Anesthetics, Intravenous

Anesthetics, Intravenous
Accession Number

Ultrashort-acting anesthetics that are used for induction. Loss of consciousness is rapid and induction is pleasant, but there is no muscle relaxation and reflexes frequently are not reduced adequately. Repeated administration results in accumulation and prolongs the recovery time. Since these agents have little if any analgesic activity, they are seldom used alone except in brief minor procedures. (From AMA Drug Evaluations Annual, 1994, p174)

DrugDrug Description
EtomidateA short-acting intravenous anesthetic indicated for the induction of anesthesia and supplementation of subpotent anesthesia during short operative procedures.
MethohexitalAn anesthetic used to induce deep sedation.
ThiopentalA barbiturate used to induce general anesthesia, treat convulsions, and reduce intracranial pressure.
SufentanilAn opioid used to induce and maintain anesthesia, to act as an analgesic in labor and delivery, and to treat severe, acute pain.
AlfentanilAn opioid agonist used to induce and maintain anesthesia, as well as an analgesic.
FentanylAn opioid analgesic used in anesthesia, for breakthrough cancer pain, or round the clock pain management.
PropofolA medication used in general anesthesia and for sedation.
DiazepamA long-acting benzodiazepine with rapid onset commonly used to treat panic disorders, severe anxiety, alcohol withdrawal, and seizures.
RemifentanilAn opioid analgesic used in anesthesia.
ThiamylalUsed for the production of complete anaesthesia of short duration, for the induction of general anaesthesia, and for inducing a hypnotic state.
KetamineA rapid-acting general anesthetic and NMDA receptor antagonist used for induction of anesthesia diagnostic and surgical procedures typically in combination with a muscle relaxant.
gamma-Hydroxybutyric acidUsed as a general anesthetic, to treat conditions such as insomnia, clinical depression, narcolepsy, and alcoholism, and to improve athletic performance.
UrethaneUrethane, formerly marketed as an inactive ingredient in Profenil injection, was determined to be carcinogenic and was removed from the Canadian, US, and UK markets in 1963.
Sodium oxybateA central nervous system depressant used to treat cataplexy and excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS) associated with narcolepsy.
TiletamineThis drug is a dissociative anesthetic agent that falls under the drug category of NMDA receptor antagonists. Tiletamine is chemically similar to another dissociative anesthetic, ketamine. Tiletamine hydrochloride, the salt...
PropanididAn intravenous anesthetic that has been used for rapid induction of anesthesia and for maintenance of anesthesia of short duration. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p918)
Drugs & Drug Targets
EtomidateGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-1target
EtomidateAlpha-2B adrenergic receptortarget
EtomidateSolute carrier family 2, facilitated glucose transporter member 1carrier
EtomidateCytochrome P450 11B1, mitochondrialenzyme
EtomidateCytochrome P450 11B2, mitochondrialenzyme
EtomidateGABA(A) Receptortarget
MethohexitalGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-1target
MethohexitalCytochrome P450 2C19enzyme
ThiopentalGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-1target
ThiopentalFatty-acid amide hydrolase 1target
ThiopentalGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-2target
ThiopentalGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-3target
ThiopentalGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-4target
ThiopentalGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-5target
ThiopentalGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-6target
ThiopentalNeuronal acetylcholine receptor subunit alpha-4target
ThiopentalNeuronal acetylcholine receptor subunit alpha-7target
ThiopentalGlutamate receptor 2target
ThiopentalGlutamate receptor ionotropic, kainate 2target
ThiopentalCytochrome P450 3A Subfamilyenzyme
ThiopentalMuscarinic acetylcholine receptor M3target
ThiopentalCytochrome P450 2C19enzyme
SufentanilMu-type opioid receptortarget
SufentanilDelta-type opioid receptortarget
SufentanilKappa-type opioid receptortarget
SufentanilCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
AlfentanilMu-type opioid receptortarget
AlfentanilCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
AlfentanilCytochrome P450 3A5enzyme
AlfentanilAlpha-1-acid glycoprotein 1carrier
AlfentanilSerum albumincarrier
AlfentanilCytochrome P450 3A7enzyme
AlfentanilP-glycoprotein 1transporter
FentanylMu-type opioid receptortarget
FentanylDelta-type opioid receptortarget
FentanylCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
FentanylCytochrome P450 3A7enzyme
FentanylP-glycoprotein 1transporter
FentanylKappa-type opioid receptortarget
FentanylP-glycoprotein 1target
FentanylSerum albumincarrier
Fentanylalpha1-acid glycoproteincarrier
PropofolCytochrome P450 2B6enzyme
PropofolUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1-1enzyme
PropofolUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1-9enzyme
PropofolGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit beta-2target
PropofolGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit beta-3target
PropofolSerum albumincarrier
PropofolSodium channel protein type 4 subunit alphatarget
PropofolSodium channel protein type 2 subunit alphatarget
PropofolFatty-acid amide hydrolase 1enzyme
PropofolCytochrome P450 2C9enzyme
PropofolUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1-8enzyme
PropofolCytochrome P450 2E1enzyme
PropofolCytochrome P450 1B1enzyme
PropofolCytochrome P450 1A1enzyme
PropofolCytochrome P450 1A2enzyme
PropofolCytochrome P450 2C18enzyme
PropofolCytochrome P450 2C19enzyme
PropofolCytochrome P450 2C8enzyme
PropofolUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1-6enzyme
PropofolGABA(A) Receptortarget
PropofolP-glycoprotein 1transporter
DiazepamCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DiazepamSerum albumincarrier
DiazepamCytochrome P450 2C9enzyme
DiazepamCytochrome P450 2C19enzyme
DiazepamCytochrome P450 3A5enzyme
DiazepamCytochrome P450 3A7enzyme
DiazepamP-glycoprotein 1transporter
DiazepamCytochrome P450 2B6enzyme
DiazepamProstaglandin G/H synthase 1enzyme
DiazepamCytochrome P450 2C18enzyme
DiazepamCytochrome P450 2C8enzyme
DiazepamCytochrome P450 2E1enzyme
DiazepamGABA(A) Receptortarget
DiazepamGABA(A) Receptor Benzodiazepine Binding Sitetarget
RemifentanilMu-type opioid receptortarget
RemifentanilDelta-type opioid receptortarget
RemifentanilKappa-type opioid receptortarget
ThiamylalGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-1target
ThiamylalATP-sensitive inward rectifier potassium channel 8target
ThiamylalATP-sensitive inward rectifier potassium channel 11target
ThiamylalCytochrome P450 2C9enzyme
ThiamylalCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
ThiamylalCytochrome P450 2E1enzyme
KetamineGlutamate receptor ionotropic, NMDA 3Atarget
KetamineNeurokinin 1 receptortarget
KetamineCytochrome P450 2B6enzyme
KetamineCytochrome P450 2C9enzyme
KetamineCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
KetamineDopamine D2 receptortarget
KetamineProstaglandin G/H synthase 1enzyme
KetamineCytochrome P450 2C8enzyme
KetamineDelta-type opioid receptortarget
KetamineSodium-dependent noradrenaline transportertarget
KetamineKappa-type opioid receptortarget
KetamineMu-type opioid receptortarget
KetamineMuscarinic acetylcholine receptortarget
Ketamine5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 2target
Ketamine5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 1target
Ketamine5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 3Atarget
KetamineAlpha-7 nicotinic cholinergic receptor subunittarget
KetamineNitric oxide synthase, braintarget
gamma-Hydroxybutyric acidMonocarboxylate transporter 2transporter
gamma-Hydroxybutyric acidMonocarboxylate transporter 1transporter
gamma-Hydroxybutyric acidMonocarboxylate transporter 4transporter
gamma-Hydroxybutyric acidGamma-hydroxybutyrate (GHB) receptortarget
gamma-Hydroxybutyric acidGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit beta-1target
UrethaneCytosolic phospholipase A2enzyme
UrethaneAldehyde oxidaseenzyme
Sodium oxybateSuccinate-semialdehyde dehydrogenase, mitochondrialenzyme
Sodium oxybateHydroxyacid-oxoacid transhydrogenase, mitochondrialenzyme