Anginal Pain

Also known as: Angina / Ischemic chest pain / Anginal syndrome / Stenocardia / Angina equivalent / Anginal discomfort / Angina syndrome / Ischaemic chest pain / Angina Pectoris

DrugDrug NameDrug Description
DB00381AmlodipineAmlodipine, initially approved by the FDA in 1987, is a popular antihypertensive drug belonging to the group of drugs called _dihydropyridine calcium channel blockers_. Due to their selectivity for the peripheral blood vessels, dihydropyridine calcium channel blockers are associated with a lower incidence of myocardial depression and cardiac conduction abnormalities than other calcium channel blockers [A175327]. Amlodipine is commonly used in the treatment of high blood pressure and angina. Amlodipine has antioxidant properties and an ability to enhance the production of nitric oxide (NO), an important vasodilator that decreases blood pressure [A175321]. The option for single daily dosing of amlodipine is an attractive feature of this drug [FDA label].
DB01076AtorvastatinAtorvastatin is a member of the statins firstly synthesized in 1985 by Dr. Bruce Roth and FDA approved in 1996.[T568] It is a pentasubstituted pyrrole[A177415] formed by two contrasting moieties with an achiral heterocyclic core unit and a 3,5-dihydroxypentanoyl side chain identical to its parent compound.[T571] Unlike other members of the statin group, atorvastatin is an active compound and hence, it does not require activation.[A177436] It is the most widely used and potent member of the statin group.[T568]
DB00343DiltiazemDiltiazem is a benzothiazepine derivative with antihypertensive and vasodilating properties. Approved in 1982 by the FDA, it is a member of the non-dihydropyridine calcium channel blockers drug class. It works through various mechanisms of action, but it primarily works by inhibiting the calcium influx into cardiac and vascular smooth muscle during depolarization.[label] Compared to dihydropyridine drugs, such as [nifedipine], that preferentially act on vascular smooth muscle and [verapamil] that directly acts on the heart muscle, diltiazem displays an intermediate specificity to target both the cardiac and vascular smooth muscle.[T28] Being a potent vasodilator, diltiazem is used clinically as an antihypertensive, anti-arrhythmic, and as an anti-anginal agent[L6289] for the management of cardiovascular conditions such as hypertension, chronic stable angina, atrial fibrillation, atrial flutter. Apart from its main FDA-approved indications, diltiazem has also been used for numerous off-label indications, such as anal fissures (in topical formulations), migraine prophylaxis, pulmonary hypertension, and rest-related cramps in the lower extremities.[L6289] Typically available in extended-release oral and intravenous formulations, diltiazem is marketed under various brand names with Cardizem and Tiazac being the most common ones.
DB00373TimololA beta-adrenergic antagonist similar in action to propranolol. The levo-isomer is the more active. Timolol has been proposed as an antihypertensive, antiarrhythmic, antiangina, and antiglaucoma agent. It is also used in the treatment of migraine disorders and tremor.
DB13910Valproate bismuthValproate bismuth is available in Canada in the over-the-counter medication Neo-Laryngobis.
DrugDrug NameTargetType
DB00381AmlodipineCarbonic anhydrase 1target
DB00381AmlodipineCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB00381AmlodipineVoltage-dependent L-type calcium channel subunit alpha-1Ctarget
DB00381AmlodipineCytochrome P450 1A1enzyme
DB00381AmlodipineCytochrome P450 2B6enzyme
DB00381AmlodipineVoltage-dependent N-type calcium channel subunit alpha-1Btarget
DB00381AmlodipineVoltage-dependent L-type calcium channel subunit beta-1target
DB00381AmlodipineVoltage-dependent calcium channel subunit alpha-2/delta-3target
DB00381AmlodipineCytochrome P450 3A5enzyme
DB00381AmlodipineMultidrug resistance protein 1transporter
DB00381AmlodipineCytochrome P450 2C8enzyme
DB00381AmlodipineCytochrome P450 2D6enzyme
DB00381AmlodipineSphingomyelin phosphodiesterasetarget
DB00381AmlodipineLactose monohydratecarrier
DB00381AmlodipineMagnesium stearatecarrier
DB00381AmlodipineMicrocrystalline cellulosecarrier
DB00381AmlodipineMaize starchcarrier
DB00381AmlodipineVoltage-dependent calcium channeltarget
DB00381AmlodipineVoltage-dependent T-type calcium channel subunit alpha-1Itarget
DB00381AmlodipineVoltage-dependent N-type calcium channeltarget
DB01076Atorvastatin3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-coenzyme A reductasetarget
DB01076AtorvastatinCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB01076AtorvastatinDipeptidyl peptidase 4target
DB01076AtorvastatinCytochrome P450 2D6enzyme
DB01076AtorvastatinCytochrome P450 2C9enzyme
DB01076AtorvastatinCytochrome P450 2C19enzyme
DB01076AtorvastatinCytochrome P450 3A5enzyme
DB01076AtorvastatinCytochrome P450 3A7enzyme
DB01076AtorvastatinMultidrug resistance protein 1transporter
DB01076AtorvastatinSolute carrier organic anion transporter family member 1A2transporter
DB01076AtorvastatinSolute carrier organic anion transporter family member 1B1transporter
DB01076AtorvastatinMultidrug resistance-associated protein 4transporter
DB01076AtorvastatinMultidrug resistance-associated protein 5transporter
DB01076AtorvastatinMultidrug resistance-associated protein 1transporter
DB01076AtorvastatinCytochrome P450 2B6enzyme
DB01076AtorvastatinCytochrome P450 2C8enzyme
DB01076AtorvastatinAryl hydrocarbon receptortarget
DB01076AtorvastatinSolute carrier organic anion transporter family member 2B1transporter
DB01076AtorvastatinSolute carrier organic anion transporter family member 1B3transporter
DB01076AtorvastatinUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1-1enzyme
DB01076AtorvastatinUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1-3enzyme
DB01076AtorvastatinCanalicular multispecific organic anion transporter 1transporter
DB01076AtorvastatinBile salt export pumptransporter
DB01076AtorvastatinSerum albumincarrier
DB00343DiltiazemVoltage-dependent calcium channel gamma-1 subunittarget
DB00343DiltiazemCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB00343DiltiazemCytochrome P450 2C19enzyme
DB00343DiltiazemCytochrome P450 2D6enzyme
DB00343DiltiazemCytochrome P450 3A5enzyme
DB00343DiltiazemCytochrome P450 3A7enzyme
DB00343DiltiazemMultidrug resistance protein 1transporter
DB00343DiltiazemCytochrome P450 2C8enzyme
DB00343DiltiazemSerum albumincarrier
DB00343DiltiazemAlpha-1-acid glycoprotein 1carrier
DB00343DiltiazemVoltage-dependent L-type calcium channel subunit alpha-1Ctarget
DB00373TimololBeta-1 adrenergic receptortarget
DB00373TimololBeta-2 adrenergic receptortarget
DB00373TimololCytochrome P450 2D6enzyme
DB00373TimololMultidrug resistance protein 1transporter
DB00373TimololCytochrome P450 2C19enzyme
DrugDrug NamePhaseStatusCount
DB00062Human Serum Albumin2Completed1
DB09337Medical air2Completed1
DB00945Acetylsalicylic acid4Not Yet Recruiting1
DB01136Carvedilol4Unknown Status1
DB09083Ivabradine4Unknown Status1
DB08860Pitavastatin4Active Not Recruiting1
DB00243Ranolazine4Unknown Status1
DB01109HeparinNot AvailableUnknown Status1
DB00243RanolazineNot AvailableCompleted1
DB00243RanolazineNot AvailableUnknown Status1