You are using an unsupported browser. Please upgrade your browser to a newer version to get the best experience on DrugBank.
Identification
NameRivastigmine
Accession NumberDB00989  (APRD00321)
TypeSmall Molecule
GroupsApproved, Investigational
DescriptionRivastigmine is a parasympathomimetic or cholinergic agent for the treatment of mild to moderate dementia of the Alzheimer's type. Rivastigmine is a cholinesterase inhibitor that inhibits both butyrylcholinesterase and acetylcholinesterase.
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
(S)-3-(1-(Dimethylamino)ethyl)phenyl ethylmethylcarbamate
Ena 713 Free Base
m-((S)-1-(Dimethylamino)ethyl)phenyl ethylmethylcarbamate
External Identifiers Not Available
Approved Prescription Products
NameDosageStrengthRouteLabellerMarketing StartMarketing End
Auro-rivastigmineCapsule6 mgOralAuro Pharma Inc2016-04-12Not applicableCanada
Auro-rivastigmineCapsule1.5 mgOralAuro Pharma Inc2016-04-12Not applicableCanada
Auro-rivastigmineCapsule3 mgOralAuro Pharma Inc2016-04-12Not applicableCanada
Auro-rivastigmineCapsule4.5 mgOralAuro Pharma Inc2016-04-12Not applicableCanada
Dom-rivastigmineCapsule6.0 mgOralDominion PharmacalNot applicableNot applicableCanada
Dom-rivastigmineCapsule1.5 mgOralDominion PharmacalNot applicableNot applicableCanada
Dom-rivastigmineCapsule3.0 mgOralDominion PharmacalNot applicableNot applicableCanada
Dom-rivastigmineCapsule4.5 mgOralDominion PharmacalNot applicableNot applicableCanada
ExelonPatch, extended release4.6 mg/24[USP'U]TransdermalRebel Distributors Corp2009-10-07Not applicableUs
ExelonCapsule6 mgOralNovartis Europharm Ltd1998-05-12Not applicableEu
ExelonCapsule4.5 mg/1OralNovartis Pharmaceuticals Corporation2000-04-30Not applicableUs
ExelonCapsule3 mgOralNovartis Pharmaceuticals Canada Inc2000-05-15Not applicableCanada
ExelonCapsule3 mgOralNovartis Europharm Ltd1998-05-12Not applicableEu
ExelonPatch, extended release13.3 mg/24hTransdermalNovartis Pharmaceuticals Corporation2007-07-06Not applicableUs
ExelonCapsule3 mg/1OralPhysicians Total Care, Inc.2007-12-04Not applicableUs
ExelonCapsule3 mgOralNovartis Europharm Ltd1998-05-12Not applicableEu
ExelonCapsule4.5 mgOralNovartis Europharm Ltd1998-05-12Not applicableEu
ExelonCapsule1.5 mg/1OralPhysicians Total Care, Inc.2002-04-12Not applicableUs
ExelonCapsule6 mgOralNovartis Europharm Ltd1998-05-12Not applicableEu
ExelonCapsule6 mg/1OralNovartis Pharmaceuticals Corporation2000-04-30Not applicableUs
ExelonCapsule4.5 mgOralNovartis Pharmaceuticals Canada Inc2000-05-15Not applicableCanada
ExelonCapsule3 mgOralNovartis Europharm Ltd1998-05-12Not applicableEu
ExelonPatch, extended release9.5 mg/24[USP'U]TransdermalPhysicians Total Care, Inc.2008-10-14Not applicableUs
ExelonCapsule1.5 mgOralNovartis Europharm Ltd1998-05-12Not applicableEu
ExelonCapsule4.5 mgOralNovartis Europharm Ltd1998-05-12Not applicableEu
ExelonCapsule4.5 mgOralNovartis Europharm Ltd1998-05-12Not applicableEu
ExelonCapsule1.5 mg/1OralNovartis Pharmaceuticals Corporation2000-04-30Not applicableUs
ExelonCapsule4.5 mg/1OralPhysicians Total Care, Inc.2005-03-03Not applicableUs
ExelonSolution2 mg/mlOralNovartis Europharm Ltd1998-05-12Not applicableEu
ExelonPatch, extended release4.6 mg/24hTransdermalNovartis Pharmaceuticals Corporation2007-07-06Not applicableUs
ExelonCapsule6 mgOralNovartis Pharmaceuticals Canada Inc2000-05-15Not applicableCanada
ExelonCapsule3 mgOralNovartis Europharm Ltd1998-05-12Not applicableEu
ExelonCapsule1.5 mgOralNovartis Europharm Ltd1998-05-12Not applicableEu
ExelonCapsule6 mgOralNovartis Europharm Ltd1998-05-12Not applicableEu
ExelonPatch, extended release4.6 mg/24[USP'U]TransdermalPhysicians Total Care, Inc.2009-10-07Not applicableUs
ExelonCapsule6 mgOralNovartis Europharm Ltd1998-05-12Not applicableEu
ExelonCapsule3 mg/1OralNovartis Pharmaceuticals Corporation2000-04-30Not applicableUs
ExelonCapsule6 mg/1OralPhysicians Total Care, Inc.2005-06-17Not applicableUs
ExelonCapsule1.5 mgOralNovartis Europharm Ltd1998-05-12Not applicableEu
ExelonPatch, extended release9.5 mg/24hTransdermalNovartis Pharmaceuticals Corporation2007-07-06Not applicableUs
ExelonSolution2 mgOralNovartis Pharmaceuticals Canada Inc2002-12-05Not applicableCanada
ExelonCapsule4.5 mgOralNovartis Europharm Ltd1998-05-12Not applicableEu
ExelonCapsule1.5 mgOralNovartis Europharm Ltd1998-05-12Not applicableEu
ExelonSolution2 mg/mlOralNovartis Europharm Ltd1998-05-12Not applicableEu
Exelon 1.5 mgCapsule1.5 mgOralNovartis Pharmaceuticals Canada Inc2000-05-15Not applicableCanada
Exelon Patch 10Patch18 mgTransdermalNovartis Pharmaceuticals Canada Inc2007-12-12Not applicableCanada
Exelon Patch 15Patch27 mgTransdermalNovartis Pharmaceuticals Canada Inc2015-04-17Not applicableCanada
Exelon Patch 5Patch9 mgTransdermalNovartis Pharmaceuticals Canada Inc2007-12-12Not applicableCanada
Med-rivastigmineCapsule4.5 mgOralGeneric Medical Partners Inc2014-11-12Not applicableCanada
Med-rivastigmineCapsule1.5 mgOralGeneric Medical Partners Inc2013-11-27Not applicableCanada
Med-rivastigmineCapsule3 mgOralGeneric Medical Partners Inc2013-11-27Not applicableCanada
Med-rivastigmineCapsule6 mgOralGeneric Medical Partners Inc2013-11-27Not applicableCanada
Mint-rivastigmineCapsule3 mgOralMint Pharmaceuticals Inc2013-07-02Not applicableCanada
Mint-rivastigmineCapsule4.5 mgOralMint Pharmaceuticals Inc2013-07-02Not applicableCanada
Mint-rivastigmineCapsule6 mgOralMint Pharmaceuticals Inc2013-07-02Not applicableCanada
Mint-rivastigmineCapsule1.5 mgOralMint Pharmaceuticals Inc2013-07-02Not applicableCanada
Mylan-rivastigmineCapsule1.5 mgOralMylan Pharmaceuticals Ulc2009-09-02Not applicableCanada
Mylan-rivastigmineCapsule3 mgOralMylan Pharmaceuticals Ulc2009-09-02Not applicableCanada
Mylan-rivastigmineCapsule4.5 mgOralMylan Pharmaceuticals Ulc2009-09-02Not applicableCanada
Mylan-rivastigmineCapsule6 mgOralMylan Pharmaceuticals Ulc2009-09-02Not applicableCanada
Novo-rivastigmineCapsule3 mgOralNovopharm Limited2009-09-02Not applicableCanada
Novo-rivastigmineCapsule4.5 mgOralNovopharm Limited2009-09-02Not applicableCanada
Novo-rivastigmineCapsule6 mgOralNovopharm Limited2009-09-02Not applicableCanada
Novo-rivastigmineCapsule1.5 mgOralNovopharm Limited2009-09-02Not applicableCanada
PHL-rivastigmineCapsule6.0 mgOralPharmel IncNot applicableNot applicableCanada
PHL-rivastigmineCapsule1.5 mgOralPharmel IncNot applicableNot applicableCanada
PHL-rivastigmineCapsule3.0 mgOralPharmel IncNot applicableNot applicableCanada
PHL-rivastigmineCapsule4.5 mgOralPharmel IncNot applicableNot applicableCanada
PMS-rivastigmineCapsule3.0 mgOralPharmascience Inc2009-08-11Not applicableCanada
PMS-rivastigmineCapsule4.5 mgOralPharmascience Inc2009-08-11Not applicableCanada
PMS-rivastigmineCapsule6.0 mgOralPharmascience Inc2009-08-11Not applicableCanada
PMS-rivastigmineCapsule1.5 mgOralPharmascience Inc2009-08-11Not applicableCanada
PrometaxCapsule4.5 mgOralNovartis Europharm Limited1998-12-04Not applicableEu
PrometaxCapsule4.5 mgOralNovartis Europharm Limited1998-12-04Not applicableEu
PrometaxCapsule1.5 mgOralNovartis Europharm Limited1998-12-04Not applicableEu
PrometaxCapsule6 mgOralNovartis Europharm Limited1998-12-04Not applicableEu
PrometaxCapsule3 mgOralNovartis Europharm Limited1998-12-04Not applicableEu
PrometaxCapsule4.5 mgOralNovartis Europharm Limited1998-12-04Not applicableEu
PrometaxCapsule1.5 mgOralNovartis Europharm Limited1998-12-04Not applicableEu
PrometaxCapsule6 mgOralNovartis Europharm Limited1998-12-04Not applicableEu
PrometaxSolution2 mg/mlOralNovartis Europharm Limited1998-12-04Not applicableEu
PrometaxCapsule3 mgOralNovartis Europharm Limited1998-12-04Not applicableEu
PrometaxCapsule6 mgOralNovartis Europharm Limited1998-12-04Not applicableEu
PrometaxCapsule1.5 mgOralNovartis Europharm Limited1998-12-04Not applicableEu
PrometaxSolution2 mg/mlOralNovartis Europharm Limited1998-12-04Not applicableEu
PrometaxCapsule1.5 mgOralNovartis Europharm Limited1998-12-04Not applicableEu
PrometaxCapsule4.5 mgOralNovartis Europharm Limited1998-12-04Not applicableEu
PrometaxCapsule6 mgOralNovartis Europharm Limited1998-12-04Not applicableEu
PrometaxCapsule3 mgOralNovartis Europharm Limited1998-12-04Not applicableEu
PrometaxCapsule3 mgOralNovartis Europharm Limited1998-12-04Not applicableEu
Ratio-rivastigmineCapsule3 mgOralTeva Canada Limited2009-09-02Not applicableCanada
Ratio-rivastigmineCapsule4.5 mgOralTeva Canada Limited2009-09-02Not applicableCanada
Ratio-rivastigmineCapsule6 mgOralTeva Canada Limited2009-09-02Not applicableCanada
Ratio-rivastigmineCapsule1.5 mgOralTeva Canada Limited2009-09-02Not applicableCanada
RivastigmineCapsule3 mgOralPro Doc Limitee2013-12-05Not applicableCanada
RivastigminePatch, extended release4.6 mg/24hTransdermalSandoz Inc2015-09-02Not applicableUs
RivastigmineCapsule4.5 mgOralPro Doc Limitee2013-12-05Not applicableCanada
RivastigminePatch, extended release9.5 mg/24hTransdermalSandoz Inc2015-09-02Not applicableUs
RivastigmineCapsule6 mgOralPro Doc Limitee2013-12-05Not applicableCanada
RivastigminePatch, extended release13.3 mg/24hTransdermalSandoz Inc2015-09-02Not applicableUs
RivastigmineCapsule1.5 mgOralPro Doc Limitee2013-12-05Not applicableCanada
Rivastigmine 1 A PharmaCapsule3 mgOral1 A Pharma Gmb H2009-12-11Not applicableEu
Rivastigmine 1 A PharmaCapsule6 mgOral1 A Pharma Gmb H2009-12-11Not applicableEu
Rivastigmine 1 A PharmaCapsule4.5 mgOral1 A Pharma Gmb H2009-12-11Not applicableEu
Rivastigmine 1 A PharmaCapsule1.5 mgOral1 A Pharma Gmb H2009-12-11Not applicableEu
Rivastigmine 1 A PharmaCapsule3 mgOral1 A Pharma Gmb H2009-12-11Not applicableEu
Rivastigmine 1 A PharmaCapsule6 mgOral1 A Pharma Gmb H2009-12-11Not applicableEu
Rivastigmine 1 A PharmaCapsule4.5 mgOral1 A Pharma Gmb H2009-12-11Not applicableEu
Rivastigmine 1 A PharmaCapsule1.5 mgOral1 A Pharma Gmb H2009-12-11Not applicableEu
Rivastigmine 1 A PharmaCapsule3 mgOral1 A Pharma Gmb H2009-12-11Not applicableEu
Rivastigmine 1 A PharmaCapsule6 mgOral1 A Pharma Gmb H2009-12-11Not applicableEu
Rivastigmine 1 A PharmaCapsule4.5 mgOral1 A Pharma Gmb H2009-12-11Not applicableEu
Rivastigmine 1 A PharmaCapsule1.5 mgOral1 A Pharma Gmb H2009-12-11Not applicableEu
Rivastigmine 1 A PharmaCapsule3 mgOral1 A Pharma Gmb H2009-12-11Not applicableEu
Rivastigmine 1 A PharmaCapsule1.5 mgOral1 A Pharma Gmb H2009-12-11Not applicableEu
Rivastigmine 1 A PharmaCapsule6 mgOral1 A Pharma Gmb H2009-12-11Not applicableEu
Rivastigmine 1 A PharmaCapsule4.5 mgOral1 A Pharma Gmb H2009-12-11Not applicableEu
Rivastigmine SandozCapsule1.5 mgOralSandoz Gmb H2009-12-11Not applicableEu
Rivastigmine SandozCapsule6 mgOralSandoz Gmb H2009-12-11Not applicableEu
Rivastigmine SandozCapsule4.5 mgOralSandoz Gmb H2009-12-11Not applicableEu
Rivastigmine SandozCapsule3 mgOralSandoz Gmb H2009-12-11Not applicableEu
Rivastigmine SandozCapsule1.5 mgOralSandoz Gmb H2009-12-11Not applicableEu
Rivastigmine SandozCapsule3 mgOralSandoz Gmb H2009-12-11Not applicableEu
Rivastigmine SandozCapsule6 mgOralSandoz Gmb H2009-12-11Not applicableEu
Rivastigmine SandozCapsule4.5 mgOralSandoz Gmb H2009-12-11Not applicableEu
Rivastigmine SandozCapsule1.5 mgOralSandoz Gmb H2009-12-11Not applicableEu
Rivastigmine SandozCapsule3 mgOralSandoz Gmb H2009-12-11Not applicableEu
Rivastigmine SandozCapsule6 mgOralSandoz Gmb H2009-12-11Not applicableEu
Rivastigmine SandozCapsule4.5 mgOralSandoz Gmb H2009-12-11Not applicableEu
Rivastigmine SandozCapsule1.5 mgOralSandoz Gmb H2009-12-11Not applicableEu
Rivastigmine SandozCapsule3 mgOralSandoz Gmb H2009-12-11Not applicableEu
Rivastigmine SandozCapsule6 mgOralSandoz Gmb H2009-12-11Not applicableEu
Rivastigmine SandozCapsule4.5 mgOralSandoz Gmb H2009-12-11Not applicableEu
Rivastigmine TartrateCapsule1.5 mg/1OralSandoz Inc2000-04-30Not applicableUs
Rivastigmine TartrateCapsule3 mg/1OralSandoz Inc2000-04-30Not applicableUs
Rivastigmine TartrateCapsule4.5 mg/1OralSandoz Inc2000-04-30Not applicableUs
Rivastigmine TartrateCapsule6 mg/1OralSandoz Inc2000-04-30Not applicableUs
Rivastigmine Tartrate CapsulesCapsule6.0 mgOralDr Reddys Laboratories LtdNot applicableNot applicableCanada
Rivastigmine Tartrate CapsulesCapsule1.5 mgOralDr Reddys Laboratories LtdNot applicableNot applicableCanada
Rivastigmine Tartrate CapsulesCapsule3.0 mgOralDr Reddys Laboratories LtdNot applicableNot applicableCanada
Rivastigmine Tartrate CapsulesCapsule4.5 mgOralDr Reddys Laboratories LtdNot applicableNot applicableCanada
Sandoz RivastigmineCapsule3 mgOralSandoz Canada Incorporated2009-07-21Not applicableCanada
Sandoz RivastigmineCapsule4.5 mgOralSandoz Canada Incorporated2009-07-21Not applicableCanada
Sandoz RivastigmineCapsule6 mgOralSandoz Canada Incorporated2009-07-21Not applicableCanada
Sandoz RivastigmineCapsule1.5 mgOralSandoz Canada Incorporated2009-07-21Not applicableCanada
Sandoz Rivastigmine Patch 10Patch18 mgTransdermalSandoz Canada IncorporatedNot applicableNot applicableCanada
Sandoz Rivastigmine Patch 5Patch9 mgTransdermalSandoz Canada IncorporatedNot applicableNot applicableCanada
Approved Generic Prescription Products
NameDosageStrengthRouteLabellerMarketing StartMarketing End
Apo-rivastigmineCapsule3 mgOralApotex Inc2010-04-07Not applicableCanada
Apo-rivastigmineCapsule4.5 mgOralApotex Inc2010-04-07Not applicableCanada
Apo-rivastigmineCapsule6 mgOralApotex Inc2010-04-07Not applicableCanada
Apo-rivastigmineCapsule1.5 mgOralApotex Inc2010-04-07Not applicableCanada
NimvastidTablet, orally disintegrating1.5 mgOralKrka, D.D., Novo Mesto2009-05-11Not applicableEu
NimvastidTablet, orally disintegrating4.5 mgOralKrka, D.D., Novo Mesto2009-05-11Not applicableEu
NimvastidCapsule3 mgOralKrka, D.D., Novo Mesto2009-05-11Not applicableEu
NimvastidCapsule4.5 mgOralKrka, D.D., Novo Mesto2009-05-11Not applicableEu
NimvastidTablet, orally disintegrating3 mgOralKrka, D.D., Novo Mesto2009-05-11Not applicableEu
NimvastidCapsule4.5 mgOralKrka, D.D., Novo Mesto2009-05-11Not applicableEu
NimvastidCapsule1.5 mgOralKrka, D.D., Novo Mesto2009-05-11Not applicableEu
NimvastidCapsule4.5 mgOralKrka, D.D., Novo Mesto2009-05-11Not applicableEu
NimvastidTablet, orally disintegrating1.5 mgOralKrka, D.D., Novo Mesto2009-05-11Not applicableEu
NimvastidTablet, orally disintegrating6 mgOralKrka, D.D., Novo Mesto2009-05-11Not applicableEu
NimvastidCapsule3 mgOralKrka, D.D., Novo Mesto2009-05-11Not applicableEu
NimvastidCapsule6 mgOralKrka, D.D., Novo Mesto2009-05-11Not applicableEu
NimvastidTablet, orally disintegrating4.5 mgOralKrka, D.D., Novo Mesto2009-05-11Not applicableEu
NimvastidTablet, orally disintegrating1.5 mgOralKrka, D.D., Novo Mesto2009-05-11Not applicableEu
NimvastidTablet, orally disintegrating6 mgOralKrka, D.D., Novo Mesto2009-05-11Not applicableEu
NimvastidCapsule3 mgOralKrka, D.D., Novo Mesto2009-05-11Not applicableEu
NimvastidCapsule6 mgOralKrka, D.D., Novo Mesto2009-05-11Not applicableEu
NimvastidTablet, orally disintegrating3 mgOralKrka, D.D., Novo Mesto2009-05-11Not applicableEu
NimvastidCapsule6 mgOralKrka, D.D., Novo Mesto2009-05-11Not applicableEu
NimvastidCapsule1.5 mgOralKrka, D.D., Novo Mesto2009-05-11Not applicableEu
NimvastidCapsule4.5 mgOralKrka, D.D., Novo Mesto2009-05-11Not applicableEu
NimvastidTablet, orally disintegrating1.5 mgOralKrka, D.D., Novo Mesto2009-05-11Not applicableEu
NimvastidCapsule1.5 mgOralKrka, D.D., Novo Mesto2009-05-11Not applicableEu
NimvastidTablet, orally disintegrating6 mgOralKrka, D.D., Novo Mesto2009-05-11Not applicableEu
NimvastidCapsule3 mgOralKrka, D.D., Novo Mesto2009-05-11Not applicableEu
NimvastidCapsule6 mgOralKrka, D.D., Novo Mesto2009-05-11Not applicableEu
NimvastidTablet, orally disintegrating4.5 mgOralKrka, D.D., Novo Mesto2009-05-11Not applicableEu
NimvastidTablet, orally disintegrating1.5 mgOralKrka, D.D., Novo Mesto2009-05-11Not applicableEu
NimvastidTablet, orally disintegrating6 mgOralKrka, D.D., Novo Mesto2009-05-11Not applicableEu
NimvastidCapsule3 mgOralKrka, D.D., Novo Mesto2009-05-11Not applicableEu
NimvastidCapsule6 mgOralKrka, D.D., Novo Mesto2009-05-11Not applicableEu
NimvastidTablet, orally disintegrating3 mgOralKrka, D.D., Novo Mesto2009-05-11Not applicableEu
NimvastidCapsule1.5 mgOralKrka, D.D., Novo Mesto2009-05-11Not applicableEu
NimvastidCapsule1.5 mgOralKrka, D.D., Novo Mesto2009-05-11Not applicableEu
NimvastidCapsule4.5 mgOralKrka, D.D., Novo Mesto2009-05-11Not applicableEu
NimvastidTablet, orally disintegrating3 mgOralKrka, D.D., Novo Mesto2009-05-11Not applicableEu
NimvastidCapsule1.5 mgOralKrka, D.D., Novo Mesto2009-05-11Not applicableEu
NimvastidCapsule6 mgOralKrka, D.D., Novo Mesto2009-05-11Not applicableEu
NimvastidTablet, orally disintegrating4.5 mgOralKrka, D.D., Novo Mesto2009-05-11Not applicableEu
NimvastidCapsule3 mgOralKrka, D.D., Novo Mesto2009-05-11Not applicableEu
NimvastidTablet, orally disintegrating1.5 mgOralKrka, D.D., Novo Mesto2009-05-11Not applicableEu
NimvastidTablet, orally disintegrating6 mgOralKrka, D.D., Novo Mesto2009-05-11Not applicableEu
NimvastidCapsule4.5 mgOralKrka, D.D., Novo Mesto2009-05-11Not applicableEu
NimvastidCapsule6 mgOralKrka, D.D., Novo Mesto2009-05-11Not applicableEu
NimvastidTablet, orally disintegrating4.5 mgOralKrka, D.D., Novo Mesto2009-05-11Not applicableEu
NimvastidCapsule1.5 mgOralKrka, D.D., Novo Mesto2009-05-11Not applicableEu
NimvastidTablet, orally disintegrating3 mgOralKrka, D.D., Novo Mesto2009-05-11Not applicableEu
NimvastidCapsule1.5 mgOralKrka, D.D., Novo Mesto2009-05-11Not applicableEu
NimvastidCapsule3 mgOralKrka, D.D., Novo Mesto2009-05-11Not applicableEu
NimvastidCapsule4.5 mgOralKrka, D.D., Novo Mesto2009-05-11Not applicableEu
Rivastigmine ActavisCapsule3 mgOralActavis Group Ptc Ehf2011-06-16Not applicableEu
Rivastigmine ActavisCapsule6 mgOralActavis Group Ptc Ehf2011-06-16Not applicableEu
Rivastigmine ActavisCapsule4.5 mgOralActavis Group Ptc Ehf2011-06-16Not applicableEu
Rivastigmine ActavisCapsule1.5 mgOralActavis Group Ptc Ehf2011-06-16Not applicableEu
Rivastigmine ActavisCapsule3 mgOralActavis Group Ptc Ehf2011-06-16Not applicableEu
Rivastigmine ActavisCapsule6 mgOralActavis Group Ptc Ehf2011-06-16Not applicableEu
Rivastigmine ActavisCapsule4.5 mgOralActavis Group Ptc Ehf2011-06-16Not applicableEu
Rivastigmine ActavisCapsule1.5 mgOralActavis Group Ptc Ehf2011-06-16Not applicableEu
Rivastigmine ActavisCapsule3 mgOralActavis Group Ptc Ehf2011-06-16Not applicableEu
Rivastigmine ActavisCapsule6 mgOralActavis Group Ptc Ehf2011-06-16Not applicableEu
Rivastigmine ActavisCapsule1.5 mgOralActavis Group Ptc Ehf2011-06-16Not applicableEu
Rivastigmine ActavisCapsule4.5 mgOralActavis Group Ptc Ehf2011-06-16Not applicableEu
Rivastigmine ActavisCapsule3 mgOralActavis Group Ptc Ehf2011-06-16Not applicableEu
Rivastigmine ActavisCapsule4.5 mgOralActavis Group Ptc Ehf2011-06-16Not applicableEu
Rivastigmine ActavisCapsule1.5 mgOralActavis Group Ptc Ehf2011-06-16Not applicableEu
Rivastigmine ActavisCapsule6 mgOralActavis Group Ptc Ehf2011-06-16Not applicableEu
Rivastigmine TartrateCapsule1.5 mg/1OralAvera Mc Kennan Hospital2015-11-19Not applicableUs
Rivastigmine TartrateCapsule6 mg/1OralAlembic Pharmaceuticals Limited2012-06-13Not applicableUs
Rivastigmine TartrateCapsule1.5 mg/1OralCarilion Materials Management2010-07-01Not applicableUs
Rivastigmine TartrateCapsule4.5 mg/1OralGolden State Medical Supply, Inc.2015-03-10Not applicableUs
Rivastigmine TartrateCapsule6 mg/1OralPhysicians Total Care, Inc.2010-09-15Not applicableUs
Rivastigmine TartrateCapsule4.5 mg/1OralMc Kesson Packaging Services A Business Unit Of Mc Kesson Corporation2013-03-01Not applicableUs
Rivastigmine TartrateCapsule1.5 mg/1OralWatson Laboratories, Inc.2010-07-01Not applicableUs
Rivastigmine TartrateCapsule1.5 mg/1OralBreckenridge Pharmaceutical, Inc2012-06-13Not applicableUs
Rivastigmine TartrateCapsule6 mg/1OralMacleods Pharmaceuticals Limited2014-09-02Not applicableUs
Rivastigmine TartrateCapsule4.5 mg/1OralSun Pharmaceutical Industries Limited2010-07-01Not applicableUs
Rivastigmine TartrateCapsule6 mg/1OralAurobindo Pharma Limited2016-03-25Not applicableUs
Rivastigmine TartrateCapsule1.5 mg/1OralAlembic Pharmaceuticals Limited2012-06-13Not applicableUs
Rivastigmine TartrateCapsule3 mg/1OralApotex Corp.2013-02-20Not applicableUs
Rivastigmine TartrateCapsule6 mg/1OralDr. Reddy's Laboratories Limited2011-09-01Not applicableUs
Rivastigmine TartrateCapsule1.5 mg/1OralMacleods Pharmaceuticals Limited2014-09-02Not applicableUs
Rivastigmine TartrateCapsule6 mg/1OralGolden State Medical Supply, Inc.2015-03-10Not applicableUs
Rivastigmine TartrateCapsule1.5 mg/1OralAurobindo Pharma Limited2016-03-25Not applicableUs
Rivastigmine TartrateCapsule1.5 mg/1OralDr. Reddy's Laboratories Limited2011-09-01Not applicableUs
Rivastigmine TartrateCapsule6 mg/1OralMc Kesson Packaging Services A Business Unit Of Mc Kesson Corporation2013-03-01Not applicableUs
Rivastigmine TartrateCapsule3 mg/1OralWatson Laboratories, Inc.2010-07-01Not applicableUs
Rivastigmine TartrateCapsule3 mg/1OralBreckenridge Pharmaceutical, Inc2012-06-13Not applicableUs
Rivastigmine TartrateCapsule6 mg/1OralSun Pharmaceutical Industries Limited2010-07-01Not applicableUs
Rivastigmine TartrateCapsule3 mg/1OralAlembic Pharmaceuticals Limited2012-06-13Not applicableUs
Rivastigmine TartrateCapsule4.5 mg/1OralApotex Corp.2013-02-20Not applicableUs
Rivastigmine TartrateCapsule1.5 mg/1OralGolden State Medical Supply, Inc.2015-03-10Not applicableUs
Rivastigmine TartrateCapsule3 mg/1OralMacleods Pharmaceuticals Limited2014-09-02Not applicableUs
Rivastigmine TartrateCapsule1.5 mg/1OralSun Pharmaceutical Industries Limited2010-07-01Not applicableUs
Rivastigmine TartrateCapsule3 mg/1OralAurobindo Pharma Limited2016-03-25Not applicableUs
Rivastigmine TartrateCapsule3 mg/1OralDr. Reddy's Laboratories Limited2011-09-01Not applicableUs
Rivastigmine TartrateCapsule1.5 mg/1OralAmerican Health Packaging2012-01-06Not applicableUs
Rivastigmine TartrateCapsule4.5 mg/1OralWatson Laboratories, Inc.2010-07-01Not applicableUs
Rivastigmine TartrateCapsule4.5 mg/1OralBreckenridge Pharmaceutical, Inc2012-06-13Not applicableUs
Rivastigmine TartrateCapsule1.5 mg/1OralMc Kesson Packaging Services A Business Unit Of Mc Kesson Corporation2013-03-01Not applicableUs
Rivastigmine TartrateCapsule4.5 mg/1OralAlembic Pharmaceuticals Limited2012-06-13Not applicableUs
Rivastigmine TartrateCapsule6 mg/1OralApotex Corp.2013-02-20Not applicableUs
Rivastigmine TartrateCapsule3 mg/1OralGolden State Medical Supply, Inc.2015-03-10Not applicableUs
Rivastigmine TartrateCapsule4.5 mg/1OralMacleods Pharmaceuticals Limited2014-09-02Not applicableUs
Rivastigmine TartrateCapsule3 mg/1OralSun Pharmaceutical Industries Limited2010-07-01Not applicableUs
Rivastigmine TartrateCapsule4.5 mg/1OralAurobindo Pharma Limited2016-03-25Not applicableUs
Rivastigmine TartrateCapsule1.5 mg/1OralApotex Corp.2013-02-20Not applicableUs
Rivastigmine TartrateCapsule4.5 mg/1OralDr. Reddy's Laboratories Limited2011-09-01Not applicableUs
Rivastigmine TartrateCapsule6 mg/1OralWatson Laboratories, Inc.2010-07-01Not applicableUs
Rivastigmine TartrateCapsule6 mg/1OralBreckenridge Pharmaceutical, Inc2012-06-13Not applicableUs
Rivastigmine TartrateCapsule3 mg/1OralMc Kesson Packaging Services A Business Unit Of Mc Kesson Corporation2013-02-01Not applicableUs
Rivastigmine Transdermal SystemPatch, extended release4.6 mg/1TransdermalAlvogen Inc.2015-09-04Not applicableUs
Rivastigmine Transdermal SystemPatch, extended release9.5 mg/1TransdermalAlvogen Inc.2015-09-04Not applicableUs
Rivastigmine Transdermal SystemPatch, extended release13.3 mg/1TransdermalAlvogen Inc.2015-09-02Not applicableUs
Approved Over the Counter ProductsNot Available
Unapproved/Other Products
NameDosageStrengthRouteLabellerMarketing StartMarketing End
Rivastigmine 3m Health Care Ltd.Patch4.6 mg/24hTransdermal3 M Health Care Limited2014-04-03Not applicableEu
Rivastigmine 3m Health Care Ltd.Patch9.5 mg/24hTransdermal3 M Health Care Limited2014-04-03Not applicableEu
Rivastigmine 3m Health Care Ltd.Patch4.6 mg/24hTransdermal3 M Health Care Limited2014-04-03Not applicableEu
Rivastigmine 3m Health Care Ltd.Patch9.5 mg/24hTransdermal3 M Health Care Limited2014-04-03Not applicableEu
Rivastigmine 3m Health Care Ltd.Patch4.6 mg/24hTransdermal3 M Health Care Limited2014-04-03Not applicableEu
Rivastigmine 3m Health Care Ltd.Patch9.5 mg/24hTransdermal3 M Health Care Limited2014-04-03Not applicableEu
Rivastigmine 3m Health Care Ltd.Patch4.6 mg/24hTransdermal3 M Health Care Limited2014-04-03Not applicableEu
Rivastigmine 3m Health Care Ltd.Patch9.5 mg/24hTransdermal3 M Health Care Limited2014-04-03Not applicableEu
Rivastigmine TevaCapsule3 mgOralTeva Pharma B.V.2009-04-17Not applicableEu
Rivastigmine TevaCapsule6 mgOralTeva Pharma B.V.2009-04-17Not applicableEu
Rivastigmine TevaCapsule1.5 mgOralTeva Pharma B.V.2009-04-17Not applicableEu
Rivastigmine TevaCapsule4.5 mgOralTeva Pharma B.V.2009-04-17Not applicableEu
Rivastigmine TevaCapsule6 mgOralTeva Pharma B.V.2009-04-17Not applicableEu
Rivastigmine TevaCapsule1.5 mgOralTeva Pharma B.V.2009-04-17Not applicableEu
Rivastigmine TevaCapsule3 mgOralTeva Pharma B.V.2009-04-17Not applicableEu
Rivastigmine TevaCapsule6 mgOralTeva Pharma B.V.2009-04-17Not applicableEu
Rivastigmine TevaCapsule1.5 mgOralTeva Pharma B.V.2009-04-17Not applicableEu
Rivastigmine TevaCapsule4.5 mgOralTeva Pharma B.V.2009-04-17Not applicableEu
Rivastigmine TevaCapsule3 mgOralTeva Pharma B.V.2009-04-17Not applicableEu
Rivastigmine TevaCapsule3 mgOralTeva Pharma B.V.2009-04-17Not applicableEu
Rivastigmine TevaCapsule6 mgOralTeva Pharma B.V.2009-04-17Not applicableEu
Rivastigmine TevaCapsule1.5 mgOralTeva Pharma B.V.2009-04-17Not applicableEu
Rivastigmine TevaCapsule4.5 mgOralTeva Pharma B.V.2009-04-17Not applicableEu
Rivastigmine TevaCapsule3 mgOralTeva Pharma B.V.2009-04-17Not applicableEu
Rivastigmine TevaCapsule4.5 mgOralTeva Pharma B.V.2009-04-17Not applicableEu
Rivastigmine TevaCapsule6 mgOralTeva Pharma B.V.2009-04-17Not applicableEu
Rivastigmine TevaCapsule1.5 mgOralTeva Pharma B.V.2009-04-17Not applicableEu
Rivastigmine TevaCapsule4.5 mgOralTeva Pharma B.V.2009-04-17Not applicableEu
International Brands
NameCompany
Exelon PatchNot Available
Brand mixturesNot Available
Salts
Name/CASStructureProperties
Rivastigmine tartrate
ThumbNot applicableDBSALT001252
Categories
UNIIPKI06M3IW0
CAS number123441-03-2
WeightAverage: 250.3367
Monoisotopic: 250.168127958
Chemical FormulaC14H22N2O2
InChI KeyXSVMFMHYUFZWBK-NSHDSACASA-N
InChI
InChI=1S/C14H22N2O2/c1-6-16(5)14(17)18-13-9-7-8-12(10-13)11(2)15(3)4/h7-11H,6H2,1-5H3/t11-/m0/s1
IUPAC Name
3-[(1S)-1-(dimethylamino)ethyl]phenyl N-ethyl-N-methylcarbamate
SMILES
CCN(C)C(=O)OC1=CC=CC(=C1)[[email protected]](C)N(C)C
Pharmacology
IndicationFor the treatment of mild to moderate dementia associated with Parkinson's disease or of the Alzheimer's type.
Structured Indications
PharmacodynamicsRivastigmine is a parasympathomimetic and a reversible cholinesterase inhibitor. An early pathophysiological feature of Alzheimer's disease that is associated with memory loss and cognitive deficits is a deficiency of acetylcholine as a result of selective loss of cholinergic neurons in the cerebral cortex, nucleus basalis, and hippocampus. Tacrine is postulated to exert its therapeutic effect by enhancing cholinergic function. While the precise mechanism of rivastigmine's action is unknown, it is postulated to exert its therapeutic effect by enhancing cholinergic function. This is accomplished by increasing the concentration of acetylcholine through reversible inhibition of its hydrolysis by cholinesterase. If this proposed mechanism is correct, rivastigmine's effect may lessen as the disease progresses and fewer cholinergic neurons remain functionally intact.
Mechanism of actionRivastigmine is a carbamate derivative that is structurally related to physostigmine, but not to donepezil and tacrine. The precise mechanism of rivastigmine has not been fully determined, but it is suggested that rivastigmine binds reversibly with and inactivates chlolinesterase (eg. acetylcholinesterase, butyrylcholinesterase), preventing the hydrolysis of acetycholine, and thus leading to an increased concentration of acetylcholine at cholinergic synapses. The anticholinesterase activity of rivastigmine is relatively specific for brain acetylcholinesterase and butyrylcholinesterase compared with those in peripheral tissues.
TargetKindPharmacological actionActionsOrganismUniProt ID
AcetylcholinesteraseProteinyes
inhibitor
HumanP22303 details
CholinesteraseProteinyes
inhibitor
HumanP06276 details
Related Articles
AbsorptionNot Available
Volume of distribution
  • 1.8 to 2.7 L/kg
Protein binding40%
Metabolism

Rivastigmine is rapidly metabolized by cholinesterase-mediated hydrolysis.

Route of eliminationRivastigmine is extensively metabolized primarily via cholinesterase-mediated hydrolysis to the decarbamylated metabolite NAP226-90. Renal excretion of the metabolites is the major route of elimination. Less than 1% of the administered dose is excreted in the feces.
Half life1.5 hours
Clearance
  • renal cl=2.1-2.8 L/hr
ToxicityNot Available
Affected organisms
  • Humans and other mammals
PathwaysNot Available
SNP Mediated EffectsNot Available
SNP Mediated Adverse Drug ReactionsNot Available
Interactions
Drug Interactions
DrugInteractionDrug group
16-BromoepiandrosteroneThe risk or severity of adverse effects can be increased when 16-Bromoepiandrosterone is combined with Rivastigmine.Investigational
19-norandrostenedioneThe risk or severity of adverse effects can be increased when 19-norandrostenedione is combined with Rivastigmine.Experimental, Illicit
4-AndrostenedioneThe risk or severity of adverse effects can be increased when 4-Androstenedione is combined with Rivastigmine.Experimental, Illicit
5-androstenedioneThe risk or severity of adverse effects can be increased when 5-androstenedione is combined with Rivastigmine.Experimental, Illicit
AcebutololRivastigmine may increase the bradycardic activities of Acebutolol.Approved
AcetylcholineThe risk or severity of adverse effects can be increased when Rivastigmine is combined with Acetylcholine.Approved
AclidiniumThe therapeutic efficacy of Aclidinium can be decreased when used in combination with Rivastigmine.Approved
AlclometasoneThe risk or severity of adverse effects can be increased when Alclometasone is combined with Rivastigmine.Approved
AldosteroneThe risk or severity of adverse effects can be increased when Aldosterone is combined with Rivastigmine.Experimental
AlprenololRivastigmine may increase the bradycardic activities of Alprenolol.Approved, Withdrawn
AmcinonideThe risk or severity of adverse effects can be increased when Amcinonide is combined with Rivastigmine.Approved
AmiodaroneRivastigmine may increase the bradycardic activities of Amiodarone.Approved, Investigational
AnecortaveThe risk or severity of adverse effects can be increased when Anecortave is combined with Rivastigmine.Investigational
Anisotropine MethylbromideThe therapeutic efficacy of Anisotropine Methylbromide can be decreased when used in combination with Rivastigmine.Approved
Aop200704Rivastigmine may increase the bradycardic activities of Aop200704.Investigational
ArecolineThe risk or severity of adverse effects can be increased when Rivastigmine is combined with Arecoline.Experimental
ArotinololRivastigmine may increase the bradycardic activities of Arotinolol.Approved
AtenololRivastigmine may increase the bradycardic activities of Atenolol.Approved
Atracurium besylateThe therapeutic efficacy of Atracurium besylate can be decreased when used in combination with Rivastigmine.Approved
AtropineThe therapeutic efficacy of Atropine can be decreased when used in combination with Rivastigmine.Approved, Vet Approved
BeclomethasoneThe risk or severity of adverse effects can be increased when Beclomethasone is combined with Rivastigmine.Investigational
Beclomethasone dipropionateThe risk or severity of adverse effects can be increased when Beclomethasone dipropionate is combined with Rivastigmine.Approved, Investigational
BefunololRivastigmine may increase the bradycardic activities of Befunolol.Experimental
BenactyzineThe therapeutic efficacy of Benactyzine can be decreased when used in combination with Rivastigmine.Withdrawn
BendroflumethiazideBendroflumethiazide may increase the bradycardic activities of Rivastigmine.Approved
BenzatropineThe therapeutic efficacy of Benzatropine can be decreased when used in combination with Rivastigmine.Approved
BeractantRivastigmine may increase the bradycardic activities of Beractant.Approved
BetamethasoneThe risk or severity of adverse effects can be increased when Betamethasone is combined with Rivastigmine.Approved, Vet Approved
BetaxololRivastigmine may increase the bradycardic activities of Betaxolol.Approved
BethanecholThe risk or severity of adverse effects can be increased when Rivastigmine is combined with Bethanechol.Approved
BevantololRivastigmine may increase the bradycardic activities of Bevantolol.Approved
BiperidenThe therapeutic efficacy of Biperiden can be decreased when used in combination with Rivastigmine.Approved
BisoprololRivastigmine may increase the bradycardic activities of Bisoprolol.Approved
BopindololRivastigmine may increase the bradycardic activities of Bopindolol.Approved
BretyliumBretylium may increase the bradycardic activities of Rivastigmine.Approved
BucindololRivastigmine may increase the bradycardic activities of Bucindolol.Investigational
BudesonideThe risk or severity of adverse effects can be increased when Budesonide is combined with Rivastigmine.Approved
BufuralolRivastigmine may increase the bradycardic activities of Bufuralol.Experimental, Investigational
BupranololRivastigmine may increase the bradycardic activities of Bupranolol.Approved
CalfactantRivastigmine may increase the bradycardic activities of Calfactant.Approved
CarbacholThe risk or severity of adverse effects can be increased when Rivastigmine is combined with Carbachol.Approved
CarteololRivastigmine may increase the bradycardic activities of Carteolol.Approved
CarvedilolRivastigmine may increase the bradycardic activities of Carvedilol.Approved, Investigational
CeliprololRivastigmine may increase the bradycardic activities of Celiprolol.Approved, Investigational
CeritinibRivastigmine may increase the bradycardic activities of Ceritinib.Approved
CevimelineThe risk or severity of adverse effects can be increased when Rivastigmine is combined with Cevimeline.Approved
ChlorphenoxamineThe therapeutic efficacy of Chlorphenoxamine can be decreased when used in combination with Rivastigmine.Withdrawn
CiclesonideThe risk or severity of adverse effects can be increased when Ciclesonide is combined with Rivastigmine.Approved, Investigational
ClobetasolThe risk or severity of adverse effects can be increased when Clobetasol is combined with Rivastigmine.Investigational
Clobetasol propionateThe risk or severity of adverse effects can be increased when Clobetasol propionate is combined with Rivastigmine.Approved
ClocortoloneThe risk or severity of adverse effects can be increased when Clocortolone is combined with Rivastigmine.Approved
ClonidineClonidine may increase the bradycardic activities of Rivastigmine.Approved
Cortisone acetateThe risk or severity of adverse effects can be increased when Cortisone acetate is combined with Rivastigmine.Approved
CrizotinibRivastigmine may increase the bradycardic activities of Crizotinib.Approved
CyclopentolateThe therapeutic efficacy of Cyclopentolate can be decreased when used in combination with Rivastigmine.Approved
DarifenacinThe therapeutic efficacy of Darifenacin can be decreased when used in combination with Rivastigmine.Approved, Investigational
dehydroepiandrosterone sulfateThe risk or severity of adverse effects can be increased when dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate is combined with Rivastigmine.Investigational
DesloratadineThe therapeutic efficacy of Desloratadine can be decreased when used in combination with Rivastigmine.Approved, Investigational
DesoximetasoneThe risk or severity of adverse effects can be increased when Desoximetasone is combined with Rivastigmine.Approved
Desoxycorticosterone acetateThe risk or severity of adverse effects can be increased when Desoxycorticosterone acetate is combined with Rivastigmine.Approved
Desoxycorticosterone PivalateThe risk or severity of adverse effects can be increased when Desoxycorticosterone Pivalate is combined with Rivastigmine.Experimental, Vet Approved
DexamethasoneThe risk or severity of adverse effects can be increased when Dexamethasone is combined with Rivastigmine.Approved, Investigational, Vet Approved
Dexamethasone isonicotinateThe risk or severity of adverse effects can be increased when Dexamethasone isonicotinate is combined with Rivastigmine.Vet Approved
DexetimideThe therapeutic efficacy of Dexetimide can be decreased when used in combination with Rivastigmine.Withdrawn
DexmedetomidineDexmedetomidine may increase the bradycardic activities of Rivastigmine.Approved, Vet Approved
DicyclomineThe therapeutic efficacy of Dicyclomine can be decreased when used in combination with Rivastigmine.Approved
DiflorasoneThe risk or severity of adverse effects can be increased when Diflorasone is combined with Rivastigmine.Approved
DifluocortoloneThe risk or severity of adverse effects can be increased when Difluocortolone is combined with Rivastigmine.Approved
DifluprednateThe risk or severity of adverse effects can be increased when Difluprednate is combined with Rivastigmine.Approved
DigoxinDigoxin may increase the bradycardic activities of Rivastigmine.Approved
DiltiazemDiltiazem may increase the bradycardic activities of Rivastigmine.Approved
DipyridamoleThe therapeutic efficacy of Rivastigmine can be decreased when used in combination with Dipyridamole.Approved
DonepezilDonepezil may increase the bradycardic activities of Rivastigmine.Approved
DronedaroneRivastigmine may increase the bradycardic activities of Dronedarone.Approved
EPIBATIDINEThe risk or severity of adverse effects can be increased when Rivastigmine is combined with EPIBATIDINE.Experimental
EquileninThe risk or severity of adverse effects can be increased when Equilenin is combined with Rivastigmine.Experimental
EquilinThe risk or severity of adverse effects can be increased when Equilin is combined with Rivastigmine.Approved
EsmololRivastigmine may increase the bradycardic activities of Esmolol.Approved
EstroneThe risk or severity of adverse effects can be increased when Estrone is combined with Rivastigmine.Approved
Estrone sulfateThe risk or severity of adverse effects can be increased when Estrone sulfate is combined with Rivastigmine.Approved
EthopropazineThe therapeutic efficacy of Ethopropazine can be decreased when used in combination with Rivastigmine.Approved
FesoterodineThe serum concentration of the active metabolites of Fesoterodine can be increased when Fesoterodine is used in combination with Rivastigmine.Approved
FingolimodRivastigmine may increase the bradycardic activities of Fingolimod.Approved, Investigational
fluasteroneThe risk or severity of adverse effects can be increased when fluasterone is combined with Rivastigmine.Investigational
FludrocortisoneThe risk or severity of adverse effects can be increased when Fludrocortisone is combined with Rivastigmine.Approved
FlumethasoneThe risk or severity of adverse effects can be increased when Flumethasone is combined with Rivastigmine.Approved, Vet Approved
FlunisolideThe risk or severity of adverse effects can be increased when Flunisolide is combined with Rivastigmine.Approved, Investigational
Fluocinolone AcetonideThe risk or severity of adverse effects can be increased when Fluocinolone Acetonide is combined with Rivastigmine.Approved, Investigational, Vet Approved
FluocinonideThe risk or severity of adverse effects can be increased when Fluocinonide is combined with Rivastigmine.Approved, Investigational
FluocortoloneThe risk or severity of adverse effects can be increased when Fluocortolone is combined with Rivastigmine.Approved, Withdrawn
FluorometholoneThe risk or severity of adverse effects can be increased when Fluorometholone is combined with Rivastigmine.Approved
FluprednideneThe risk or severity of adverse effects can be increased when Fluprednidene is combined with Rivastigmine.Approved, Withdrawn
FluprednisoloneThe risk or severity of adverse effects can be increased when Fluprednisolone is combined with Rivastigmine.Approved
FlurandrenolideThe risk or severity of adverse effects can be increased when Flurandrenolide is combined with Rivastigmine.Approved
Fluticasone furoateThe risk or severity of adverse effects can be increased when Fluticasone furoate is combined with Rivastigmine.Approved
Fluticasone PropionateThe risk or severity of adverse effects can be increased when Fluticasone Propionate is combined with Rivastigmine.Approved
FormestaneThe risk or severity of adverse effects can be increased when Formestane is combined with Rivastigmine.Approved, Investigational, Withdrawn
GalantamineGalantamine may increase the bradycardic activities of Rivastigmine.Approved
Gallamine TriethiodideThe therapeutic efficacy of Gallamine Triethiodide can be decreased when used in combination with Rivastigmine.Approved
GlycopyrroniumThe therapeutic efficacy of Glycopyrronium can be decreased when used in combination with Rivastigmine.Approved, Investigational, Vet Approved
GTS-21The risk or severity of adverse effects can be increased when Rivastigmine is combined with GTS-21.Investigational
GuanfacineRivastigmine may increase the bradycardic activities of Guanfacine.Approved, Investigational
HE3286The risk or severity of adverse effects can be increased when HE3286 is combined with Rivastigmine.Investigational
HexamethoniumThe therapeutic efficacy of Hexamethonium can be decreased when used in combination with Rivastigmine.Experimental
HomatropineThe therapeutic efficacy of Homatropine can be decreased when used in combination with Rivastigmine.Approved
HydrocortisoneThe risk or severity of adverse effects can be increased when Hydrocortisone is combined with Rivastigmine.Approved, Vet Approved
HyoscyamineThe therapeutic efficacy of Hyoscyamine can be decreased when used in combination with Rivastigmine.Approved
IndenololRivastigmine may increase the bradycardic activities of Indenolol.Withdrawn
Ipratropium bromideThe therapeutic efficacy of Ipratropium bromide can be decreased when used in combination with Rivastigmine.Approved
IstaroximeThe risk or severity of adverse effects can be increased when Istaroxime is combined with Rivastigmine.Investigational
IvabradineRivastigmine may increase the bradycardic activities of Ivabradine.Approved
LabetalolRivastigmine may increase the bradycardic activities of Labetalol.Approved
LacosamideRivastigmine may increase the atrioventricular blocking (AV block) activities of Lacosamide.Approved
LanreotideRivastigmine may increase the bradycardic activities of Lanreotide.Approved
LevobunololRivastigmine may increase the bradycardic activities of Levobunolol.Approved
LobelineThe risk or severity of adverse effects can be increased when Rivastigmine is combined with Lobeline.Investigational
LucinactantRivastigmine may increase the bradycardic activities of Lucinactant.Approved
ME-609The risk or severity of adverse effects can be increased when ME-609 is combined with Rivastigmine.Investigational
MecamylamineThe therapeutic efficacy of Mecamylamine can be decreased when used in combination with Rivastigmine.Approved
MedrysoneThe risk or severity of adverse effects can be increased when Medrysone is combined with Rivastigmine.Approved
MelengestrolThe risk or severity of adverse effects can be increased when Melengestrol is combined with Rivastigmine.Vet Approved
MethacholineThe risk or severity of adverse effects can be increased when Rivastigmine is combined with Methacholine.Approved
MethanthelineThe therapeutic efficacy of Methantheline can be decreased when used in combination with Rivastigmine.Approved
MethyldopaMethyldopa may increase the bradycardic activities of Rivastigmine.Approved
MethylprednisoloneThe risk or severity of adverse effects can be increased when Methylprednisolone is combined with Rivastigmine.Approved, Vet Approved
MetipranololRivastigmine may increase the bradycardic activities of Metipranolol.Approved
MetixeneThe therapeutic efficacy of Metixene can be decreased when used in combination with Rivastigmine.Approved
MetoclopramideThe risk or severity of adverse effects can be increased when Rivastigmine is combined with Metoclopramide.Approved, Investigational
MetoprololRivastigmine may increase the bradycardic activities of Metoprolol.Approved, Investigational
MivacuriumRivastigmine may decrease the neuromuscular blocking activities of Mivacurium.Approved
MometasoneThe risk or severity of adverse effects can be increased when Mometasone is combined with Rivastigmine.Approved, Vet Approved
N-butylscopolammonium bromideThe therapeutic efficacy of N-butylscopolammonium bromide can be decreased when used in combination with Rivastigmine.Vet Approved
NadololRivastigmine may increase the bradycardic activities of Nadolol.Approved
NCX 1022The risk or severity of adverse effects can be increased when NCX 1022 is combined with Rivastigmine.Investigational
NebivololRivastigmine may increase the bradycardic activities of Nebivolol.Approved, Investigational
NicotineThe risk or severity of adverse effects can be increased when Rivastigmine is combined with Nicotine.Approved
Nicotine bitartrateThe risk or severity of adverse effects can be increased when Rivastigmine is combined with Nicotine bitartrate.Approved
NVA237The therapeutic efficacy of NVA237 can be decreased when used in combination with Rivastigmine.Investigational
OctreotideOctreotide may increase the bradycardic activities of Rivastigmine.Approved, Investigational
Oleoyl estroneThe risk or severity of adverse effects can be increased when Oleoyl estrone is combined with Rivastigmine.Investigational
OrphenadrineThe therapeutic efficacy of Orphenadrine can be decreased when used in combination with Rivastigmine.Approved
OxprenololRivastigmine may increase the bradycardic activities of Oxprenolol.Approved
OxybutyninThe therapeutic efficacy of Oxybutynin can be decreased when used in combination with Rivastigmine.Approved, Investigational
OxyphenoniumThe therapeutic efficacy of Oxyphenonium can be decreased when used in combination with Rivastigmine.Approved
PancuroniumThe therapeutic efficacy of Pancuronium can be decreased when used in combination with Rivastigmine.Approved
ParamethasoneThe risk or severity of adverse effects can be increased when Paramethasone is combined with Rivastigmine.Approved
PasireotideRivastigmine may increase the bradycardic activities of Pasireotide.Approved
PenbutololRivastigmine may increase the bradycardic activities of Penbutolol.Approved, Investigational
PentoliniumThe therapeutic efficacy of Pentolinium can be decreased when used in combination with Rivastigmine.Approved
PilocarpineThe risk or severity of adverse effects can be increased when Rivastigmine is combined with Pilocarpine.Approved
PindololRivastigmine may increase the bradycardic activities of Pindolol.Approved
PipecuroniumThe therapeutic efficacy of Pipecuronium can be decreased when used in combination with Rivastigmine.Approved
PirenzepineThe therapeutic efficacy of Pirenzepine can be decreased when used in combination with Rivastigmine.Approved
Poractant alfaRivastigmine may increase the bradycardic activities of Poractant alfa.Approved
PractololRivastigmine may increase the bradycardic activities of Practolol.Approved
PrasteroneThe risk or severity of adverse effects can be increased when Prasterone is combined with Rivastigmine.Approved, Nutraceutical
PrednicarbateThe risk or severity of adverse effects can be increased when Prednicarbate is combined with Rivastigmine.Approved
PrednisoloneThe risk or severity of adverse effects can be increased when Prednisolone is combined with Rivastigmine.Approved, Vet Approved
PrednisoneThe risk or severity of adverse effects can be increased when Prednisone is combined with Rivastigmine.Approved, Vet Approved
PregnenoloneThe risk or severity of adverse effects can be increased when Pregnenolone is combined with Rivastigmine.Experimental
ProcyclidineThe therapeutic efficacy of Procyclidine can be decreased when used in combination with Rivastigmine.Approved
PropafenoneRivastigmine may increase the bradycardic activities of Propafenone.Approved
PropanthelineThe therapeutic efficacy of Propantheline can be decreased when used in combination with Rivastigmine.Approved
PropiverineThe therapeutic efficacy of Propiverine can be decreased when used in combination with Rivastigmine.Investigational
PropranololRivastigmine may increase the bradycardic activities of Propranolol.Approved, Investigational
QuinidineThe therapeutic efficacy of Quinidine can be decreased when used in combination with Rivastigmine.Approved
RapacuroniumRivastigmine may decrease the neuromuscular blocking activities of Rapacuronium.Withdrawn
RimexoloneThe risk or severity of adverse effects can be increased when Rimexolone is combined with Rivastigmine.Approved
RuxolitinibRuxolitinib may increase the bradycardic activities of Rivastigmine.Approved
ScopolamineThe therapeutic efficacy of Scopolamine can be decreased when used in combination with Rivastigmine.Approved
Scopolamine butylbromideThe therapeutic efficacy of Scopolamine butylbromide can be decreased when used in combination with Rivastigmine.Approved
SolifenacinThe therapeutic efficacy of Solifenacin can be decreased when used in combination with Rivastigmine.Approved
SotalolRivastigmine may increase the bradycardic activities of Sotalol.Approved
SuccinylcholineThe serum concentration of Succinylcholine can be increased when it is combined with Rivastigmine.Approved
SufentanilSufentanil may increase the bradycardic activities of Rivastigmine.Approved, Investigational
ThioridazineThe serum concentration of Thioridazine can be increased when it is combined with Rivastigmine.Approved
TimololRivastigmine may increase the bradycardic activities of Timolol.Approved
TiotropiumThe therapeutic efficacy of Tiotropium can be decreased when used in combination with Rivastigmine.Approved
TixocortolThe risk or severity of adverse effects can be increased when Tixocortol is combined with Rivastigmine.Approved
TizanidineTizanidine may increase the bradycardic activities of Rivastigmine.Approved
TofacitinibTofacitinib may increase the bradycardic activities of Rivastigmine.Approved, Investigational
TolterodineThe therapeutic efficacy of Tolterodine can be decreased when used in combination with Rivastigmine.Approved, Investigational
TriamcinoloneThe risk or severity of adverse effects can be increased when Triamcinolone is combined with Rivastigmine.Approved, Vet Approved
TrihexyphenidylThe therapeutic efficacy of Trihexyphenidyl can be decreased when used in combination with Rivastigmine.Approved
TrimethaphanThe therapeutic efficacy of Trimethaphan can be decreased when used in combination with Rivastigmine.Approved
TropicamideThe therapeutic efficacy of Tropicamide can be decreased when used in combination with Rivastigmine.Approved
TrospiumThe therapeutic efficacy of Trospium can be decreased when used in combination with Rivastigmine.Approved
TubocurarineThe therapeutic efficacy of Tubocurarine can be decreased when used in combination with Rivastigmine.Approved
UmeclidiniumThe therapeutic efficacy of Umeclidinium can be decreased when used in combination with Rivastigmine.Approved
VareniclineThe risk or severity of adverse effects can be increased when Rivastigmine is combined with Varenicline.Approved, Investigational
VecuroniumThe therapeutic efficacy of Vecuronium can be decreased when used in combination with Rivastigmine.Approved
VerapamilVerapamil may increase the bradycardic activities of Rivastigmine.Approved
Food InteractionsNot Available
References
Synthesis Reference

Venkata Naga Brahmeswara Rao Mandava, Venkata Reddy Vajrala, Ganesh Varanasi, Vijay Kumar Adla, Mukund Reddy Jambula, Vijaypal Reddy Kanumathi Reddy, “PREPARATION OF RIVASTIGMINE AND ITS SALTS.” U.S. Patent US20080255383, issued October 16, 2008.

US20080255383
General References
  1. Camps P, Munoz-Torrero D: Cholinergic drugs in pharmacotherapy of Alzheimer's disease. Mini Rev Med Chem. 2002 Feb;2(1):11-25. [PubMed:12369954 ]
  2. Rosler M, Anand R, Cicin-Sain A, Gauthier S, Agid Y, Dal-Bianco P, Stahelin HB, Hartman R, Gharabawi M: Efficacy and safety of rivastigmine in patients with Alzheimer's disease: international randomised controlled trial. BMJ. 1999 Mar 6;318(7184):633-8. [PubMed:10066203 ]
  3. Finkel SI: Effects of rivastigmine on behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia in Alzheimer's disease. Clin Ther. 2004 Jul;26(7):980-90. [PubMed:15336465 ]
  4. Rosler M, Retz W, Retz-Junginger P, Dennler HJ: Effects of two-year treatment with the cholinesterase inhibitor rivastigmine on behavioural symptoms in Alzheimer's disease. Behav Neurol. 1998;11(4):211-216. [PubMed:11568422 ]
  5. Emre M, Aarsland D, Albanese A, Byrne EJ, Deuschl G, De Deyn PP, Durif F, Kulisevsky J, van Laar T, Lees A, Poewe W, Robillard A, Rosa MM, Wolters E, Quarg P, Tekin S, Lane R: Rivastigmine for dementia associated with Parkinson's disease. N Engl J Med. 2004 Dec 9;351(24):2509-18. [PubMed:15590953 ]
  6. Birks J, Grimley Evans J, Iakovidou V, Tsolaki M, Holt FE: Rivastigmine for Alzheimer's disease. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2009 Apr 15;(2):CD001191. doi: 10.1002/14651858.CD001191.pub2. [PubMed:19370562 ]
  7. Naik RS, Hartmann J, Kiewert C, Duysen EG, Lockridge O, Klein J: Effects of rivastigmine and donepezil on brain acetylcholine levels in acetylcholinesterase-deficient mice. J Pharm Pharm Sci. 2009;12(1):79-85. [PubMed:19470293 ]
  8. Farlow MR: Update on rivastigmine. Neurologist. 2003 Sep;9(5):230-4. [PubMed:14587496 ]
External Links
ATC CodesN06DA03
AHFS Codes
  • 12:04.00
PDB Entries
FDA labelDownload (74 KB)
MSDSNot Available
ADMET
Predicted ADMET features
PropertyValueProbability
Human Intestinal Absorption+1.0
Blood Brain Barrier+0.9853
Caco-2 permeable+0.7001
P-glycoprotein substrateNon-substrate0.6571
P-glycoprotein inhibitor INon-inhibitor0.7919
P-glycoprotein inhibitor IINon-inhibitor0.8756
Renal organic cation transporterNon-inhibitor0.8406
CYP450 2C9 substrateNon-substrate0.7993
CYP450 2D6 substrateNon-substrate0.6659
CYP450 3A4 substrateSubstrate0.5932
CYP450 1A2 substrateNon-inhibitor0.609
CYP450 2C9 inhibitorNon-inhibitor0.8928
CYP450 2D6 inhibitorNon-inhibitor0.8384
CYP450 2C19 inhibitorNon-inhibitor0.8734
CYP450 3A4 inhibitorNon-inhibitor0.9545
CYP450 inhibitory promiscuityLow CYP Inhibitory Promiscuity0.8062
Ames testNon AMES toxic0.5279
CarcinogenicityNon-carcinogens0.5858
BiodegradationNot ready biodegradable0.9463
Rat acute toxicity3.4167 LD50, mol/kg Not applicable
hERG inhibition (predictor I)Weak inhibitor0.9355
hERG inhibition (predictor II)Non-inhibitor0.8986
ADMET data is predicted using admetSAR, a free tool for evaluating chemical ADMET properties. (23092397 )
Pharmacoeconomics
Manufacturers
  • Novartis pharmaceuticals corp
  • Dr reddys laboratories inc
  • Sun pharmaceutical industries ltd
  • Watson laboratories inc
Packagers
Dosage forms
FormRouteStrength
CapsuleOral3 mg
CapsuleOral4.5 mg
CapsuleOral6 mg
Patch, extended releaseTransdermal4.6 mg/24[USP'U]
Patch, extended releaseTransdermal9.5 mg/24[USP'U]
SolutionOral2 mg
SolutionOral2 mg/ml
CapsuleOral1.5 mg
PatchTransdermal18 mg
PatchTransdermal27 mg
PatchTransdermal9 mg
Tablet, orally disintegratingOral1.5 mg
Tablet, orally disintegratingOral3 mg
Tablet, orally disintegratingOral4.5 mg
Tablet, orally disintegratingOral6 mg
CapsuleOral3.0 mg
CapsuleOral6.0 mg
Patch, extended releaseTransdermal13.3 mg/24h
Patch, extended releaseTransdermal4.6 mg/24h
Patch, extended releaseTransdermal9.5 mg/24h
PatchTransdermal4.6 mg/24h
PatchTransdermal9.5 mg/24h
CapsuleOral1.5 mg/1
CapsuleOral3 mg/1
CapsuleOral4.5 mg/1
CapsuleOral6 mg/1
Patch, extended releaseTransdermal13.3 mg/1
Patch, extended releaseTransdermal4.6 mg/1
Patch, extended releaseTransdermal9.5 mg/1
Prices
Unit descriptionCostUnit
Exelon 30 4.6 mg/24hr Patches Box252.18USD box
Exelon 30 9.5 mg/24hr Patches Box252.18USD box
Exelon 4.6 mg/24hr patch8.08USD patch
Exelon 9.5 mg/24hr patch8.08USD patch
Exelon 1.5 mg capsule4.81USD capsule
Exelon 3 mg capsule4.81USD capsule
Exelon 4.5 mg capsule4.81USD capsule
Exelon 6 mg capsule4.81USD capsule
DrugBank does not sell nor buy drugs. Pricing information is supplied for informational purposes only.
Patents
Patent NumberPediatric ExtensionApprovedExpires (estimated)
CA2315784 No2006-06-272019-01-08Canada
US4948807 No1992-08-142012-08-14Us
US6316023 No1999-01-082019-01-08Us
US6335031 No1999-01-082019-01-08Us
Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueSource
logP2.3Not Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility2.04 mg/mLALOGPS
logP2.45ALOGPS
logP2.41ChemAxon
logS-2.1ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Basic)8.89ChemAxon
Physiological Charge1ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count2ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count0ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area32.78 Å2ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count5ChemAxon
Refractivity73.37 m3·mol-1ChemAxon
Polarizability28.53 Å3ChemAxon
Number of Rings1ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
Mass Spec (NIST)Not Available
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash Key
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, PositiveNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, PositiveNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, PositiveNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, NegativeNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, NegativeNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, NegativeNot Available
Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as aralkylamines. These are alkylamines in which the alkyl group is substituted at one carbon atom by an aromatic hydrocarbyl group.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassOrganonitrogen compounds
ClassAmines
Sub ClassAralkylamines
Direct ParentAralkylamines
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Aralkylamine
  • Benzenoid
  • Monocyclic benzene moiety
  • Tertiary aliphatic amine
  • Tertiary amine
  • Monocarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Aromatic homomonocyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAromatic homomonocyclic compounds
External Descriptors

Targets

Kind
Protein
Organism
Human
Pharmacological action
yes
Actions
inhibitor
General Function:
Serine hydrolase activity
Specific Function:
Terminates signal transduction at the neuromuscular junction by rapid hydrolysis of the acetylcholine released into the synaptic cleft. Role in neuronal apoptosis.
Gene Name:
ACHE
Uniprot ID:
P22303
Molecular Weight:
67795.525 Da
References
  1. Kennedy JS, Polinsky RJ, Johnson B, Loosen P, Enz A, Laplanche R, Schmidt D, Mancione LC, Parris WC, Ebert MH: Preferential cerebrospinal fluid acetylcholinesterase inhibition by rivastigmine in humans. J Clin Psychopharmacol. 1999 Dec;19(6):513-21. [PubMed:10587286 ]
  2. Goldblum D, Garweg JG, Bohnke M: Topical rivastigmine, a selective acetylcholinesterase inhibitor, lowers intraocular pressure in rabbits. J Ocul Pharmacol Ther. 2000 Feb;16(1):29-35. [PubMed:10673128 ]
  3. Grossberg GT, Stahelin HB, Messina JC, Anand R, Veach J: Lack of adverse pharmacodynamic drug interactions with rivastigmine and twenty-two classes of medications. Int J Geriatr Psychiatry. 2000 Mar;15(3):242-7. [PubMed:10713582 ]
  4. Stahl SM: The new cholinesterase inhibitors for Alzheimer's disease, Part 1: their similarities are different. J Clin Psychiatry. 2000 Oct;61(10):710-1. [PubMed:11078030 ]
  5. Gottwald MD, Rozanski RI: Rivastigmine, a brain-region selective acetylcholinesterase inhibitor for treating Alzheimer's disease: review and current status. Expert Opin Investig Drugs. 1999 Oct;8(10):1673-1682. [PubMed:11139819 ]
  6. Chen X, Ji ZL, Chen YZ: TTD: Therapeutic Target Database. Nucleic Acids Res. 2002 Jan 1;30(1):412-5. [PubMed:11752352 ]
  7. Birks J, Grimley Evans J, Iakovidou V, Tsolaki M, Holt FE: Rivastigmine for Alzheimer's disease. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2009 Apr 15;(2):CD001191. doi: 10.1002/14651858.CD001191.pub2. [PubMed:19370562 ]
  8. Naik RS, Hartmann J, Kiewert C, Duysen EG, Lockridge O, Klein J: Effects of rivastigmine and donepezil on brain acetylcholine levels in acetylcholinesterase-deficient mice. J Pharm Pharm Sci. 2009;12(1):79-85. [PubMed:19470293 ]
  9. Lalli S, Albanese A: Rivastigmine in Parkinson's disease dementia. Expert Rev Neurother. 2008 Aug;8(8):1181-8. doi: 10.1586/14737175.8.8.1181. [PubMed:18671661 ]
  10. Onor ML, Trevisiol M, Aguglia E: Rivastigmine in the treatment of Alzheimer's disease: an update. Clin Interv Aging. 2007;2(1):17-32. [PubMed:18044073 ]
  11. Farlow MR: Update on rivastigmine. Neurologist. 2003 Sep;9(5):230-4. [PubMed:14587496 ]
  12. Greig NH, Lahiri DK, Sambamurti K: Butyrylcholinesterase: an important new target in Alzheimer's disease therapy. Int Psychogeriatr. 2002;14 Suppl 1:77-91. [PubMed:12636181 ]
Kind
Protein
Organism
Human
Pharmacological action
yes
Actions
inhibitor
General Function:
Identical protein binding
Specific Function:
Esterase with broad substrate specificity. Contributes to the inactivation of the neurotransmitter acetylcholine. Can degrade neurotoxic organophosphate esters.
Gene Name:
BCHE
Uniprot ID:
P06276
Molecular Weight:
68417.575 Da
References
  1. Chen X, Ji ZL, Chen YZ: TTD: Therapeutic Target Database. Nucleic Acids Res. 2002 Jan 1;30(1):412-5. [PubMed:11752352 ]
  2. Stahl SM: The new cholinesterase inhibitors for Alzheimer's disease, Part 1: their similarities are different. J Clin Psychiatry. 2000 Oct;61(10):710-1. [PubMed:11078030 ]
  3. Gottwald MD, Rozanski RI: Rivastigmine, a brain-region selective acetylcholinesterase inhibitor for treating Alzheimer's disease: review and current status. Expert Opin Investig Drugs. 1999 Oct;8(10):1673-1682. [PubMed:11139819 ]
  4. Birks J, Grimley Evans J, Iakovidou V, Tsolaki M, Holt FE: Rivastigmine for Alzheimer's disease. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2009 Apr 15;(2):CD001191. doi: 10.1002/14651858.CD001191.pub2. [PubMed:19370562 ]
  5. Birks J: Cholinesterase inhibitors for Alzheimer's disease. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2006 Jan 25;(1):CD005593. [PubMed:16437532 ]
  6. Naik RS, Hartmann J, Kiewert C, Duysen EG, Lockridge O, Klein J: Effects of rivastigmine and donepezil on brain acetylcholine levels in acetylcholinesterase-deficient mice. J Pharm Pharm Sci. 2009;12(1):79-85. [PubMed:19470293 ]
  7. Smith DA: Treatment of Alzheimer's disease in the long-term-care setting. Am J Health Syst Pharm. 2009 May 15;66(10):899-907. doi: 10.2146/ajhp070622. [PubMed:19420308 ]
  8. Bassil N, Grossberg GT: Novel regimens and delivery systems in the pharmacological treatment of Alzheimer's disease. CNS Drugs. 2009;23(4):293-307. [PubMed:19374459 ]
  9. Lalli S, Albanese A: Rivastigmine in Parkinson's disease dementia. Expert Rev Neurother. 2008 Aug;8(8):1181-8. doi: 10.1586/14737175.8.8.1181. [PubMed:18671661 ]
  10. Onor ML, Trevisiol M, Aguglia E: Rivastigmine in the treatment of Alzheimer's disease: an update. Clin Interv Aging. 2007;2(1):17-32. [PubMed:18044073 ]
  11. Farlow MR: Update on rivastigmine. Neurologist. 2003 Sep;9(5):230-4. [PubMed:14587496 ]
  12. Greig NH, Lahiri DK, Sambamurti K: Butyrylcholinesterase: an important new target in Alzheimer's disease therapy. Int Psychogeriatr. 2002;14 Suppl 1:77-91. [PubMed:12636181 ]

Enzymes

Kind
Protein
Organism
Human
Pharmacological action
unknown
Actions
inhibitor
General Function:
Steroid hydroxylase activity
Specific Function:
Responsible for the metabolism of many drugs and environmental chemicals that it oxidizes. It is involved in the metabolism of drugs such as antiarrhythmics, adrenoceptor antagonists, and tricyclic antidepressants.
Gene Name:
CYP2D6
Uniprot ID:
P10635
Molecular Weight:
55768.94 Da
References
  1. Preissner S, Kroll K, Dunkel M, Senger C, Goldsobel G, Kuzman D, Guenther S, Winnenburg R, Schroeder M, Preissner R: SuperCYP: a comprehensive database on Cytochrome P450 enzymes including a tool for analysis of CYP-drug interactions. Nucleic Acids Res. 2010 Jan;38(Database issue):D237-43. doi: 10.1093/nar/gkp970. Epub 2009 Nov 24. [PubMed:19934256 ]
Kind
Protein
Organism
Human
Pharmacological action
unknown
Actions
inhibitor
General Function:
Vitamin d3 25-hydroxylase activity
Specific Function:
Cytochromes P450 are a group of heme-thiolate monooxygenases. In liver microsomes, this enzyme is involved in an NADPH-dependent electron transport pathway. It performs a variety of oxidation reactions (e.g. caffeine 8-oxidation, omeprazole sulphoxidation, midazolam 1'-hydroxylation and midazolam 4-hydroxylation) of structurally unrelated compounds, including steroids, fatty acids, and xenobiot...
Gene Name:
CYP3A4
Uniprot ID:
P08684
Molecular Weight:
57342.67 Da
References
  1. Preissner S, Kroll K, Dunkel M, Senger C, Goldsobel G, Kuzman D, Guenther S, Winnenburg R, Schroeder M, Preissner R: SuperCYP: a comprehensive database on Cytochrome P450 enzymes including a tool for analysis of CYP-drug interactions. Nucleic Acids Res. 2010 Jan;38(Database issue):D237-43. doi: 10.1093/nar/gkp970. Epub 2009 Nov 24. [PubMed:19934256 ]
Comments
comments powered by Disqus
Drug created on June 13, 2005 07:24 / Updated on December 02, 2016 02:42