Cytochrome P-450 CYP1A2 Inhibitors
- Cytochrome P-450 CYP1A2 Inhibitors
- Accession Number
- DBCAT000402 (DBCAT004161)
Drugs and compounds which inhibit or antagonize the biosynthesis or actions of CYTOCHROME P-450 CYP1A2.
Drug Drug Description Fluvoxamine A selective serotonin-reuptake inhibitor used to treat obsessive-compulsive disorder. Enoxacin For the treatment of adults (≥18 years of age) with the following infections caused by susceptible strains of the designated microorganisms: (1) uncomplicated urethral or cervical gonorrhea due to Neisseria... Pefloxacin For the treatment of uncomplicated gonococcal urethritis in males and for gram-negative-bacterial infections in the gastrointestinal system and the genitourinary tract. Cimetidine A histamine H2 receptor antagonist used to manage GERD, peptic ulcer disease, and indigestion. Ciprofloxacin A second generation fluoroquinolone used to treat various susceptible bacterial infections. Norfloxacin A broad-spectrum fluoroquinolone antibiotic with variable activity against gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria. Typically reserved for the treatment of UTIs due to accumulation in the urine. Amiodarone A class III antiarrhythmic indicated for the treatment of recurrent hemodynamically unstable ventricular tachycardia and recurrent ventricular fibrillation. Levofloxacin A fluoroquinolone antibiotic used to treat infections caused by susceptible bacteria of the upper respiratory tract, skin and skin structures, urinary tract, and prostate, as well as for post-exposure treatment of inhaled anthrax and the plague. Ofloxacin An antibacterial agent used for the treatment of bacterial infections in many parts of the body, including the respiratory tract, kidney, skin, soft tissue, and urinary tract. Mibefradil For the treatment of angina and high blood pressure. Furafylline Furafylline is a derivative of methylxanthine derivative. It was developed on the context of asthma as a long-acting alternative for theophylline. Abiraterone An antiandrogen used in the treatment of prostate cancer. Midostaurin An antineoplastic agent used to treat high-risk acute myeloid leukemia (AML) with specific mutations, aggressive systemic mastocytosis (ASM), systemic mastocytosis with associated hematologic neoplasm (SM-AHN), or mast cell leukemia (MCL). Caffeine A stimulant present in tea, coffee, cola beverages, analgesic drugs, and agents used to increase alertness. It is also used in to prevent and treat pulmonary complications of premature birth. Lidocaine A local anesthetic used in a wide variety of superficial and invasive procedures. Simeprevir A direct-acting antiviral agent that inhibits HCV NS3/4A protease to treat chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection in adults with HCV genotype 1 or 4. Zucapsaicin A topical analgesic used as an adjunct to relieve severe pain of osteoarthritis of the knee in selected adult patients. Lobeglitazone Lobeglitazone was approved by the Ministry of Food and Drug Safety (South Korea) in 2013, and is being monitored by postmarketing surveillance until 2019. Lobeglitazone is not approved for use... Curcumin No approved therapeutic indications. Mexiletine A class 1B antiarrhythmic agent used in the treatment of documented ventricular arrhythmias that warrant treatment. Dosulepin Indicated in the treatment of symptoms of depressive illness, especially where an anti-anxiety effect is required. Vemurafenib A kinase inhibitor used to treat patients with Erdheim-Chester Disease who have the BRAF V600 mutation, and melanoma in patients who have the BRAF V600E mutation. Technetium Tc-99m ciprofloxacin Investigated for use/treatment in infectious and parasitic disease (unspecified). Gatifloxacin A fourth generation fluoroquinolone used to treat a wide variety of infections in the body. Moxifloxacin A fluoroquinolone antibiotic used to treat various bacterial infections. Pazufloxacin Pazufloxacin is under investigation in clinical trial NCT02592096 (Pazufloxacin Mesilate Ear Drops Clinical Trial Protocol). Pipemidic acid Not Annotated Trovafloxacin An antibiotic used to treat gonorrhea and chlamydia. Glecaprevir A Hepatitis C NS3/4A protease inhibitor used to treat Hepatitis C. Pibrentasvir A Hepatitis C NS5A inhibitor used to treat Hepatitis C. Anagrelide A platelet-reducing agent used in myeloproliferative disorders to prevent thrombotic complications. Clozapine An antipsychotic drug used in treatment resistant schizophrenia and to decrease suicide risk in schizophrenic patients. Genistein Currently Genistein is being studied in clinical trials as a treatment for prostate cancer. Estrone sulfate An estrogen used as monotherapy or in several combination hormone replacement products for managing menopause symptoms and hormone disorders. Promazine A phenothiazine used to manage schizophrenia. Rucaparib An anti-cancer agent used to treat recurrent ovarian, fallopian tube, or peritoneal cancer. Estradiol benzoate Estradiol benzoate is not currently available in any FDA or Health Canada approved products. Pirfenidone An agent used for the treatment of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF). Dihydralazine Dihydralazine is under investigation in clinical trial NCT00311974 (The Effect of Dihydralazine on Kidney Function and Hormones in Healthy Individuals). Alosetron A 5-HT3 antagonist used to treat diarrhea-predominant IBS. Zafirlukast A leukotriene receptor antagonist used for prophylaxis and chronic treatment of asthma. Rofecoxib A COX-2 inhibitor NSAID used to treat osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, acute pain, primary dysmenorrhea, and migraine attacks. Quinidine A medication used to restore normal sinus rhythm, treat atrial fibrillation and flutter, and treat ventricular arrhythmias. Bortezomib A proteasome inhibitor used to treat multiple myeloma in patients who have not been successfully treated with at least two previous therapies. Imipramine A tricyclic antidepressant indicated for the treatment of depression and to reduce childhood enuresis. Ketoconazole A broad spectrum antifungal used to treat seborrheic dermatitis and fungal skin infections. Conjugated estrogens A mixture of estrogens used in estrogen replacement therapy for menopause and hypoestrogenism, used in the treatment of various malignancies, and used in the treatment of postmenopausal osteoporosis. Ondansetron A serotonin 5-HT3 receptor antagonist used to prevent nausea and vomiting in cancer chemotherapy and postoperatively. Lomefloxacin A fluoroquinolone used to prevent and treat a wide variety of infections in the body. Propafenone A Class 1C antiarrhythmic agent used in the management of paroxysmal atrial fibrillation/flutter and ventricular arrhythmias. Thiabendazole A benzimidazole used in the treatment of strongyloides, cutaneous larva migrans, visceral larva migrans, and trichinosis infections. Carbamazepine An anticonvulsant used to treat various types of seizures and pain resulting from trigeminal neuralgia. Isoniazid An antibiotic used to treat mycobacterial infections; most commonly use in combination with other antimycobacterial agents for the treatment of active or latent tuberculosis. Methoxsalen A furocoumarin used to treat psoriasis and vitiligo. Omeprazole A proton pump inhibitor used to treat GERD associated conditions such as heartburn and gastric acid hypersecretion, and to promote healing of tissue damage and ulcers caused by gastric acid and H. pylori infection. Gemfibrozil A lipid regulator that is used in the reduction of serum triglyceride levels in high-risk patients with hyperlipidemia. Tranylcypromine A monoamine oxidase inhibitor used to treat major depressive disorder. Resveratrol Being investigated for the treatment of Herpes labialis infections (cold sores). Anastrozole A competitive, selective, non-steroidal aromatase inhibitor used as adjuvant therapy for the treatment of hormone receptor-positive breast cancer in postmenopausal women. Citalopram A selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) used in the treatment of depression. Efavirenz A non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor used to treat HIV infection or prevent the spread of HIV. Propofol A medication used in general anesthesia and for sedation. Rosiglitazone A thiazolidinedione indicated as an adjunct to diet and exercise to maintain glycemic control in type 2 diabetes. Selegiline A monoamine oxidase inhibitor used to treat major depressive disorder and Parkinson's. Tegaserod A serotonin-4 (5-HT4) receptor agonist indicated for the treatment of constipation predominant irritable bowel syndrome (IBS-C) specifically in women under the age of 65. There is currently no safety or efficacy data for use of tegaserol in men. Methimazole A thionamide antithyroid agent that inhibits the actions of thyroid peroxidase, leading to a reduction in thyroid hormone synthesis and amelioration of hyperthyroidism. Ticlopidine A platelet aggregation inhibitor used in the prevention of conditions associated with thrombi, such as stroke and transient ischemic attacks (TIA). Valproic acid An anticonvulsant used to control complex partial seizures and both simple and complex absence seizures. Dexmedetomidine An alpha-2 agonist used for sedation during various procedures. Niclosamide For the treatment of tapeworm and intestinal fluke infections: Taenia saginata (Beef Tapeworm), Taenia solium (Pork Tapeworm), Diphyllobothrium latum (Fish Tapeworm), Fasciolopsis buski (large intestinal fluke). Niclosamide is also used... Sulconazole A topical antifungal agent used for the treatment of tinea cruris, tinea corporis, and tinea versicolor caused by susceptible fungal strains. Interferon alfa-2b A form of recombinant human interferon used to treat hepatitis B and C infection, genital warts, hairy cell leukemia, follicular lymphoma, malignant melanoma, and AIDs-related Kaposi's sarcoma. Obeticholic acid A bile acid analog and farnesoid X receptor agonist used to treat primary biliary cholangitis in adult patients with inadequate clinical response or intolerance to UDCA. Orphenadrine A muscarinic antagonist used as an adjunct for the symptomatic relief of musculoskeletal pain and discomfort. Paroxetine A selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor used to treat major depressive disorder, panic disorder, OCD, social phobia, generalized anxiety disorder, the vasomotor symptoms of menopause, and premenstrual dysphoric disorder. Peginterferon alfa-2a A modified form of recombinant human interferon used to stimulate the innate antiviral response in the treatment of hepatitis B and C viruses. Peginterferon alfa-2b A purified form of human interferon used to stimulate the innate antiviral response in the treatment of hepatitis B and C, genital warts, and some cancers. Rhein No approved indication. Diacerein For the treatment of osteoarthritis affecting the hip or knee . Stiripentol An anticonvulsant agent used with clobazam and valproate as an adjunct to treat refractory generalized tonic-clonic seizures in Dravet syndrome. Enasidenib An isocitrate dehydrogenase-2 inhibitor used to treat relapsed or refractory acute myeloid leukemia with an isocitrate dehydrogenase-2 mutation. Estradiol acetate An estrogen used to treat vasomotor symptoms and moderate to severe vulvar and vaginal atrophy from menopause. Estradiol cypionate An estradiol prodrug used to treat vasomotor symptoms and hypoestrogenisms from hypogonadism. Estradiol dienanthate Estradiol dienanthate is not currently available in any FDA or Health Canada approved products. Estradiol valerate An estradiol prodrug used to treat some effects of menopause, hypoestrogenism, androgen dependant carcinoma of the prostate, and in combination products for endometriosis and contraception. Black cohosh Treatment of menopausal symptoms and menstrual dysfunction . Peppermint oil An ingredient used in a variety of natural health products and is not an approved medication. Safinamide A MAO-B inhibitor used as an add-on treatment to levodopa/carbidopa for Parkinson's disease during "off" episodes. Lenvatinib A receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor used for the treatment of metastatic thyroid cancer, advanced renal cell carcinoma in combination with everolimus, and unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma. Besifloxacin A fluoroquinolone antibiotic agent used for the treatment of bacterial conjunctivitis. Cinoxacin For the treatment of initial and recurrent urinary tract infections in adults caused by the following susceptible microorganisms: Escherichia coli, Proteus mirabilis, Proteus vulgaris, Klebsiella species (including K. pneumoniae), and... Difloxacin Difloxacin is a synthetic fluoroquinolone used in veterinary. As an antibacterial, it presents a broad bactericidal spectrum and its effects are dependent on its concentration. However, it presents a reduced... Garenoxacin Investigated for use/treatment in bacterial infection. Gemifloxacin A quinolone antibacterial agent used for the treatment of acute bacterial exacerbation of chronic bronchitis and mild to moderate community-acquired pneumonia caused by susceptible bacteria. Nemonoxacin Investigated for use/treatment in bacterial infection and pneumonia. Orbifloxacin Orbifloxacin is a fluoroquinolone antibiotic. It is marketed by Schering-Plough Animal Health and approved for certain infections in dogs. Oxolinic acid Not Annotated Prulifloxacin Prulifloxacin has been investigated for the treatment of Urinary Tract Infection. Rosoxacin For the treatment of bacterial infection of respiratory tract, urinary tract, GI, CNS and immuno compromised patients. Rufloxacin Rufloxacin is a quinolone antibiotic. Sarafloxacin Sarafloxacin is a quinolone antibiotic drug, which was discontinued by its manufacturer, Abbott Laboratories, before receiving approval for use in the US or Canada. Sitafloxacin Not Annotated Sparfloxacin For the treatment of adults with the following infections caused by susceptible strains microorganisms: community-acquired pneumonia (caused by Chlamydia pneumoniae, Haemophilus influenzae, Haemophilus parainfluenzae, Moraxella catarrhalis, Mycoplasma pneumoniae, or Streptococcus... Ritonavir An HIV protease inhibitor used in combination with other antivirals in the treatment of HIV infection. Nitric Oxide A vasodilating agent used in the treatment of hypoxic respiratory failure in premature neonates. Dapagliflozin A sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 inhibitor used in the management of type 2 diabetes mellitus. Deferasirox An iron chelator used to treat chronic iron overload caused by blood transfusions. Also used in patients with non-transfusion-dependent thalassemia syndromes, and in patients with elevated liver iron concentration and serum ferritin. Flumequine Flumequine is a synthetic chemotherapeutic antibiotic of the fluoroquinolone drug class used to treat bacterial infections. Rifamycin An antibacterial used to treat traveler's diarrhea. Clinafloxacin Clinafloxacin is a fluoroquinolone antibacterial currently under research. It has been proven to present good antibiotic properties. However, its approval and release have been halted due to the presence of... Tocainide An orally active class 1b antiarrhythmic agent that interferes with cardiac sodium channels and typically used to treat ventricular arrhythmias. Viloxazine Indicated for the treatment of clinical depression. Triclabendazole An anthelmintic drug used to treat fascioliasis. Ranitidine A histamine H2 antagonist used to treat duodenal ulcers, Zollinger-Ellison syndrome, gastric ulcers, GERD, and erosive esophagitis. Enrofloxacin Enrofloxacin is an antibiotic agent from the fluoroquinolone family produced by the Bayer Corporation. Enrofloxacin is approved by the FDA for its veterinary use. Due to the identification of fluoroquinolone-resistant... Nalidixic acid A quinolone antibiotic used to treat urinary tract infections. Temafloxacin For the treatment of lower respiratory tract infections, genital and urinary infections like prostatitis, and skin infections. Piromidic acid Not Annotated Grepafloxacin A fluoroquinolone antibiotic used to treat various gram positive and gram negative bacterial infections. Albinterferon Alfa-2B Investigated for use/treatment in hepatitis (viral, C). Cepeginterferon alfa-2B Cepeginterferon alfa-2B is under investigation in clinical trial NCT01889433 (An Open-label Comparative Efficacy and Safety Study of Algeron (Cepeginterferon Alfa-2b) in Treatment-naive Patients With Chronic Hepatitis C). Ropeginterferon alfa-2b Ropeginterferon alfa-2b is under investigation in clinical trial NCT01949805 (Pegylated Interferon Alpha-2b Versus Hydroxyurea in Polycythemia Vera). Peginterferon beta-1a An interferon beta used to treat relapsing forms of multiple sclerosis. Interferon gamma-1b A form of recombinant human interferon used to treat infections associated with chronic granulomatous disease and to slow the progression of severe malignant osteopetrosis. Interferon beta-1b A form of recombinant human interferon used to slow the progression of relapsing multiple sclerosis and to reduce the frequency of clinical symptoms. Interferon beta-1a A form of recombinant human interferon used to slow disease progression and reduce the frequency of clinical symptoms in patients who have relapsing multiple sclerosis. Interferon alfacon-1 A recombinant interferon similar the interferon alfa subtype which is used to treat hepatitis C infections. Interferon alfa-n3 A purified form of human interferon used to stimulate the innate antiviral response in the treatment of genital warts due to human papilloma virus. Interferon alfa-n1 A purified form of human interferon used to stimulate the innate antiviral response in the treatment of genital warts due to human papilloma virus. Interferon alfa-2c Interferon alfa-2c is under investigation in clinical trial NCT00485563 (A Phase II Study of EC17 (Folate-hapten Conjugate) in Patients With Progressive Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma). Interferon alfa-2a, Recombinant A form of recombinant human interferon used to stimulate the innate antiviral response in the treatment of hepatitis B and C viruses. Interferon alfa Investigated for use/treatment in hepatitis (viral, C), leukemia (lymphoid), leukemia (myeloid), leukemia (unspecified), and melanoma. Quinine An alkaloid used to treat uncomplicated Plasmodium falciparum malaria. Nifedipine A dihydropyridine calcium channel blocker indicated for the management of several subtypes of angina pectoris, and hypertension. Fluoxetine A selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor used to treat major depressive disorder, bulimia, OCD, premenstrual dysphoric disorder, panic disorder, and bipolar I. Nevirapine A non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor used as part of a management regimen for HIV-1 virus infection. Avasimibe Investigated for use/treatment in peripheral vascular disease. Cannabidiol An active cannabinoid used as an adjunctive treatment for the management of seizures associated with Lennox-Gastaut syndrome or Dravet syndrome and symptomatic relief of moderate to severe neuropathic pain or other painful conditions, like cancer. Curcumin sulfate No approved therapeutic indications. Medical Cannabis The use of the plant species Cannabis sativa and Cannabis indica, popularly known as marijuana, has gained popularity in recent years for the management of a wide variety of medical... Nabiximols In Canada, Sativex has received a Notice of Compliance (NOC) for use as an as adjunctive treatment for symptomatic relief of spasticity in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) who have... Abemaciclib A medication used to treat HR+ HER2- advanced or metastatic breast cancer. Atazanavir An antiviral protease inhibitor used in combination with other antiretrovirals for the treatment of HIV. Elexacaftor A small molecule CFTR corrector used in combination with tezacaftor and ivacaftor for the treatment of cystic fibrosis patients with one F508del-CFTR mutation. Famotidine A histamine H2 receptor antagonist used to treat duodenal ulcers, benign gastric ulcers, GERD, and Zollinger-Ellison syndrome. Estradiol An estrogenic steroid used to treat vasomotor symptoms of vulvar and vaginal atrophy in menopause, hypoestrogenism, prevention of postmenopausal osteoporosis, treatment of breast cancer, and advanced androgen-dependent carcinoma of the prostate. Osilodrostat An oral inhibitor of cortisol synthesis used to treat Cushing's disease by normalizing hypercortisolism. Lopinavir An HIV-1 protease inhibitor used in combination with ritonavir to treat human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. Methylene blue An oxidation-reduction agent used for the treatment of pediatric and adult patients with acquired methemoglobinemia.
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