprotein 1carrier
DB00908QuinidinePotassium voltage-gated channel subfamily H member 2target
DB00908QuinidinePotassium channel subfamily K member 1target
DB00908QuinidinePotassium channel subfamily K member 6target
DB00908QuinidineCytochrome P450 1A2enzyme
DB00908QuinidineCytochrome P450 2E1enzyme
DB00908QuinidineCytochrome P450 1A1enzyme
DB00908QuinidineCytochrome P450 2D6enzyme
DB00908QuinidineCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB00908QuinidineCytochrome P450 3A7enzyme
DB00908QuinidineSolute carrier family 22 member 2transporter
DB00908QuinidineSolute carrier family 22 member 1transporter
DB00908QuinidineSolute carrier family 22 member 5transporter
DB00908QuinidineMultidrug resistance protein 1transporter
DB00908QuinidineSolute carrier organic anion transporter family member 1A2transporter
DB00908QuinidineSolute carrier family 22 member 8transporter
DB00908QuinidineCanalicular multispecific organic anion transporter 1transporter
DB00908QuinidineSolute carrier family 22 member 4transporter
DB00908QuinidineSolute carrier organic anion transporter family member 1B1transporter
DB00908QuinidineCytochrome P450 2B6enzyme
DB00908QuinidineCytochrome P450 2C9enzyme
DB00908QuinidineAlpha-1A adrenergic receptortarget
DB00908QuinidineAlpha-1B adrenergic receptortarget
DB00908QuinidineAlpha-1D adrenergic receptortarget
DB00908QuinidineBile salt export pumptransporter
DB00908QuinidineCytochrome P450 2C8enzyme
DB00243RanolazineCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB00243RanolazineCytochrome P450 2D6enzyme
DB00243RanolazineBile salt export pumptransporter
DB00243RanolazineMultidrug resistance protein 1transporter
DB00243RanolazineSerum albumincarrier
DB00243RanolazineVoltage gated sodium channeltarget
DB00243RanolazineInward rectifier potassium channeltarget
DB00243RanolazineVoltage-dependent L-type calcium channeltarget
DB00243RanolazineAlpha-1 adrenergic receptorstarget
DB00243RanolazineBeta-1 adrenergic receptortarget
DB00243RanolazineFatty acidtarget
DB00243RanolazineAlpha-1-acid glycoprotein 1carrier
DrugDrug NamePhaseStatusCount
DB01118Amiodarone2Completed1
DB12394Eleclazine2Completed1
DB01228Encainide2Completed1
DB01195Flecainide2Completed1
DB00458Imipramine2Completed1
DB00680Moricizine2Completed1
DB00264Metoprolol2 / 3Recruiting1
DB00661Verapamil2 / 3Recruiting1
DB01228Encainide3Completed1
DB01195Flecainide3Completed1
DB00458Imipramine3Completed1
DB00379Mexiletine3Completed1
DB00680Moricizine3Completed1
DB01035Procainamide3Completed1
DB00908Quinidine3Completed1
DB00243Ranolazine3Completed1
DB00489Sotalol3Completed1