- Pharmaceutic Aids
- Accession Number
Substances which are of little or no therapeutic value, but are necessary in the manufacture, compounding, storage, etc., of pharmaceutical preparations or drug dosage forms. They include SOLVENTS, diluting agents, and suspending agents, and emulsifying agents. Also, ANTIOXIDANTS; PRESERVATIVES, PHARMACEUTICAL; COLORING AGENTS; FLAVORING AGENTS; VEHICLES; EXCIPIENTS; OINTMENT BASES.
Drug Drug Description Probenecid A medication used to treat gouty arthritis, tophaceous gout, and hyperuricemia. Propylene glycol A clear, colorless, viscous organic solvent and diluent used in pharmaceutical preparations. Tromethamine A proton acceptor used for the prevention and correction of metabolic acidosis associated with various clinical conditions, such as cardiac bypass surgery. Tragacanth An extract from Tragacanth used in allergy testing. Petrolatum For use as an over the counter skin protectant [FDA Label]. Commonly used to treat diaper rash and chapped lips [FDA Label] . Povidone When in complex with iodine, indicated for inducing antisepsis for prevention of infection in minor cuts, scrapes, and burns. Polysorbate 80 It is used as a solubilizer, antimicrobial preservative and disinfectant . Benzalkonium An antiseptic agent used as a preservative in medications or as a disinfectant in cleaning products. Polysorbate 20 Polysorbate 20 is a polysorbate-type nonionic surfactant used in many commercial, household and pharmaceutical products. It is composed of 20 repeated units of polyethylene glycol via ethoxylation. Polysorbate 20 is... Magnesium Aluminum Silicate Magnesium aluminum silicate is used as an over the counter antacid for the self-treatment of heartburn, sour stomach, or acid indigestion [FDA Label]. Poloxamer 407 Poloxamer 407 is a polyoxyethylene polymer and hydrophilic non-ionic surfactant. It consists of a central hydrophobic block of polypropylene glycol that is flanked on each side by polyethylene glycol blocks,... Poloxamer 188 A medication used to clean wounds. Chlorobutanol No approved therapeutic indications on its own. Thimerosal Used as preservative in some cosmetics, topical pharmaceuticals, and biological drug products, which includes vaccines [L1671, L1672, L1673]. Tricaprylin Tricaprilin has been used in trials studying the supportive care and treatment of Alzheimer's Disease. Almasilate Almasilate is indicated for use as an antacid for the neutralization of excess stomach acid . It is subsequently also used for the symptomatic treatment of diseases where it is... Imidurea Imidurea is an antimicrobial preservative used in cosmetics. It acts as a formaldehyde releaser. Microcrystalline cellulose A polysaccharide with glucose units linked as in CELLOBIOSE. It is the chief constituent of plant fibers, cotton being the purest natural form of the substance. As a raw material,... Propylparaben Propylparaben is used in allergenic testing. Bromothalonil Bromothalonil is approved for use within allergenic epicutaneous patch tests which are indicated for use as an aid in the diagnosis of allergic contact dermatitis (ACD) in persons 6 years... Methylparaben Methylparaben is used in allergenic testing. Phenylethyl alcohol An antimicrobial, antiseptic, and disinfectant that is used also as an aromatic essence and preservative in pharmaceutics and perfumery. Hydroxypropyl betadex Hydroxypropyl betadex is under investigation in clinical trial NCT03471143 (Study of IV VTS-270 for Infantile Liver Disease Associated With Niemann-Pick Disease, Type C). Aspartame Used as a diet supplement and sugar substitute. Mannitol A sugar alcohol used to test for asthma, to reduce intracranial and intraocular pressure, and to measure glomerular filtration rate. Sorbitol A product that can be used as a laxative to relieve constipation, and also as a urologic irrigating fluid. May also be used as a pharmaceutical sweetener. D-glucose A most commonly occurring isomer of glucose used as a carbohydrate supplementation in case of nutrient deprivation and metabolic disorders, such as hypoglycemia. Sucrose A nonreducing disaccharide composed of glucose and fructose linked via their anomeric carbons. It is obtained commercially from sugarcane, sugar beet (beta vulgaris), and other plants and used extensively as... Maltose A dextrodisaccharide from malt and starch. It is used as a sweetening agent and fermentable intermediate in brewing. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed) Eucalyptol A common ingredient in mouthwash and cosmetics derived naturally from the eucalyptus plant that is frequently used to to improve symptoms of airway mucus hypersecretion. Fructose Not Available Lactose An additive and filler found in various products to maintain structure and consistency. Polyethylene glycol A laxative used to treat constipation and used for bowel preparation before colonoscopies and other procedures. Invert sugar Invert sugar presents a large variety of uses. It can be used therapeutically for parenteral hyperalimentation or to be used as an excipient with a known effect. Invert sugar is... Xylitol An ingredient added to dental products to remove bacteria. Saccharin Saccharin has been investigated for the treatment of Hypertension and Hyperglycemia. Steviolbioside Steviolbioside has been used in trials studying the treatment of HIV-1 Infection. Lactitol An orally administered osmotic laxative used to treat chronic idiopathic constipation. Triethylhexanoin Not Annotated Cinnamaldehyde Cinnamaldehyde is approved by the FDA for use within allergenic epicutaneous patch tests which are indicated for use as an aid in the diagnosis of allergic contact dermatitis (ACD) in...
- Drugs & Drug Targets