This drug entry is a stub and has not been fully annotated. It is scheduled to be annotated soon.

Identification

Name
Garenoxacin
Accession Number
DB06160
Type
Small Molecule
Groups
Investigational
Description

Garenoxacin (INN) is a quinolone antibiotic undergoing regulatory review for the treatment of gram-positive and gram-negative bacterial infections. [Wikipedia]

Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
  • desquinolone
  • Garenoxacin
  • garenoxacino
External IDs
T-3811
Product Ingredients
IngredientUNIICASInChI Key
Garenoxacin MesylateOXI6EF55FR223652-90-2IGTHEWGRXUAFKF-NVJADKKVSA-N
Categories
UNII
V72H9867WB
CAS number
194804-75-6
Weight
Average: 426.42
Monoisotopic: 426.139113458
Chemical Formula
C23H20F2N2O4
InChI Key
NJDRXTDGYFKORP-LLVKDONJSA-N
InChI
InChI=1S/C23H20F2N2O4/c1-11-15-5-2-12(8-13(15)9-26-11)16-6-7-17-19(21(16)31-23(24)25)27(14-3-4-14)10-18(20(17)28)22(29)30/h2,5-8,10-11,14,23,26H,3-4,9H2,1H3,(H,29,30)/t11-/m1/s1
IUPAC Name
1-cyclopropyl-8-(difluoromethoxy)-7-[(1R)-1-methyl-2,3-dihydro-1H-isoindol-5-yl]-4-oxo-1,4-dihydroquinoline-3-carboxylic acid
SMILES
C[C@H]1NCC2=CC(=CC=C12)C1=CC=C2C(=O)C(=CN(C3CC3)C2=C1OC(F)F)C(O)=O

Pharmacology

Indication

Investigated for use/treatment in bacterial infection.

Pharmacodynamics
Not Available
Mechanism of action
Not Available
Absorption
Not Available
Volume of distribution
Not Available
Protein binding
Not Available
Metabolism
Not Available
Route of elimination
Not Available
Half life
Not Available
Clearance
Not Available
Toxicity
Not Available
Affected organisms
Not Available
Pathways
Not Available
Pharmacogenomic Effects/ADRs
Not Available

Interactions

Drug Interactions
DrugInteraction
(R)-warfarinThe therapeutic efficacy of (R)-warfarin can be increased when used in combination with Garenoxacin.
(S)-WarfarinThe therapeutic efficacy of (S)-Warfarin can be increased when used in combination with Garenoxacin.
2,4-thiazolidinedioneThe therapeutic efficacy of 2,4-thiazolidinedione can be increased when used in combination with Garenoxacin.
3-isobutyl-1-methyl-7H-xanthineThe metabolism of 3-isobutyl-1-methyl-7H-xanthine can be decreased when combined with Garenoxacin.
4-hydroxycoumarinThe therapeutic efficacy of 4-hydroxycoumarin can be increased when used in combination with Garenoxacin.
6-O-benzylguanineThe metabolism of 6-O-benzylguanine can be decreased when combined with Garenoxacin.
7-DeazaguanineThe metabolism of 7-Deazaguanine can be decreased when combined with Garenoxacin.
7,9-DimethylguanineThe metabolism of 7,9-Dimethylguanine can be decreased when combined with Garenoxacin.
8-azaguanineThe metabolism of 8-azaguanine can be decreased when combined with Garenoxacin.
8-chlorotheophyllineThe metabolism of 8-chlorotheophylline can be decreased when combined with Garenoxacin.
Food Interactions
Not Available

References

General References
Not Available
External Links
ChemSpider
110579
ChEBI
131716
ChEMBL
CHEMBL215303
Wikipedia
Garenoxacin
ATC Codes
J01MA19 — Garenoxacin

Clinical Trials

Clinical Trials
Not Available

Pharmacoeconomics

Manufacturers
Not Available
Packagers
Not Available
Dosage forms
Not Available
Prices
Not Available
Patents
Not Available

Properties

State
Solid
Experimental Properties
Not Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility0.0232 mg/mLALOGPS
logP1.71ALOGPS
logP1.62ChemAxon
logS-4.3ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)6.05ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)8.88ChemAxon
Physiological Charge0ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count6ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count2ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area78.87 Å2ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count5ChemAxon
Refractivity110.37 m3·mol-1ChemAxon
Polarizability42.39 Å3ChemAxon
Number of Rings5ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleNoChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleNoChemAxon
Predicted ADMET features
Not Available

Spectra

Mass Spec (NIST)
Not Available
Spectra
SpectrumSpectrum TypeSplash Key
Predicted MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positive (Annotated)Predicted LC-MS/MSNot Available
Predicted MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positive (Annotated)Predicted LC-MS/MSNot Available
Predicted MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positive (Annotated)Predicted LC-MS/MSNot Available
Predicted MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negative (Annotated)Predicted LC-MS/MSNot Available
Predicted MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negative (Annotated)Predicted LC-MS/MSNot Available
Predicted MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negative (Annotated)Predicted LC-MS/MSNot Available

Taxonomy

Description
This compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as quinoline carboxylic acids. These are quinolines in which the quinoline ring system is substituted by a carboxyl group at one or more positions.
Kingdom
Organic compounds
Super Class
Organoheterocyclic compounds
Class
Quinolines and derivatives
Sub Class
Quinoline carboxylic acids
Direct Parent
Quinoline carboxylic acids
Alternative Parents
Hydroquinolones / Hydroquinolines / Pyridinecarboxylic acids / Isoindolines / Isoindoles / Aralkylamines / Benzenoids / Vinylogous amides / Heteroaromatic compounds / Amino acids
show 10 more
Substituents
Quinoline-3-carboxylic acid / Dihydroquinolone / Dihydroquinoline / Isoindoline / Isoindole / Isoindole or derivatives / Pyridine carboxylic acid / Pyridine carboxylic acid or derivatives / Aralkylamine / Benzenoid
show 24 more
Molecular Framework
Aromatic heteropolycyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Not Available

Enzymes

Kind
Protein
Organism
Human
Pharmacological action
No
Actions
Inhibitor
Curator comments
This drug is a fluoroquinolone, and these agents are known to inhibit CYP1A2.
General Function
Oxidoreductase activity, acting on paired donors, with incorporation or reduction of molecular oxygen, reduced flavin or flavoprotein as one donor, and incorporation of one atom of oxygen
Specific Function
Cytochromes P450 are a group of heme-thiolate monooxygenases. In liver microsomes, this enzyme is involved in an NADPH-dependent electron transport pathway. It oxidizes a variety of structurally un...
Gene Name
CYP1A2
Uniprot ID
P05177
Uniprot Name
Cytochrome P450 1A2
Molecular Weight
58293.76 Da
References
  1. Rodighiero V: Effects of liver disease on pharmacokinetics. An update. Clin Pharmacokinet. 1999 Nov;37(5):399-431. [PubMed:10589374]
  2. Bril F, Gonzalez CD, Di Girolamo G: Antimicrobial agents-associated with QT interval prolongation. Curr Drug Saf. 2010 Jan;5(1):85-92. [PubMed:20210724]
  3. Zhang L, Wei MJ, Zhao CY, Qi HM: Determination of the inhibitory potential of 6 fluoroquinolones on CYP1A2 and CYP2C9 in human liver microsomes. Acta Pharmacol Sin. 2008 Dec;29(12):1507-14. doi: 10.1111/j.1745-7254.2008.00908.x. [PubMed:19026171]

Drug created on March 19, 2008 10:14 / Updated on December 16, 2018 06:52