Accession Number
DB00051  (BTD00049, BIOD00049)
Biologic Classification
Protein Based Therapies
Monoclonal antibody (mAb)

Adalimumab is a subcutaneously administered biological disease modifier for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis and other chronic debilitating diseases mediated by tumor necrosis factor 2, 3. It was originally launched by Abbvie in the U.S. and approved in 2002 by the FDA 1. This drug is frequently known as Humira. It is produced by recombinant DNA technology using a mammalian cell expression system. This drug is available in a prefilled syringe form and convenient pen form for subcutaneous self-administered doses 1. A new biosimilar to adalimumab, named adalimumab-adaz, was approved by the FDA on October 31, 2018. This biosimilar is known as Hyrimoz, and is a trademark of Novartis AG 9.

Protein structure
Protein chemical formula
Protein average weight
144190.3 Da
> Adalimumab Light chain:
> Adalimumab Heavy chain:
Download FASTA Format
  • Adalimumab (genetical recombination)
  • adalimumab-adaz
  • adalimumab-adbm
  • adalimumab-afzb
  • adalimumab-atto
  • adalimumab-bwwd
External IDs
ABP-501 / BCD-057 / BI-695501 / BI695501 / CHS-1420 / D2E7 / GP-2017 / GP2017 / LU-200134 / LU200134 / M-923 / M923 / MSB-11022 / MSB11022 / ONS-3010 / SB-5 / SB5
Prescription Products
NameDosageStrengthRouteLabellerMarketing StartMarketing End
HadlimaSolutionSubcutaneousSamsung Bioepis Co., Ltd.Not applicableNot applicableCanada
Hadlima PushtouchSolutionSubcutaneousSamsung Bioepis Co., Ltd.Not applicableNot applicableCanada
HumiraInjection, solution40 mgSubcutaneousAbb Vie Deutschland Gmb H & Co. Kg2003-09-08Not applicableEu
HumiraInjection, solution40 mgSubcutaneousAbb Vie Deutschland Gmb H & Co. Kg2003-09-08Not applicableEu
HumiraInjection, solution40 mgSubcutaneousAbb Vie Deutschland Gmb H & Co. Kg2003-09-08Not applicableEu
HumiraInjection, solution40 mgSubcutaneousAbb Vie Deutschland Gmb H & Co. Kg2003-09-08Not applicableEu
HumiraInjection, solution40 mgSubcutaneousAbb Vie Deutschland Gmb H & Co. Kg2003-09-08Not applicableEu
HumiraInjection, solution40 mgSubcutaneousAbb Vie Deutschland Gmb H & Co. Kg2003-09-08Not applicableEu
HumiraInjection, solution40 mgSubcutaneousAbb Vie Deutschland Gmb H & Co. Kg2003-09-08Not applicableEu
HumiraSolution20 mgSubcutaneousAbbvieNot applicableNot applicableCanada
Additional Data Available
  • Application Number
    Application Number

    A unique ID assigned by the FDA when a product is submitted for approval by the labeller.

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  • Product Code
    Product Code

    A governmentally-recognized ID which uniquely identifies the product within its regulatory market.

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Mixture Products
NameIngredientsDosageRouteLabellerMarketing StartMarketing End
HumiraAdalimumab (40 mg/0.4mL) + Isopropyl alcohol (0.70 mL/1mL)TopicalAbbVie Inc.2016-03-09Not applicableUs
HumiraAdalimumab (10 mg/0.1mL) + Isopropyl alcohol (0.7 mL/1mL)TopicalAbbVie Inc.2017-04-28Not applicableUs
HumiraAdalimumab (40 mg/0.4mL) + Isopropyl alcohol (.70 mL/1mL)TopicalAbbVie Inc.2015-11-23Not applicableUs
HumiraAdalimumab (20 mg/0.2mL) + Isopropyl alcohol (0.70 mL/1mL)TopicalAbbVie Inc.2017-04-28Not applicableUs
HumiraAdalimumab (20 mg/0.4mL) + Isopropyl alcohol (0.70 mL/1mL)TopicalAbbVie Inc.2008-02-21Not applicableUs
HumiraAdalimumab (80 mg/0.8mL) + Adalimumab (40 mg/0.4mL) + Isopropyl alcohol (0.7 mL/1mL)TopicalAbbVie Inc.2017-04-21Not applicableUs
HumiraAdalimumab (40 mg/0.8mL) + Isopropyl alcohol (0.70 mL/1mL)TopicalAbbVie Inc.2006-06-23Not applicableUs
HumiraAdalimumab (10 mg/0.2mL) + Isopropyl alcohol (0.70 mL/1mL)TopicalAbbVie Inc.2014-09-23Not applicableUs
HumiraAdalimumab (80 mg/0.8mL) + Adalimumab (40 mg/0.4mL) + Isopropyl alcohol (0.7 mL/1mL)TopicalAbbVie Inc.2017-04-21Not applicableUs
HumiraAdalimumab (80 mg/0.8mL) + Isopropyl alcohol (0.70 mL/1mL)TopicalAbbVie Inc.2017-04-21Not applicableUs
International/Other Brands
Amjevita (Amgen, Inc.) / Cyltezo (Boehringer Ingelheim Pharmaceuticals, Inc.) / Humira Pen (Abbott Laboratories)
CAS number



The following are conditions for which adalimumab has been indicated 12, Label, 10, 5, 6, 11.

Rheumatoid Arthritis (Moderate to Severe)

Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis (Moderately to Severely Active)

Psoriatic Arthritis (Active)

Ankylosing Spondylitis (Active)

Crohn’s Disease (Moderately to Severely Active)

Ulcerative Colitis (Moderately to Severely Active)

Plaque Psoriasis (Moderate to Severe Chronic)

Non-infectious Intermediate, Posterior and Panuveitis

Hidradenitis Suppurativa (Moderate to Severe)

Pyoderma Gangrenosum (off-label)

Associated Conditions

After treatment with adalimumab, a decrease in levels of acute phase reactant proteins of inflammation (C­ reactive protein [CRP] and erythrocyte sedimentation rate [ESR]) and serum cytokines (IL-6) was measured compared to baseline in patients diagnosed with rheumatoid arthritis. A decrease in CRP levels was also observed in patients diagnosed with Crohn’s disease. Serum levels of matrix metalloproteinases (MMP-1 and MMP-3) that lead to the tissue remodeling responsible for cartilage destruction were also found to be decreased after administration of adalimumab 12, Label. A reduction in signs and symptoms of disease, the induction of a clinical response, an inhibition of structural damage, and improvements in physical function in adult and pediatric patients with various inflammatory conditions have been demonstrated 1, 3, Label.

Mechanism of action

Adalimumab binds with specificity to tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) 2, 3 and inhibits its interaction with the p55 and p75 cell surface TNF receptors. Adalimumab also lyses surface tumor necrosis factor expressing cells in vitro when in the presence of complement. Adalimumab does not bind or inactivate lymphotoxin (Tumor necrosis factor-beta). TNF is a naturally occurring cytokine that plays a role in normal inflammatory and immune responses 3. Increased levels of TNF are found in the joint synovial fluid of rheumatoid arthritis, psoriatic arthritis, and ankylosing spondylitis patients, and play an imperative role in pathologic inflammation and the joint destruction that are major complications of these diseases. Increased levels of TNF are also measured in psoriasis plaques. In plaque psoriasis, treatment with adalimumab may decrease the epidermal thickness and inflammatory cell infiltration. The relationship between these pharmacodynamics and the mechanism(s) by which adalimumab achieves its clinical effects is not known. Additionally, adalimumab alters biological responses that are induced/regulated by TNF, including changes in the levels of adhesion molecules responsible for leukocyte migration during inflammation (ELAM-1, VCAM-1, and ICAM-1 with an IC50 of 1-2 X 10-10M) 12.

ATumor necrosis factor
Additional Data Available
Adverse Effects

Comprehensive structured data on known drug adverse effects with statistical prevalence. MedDRA and ICD10 ids are provided for adverse effect conditions and symptoms.

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Additional Data Available

Structured data covering drug contraindications. Each contraindication describes a scenario in which the drug is not to be used. Includes restrictions on co-administration, contraindicated populations, and more.

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Additional Data Available
Blackbox Warnings

Structured data representing warnings from the black box section of drug labels. These warnings cover important and dangerous risks, contraindications, or adverse effects.

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The maximum serum concentration (Cmax) and the time to reach the maximum concentration (Tmax) were 4.7 ± 1.6 μg/mL and 131 ± 56 hours respectively, following a single 40 mg subcutaneous administration of adalimumab to healthy adult subjects. The average absolute bioavailability of adalimumab estimated from three clinical studies after a single 40 mg subcutaneous dose of adalimumab was 64%. The pharmacokinetics of adalimumab showed a linear pattern over the dose range of 0.5 to 10.0 mg/kg following a single intravenous dose 12.

Volume of distribution

The distribution volume (Vss) ranged from 4.7-6.0 L 12. Adalimumab concentrations in the synovial fluid from five rheumatoid arthritis patients ranged from 31-96% of those in serum 12.

Protein binding
Not Available

Most likely removed by opsonization via the reticuloendothelial system 7.

Route of elimination
Not Available
Half life

The mean terminal half-life was approximately 2 weeks, ranging from 10 to 20 days across studies 12.


12 mL/hr [RA patients with dose 0.25-10 mg/kg] 12. Population pharmacokinetic analyses in patients with rheumatoid arthritis showed a trend toward a higher apparent clearance of adalimumab in the presence of anti-adalimumab antibodies, and a lower clearance with increasing age in patients aged 40 years old to greater than 75 years old 12.


Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis, Impairment of Fertility

Long-term animal studies of adalimumab products have not been performed to study the carcinogenic potential or the drug's effect on fertility 12.

Refer to the "Adverse Effects" section for more information on adverse effects and "Blackbox Warnings" section for important black box information/warnings.

Rare side effects include: worsening or initiation of congestive heart failure, a lupus-like syndrome, lymphoma, medically significant cytopenias, and worsening or initiation of multiple sclerosis/neurological diseases. There has been reported pancytopenia and increased liver transaminases with the use of adalimumab, which suggests that laboratory value monitoring blood counts and liver function, at least intermittently, are important 4.

Affected organisms
  • Humans and other mammals
Not Available
Pharmacogenomic Effects/ADRs
Not Available


Drug Interactions
This information should not be interpreted without the help of a healthcare provider. If you believe you are experiencing an interaction, contact a healthcare provider immediately. The absence of an interaction does not necessarily mean no interactions exist.
(R)-warfarinThe metabolism of (R)-warfarin can be increased when combined with Adalimumab.
(S)-WarfarinThe metabolism of (S)-Warfarin can be increased when combined with Adalimumab.
2-MethoxyethanolThe risk or severity of adverse effects can be increased when Adalimumab is combined with 2-Methoxyethanol.
3-isobutyl-1-methyl-7H-xanthineThe serum concentration of 3-isobutyl-1-methyl-7H-xanthine can be decreased when it is combined with Adalimumab.
4-hydroxycoumarinThe metabolism of 4-hydroxycoumarin can be increased when combined with Adalimumab.
4-MethoxyamphetamineThe metabolism of 4-Methoxyamphetamine can be increased when combined with Adalimumab.
5-methoxy-N,N-dimethyltryptamineThe metabolism of 5-methoxy-N,N-dimethyltryptamine can be increased when combined with Adalimumab.
6-O-benzylguanineThe serum concentration of 6-O-benzylguanine can be decreased when it is combined with Adalimumab.
7-DeazaguanineThe serum concentration of 7-Deazaguanine can be decreased when it is combined with Adalimumab.
7,9-DimethylguanineThe serum concentration of 7,9-Dimethylguanine can be decreased when it is combined with Adalimumab.
Additional Data Available
  • Extended Description
    Extended Description

    Extended description of the mechanism of action and particular properties of each drug interaction.

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  • Severity

    A severity rating for each drug interaction, from minor to major.

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  • Evidence Level
    Evidence Level

    A rating for the strength of the evidence supporting each drug interaction.

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  • Action

    An effect category for each drug interaction. Know how this interaction affects the subject drug.

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Food Interactions
Not Available


General References
  1. Kivitz A, Segurado OG: HUMIRA pen: a novel autoinjection device for subcutaneous injection of the fully human monoclonal antibody adalimumab. Expert Rev Med Devices. 2007 Mar;4(2):109-16. doi: 10.1586/17434440.4.2.109. [PubMed:17359217]
  2. Mease PJ: Adalimumab in the treatment of arthritis. Ther Clin Risk Manag. 2007 Mar;3(1):133-48. [PubMed:18360621]
  3. Scheinfeld N: Adalimumab (HUMIRA): a review. J Drugs Dermatol. 2003 Aug;2(4):375-7. [PubMed:12884458]
  4. Scheinfeld N: Adalimumab: a review of side effects. Expert Opin Drug Saf. 2005 Jul;4(4):637-41. doi: 10.1517/14740338.4.4.637. [PubMed:16011443]
  5. Fonder MA, Cummins DL, Ehst BD, Anhalt GJ, Meyerle JH: Adalimumab therapy for recalcitrant pyoderma gangrenosum. J Burns Wounds. 2006 Nov 20;5:e8. [PubMed:17149453]
  6. Hinterberger L, Muller CS, Vogt T, Pfohler C: Adalimumab: a treatment option for pyoderma gangrenosum after failure of systemic standard therapies. Dermatol Ther (Heidelb). 2012 Dec;2(1):6. doi: 10.1007/s13555-012-0006-6. Epub 2012 May 12. [PubMed:23205329]
  7. Ryman JT, Meibohm B: Pharmacokinetics of Monoclonal Antibodies. CPT Pharmacometrics Syst Pharmacol. 2017 Sep;6(9):576-588. doi: 10.1002/psp4.12224. Epub 2017 Jul 29. [PubMed:28653357]
  8. Patent: Methods related to adalimumab [Link]
  9. Sandoz received US FDA approval for bio similar, Hyrimoz [Link]
  10. HUMIRA website [Link]
  11. Abbvie Website [Link]
External Links
PubChem Substance
Therapeutic Targets Database
RxList Drug Page Drug Page
ATC Codes
L04AB04 — Adalimumab
AHFS Codes
  • 92:36.00 — Disease-modifying Antirheumatic Agents
  • 92:20.00 — Immunomodulatory Agents
  • 56:92.00 — Miscellaneous GI Drugs
FDA label
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Clinical Trials

Clinical Trials
0CompletedBasic ScienceInnate Immunity1
1Active Not RecruitingBasic ScienceHealthy Volunteers1
1Active Not RecruitingOtherHealthy Volunteers1
1Active Not RecruitingTreatmentPharmacokinetics, Safety, Toleratiblity and Immunogenicity Comparison Between a Biosimilar and Humira in Healthy Volunteers1
1CompletedNot AvailableHealthy Volunteers1
1CompletedBasic ScienceAnkylosing Spondylitis (AS) / Crohn's Disease (CD) / Hidradenitis Suppurativa (HS) / Non-Infectious Uveitis / Pediatric Crohns Disease / Pediatric Plaque Psoriasis / Polyarticular Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis / Psoriasis Vulgaris (Plaque Psoriasis) / Psoriatic Arthritis / Rheumatoid Arthritis / Ulcerative Colitis1
1CompletedBasic ScienceBioequivalence / Phase 11
1CompletedBasic ScienceHealthy Volunteers2
1CompletedHealth Services ResearchHealthy Volunteers1
1CompletedOtherHealthy Volunteers2
1CompletedTreatmentGlomerulosclerosis, Focal Segmental1
1CompletedTreatmentHealthy Volunteers8
1CompletedTreatmentPsoriasis Vulgaris (Plaque Psoriasis)1
1CompletedTreatmentRheumatoid Arthritis2
1CompletedTreatmentUlcerative Colitis1
1Enrolling by InvitationTreatmentHealthy Volunteers1
1Not Yet RecruitingTreatmentHealthy Volunteers1
1Unknown StatusTreatmentDiabetic Retinopathy (DR) / Subfoveal Choroidal Neovascularization / Uveitis1
1WithdrawnTreatmentCancer, Anaplastic Thyroid1
1, 2Active Not RecruitingOtherInjection Site / Pain1
1, 2CompletedDiagnosticCrohn's Disease (CD)1
1, 2CompletedTreatmentOsteoarthritis (OA)1
1, 2RecruitingTreatmentMucopolysaccharidosis II / Type 1 Mucopolysaccharidosis1
1, 2TerminatedTreatmentPsoriasis1
2Active Not RecruitingTreatmentDupuytren's Contracture of the Hand (Viking's Disease)1
2CompletedNot AvailableChronic Plaque Psoriasis1
2CompletedOtherRheumatoid Arthritis1
2CompletedTreatmentAge-Related Macular Degeneration (ARMD) / Subfoveal Choroidal Neovascularization1
2CompletedTreatmentArthritis / Psoriatic1
2CompletedTreatmentCrohn's Disease (CD)2
2CompletedTreatmentErosive Osteo-Arthritis1
2CompletedTreatmentGlomerulosclerosis, Focal Segmental1
2CompletedTreatmentHidradenitis Suppurativa (HS)3
2CompletedTreatmentNetherton Syndrome1
2CompletedTreatmentOsteoarthritis (OA)1
2CompletedTreatmentPsoriatic Arthritis1
2CompletedTreatmentRheumatoid Arthritis12
2Not Yet RecruitingTreatmentAutoimmune Diseases / Inflammatory Diseases1
2RecruitingBasic ScienceFSGS / Glomerulosclerosis, Focal Segmental / MCD / Nephrotic Syndrome1
2RecruitingTreatmentAnkylosing Spondylitis (AS)1
2RecruitingTreatmentBiotherapy / Uveitis1
2RecruitingTreatmentNon-Infectious Uveitis / Uveitis1
2RecruitingTreatmentOsteoarthritis of the Knee1
2RecruitingTreatmentRheumatoid Arthritis1
2TerminatedNot AvailableCrohn's Disease (CD)1
2TerminatedTreatmentRheumatoid Arthritis4
2WithdrawnTreatmentColitis / Cytokines / Drug Evaluation / Hermanski-Pudlak Syndrome / Lymphocytes1
2WithdrawnTreatmentCutaneous Sarcoidosis / Sarcoidosis1
2WithdrawnTreatmentInflammatory Reaction / Rheumatoid Arthritis1
2WithdrawnTreatmentPyoderma Gangrenosum2
2, 3CompletedTreatmentCrohn's Disease (CD)2
2, 3CompletedTreatmentJuvenile Idiopathic Arthritis (JIA) / Uveitis1
2, 3CompletedTreatmentPsoriasis3
2, 3CompletedTreatmentRheumatoid Arthritis2
2, 3RecruitingTreatmentCrohn's Disease (CD) / Inflammatory Bowel Diseases (IBD)1
2, 3RecruitingTreatmentMucopolysaccharidosis Type I / Mucopolysaccharidosis Type II / Mucopolysaccharidosis Type VI1
2, 3Unknown StatusTreatmentAnkylosing Spondylitis (AS)1
2, 3Unknown StatusTreatmentUveitis1
3Active Not RecruitingTreatmentAnkylosing Spondylitis (AS)1
3Active Not RecruitingTreatmentCrohn's Disease (CD)1
3Active Not RecruitingTreatmentJuvenile Idiopathic Arthritis (JIA)1
3Active Not RecruitingTreatmentPsoriasis3
3Active Not RecruitingTreatmentPsoriasis Vulgaris (Plaque Psoriasis)1
3Active Not RecruitingTreatmentPsoriatic Arthritis3
3Active Not RecruitingTreatmentRheumatoid Arthritis4
3Active Not RecruitingTreatmentUlcerative Colitis2
3Active Not RecruitingTreatmentUveitis1
3CompletedTreatmentActive Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA)1
3CompletedTreatmentAdalimumab / Generalized Pustular Psoriasis (GPP) / Japanese1
3CompletedTreatmentAnkylosing Spondylitis (AS)6
3CompletedTreatmentArthritis; Behcet1
3CompletedTreatmentArthritis / Psoriatic1
3CompletedTreatmentChronic Plaque Psoriasis1
3CompletedTreatmentChronic Plaque Psoriasis / Moderate to Severe Plaque Psoriasis1
3CompletedTreatmentChronic Plaque Psoriasis / Psoriasis1
3CompletedTreatmentCrohn's Disease (CD)18
3CompletedTreatmentCrohn's Disease With Perianal Fistulas1
3CompletedTreatmentEarly Rheumatoid Arthritis2
3CompletedTreatmentEnthesitis Related Arthritis (ERA)1
3CompletedTreatmentGiant Cell Arteritis (GCA)1
3CompletedTreatmentHidradenitis Suppurativa (HS)4
3CompletedTreatmentInterstitial Cystitis1
3CompletedTreatmentIntestinal Behçet's Disease1
3CompletedTreatmentJuvenile Idiopathic Arthritis (JIA)2
3CompletedTreatmentModerate to Severe Plaque Psoriasis / Psoriasis / Psoriasis Vulgaris (Plaque Psoriasis)1
3CompletedTreatmentModerate to Severe Rheumatoid Arthritis1
3CompletedTreatmentNail Psoriasis / Psoriasis Vulgaris (Plaque Psoriasis)1
3CompletedTreatmentPeripheral Spondyloarthritis1
3CompletedTreatmentPouchitis / Ulcerative Colitis1
3CompletedTreatmentPsoriasis Vulgaris (Plaque Psoriasis)5
3CompletedTreatmentPsoriasis, Arthritic1
3CompletedTreatmentPsoriasis / Psoriatic Arthritis1
3CompletedTreatmentPsoriatic Arthritis4
3CompletedTreatmentPyoderma Gangrenosum1
3CompletedTreatmentRheumatoid Arthritis30
3CompletedTreatmentRheumatoid Arthritis, Juvenile1
3CompletedTreatmentSpondyloarthritis, Axial2
3CompletedTreatmentUlcerative Colitis9
3RecruitingPreventionCrohn's Disease (CD)1
3RecruitingScreeningRheumatoid Arthritis1
3RecruitingTreatmentJIA / Uveitis1
3RecruitingTreatmentPsoriasis Vulgaris (Plaque Psoriasis)1
3RecruitingTreatmentRheumatoid Arthritis3
3RecruitingTreatmentSpondyloarthritis, Axial1
3SuspendedTreatmentPsoriatic Arthritis1
3TerminatedTreatmentCrohn's Disease (CD)1
3TerminatedTreatmentCrohn's Disease (CD) / Mucosal Inflammation1
3TerminatedTreatmentRheumatoid Arthritis2
3Unknown StatusPreventionCrohn's Disease (CD)1
3Unknown StatusTreatmentDisc Prolapse / Pain1
3Unknown StatusTreatmentUlcerative Colitis1
3WithdrawnTreatmentAnkylosing Spondylitis (AS)1
3WithdrawnTreatmentCrohn's Disease (CD)1
4Active Not RecruitingBasic SciencePsoriasis1
4Active Not RecruitingBasic ScienceRheumatoid Arthritis1
4Active Not RecruitingPreventionCardiovascular Heart Disease / Rheumatoid Arthritis1
4Active Not RecruitingTreatmentAnkylosing Spondylitis (AS)1
4Active Not RecruitingTreatmentCD1
4Active Not RecruitingTreatmentCrohn's Disease (CD) / Inflammatory Bowel Diseases (IBD) / Stricture; Bowel1
4Active Not RecruitingTreatmentRheumatoid Arthritis2
4Active Not RecruitingTreatmentUlcerative Colitis1
4CompletedNot AvailableRheumatoid Arthritis3
4CompletedBasic ScienceRheumatoid Arthritis1
4CompletedDiagnosticEnterocolitis / Spondyloarthritis1
4CompletedPreventionCoronary Artery Atherosclerosis / Psoriasis / Vascular Inflammation2
4CompletedTreatmentAnkylosing Spondylitis (AS)1
4CompletedTreatmentAnkylosing Spondylitis (AS) / Psoriatic Arthritis / Spondylarthropathy1
4CompletedTreatmentArthritis / Joint Diseases / Rheumatoid Arthritis1
4CompletedTreatmentCardiovascular Heart Disease / Psoriasis2
4CompletedTreatmentCrohn's Disease (CD)1
4CompletedTreatmentCrohn's Disease (CD) / Psoriasis Vulgaris (Plaque Psoriasis)1
4CompletedTreatmentHidradenitis Suppurativa (HS)1
4CompletedTreatmentModerate to Severe Crohn's Disease1
4CompletedTreatmentModerate to Severe Plaque Psoriasis1
4CompletedTreatmentMusculoskeletal and Connective Tissue Diseases / Rheumatoid Arthritis1
4CompletedTreatmentOSAS (Obstructive Sleep Apneas Syndrome) / Psoriasis1
4CompletedTreatmentPsoriatic Arthritis3
4CompletedTreatmentRheumatoid Arthritis15
4CompletedTreatmentRheumatoid Arthritis / Targeted Ultrasound1
4Enrolling by InvitationBasic ScienceRheumatoid Arthritis1
4Enrolling by InvitationTreatmentCrohn's Disease (CD) / Inflammatory Bowel Diseases (IBD)1
4Not Yet RecruitingOtherHidradenitis Suppurativa (HS)1
4Not Yet RecruitingTreatmentCrohn's Disease (CD) / Ulcerative Colitis1
4Not Yet RecruitingTreatmentRheumatoid Arthritis1
4RecruitingNot AvailableCrohn's Disease (CD)1
4RecruitingBasic ScienceRheumatoid Arthritis1
4RecruitingOtherUlcerative Colitis1
4RecruitingTreatmentAdalimumab / Takayasu's Disease / Tocilizumab / Treatments1
4RecruitingTreatmentAnkylosing Spondylitis (AS)1
4RecruitingTreatmentAnkylosing Spondyloarthritis1
4RecruitingTreatmentCrohn's Disease (CD)2
4RecruitingTreatmentCrohn's Disease (CD) / Inflammatory Bowel Diseases (IBD) / Ulcerative Colitis2
4RecruitingTreatmentHidradenitis Suppurativa (HS)1
4RecruitingTreatmentMyocardial Inflammation / Myocarditis in RA / Rheumatoid Arthritis1
4RecruitingTreatmentPsoriatic Arthritis1
4RecruitingTreatmentRheumatoid Arthritis8
4SuspendedTreatmentRheumatoid Arthritis2
4TerminatedTreatmentRheumatoid Arthritis4
4TerminatedTreatmentSpondyloarthritis, Axial1
4Unknown StatusNot AvailableRheumatoid Arthritis1
4Unknown StatusBasic ScienceAbsolute Number, Density of Immune Infiltrate and Dendritic Cells and Inflammatory Cytokines Expression Pattern / Psoriasis, Moderate to Severe1
4Unknown StatusPreventionCardiovascular Heart Disease / Psoriasis / Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus1
4Unknown StatusScreeningAnkylosing Spondylitis (AS) / Rheumatoid Arthritis1
4Unknown StatusTreatmentAnkylosing Spondylitis (AS) / High Blood Pressure (Hypertension) / Psoriatic Arthritis / Rheumatoid Arthritis1
4Unknown StatusTreatmentArthritis / Rheumatoid Arthritis1
4Unknown StatusTreatmentRheumatoid Arthritis3
4Unknown StatusTreatmentSpondyloarthritis1
4WithdrawnTreatmentCrohn's Disease (CD) / Spondyloarthritis1
4WithdrawnTreatmentCrohn's Disease (CD) / Ulcerative Colitis1
Not AvailableActive Not RecruitingNot AvailableJIA / Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis (JIA)1
Not AvailableActive Not RecruitingScreeningAnkylosing Spondylitis (AS)1
Not AvailableApproved for MarketingNot AvailableRheumatoid Arthritis3
Not AvailableCompletedNot AvailableAnkylosing Spondylitis (AS)1
Not AvailableCompletedNot AvailableAnkylosing Spondylitis (AS) / Crohn's Disease (CD) / Psoriasis Vulgaris (Plaque Psoriasis) / Psoriatic Arthritis / Rheumatoid Arthritis / Ulcerative Colitis1
Not AvailableCompletedNot AvailableAnkylosing Spondylitis (AS) / Crohn's Disease (CD) / Psoriasis / Psoriatic Arthritis / Rheumatoid Arthritis / Ulcerative Colitis1
Not AvailableCompletedNot AvailableAnkylosing Spondylitis (AS) / Psoriatic Arthritis / Rheumatoid Arthritis1
Not AvailableCompletedNot AvailableAtherosclerosis / Atopic Dermatitis (AD) / Psoriasis1
Not AvailableCompletedNot AvailableCrohn's Disease (CD) / Inflammatory Bowel Diseases (IBD)1
Not AvailableCompletedNot AvailableCrohn's Disease (CD) / Inflammatory Bowel Diseases (IBD) / Ulcerative Colitis2
Not AvailableCompletedNot AvailableHidradenitis Suppurativa (HS)1
Not AvailableCompletedNot AvailableInflammatory Bowel Diseases (IBD)2
Not AvailableCompletedNot AvailableInflammatory Bowel Diseases (IBD) / Psoriasis1
Not AvailableCompletedNot AvailableInflammatory Reaction / Psoriasis1
Not AvailableCompletedNot AvailablePsoriasis3
Not AvailableCompletedNot AvailablePsoriatic Arthritis1
Not AvailableCompletedNot AvailablePsoriatic Arthritis / Rheumatoid Arthritis / Spondyloarthritis1
Not AvailableCompletedNot AvailableRheumatoid Arthritis7
Not AvailableCompletedNot AvailableSpondyloarthritis / Ultrasonography1
Not AvailableCompletedBasic ScienceRheumatoid Arthritis1
Not AvailableCompletedOtherCrohn's Disease (CD)1
Not AvailableCompletedTreatmentPsoriasis1
Not AvailableCompletedTreatmentRheumatoid Arthritis1
Not AvailableCompletedTreatmentSpondyloarthritis1
Not AvailableNot Yet RecruitingNot AvailableInfection / Rheumatoid Arthritis1
Not AvailableNot Yet RecruitingPreventionSpondyloarthritis1
Not AvailableNot Yet RecruitingTreatmentBrain Diseases / Cognitive Decline / Depression / Fatigue / Hand Rheumatism / Pain / Rheumatoid Arthritis1
Not AvailableRecruitingNot AvailableAnkylosing Spondylitis (AS) / Crohn's Disease (CD) / Psoriatic Arthritis / Rheumatoid Arthritis / Ulcerative Colitis1
Not AvailableRecruitingNot AvailableAnkylosing Spondylitis (AS) / Psoriatic Arthritis / Rheumatoid Arthritis1
Not AvailableRecruitingNot AvailableAxial Spondyloarthritis (AxSpA) / Crohn's Disease (CD) / Psoriatic Arthritis / Rheumatoid Arthritis / Ulcerative Colitis1
Not AvailableRecruitingNot AvailableCrohn's Disease (CD)3
Not AvailableRecruitingNot AvailableCrohn's Disease (CD) / Inflammatory Bowel Diseases (IBD)1
Not AvailableRecruitingNot AvailableEnthesitis / Psoriasis / Psoriatic Arthritis1
Not AvailableRecruitingNot AvailablePsoriasis1
Not AvailableRecruitingNot AvailableRheumatoid Arthritis1
Not AvailableRecruitingBasic ScienceFatigue / Pain / Rheumatoid Arthritis1
Not AvailableRecruitingTreatmentCrohn's Disease (CD) / Drug Monitoring / Inflammatory Bowel Diseases (IBD)1
Not AvailableRecruitingTreatmentUlcerative Colitis1
Not AvailableTerminatedNot AvailableRheumatoid Arthritis1
Not AvailableUnknown StatusNot AvailableCrohn's Disease (CD)1
Not AvailableUnknown StatusNot AvailableScleritis / Uveitis1
Not AvailableUnknown StatusTreatmentCrohn's Disease (CD)1
Not AvailableUnknown StatusTreatmentPsoriasis1
Not AvailableWithdrawnNot AvailablePsoriatic Arthritis1
Not AvailableWithdrawnNot AvailableRheumatoid Arthritis1


Not Available
  • Abbott Laboratories Ltd.
  • Vetter Pharma Fertigung GmbH and Co. KG
Dosage forms
Injection, solutionSubcutaneous40 mg
SolutionSubcutaneous10 mg
SolutionSubcutaneous20 mg
SolutionSubcutaneous40 mg
SolutionSubcutaneous80 mg
Injection, solutionSubcutaneous40 mg/0.8mL
Unit descriptionCostUnit
Humira (1 Box = Two 40 mg/0.8ml Syringes) Box1995.1USD box
Humira 2 20 mg/0.4ml Kit 1 Box = Two 20 mg/0.4ml Syringes1995.1USD box
Humira Pen 2 40 mg/0.8ml Kit (1 Box = 1 Kit Containing Two 40 mg/0.8ml Pens)1995.1USD box
Humira 20 mg/0.4 ml syringe959.19USD syringe
Humira 40 mg/0.8 ml pen959.19USD pen
Humira crohn's starter pack959.19USD each
Humira psoriasis starter pack959.19USD each
DrugBank does not sell nor buy drugs. Pricing information is supplied for informational purposes only.
Patent NumberPediatric ExtensionApprovedExpires (estimated)
Additional Data Available
  • Filed On
    Filed On

    The date on which a patent was filed with the relevant government.

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Experimental Properties
isoelectric point8.25


Not Available
Organic Compounds
Super Class
Organic Acids
Carboxylic Acids and Derivatives
Sub Class
Amino Acids, Peptides, and Analogues
Direct Parent
Alternative Parents
Not Available
Not Available
Molecular Framework
Not Available
External Descriptors
Not Available


Pharmacological action
General Function
Tumor necrosis factor receptor binding
Specific Function
Cytokine that binds to TNFRSF1A/TNFR1 and TNFRSF1B/TNFBR. It is mainly secreted by macrophages and can induce cell death of certain tumor cell lines. It is potent pyrogen causing fever by direct ac...
Gene Name
Uniprot ID
Uniprot Name
Tumor necrosis factor
Molecular Weight
25644.15 Da
  1. Lorenz HM: Technology evaluation: adalimumab, Abbott laboratories. Curr Opin Mol Ther. 2002 Apr;4(2):185-90. [PubMed:12044041]
  2. Flendrie M, Creemers MC, Welsing PM, den Broeder AA, van Riel PL: Survival during treatment with tumour necrosis factor blocking agents in rheumatoid arthritis. Ann Rheum Dis. 2003 Nov;62 Suppl 2:ii30-3. [PubMed:14532145]
  3. Aguillon JC, Contreras J, Dotte A, Cruzat A, Catalan D, Salazar L, Molina MC, Guerrero J, Lopez M, Soto L, Salazar-Onfray F, Cuchacovich M: [New immunological weapons for medicine in the 21st Century: biological therapy based on the use of the latest generation monoclonal antibodies]. Rev Med Chil. 2003 Dec;131(12):1445-53. [PubMed:15022409]
  4. Bang LM, Keating GM: Adalimumab: a review of its use in rheumatoid arthritis. BioDrugs. 2004;18(2):121-39. [PubMed:15046527]

Drug created on June 13, 2005 07:24 / Updated on May 24, 2020 19:24

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