Sodium chloride

Identification

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Name
Sodium chloride
Accession Number
DB09153
Type
Small Molecule
Groups
Approved, Vet approved
Description

Sodium chloride, also known as salt, common salt, table salt or halite, is an ionic compound with the chemical formula NaCl, representing a 1:1 ratio of sodium and chloride ions. Sodium chloride is the primary salt in seawater and in the extracellular fluid of many multicellular organisms. It is listed on the World Health Organization Model List of Essential Medicines.

Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
  • Cloruro sódico
  • Natriumchlorid
  • Natrum muriaticum
External IDs
B1655 / LS-1700 / NSC-77364
Active Moieties
NameKindUNIICASInChI Key
Sodium cationionicLYR4M0NH3717341-25-2FKNQFGJONOIPTF-UHFFFAOYSA-N
Chloride ionionicQ32ZN4869816887-00-6VEXZGXHMUGYJMC-UHFFFAOYSA-M
Prescription Products
NameDosageStrengthRouteLabellerMarketing StartMarketing End
0.45% Sodium Chloride Injection USPSolutionIntravenousB. Braun Medical Inc.1993-12-31Not applicableCanada
0.9% Sodium ChlorideInjection, solution900 mg/100mLIntravenousSc Infomed Fluids Srl2017-04-242017-04-24Us
0.9% Sodium ChlorideInjection, solution9 mg/1mLIntramuscular; Intravenous; SubcutaneousHF Acquisition Co LLC, DBA HealthFirst2019-07-18Not applicableUs
0.9% Sodium ChlorideIrrigant900 mg/100mLIrrigationHF Acquisition Co LLC, DBA HealthFirst2018-10-18Not applicableUs
0.9% Sodium ChlorideInjection, solution900 mg/100mLIntravenousHF Acquisition Co LLC, DBA HealthFirst2018-10-18Not applicableUs
0.9% Sodium ChlorideInjection, solution900 mg/100mLIntravenousHF Acquisition Co LLC, DBA HealthFirst2018-10-16Not applicableUs
0.9% Sodium Chloride Injection USPSolutionIntravenousB. Braun Medical Inc.1992-12-31Not applicableCanada
0.9% Sodium Chloride Injection, USPSolutionIntravenousBaxter Laboratories1982-12-31Not applicableCanada
0.9% Sodium Chloride Irrigation USPSolutionIrrigationB. Braun Medical Inc.1992-12-31Not applicableCanada
0.9% Sodium Chloride Irrigation, USPSolutionIrrigationBaxter Laboratories1989-12-31Not applicableCanada
Additional Data Available
  • Application Number
    Application Number

    A unique ID assigned by the FDA when a product is submitted for approval by the labeller.

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  • Product Code
    Product Code

    A governmentally-recognized ID which uniquely identifies the product within its regulatory market.

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Generic Prescription Products
NameDosageStrengthRouteLabellerMarketing StartMarketing End
Amphenol-40Injection, solution9 mg/1mLIntramuscular; Intravenous; SubcutaneousIt3 Medical Llc2017-03-01Not applicableUs
Bacteriostatic Sodium ChlorideInjection9 mg/1mLIntramuscular; Intravenous; SubcutaneousFresenius Kabi USA, LLC2000-08-08Not applicableUs
Bacteriostatic Sodium ChlorideInjection9 mg/1mLIntramuscular; Intravenous; SubcutaneousCardinal Health2000-08-082018-07-05Us
Corvatrol 0.9%Injection9 mg/1mLIntramuscular; Intravenous; SubcutaneousIt3 Medical Llc2017-03-01Not applicableUs
HAEMONETICS 0.9 % Sodium ChlorideSolution900 mg/100mLExtracorporealHaemonetics Corporation2013-01-07Not applicableUs
Sodium ChlorideInjection9 mg/1mLIntravenousGeneral Injectables and Vaccines, Inc.2019-07-03Not applicableUs
Sodium chlorideInjection, solution450 mg/100mLIntravenousFresenius Kabi USA, LLC2018-07-23Not applicableUs
Sodium ChlorideInjection9 mg/1mLIntravenousCardinal Health2000-08-102018-06-25Us
Sodium ChlorideInjection9 mg/1mLIntramuscular; Intravenous; SubcutaneousWest-ward Pharmaceutical Corp.2013-09-242014-08-12Us
Sodium chlorideInjection, solution9 mg/1mLIntravenousBecton Dickinson2017-09-19Not applicableUs
Additional Data Available
  • Application Number
    Application Number

    A unique ID assigned by the FDA when a product is submitted for approval by the labeller.

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  • Product Code
    Product Code

    A governmentally-recognized ID which uniquely identifies the product within its regulatory market.

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Over the Counter Products
NameDosageStrengthRouteLabellerMarketing StartMarketing End
Altachlore Sodium Chloride HypertonicitySolution / drops50 mg/1mLOphthalmicAltaire Pharmaceuticals Inc.2002-09-24Not applicableUs
Ancient Secrets Breathe AgainAerosol, spray20 mg/100mLNasalLotus Brands, Inc.2011-08-15Not applicableUs
Ancient Secrets Breathe Again ChildrensAerosol, spray20 mg/100mLNasalLotus Brands, Inc.2011-08-15Not applicableUs
Aqua Maris BabyLiquid11.25 mg/1mLNasalJgl North America Llc2010-07-08Not applicableUs
Aqua Maris EarSpray11.25 mg/1mLAuricular (otic)Jgl North America Llc2009-10-29Not applicableUs
Aqua Maris IsotonisedLiquid11.25 mg/1mLNasalJgl North America Llc2001-12-28Not applicableUs
Aqua Maris ThroatSpray37.5 mg/1mLOralJgl North America Llc2005-04-20Not applicableUs
AthomerSpray0.9 g/100mLNasalPHARMACOSMETIC-DIAFARM2013-01-14Not applicableUs
Athomer babySpray0.9 g/100mLNasalPHARMACOSMETIC-DIAFARM2013-01-14Not applicableUs
Athomer miniSpray0.9 g/100mLNasalPHARMACOSMETIC-DIAFARM2013-01-14Not applicableUs
Additional Data Available
  • Application Number
    Application Number

    A unique ID assigned by the FDA when a product is submitted for approval by the labeller.

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  • Product Code
    Product Code

    A governmentally-recognized ID which uniquely identifies the product within its regulatory market.

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Mixture Products
NameIngredientsDosageRouteLabellerMarketing StartMarketing End
(20 Mmol/l) Potassium Chloride In 3.3% Dextrose and 0.3% Sodium Chloride Injection USPSodium chloride (300 mg) + Dextrose, unspecified form (3.3 g) + Potassium chloride (150 mg)SolutionIntravenousBaxter Laboratories1978-12-31Not applicableCanada
(20 Mmol/l) Potassium Chloride In 5% Dextrose and 0.9% Sodium Chloride Injection USPSodium chloride (900 mg) + Dextrose, unspecified form (5 g) + Potassium chloride (150 mg)SolutionIntravenousBaxter Laboratories1990-12-31Not applicableCanada
(20mmol/l) Potassium Chloride In 0.9% Sodium Chloride Injection USPSodium chloride (900 mg) + Potassium chloride (150 mg)SolutionIntravenousBaxter Laboratories1989-12-31Not applicableCanada
(20mmol/l) Potassium Chloride In 5% Dextrose and 0.2% Sodium Chloride Injection USPSodium chloride (200 mg) + Dextrose, unspecified form (5 g) + Potassium chloride (150 mg)SolutionIntravenousBaxter Laboratories1989-12-312016-07-15Canada
(20mmol/l) Potassium Chloride In 5% Dextrose and 0.45% Sodium Chloride Injection USPSodium chloride (450 mg) + Dextrose, unspecified form (5 g) + Potassium chloride (150 mg)SolutionIntravenousBaxter Laboratories1989-12-31Not applicableCanada
(40 Mmol/l) Potassium Chloride In 0.9% Sodium Chloride Injection USPSodium chloride (900 mg) + Potassium chloride (300 mg)LiquidIntravenousBaxter Laboratories1989-12-31Not applicableCanada
(40 Mmols/l) Potassium Chloride In Lactated Ringer's Injection USPSodium chloride (600 mg) + Calcium Chloride (20 mg) + Sodium lactate (310 mg) + Potassium chloride (328 mg)SolutionIntravenousBaxter Laboratories2002-12-112016-07-15Canada
(40mmol/l) Potassium Chloride In 3.3% Dextrose and 0.3% Sodium Chloride Injection USPSodium chloride (300 mg) + Dextrose, unspecified form (3.3 g) + Potassium chloride (300 mg)SolutionIntravenousBaxter Laboratories1978-12-31Not applicableCanada
(40mmol/l)potassium Chloride In 5% Dextrose and 0.45% Sodium Chloride Injection USPSodium chloride (450 mg) + Dextrose, unspecified form (5 g) + Potassium chloride (300 mg)SolutionIntravenousBaxter Laboratories1989-12-31Not applicableCanada
0.15% Potassium Chloride In 3.3% Dextrose and 0.30% Sodium Chloride InjectionSodium chloride (300 mg) + Dextrose, unspecified form (3.3 g) + Potassium chloride (150 mg)SolutionIntravenousB. Braun Medical Inc.1992-12-31Not applicableCanada
Unapproved/Other Products
NameIngredientsDosageRouteLabellerMarketing StartMarketing End
0.9% Sodium ChlorideSodium chloride (900 mg/100mL)Injection, solutionIntravenousSc Infomed Fluids Srl2017-04-242017-04-24Us
4381 First Aid KitSodium chloride (0.9 g/100mL) + Ammonia (0.045 g/0.3mL) + Bacitracin zinc (400 [iU]/1g) + Benzalkonium chloride (1.3 mg/1mL) + Ethanol (62 mL/100mL) + Hydrocortisone acetate (1 g/100g) + Isopropyl alcohol (0.7 mL/1mL) + Neomycin sulfate (3.5 mg/1g) + Polymyxin B sulfate (5000 [iU]/1g) + Water (98.6 mL/100mL)KitIrrigationHoneywell Safety Products USA, Inc.2018-09-13Not applicableUs
4382 First Aid KitSodium chloride (0.9 g/100mL) + Ammonia (0.045 g/0.3mL) + Bacitracin zinc (400 [iU]/1g) + Benzalkonium chloride (1.3 mg/1mL) + Ethanol (62 mL/100mL) + Hydrocortisone acetate (1 g/100g) + Isopropyl alcohol (0.7 mL/1mL) + Neomycin sulfate (3.5 mg/1g) + Polymyxin B sulfate (5000 [iU]/1g) + Water (98.6 mL/100mL)KitIrrigationHoneywell Safety Products USA, Inc.2018-09-13Not applicableUs
4383 First Aid KitSodium chloride (0.9 g/100mL) + Bacitracin zinc (400 [iU]/1g) + Benzalkonium chloride (1.3 mg/1mL) + Ethanol (62 mL/100mL) + Hydrocortisone acetate (1 g/100g) + Isopropyl alcohol (0.7 mL/1mL) + Neomycin sulfate (3.5 mg/1g) + Polymyxin B sulfate (5000 [iU]/1g) + Water (98.6 mL/100mL)KitIrrigationHoneywell Safety Products USA, Inc.2018-09-13Not applicableUs
4384 First Aid KitSodium chloride (0.9 g/100mL) + Bacitracin zinc (400 [iU]/1g) + Benzalkonium chloride (1.3 mg/1mL) + Ethanol (62 mL/100mL) + Hydrocortisone acetate (1 g/100g) + Isopropyl alcohol (0.7 mL/1mL) + Neomycin sulfate (3.5 mg/1g) + Polymyxin B sulfate (5000 [iU]/1g) + Water (98.6 mL/100mL)KitTopicalHoneywell Safety Products USA, Inc.2018-09-13Not applicableUs
4385 First Aid KitSodium chloride (0.9 g/100mL) + Ethanol (665 mL/1L) + Isopropyl alcohol (0.7 mL/1mL) + Povidone-iodine (10 mg/1mL) + Water (98.6 mL/100mL)IrrigationHoneywell Safety Products USA, Inc.2018-09-13Not applicableUs
4386 First Aid KitSodium chloride (0.9 g/100mL) + Ethanol (665 mL/1L) + Isopropyl alcohol (0.7 mL/1mL) + Povidone-iodine (10 mg/1mL) + Water (98.6 mL/100mL)IrrigationHoneywell Safety Products USA, Inc.2018-09-13Not applicableUs
4387 First Aid KitSodium chloride (0.9 g/100mL) + Acetylsalicylic acid (325 mg/1) + Ammonia (0.045 g/0.3mL) + Bacitracin zinc (400 [iU]/1g) + Benzalkonium chloride (1.3 mg/1mL) + Ethanol (665 mL/1L) + Isopropyl alcohol (0.7 mL/1mL) + Neomycin sulfate (3.5 mg/1g) + Polymyxin B sulfate (5000 [iU]/1g) + Povidone-iodine (10 mg/1mL)OralHoneywell Safety Products USA, Inc.2018-09-13Not applicableUs
4393 First Aid KitSodium chloride (0.9 g/100mL) + Ammonia (0.045 g/0.3mL) + Bacitracin zinc (400 [iU]/1g) + Benzalkonium chloride (1.3 mg/1mL) + Ethanol (62 mL/100mL) + Hydrocortisone acetate (1 g/100g) + Isopropyl alcohol (0.7 mL/1mL) + Neomycin sulfate (3.5 mg/1g) + Polymyxin B sulfate (5000 [iU]/1g) + Water (98.6 mL/100mL)IrrigationHoneywell Safety Products USA, Inc.2018-09-13Not applicableUs
Allergen Pack American CockroachSodium chloride (0.9 g/1mL) + Periplaneta americana (1 g/20mL)KitIntradermal; SubcutaneousAlvix Laboratories2015-07-222018-03-09Us
Categories
UNII
451W47IQ8X
CAS number
7647-14-5
Weight
Average: 58.443
Monoisotopic: 57.958622382
Chemical Formula
ClNa
InChI Key
FAPWRFPIFSIZLT-UHFFFAOYSA-M
InChI
InChI=1S/ClH.Na/h1H;/q;+1/p-1
IUPAC Name
sodium chloride
SMILES
[Na+].[Cl-]

Pharmacology

Indication

This intravenous solution is indicated for use in adults and pediatric patients as a source of electrolytes and water for hydration. Also, designed for use as a diluent and delivery system for intermittent intravenous administration of compatible drug additives.

Associated Conditions
Associated Therapies
Pharmacodynamics

Sodium, the major cation of the extracellular fluid, functions primarily in the control of water distribution, fluid balance, and osmotic pressure of body fluids. Sodium is also associated with chloride and bicarbonate in the regulation of the acid-base equilibrium of body fluid. Chloride, the major extracellular anion, closely follows the metabolism of sodium, and changes in the acid-base balance of the body are reflected by changes in the chloride concentration.

Mechanism of action

Sodium and chloride — major electrolytes of the fluid compartment outside of cells (i.e., extracellular) — work together to control extracellular volume and blood pressure. Disturbances in sodium concentrations in the extracellular fluid are associated with disorders of water balance.

Additional Data Available
Adverse Effects

Comprehensive structured data on known drug adverse effects with statistical prevalence. MedDRA and ICD10 ids are provided for adverse effect conditions and symptoms.

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Additional Data Available
Contraindications

Structured data covering drug contraindications. Each contraindication describes a scenario in which the drug is not to be used. Includes restrictions on co-administration, contraindicated populations, and more.

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Additional Data Available
Blackbox Warnings

Structured data representing warnings from the black box section of drug labels. These warnings cover important and dangerous risks, contraindications, or adverse effects.

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Absorption

Absorption of sodium in the small intestine plays an important role in the absorption of chloride, amino acids, glucose, and water. Chloride, in the form of hydrochloric acid (HCl), is also an important component of gastric juice, which aids the digestion and absorption of many nutrients.

Volume of distribution

The volume of distribution is 0.64 L/kg.

Protein binding

Sodium is not bound by plasma proteins.

Metabolism

The salt that is taken in to gastro intestinal tract remains for the most part unabsorbed as the liquid contents pass through the stomach and small bowel. On reaching the colon this salt, together with the water is taken in to the blood. As excesses are absorbed the kidney is constantly excreting sodium chloride, so that the chloride level in the blood and tissues remains fairly constant.Further more, if the chloride intake ceases, the kidney ceases to excrete chlorides. Body maintains an equilibrium retaining the 300gm of salt dissolved in the blood and fluid elements of the tissue dissociated into sodium ions and chloride ions.

Route of elimination

Substantially excreted by the kidneys. (drugs.com)

Half life

17 minutes.

Clearance
Not Available
Toxicity

The rare inadvertent intravascular administration or rapid intravascular absorption of hypertonic sodium chloride can cause a shift of tissue fluids into the vascular bed, resulting in hypervolemia, electrolyte disturbances, circulatory failure, pulmonary embolism, or augmented hypertension. ( toxnet)

Affected organisms
Not Available
Pathways
Not Available
Pharmacogenomic Effects/ADRs
Not Available

Interactions

Drug Interactions
This information should not be interpreted without the help of a healthcare provider. If you believe you are experiencing an interaction, contact a healthcare provider immediately. The absence of an interaction does not necessarily mean no interactions exist.
DrugInteraction
Lithium carbonateSodium chloride may increase the excretion rate of Lithium carbonate which could result in a lower serum level and potentially a reduction in efficacy.
Lithium cationSodium chloride may increase the excretion rate of Lithium cation which could result in a lower serum level and potentially a reduction in efficacy.
Lithium citrateSodium chloride may increase the excretion rate of Lithium citrate which could result in a lower serum level and potentially a reduction in efficacy.
TolvaptanThe risk or severity of adverse effects can be increased when Sodium chloride is combined with Tolvaptan.
Additional Data Available
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    Extended Description

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  • Severity
    Severity

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Food Interactions
Not Available

References

General References
  1. ChemIDplus [Link]
  2. Pubchem [Link]
External Links
KEGG Drug
D02056
KEGG Compound
C13563
PubChem Compound
5234
PubChem Substance
310265066
ChemSpider
5044
BindingDB
50098543
ChEBI
26710
ChEMBL
CHEMBL1200574
PharmGKB
PA451382
Wikipedia
Sodium_chloride
ATC Codes
B05XA03 — Sodium chlorideB05CB01 — Sodium chlorideA12CA01 — Sodium chloride
AHFS Codes
  • 40:50.00* — Diluents
  • 52:92.00 — EENT Drugs, Miscellaneous
  • 40:36.00 — Irrigating Solutions
  • 92:00.00 — Miscellaneous Therapeutic Agents
  • 92:92.00 — Other Miscellaneous Therapeutic Agents
  • 40:12.00 — Replacement Preparations
  • 48:92.00 — Respiratory Agents, Miscellaneous
MSDS
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Clinical Trials

Clinical Trials
PhaseStatusPurposeConditionsCount
0CompletedDiagnosticHuman Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Infections1
0CompletedTreatmentPulmonary Ventilation1
0Not Yet RecruitingTreatmentEdema of the cerebrum / Saline Solution, Hypertonic1
0Not Yet RecruitingTreatmentOtitis Media With Effusion1
0RecruitingBasic ScienceBMI >30 kg/m2 / High Blood Pressure (Hypertension)1
0RecruitingBasic ScienceHeart Failure With Preserved Ejection Fraction (HFpEF)1
0RecruitingBasic ScienceHypoglycemia / Hypoglycemia Unawareness / Islet Cell Transplantation / Type1diabetes1
0RecruitingOtherBMI >30 kg/m21
0RecruitingPreventionBlood Loss,Surgical / Hysterectomy1
0RecruitingPreventionTransfusion-associated Circulatory Overload1
0RecruitingSupportive CarePostoperative pain1
0RecruitingTreatmentDisorders of the Autonomic Nervous System / Orthostatic Hypotension, Dysautonomic / Progressive autonomic failure / Shy-Drager Syndrome1
0RecruitingTreatmentMalignant Neoplasm of Pancreas1
0RecruitingTreatmentPeripheral Arterial Disease (PAD)1
1Active Not RecruitingBasic ScienceBMI >30 kg/m21
1CompletedNot AvailableHealthy Volunteers1
1CompletedNot AvailableHealthy Volunteers / Pharmacokinetics of ASKP12401
1CompletedNot AvailableHemoglobin SC Disease / Sickle Cell Disorders / Sickle Cell Hemoglobin C Disease1
1CompletedNot AvailableImmune System2
1CompletedNot AvailableInfection NOS1
1CompletedBasic ScienceCystic Fibrosis (CF)2
1CompletedBasic ScienceDyspnea1
1CompletedBasic ScienceHealthy Volunteers1
1CompletedDiagnosticLiver Cancer / Lymphatic Metastasis / Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)1
1CompletedOtherHealthy Volunteers1
1CompletedOtherPsoriasis Vulgaris (Plaque Psoriasis)1
1CompletedOtherRenal Function Impairment in Healthy Volunteers1
1CompletedPreventionHuman Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Infections3
1CompletedPreventionTuberculosis Infection1
1CompletedSupportive CareDelivery Systems / Diabetes Mellitus (DM) / Type 1 Insulin-Dependent Diabetes Mellitus / Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus1
1CompletedTreatmentAcute Kidney Injury (AKI) / Subarachnoid Hemorrhage1
1CompletedTreatmentBrain Injuries,Traumatic1
1CompletedTreatmentColorectal Cancers1
1CompletedTreatmentCystic Fibrosis (CF)1
1CompletedTreatmentDiabetes Mellitus (DM) / Healthy Volunteers / Type 1 Insulin-Dependent Diabetes Mellitus1
1CompletedTreatmentFabry's Disease1
1CompletedTreatmentGastric Emptying / Healthy Volunteers1
1CompletedTreatmentHealthy Volunteers4
1CompletedTreatmentHypertension,Essential1
1CompletedTreatmentInfections, Cytomegalovirus1
1CompletedTreatmentInfluenza, Avian1
1CompletedTreatmentStatus Asthmaticus1
1CompletedTreatmentTraumatic Brain Injury (TBI)1
1CompletedTreatmentType 2 Diabetes Mellitus1
1CompletedTreatmentVisual Acuity1
1Enrolling by InvitationOtherHigh Blood Pressure (Hypertension) / Multiple System Atrophy (MSA) / Progressive autonomic failure1
1Not Yet RecruitingPreventionInfection, Bacteroides / Neonatal Deaths / Neonates Premature1
1Not Yet RecruitingSupportive CareLocal Anesthesia / Neoplasms, Brain1
1Not Yet RecruitingTreatmentEffect of Drugs / Safety Issues2
1Not Yet RecruitingTreatmentMajor Depressive Disorder (MDD) / Major Depressive Episode / Treatment Resistant Depression (TRD)1
1Not Yet RecruitingTreatmentPharmacokinetics1
1Not Yet RecruitingTreatmentSports Drug Abuse1
1RecruitingBasic ScienceCardiovascular System Disease / Drug-Related Side Effects and Adverse Reactions1
1RecruitingBasic ScienceHigh-Risk Non-Muscle-Invasive Bladder Cancer1
1RecruitingOtherBMI >30 kg/m2 / High Blood Pressure (Hypertension) / Insulin Resistance / Metabolic Cardiovascular Syndrome1
1RecruitingPreventionEffect of Drugs / Neonatal Deaths / Safety Issues1
1RecruitingTreatmentEffect of Drugs / Safety Issues1
1RecruitingTreatmentHealthy Volunteers1
1RecruitingTreatmentPatent Ductus Arteriosus (PDA)1
1RecruitingTreatmentRenal Dialysis1
1RecruitingTreatmentRib Fractures1
1TerminatedTreatmentAtherosclerosis / High Cholesterol1
1TerminatedTreatmentHuman Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Infections1
1Unknown StatusBasic ScienceHigh Blood Pressure (Hypertension)1
1WithdrawnPreventionSwallowing Disorders1
1, 2Active Not RecruitingPreventionAnaesthesia therapy / Cesarean Section1
1, 2CompletedDiagnosticAlbumin Level / Length of ICU Stay / Pressure Ulcer, Area / Pressure Ulcer, Grade / Risk Score1
1, 2CompletedTreatmentAdvanced Metastatic (Stage IV) Colorectal Cancer1
1, 2CompletedTreatmentAutism Spectrum Conditions/Disorders / Gastrointestinal Problems1
1, 2CompletedTreatmentCorneal Graft Failure / Corneal Neovascularization2
1, 2CompletedTreatmentHeadaches / Migraine1
1, 2CompletedTreatmentHeart Failure / Myocardial Infarction1
1, 2CompletedTreatmentHuman Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Infections1
1, 2CompletedTreatmentPapulopustular Rosacea (PPR)1
1, 2RecruitingPreventionKeratolysis1
1, 2RecruitingTreatmentIntracerebral Hemorrhage1
1, 2RecruitingTreatmentIschemia Reperfusion Injury1
1, 2Unknown StatusBasic ScienceHealthy Volunteers1
2Active Not RecruitingTreatmentAlzheimer's Disease (AD)1
2Active Not RecruitingTreatmentBowel Preparation Before Colonoscopy1
2Active Not RecruitingTreatmentBronchopulmonary Dysplasia (BPD)1
2Active Not RecruitingTreatmentGluten Enteropathy1
2Active Not RecruitingTreatmentLateral Epicondylitis1
2CompletedDiagnosticMalignant Neoplasm of Colon1
2CompletedOtherAcute Optic Neuritis1
2CompletedOtherBowel preparation therapy1
2CompletedOtherColon Prep for Colonoscopy1
2CompletedPreventionAcute Kidney Injury (AKI)2
2CompletedPreventionCoagulation Defect; Bleeding1
2CompletedPreventionFlu caused by Influenza1
2CompletedPreventionRadiographic Contrast Agent Nephropathy1
2CompletedPreventionSpinal Induced Shivering1
2CompletedPreventionUrinary Catheter Blockage and Encrustation1
2CompletedPreventionVentilator-Associated Pneumonia (VAP)1
2CompletedPreventionProphylaxis of Contrast-induced nephropathy1
2CompletedSupportive CareBrain Injury1
2CompletedTreatmentAcute Ischemic Stroke (AIS)1
2CompletedTreatmentAcute Kidney Injury (AKI) / Congenital Heart Disease (CHD)1
2CompletedTreatmentAcute Myeloblastic Leukemia1
2CompletedTreatmentAlcohol Dependence1
2CompletedTreatmentAnaesthesia therapy / Hysterectomy / Ketamine / Morphine1
2CompletedTreatmentBlunt Trauma / Shock, Hemorrhagic / Wounds, Penetrating1
2CompletedTreatmentBrain Injury1
2CompletedTreatmentCancer, Breast1
2CompletedTreatmentCardiac Arrest / Metabolic Acidosis1
2CompletedTreatmentChronic Kidney Disease (CKD)1
2CompletedTreatmentChronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)1
2CompletedTreatmentColonoscopy1
2CompletedTreatmentCongestive Cardiomyopathy1
2CompletedTreatmentCystic Fibrosis (CF)2
2CompletedTreatmentDegenerative Arthritis / Knee Osteoarthritis (Knee OA)1
2CompletedTreatmentImpaired Renal Function / Oliguria / Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome (SIRS)1
2CompletedTreatmentLactic Acidosis / Shock, Hemorrhagic / Traumatic Shock1
2CompletedTreatmentMalignant Neoplasm of Colon1
2CompletedTreatmentMohs Surgery1
2CompletedTreatmentNeoplasms, Brain1
2CompletedTreatmentParkinson's Disease (PD)1
2CompletedTreatmentPostoperative pain1
2CompletedTreatmentPrader-Willi Syndrome1
2CompletedTreatmentPsoriasis1
2CompletedTreatmentReperfusion Injury1
2CompletedTreatmentRespiratory Distress Syndrome, Adult1
2CompletedTreatmentSevere Sepsis / Shock, Septic1
2CompletedTreatmentShock, Septic1
2CompletedTreatmentTraumatic Brain Injury (TBI)2
2Not Yet RecruitingSupportive CareIntracerebral Hemorrhage1
2Not Yet RecruitingTreatmentEffect of Drugs / Neonatal Deaths / Safety Issues1
2Not Yet RecruitingTreatmentEnd Stage Renal Disease (ESRD)1
2Not Yet RecruitingTreatmentGastrointestinal Hemorrhage / Upper Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage1
2Not Yet RecruitingTreatmentHeart Arrest, Out-Of-Hospital1
2RecruitingNot AvailableHealthy Volunteers1
2RecruitingBasic ScienceAtherosclerosis / Cardiac Diseases / Coronary Artery Disease / Diabetes Mellitus (DM) / Vascular Diseases1
2RecruitingOtherChronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)1
2RecruitingPreventionDelirium / Local Anesthesia / Postoperative pain1
2RecruitingPreventionHeart Failure / Myocardial Infarction1
2RecruitingSupportive CareCancer, Breast1
2RecruitingSupportive CareHip Fractures1
2RecruitingSupportive CareHot Flushes1
2RecruitingSupportive CareHot Flushes / Vasomotor Symptoms1
2RecruitingTreatmentAcute Kidney Injury (AKI) / Peritonitis1
2RecruitingTreatmentAcute Myocardial Infarction (AMI) / Ischaemic Heart Diseases1
2RecruitingTreatmentAnterior Wall Myocardial Infarction1
2RecruitingTreatmentAsthma Acute1
2RecruitingTreatmentAutism Spectrum Conditions/Disorders / Gastrointestinal Disorders1
2RecruitingTreatmentBacterial Vaginosis (BV) / Haudongchun / HUDC_VT1
2RecruitingTreatmentBlunt Chest Wall Trauma / Rib Fractures / Sternal Fracture1
2RecruitingTreatmentCatecholamine-resistant Hypotension (CRH) / Distributive shock / High Output Shock / Shock, Septic1
2RecruitingTreatmentCessation, Smoking / Craving / Glucagon-like Peptide-1 / Weight Change, Body1
2RecruitingTreatmentChronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)1
2RecruitingTreatmentCoronary Heart Disease (CHD) / Myocardial Infarction1
2RecruitingTreatmentDiabetes Complications / Diabetes Mellitus (DM) / Diabetic Neuropathies / Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus1
2RecruitingTreatmentDiabetic Polyneuropathy / Peripheral neuropathy / Postherpetic Neuralgia1
2RecruitingTreatmentExtracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation / Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Adult1
2RecruitingTreatmentGlioblastomas / Gliosarcoma1
2RecruitingTreatmentIdiopathic Peripheral Neuropathy / Small Fibre Neuropathy1
2RecruitingTreatmentMyopia1
2RecruitingTreatmentNeonatal Stroke / PAIS / Perinatal Stroke1
2RecruitingTreatmentObstructed Defecation Syndrome (ODS)1
2RecruitingTreatmentOut-Of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest1
2RecruitingTreatmentPrimary Polydipsia1
2RecruitingTreatmentST Elevation Myocardial Infarction1
2RecruitingTreatmentSclerosis, Progressive Systemic1
2TerminatedNot AvailableArrhythmia1
2TerminatedNot AvailableInterstitial Lung Disease (ILD)1
2TerminatedPreventionDelayed Function of Renal Transplant1
2TerminatedPreventionFlu caused by Influenza1
2TerminatedTreatmentAcute Kidney Injury (AKI)1
2TerminatedTreatmentArrhythmia1
2TerminatedTreatmentChronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)1
2TerminatedTreatmentCongestive Heart Failure1
2TerminatedTreatmentCongestive Heart Failure / Impaired Renal Function1
2TerminatedTreatmentIntracerebral Hemorrhage1
2TerminatedTreatmentStrokes2
2Unknown StatusPreventionProphylaxis of migraine headaches1
2Unknown StatusTreatmentAlzheimer's Disease (AD)1
2Unknown StatusTreatmentBrain Hypoperfusion1
2Unknown StatusTreatmentChronic Hepatitis C Virus (HCV) Infection1
2Unknown StatusTreatmentCoronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery Patients1
2WithdrawnPreventionCardiac Arrest1
2WithdrawnTreatmentCerebrovascular Accident, Acute / Edema of the cerebrum1
2WithdrawnTreatmentHemoglobin SC Disease / Sickle Cell Disorders / Sickle Cell Hemoglobin C Disease1
2WithdrawnTreatmentRestless Legs Syndrome (RLS)1
2WithdrawnTreatmentStrokes1
2, 3CompletedNot AvailableDegenerative Joint Disease2
2, 3CompletedBasic ScienceCesarean Section; Infection / Surgical Site Infections1
2, 3CompletedPreventionHead Trauma1
2, 3CompletedPreventionHypospadias1
2, 3CompletedPreventionProphylaxis of Contrast-induced nephropathy1
2, 3CompletedSupportive CareHealthy Volunteers1
2, 3CompletedTreatmentCarpal Tunnel Syndrome (CTS)1
2, 3CompletedTreatmentDiabetes Complications1
2, 3CompletedTreatmentFailure of Cervical Dilation as Antepartum Condition / Labour Pain / Mild Birth Asphyxia, APGAR 4-7 / Prolonged First Stage of Labor1
2, 3CompletedTreatmentMacular Degeneration1
2, 3Not Yet RecruitingSupportive CareIschaemic Heart Diseases1
2, 3RecruitingTreatmentHypotension1
2, 3RecruitingTreatmentLeft Ventricular Remodeling / ST Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction (STEMI)1
2, 3TerminatedPreventionCardiopulmonary Bypass / Surgery, Cardiac1
2, 3TerminatedTreatmentRespiratory Distress Syndrome, Adult1
2, 3Unknown StatusPreventionProphylaxis of Contrast-induced nephropathy1
2, 3Unknown StatusSupportive CareStillborn Caesarean Section1
3Active Not RecruitingTreatmentPain, Chronic1
3Active Not RecruitingTreatmentRelapsing Remitting Multiple Sclerosis (RRMS)1
3CompletedNot AvailableBowel Preparation for Colonoscopy1
3CompletedNot AvailableChronic Renal Failure (CRF) / Hip Fractures1
3CompletedNot AvailableColonoscopy1
3CompletedNot AvailableDegenerative Joint Disease4
3CompletedBasic ScienceHealthy Volunteers1
3CompletedDiagnosticBowel Preparation for Colonoscopy1
3CompletedDiagnosticBowel Preparation, Efficacy, Tolerability, Safety1
3CompletedDiagnosticColonoscopy1
3CompletedDiagnosticPatients Who Receive Colonoscopy1
3CompletedOtherBowel Cleansing Efficacy / Unrecognized Condition1
3CompletedPreventionBacterial Reduction Post-product Application1
3CompletedPreventionClostridium Difficile Associated Disease1
3CompletedPreventionGraft Failure / Ischemia-Reperfusion Injury1
3CompletedPreventionHernia, Femoral / Inguinal Hernias1
3CompletedPreventionLaryngospasm1
3CompletedScreeningCarcinoma, Colorectal / Colon Cleansing / Colorectal Cancers1
3CompletedSupportive CareBRCA1 Mutations / BRCA2 Mutation / Breast Diseases / Cancer, Breast / Neoplasms / Postoperative pain1
3CompletedSupportive CareColon Adenomas / Colorectal Cancers1
3CompletedSupportive CareColonic Diseases / Diabetes Mellitus (DM)1
3CompletedTreatmentAnaesthesia therapy2
3CompletedTreatmentBMI >30 kg/m2 / Hypogonadism / Metabolic Syndromes1
3CompletedTreatmentBariatric Surgery Candidate1
3CompletedTreatmentBlood Loss1
3CompletedTreatmentBowel Preparation Prior to Endoscopic, Radiological and Other Examinations as Well as to Surgical Procedures Which Require Empty Bowel1
3CompletedTreatmentBowel preparation therapy / Colonoscopy / Endoscopy1
3CompletedTreatmentCataracts2
3CompletedTreatmentCatecholamine-resistant Hypotension (CRH) / Distributive shock / High Output Shock / Sepsis1
3CompletedTreatmentCerebrovascular Accident1
3CompletedTreatmentCirculation, Extracorporeal / Surgery, Cardiac1
3CompletedTreatmentColon Diseases / Colonoscopy Preparation1
3CompletedTreatmentColonoscopy3
3CompletedTreatmentConstipation1
3CompletedTreatmentContinuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis therapy / Diabetes Mellitus (DM) / End Stage Renal Disease (ESRD)1
3CompletedTreatmentDiabetes Mellitus (DM) / ESRD1
3CompletedTreatmentDiabetic Foot Ulcers (DFU)1
3CompletedTreatmentEpisodic Cluster Headache1
3CompletedTreatmentGlabellar Frown Lines2
3CompletedTreatmentGlabellar Lines1
3CompletedTreatmentGraves´ Ophthalmopathy / Thyroid Associated Ophthalmopathy / Thyroid Eye Disease1
3CompletedTreatmentHealthy Volunteers1
3CompletedTreatmentHemorrhage1
3CompletedTreatmentHigh Blood Pressure (Hypertension)1
3CompletedTreatmentHumoral Rejection in Kidney Transplantation1
3CompletedTreatmentHyponatremias1
3CompletedTreatmentIntensive Care1
3CompletedTreatmentMalignant Neoplasm of Colon1
3CompletedTreatmentNon Small Cell Lung Carcinoma (NSCLC)1
3CompletedTreatmentNotalgia Paresthetica1
3CompletedTreatmentPain2
3CompletedTreatmentPain, Chronic1
3CompletedTreatmentPostoperative pain4
3CompletedTreatmentPulmonary Hypertension (PH)1
3CompletedTreatmentSchizophrenic Disorders1
3CompletedTreatmentTraumatic Brain Injury (TBI)1
3Enrolling by InvitationTreatmentFusion of Spine (Disease)1
3Not Yet RecruitingPreventionOvarian Hyperstimulation Syndrome1
3Not Yet RecruitingTreatmentAcute Myocardial Infarction With Right Ventricular Extension1
3Not Yet RecruitingTreatmentDelirium1
3Not Yet RecruitingTreatmentGeneral Surgery / Pain1
3Not Yet RecruitingTreatmentIntrauterine Growth Restriction1
3Not Yet RecruitingTreatmentPostural Orthostatic Tachycardia Syndrome (POTS)1
3Not Yet RecruitingTreatmentPremenstrual Syndrome-PMS1
3RecruitingOtherDigestive System Diseases1
3RecruitingPreventionAcute Kidney Injury (AKI) / Contrast media reaction1
3RecruitingPreventionEarly Ventilation Acquired Pneumonia in Brain Injured Patients / Preventing Early VAP in Brain Injured Patients1
3RecruitingPreventionPostpartum Haemorrhage (PPH)1
3RecruitingPreventionTraumatic Brain Injury (TBI)1
3RecruitingTreatmentAcute maxillary sinusitis caused by M. catarrhalis / Chronic Lung Diseases / Cystic Fibrosis (CF)1
3RecruitingTreatmentAmbulatory Plastic Surgery / Esthetic Prosthetic Breast Expansion1
3RecruitingTreatmentBowel Preparation Before Colonoscopy1
3RecruitingTreatmentBowel preparation therapy1
3RecruitingTreatmentCalciphylaxis1
3RecruitingTreatmentCardiopulmonary Bypass / Surgery, Cardiac1
3RecruitingTreatmentChronic Migraine / Episodic Migraine1
3RecruitingTreatmentChronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)1
3RecruitingTreatmentCluster Headache1
3RecruitingTreatmentCritical Illness1
3RecruitingTreatmentDelayed Graft Function / End Stage Kidney Disease / Kidney Transplant; Complications1
3RecruitingTreatmentElective Surgery for Any Digestive Cancer1
3RecruitingTreatmentGeneral Surgery / Malignancies / Tumour1
3RecruitingTreatmentGeneralized Myasthenia Gravis1
3RecruitingTreatmentGlabellar Frown Lines1
3RecruitingTreatmentHemorrhagic Hereditary Telangiectasia (HHT)1
3RecruitingTreatmentHidradenitis Suppurativa (HS)1
3RecruitingTreatmentIcu Delirium1
3RecruitingTreatmentInflammatory Reaction / Neurocostal neuralgia / Pain, Chronic1
3RecruitingTreatmentInguinal Hernias / Local Anesthesia / Sedation, Conscious1
3RecruitingTreatmentIron-Deficiency / Transplant-Related Disorder1
3RecruitingTreatmentKidney Transplant Rejection / Renal Transplant Failure1
3RecruitingTreatmentLabor (Obstetrics)--Complications / Labor; Prolonged, First Stage1
3RecruitingTreatmentLiver Cirrhosis1
3RecruitingTreatmentLocoregional Analgesia / Locoregional Analgesia in Breast Surgery / Neoplasms, Breast1
3RecruitingTreatmentMigraine1
3RecruitingTreatmentMigraine Disorders1
3RecruitingTreatmentMyofascial Pain Syndrome / Pain Syndrome / Pain, Head / Temporomandibular Disorders1
3RecruitingTreatmentPain, Intractable1
3RecruitingTreatmentPlantar fascial fibromatosis1
3RecruitingTreatmentPrimary Total Knee Arthroplasty1
3RecruitingTreatmentProlonged Labour1
3RecruitingTreatmentTendonitis;Achilles1
3RecruitingTreatmentTotal Blood Loss1
3TerminatedPreventionAcute Kidney Injury (AKI) / Impaired Renal Function1
3TerminatedTreatmentAnemias / Heart Failure / Iron Deficiency1
3TerminatedTreatmentBack Pain / Back Pain Lower Back Chronic / Internal Disc Disruption / Intervertebral Disc Degeneration1
3TerminatedTreatmentBurn Injuries / Inhalation Injury1
3TerminatedTreatmentCastrate-resistant Prostate Cancer (CRPC) / Hormone Refractory Prostate Cancer1
3TerminatedTreatmentCongestive Heart Failure1
3TerminatedTreatmentStroke, Ischemic1
3Unknown StatusDiagnosticColonoscopy1
3Unknown StatusPreventionAcute Renal Failure (ARF)1
3Unknown StatusPreventionModerate Hypoxic Ischemic Encephalopathy / Severe Hypoxic Ischemic Encephalopathy1
3Unknown StatusTreatmentCystic Fibrosis (CF)1
3Unknown StatusTreatmentRejection, Transplant1
3WithdrawnPreventionPlacenta Accreta1
3WithdrawnPreventionPostoperative pain / Satisfaction1
3WithdrawnTreatmentOther Complications of Obstetric Anesthesia - Delivered / Pain, Obstetric1
4Active Not RecruitingPreventionCoronary Bypass Graft Stenosis1
4Active Not RecruitingSupportive CareAdjunct Anesthesia Medication / Colonoscopy1
4Active Not RecruitingTreatmentAbdominal Wall Hernia / Bowel Diseases / Gastric Diseases / Gastric Outlet Obstruction / Pancreatic Diseases1
4Active Not RecruitingTreatmentHealthy Volunteers1
4Active Not RecruitingTreatmentImpaired Renal Function1
4Active Not RecruitingTreatmentPrader-Willi Syndrome1
4CompletedNot AvailableBrain Swelling1
4CompletedNot AvailableColonoscopy1
4CompletedNot AvailableCorneal Staining1
4CompletedNot AvailableDry Eye1
4CompletedNot AvailableTransplant, Kidney1
4CompletedBasic ScienceBlood Pressures / Drug Overdose / Overdose of Beta-adrenergic Blocking Drug1
4CompletedBasic ScienceFunctional Constipation / Irritable Bowel Syndrome Characterized by Constipation1
4CompletedDiagnosticProstate Cancer1
4CompletedOtherInjection Site Reactions1
4CompletedPreventionAcute Kidney Injury (AKI)1
4CompletedPreventionAgeing / Delirium / Dexmedetomidine / Long-Term Survivors / Surgical Procedures, Operative / The Mortality Rate1
4CompletedPreventionC.Surgical Procedure; Cardiac / Delirium / Postoperative Complications1
4CompletedPreventionContrast Induced Acute Kidney Injury1
4CompletedPreventionDelirium on Emergence / Inhalational Anesthetics Adverse Reaction / Strabismus Following Ocular Surgery1
4CompletedPreventionDexmedetomidine / Long-term Outcome / Quality of Life / Surgery, Cardiac / The Mortality Rate1
4CompletedPreventionDiphtheria / Meningitis / Meningococcal sepsis / Pertussis / Tetanus1
4CompletedPreventionEmergent Coronary Procedure1
4CompletedPreventionHemorrhage of Cesarean Section and/or Perineal Wound / Postpartum Haemorrhage (PPH)1
4CompletedPreventionHypotension1
4CompletedPreventionHysterectomy / Methylprednisolone / Postoperative pain1
4CompletedPreventionIschemia-Reperfusion Injury1
4CompletedPreventionKnee Osteoarthritis (Knee OA)1
4CompletedPreventionNeoplasms, Brain1
4CompletedPreventionPerioperative/Postoperative Complications1
4CompletedPreventionPost-Operative Nausea and Vomiting (PONV) / Postoperative pain1
4CompletedPreventionTransient Hypothyroxinemia1
4CompletedScreeningColorectal Cancers1
4CompletedSupportive CareBMI >30 kg/m2 / General Surgery / Neuromuscular Inhibition / Pain1
4CompletedSupportive CareFracture, Ankle1
4CompletedSupportive CareIncontinence, Fecal / Neurogenic Bowel Dysfunction1
4CompletedSupportive CarePostoperative pain1
4CompletedTreatmentAPD / Continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis therapy / Diabetes Mellitus (DM) / ESRD1
4CompletedTreatmentAbdominoplasty / Postoperative pain1
4CompletedTreatmentAggressive Behavior / Anxiety / Depression / Postoperative Period / Tiredness1
4CompletedTreatmentAnalgesics / Pain, Chronic / Postoperative pain1
4CompletedTreatmentArthroplasty, Replacement, Knee / Complications; Arthroplasty / Knee Injuries1
4CompletedTreatmentBariatric Surgery Candidate / Postoperative pain1
4CompletedTreatmentBowel Preparation for Colonoscopy1
4CompletedTreatmentCalcifying Tendinitis of Shoulder1
4CompletedTreatmentCardiopulmonary Bypass / Surgery, Cardiac1
4CompletedTreatmentCesarean Section / Post-Operative Nausea and Vomiting (PONV) / Spinal Anaesthesia1
4CompletedTreatmentChronic Kidney Disease (CKD) / Heart Failure / Iron Deficiency1
4CompletedTreatmentChronic Kidney Disease (CKD) / Peritoneal dialysis therapy1
4CompletedTreatmentColon Cleansing1
4CompletedTreatmentColon Cleansing for Colonoscopy1
4CompletedTreatmentColonoscopy3
4CompletedTreatmentColorectal Cleansing Prior Operation1
4CompletedTreatmentCommunity Acquired Pneumonia (CAP)1
4CompletedTreatmentContrast Induced Nephropathy (CIN)1
4CompletedTreatmentCritical Illness / Fevers1
4CompletedTreatmentDelayed Bleeding / Post procedural complication / Post-Polypectomy Syndrome / Postoperative Hemorrhages1
4CompletedTreatmentDelirium / Postoperative Cognitive Deficit (POCD)1
4CompletedTreatmentDrug Interaction Potentiation / Myocardial Infarction / VA Drug Interactions [VA Drug Interaction]1
4CompletedTreatmentEndocrine ophthalmopathy1
4CompletedTreatmentEpicondylitis, Lateral Humeral / Lateral Epicondylitis1
4CompletedTreatmentFemur Fractures / Postoperative pain1
4CompletedTreatmentFracture, Ankle / Postoperative pain1
4CompletedTreatmentGastrointestinal Diseases1
4CompletedTreatmentHeadaches / Migraine Disorders1
4CompletedTreatmentHepatic Encephalopathy1
4CompletedTreatmentHip Fractures1
4CompletedTreatmentInfertility, Female / Subfertility1
4CompletedTreatmentInterstitial Cystitis1
4CompletedTreatmentMalignant Neoplasm of Colon1
4CompletedTreatmentMethylnaltrexone / Morphine / ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction (STEMI) / Ticagrelor1
4CompletedTreatmentNeoplasms, Hepatic1
4CompletedTreatmentNon ST Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction (NSTEMI) / ST Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction (STEMI) / VA Drug Interactions / VA Drug Interactions [VA Drug Interaction]1
4CompletedTreatmentObturator Nerve Block / Total Hip Replacement1
4CompletedTreatmentOpioid Induced Pharyngeal and Esophageal Dysfunction1
4CompletedTreatmentOsteoarthritis (OA)2
4CompletedTreatmentOsteoarthritis (OA) of the Knee1
4CompletedTreatmentOsteoarthritis (OA) / Pain, Chronic1
4CompletedTreatmentPain1
4CompletedTreatmentPain on IV Injection of Propofol1
4CompletedTreatmentPancreatitis1
4CompletedTreatmentParkinson's Disease (PD)1
4CompletedTreatmentPharmacological Action (PA)1
4CompletedTreatmentPostoperative pain2
4CompletedTreatmentPreparation for Colonoscopy1
4CompletedTreatmentPsoriasis / Sleep Apnea, Obstructive1
4CompletedTreatmentSciatica1
4CompletedTreatmentSubjets Requiring a Colonoscopy1
4Enrolling by InvitationDiagnosticColonoscopy1
4Enrolling by InvitationTreatmentKnee Osteoarthritis (Knee OA)1
4Not Yet RecruitingBasic ScienceDeglutition1
4Not Yet RecruitingBasic ScienceAdjunct to general anesthesia therapy / Hemodynamics Instability / Intravenous Anesthesia1
4Not Yet RecruitingBasic ScienceIron-Deficiency / Tiredness1
4Not Yet RecruitingPreventionChronic Lung Disease of Prematurity / Respiratory Distress Syndrome1
4Not Yet RecruitingPreventionKnee Osteoarthritis (Knee OA)1
4Not Yet RecruitingTreatmentArthroplasty, Knee Replacement / Postoperative pain1
4Not Yet RecruitingTreatmentBlood Loss Anemia1
4Not Yet RecruitingTreatmentChild, Only / Pain / Remifentanil / Tonsillectomy1
4Not Yet RecruitingTreatmentChronic Migraine1
4Not Yet RecruitingTreatmentLocal Anesthesia / Spinal Diseases1
4Not Yet RecruitingTreatmentMyoclonus1
4Not Yet RecruitingTreatmentRenal Colic1
4Not Yet RecruitingTreatmentST Elevation Myocardial Infarction1
4RecruitingBasic ScienceNephrotoxicity1
4RecruitingBasic SciencePharyngeal Dysfunction / Pharyngeal Swallowing1
4RecruitingDiagnosticBowel Preparation Solutions1
4RecruitingDiagnosticColon Adenomas / Colon Lesion / Colon Polyps1
4RecruitingDiagnosticUlcerative Colitis1
4RecruitingHealth Services ResearchColorectal Cancers1
4RecruitingHealth Services ResearchGeneral Surgery / Sedation1
4RecruitingOtherGlucose Metabolism Disorders (Including Diabetes Mellitus) / Iron Toxicity / Iron-Deficiency / Metabolic Disorder, Glucose / Metabolic Side Effects of Drugs / Safety Issues1
4RecruitingPreventionChronic Migraine / Migraine1
4RecruitingPreventionDelirium1
4RecruitingSupportive CareBleeding Reduction1
4RecruitingSupportive CarePain, Chest / Postoperative pain1
4RecruitingTreatmentAbdominal Injuries1
4RecruitingTreatmentAbdominal Pain / Haematemesis / Heartburn / Indigestion1
4RecruitingTreatmentAcute Myocardial Infarction (AMI)1
4RecruitingTreatmentAcute-On-Chronic Liver Failure / Hepatic Encephalopathy1
4RecruitingTreatmentAnalgesic Adverse Reaction1
4RecruitingTreatmentBariatric Surgery Candidate1
4RecruitingTreatmentBreast Diseases / Neoplasms / Neoplasms by Site / Neoplasms, Breast / Skin Diseases1
4RecruitingTreatmentBreast Pain / Effect of Drugs / Local Anesthesia1
4RecruitingTreatmentCardiopulmonary Bypass / Surgery, Cardiac1
4RecruitingTreatmentCerebral Palsy (CP) / Muscle Spasticity1
4RecruitingTreatmentChildhood Asthma With Status Asthmaticus1
4RecruitingTreatmentChronic Inflammatory Demyelinating Polyneuropathy (CIDP) / Diabetes Mellitus (DM) / Peripheral neuropathy1
4RecruitingTreatmentChronic Pain Post-Proceduraal / Nausea and Vomiting, Postoperative / Postoperative pain1
4RecruitingTreatmentCommunity Acquired Pneumonia (CAP)1
4RecruitingTreatmentEndothelial Dysfunction / Iron Toxicity / Oxidative Stress / Renal Anemia1
4RecruitingTreatmentGeneral Surgery / Minor burns / Tranexamic Acid / Wounds and Injuries1
4RecruitingTreatmentHeadaches1
4RecruitingTreatmentHypovolaemia1
4RecruitingTreatmentIntravenous Drug Usage / Iron-Deficiency Anemias / Neoplasms, Colorectal / Surgery, Colorectal1
4RecruitingTreatmentPituitary Neoplasms1
4RecruitingTreatmentPostoperative pain1
4RecruitingTreatmentCaudal epidural block therapy / Postoperative pain1
4RecruitingTreatmentProstate Cancer / Renal Cancers1
4RecruitingTreatmentRadiculopathy, Cervical1
4RecruitingTreatmentST Elevation Myocardial Infarction (STEMI)1
4RecruitingTreatmentScarring1
4RecruitingTreatmentSickle Cell Anemia Crisis1
4RecruitingTreatmentTHA1
4RecruitingTreatmentUnstable Angina Pectoris1
4RecruitingTreatmentMinor burns1
4SuspendedTreatmentAortic Valve Disorder / Atrial Septal Defect (ASD) / Diseases of Mitral Valve / Intracardiac Myxoma1
4TerminatedPreventionAcute Renal Failure (ARF) / Contrast Media1
4TerminatedPreventionAdenoiditis / Adenotonsillar Hypertrophy / Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA) / Tonsillitis1
4TerminatedPreventionInfants, Premature1
4TerminatedPreventionPsoriasis1
4TerminatedTreatmentCritical Illness / Fluid Overload / Sepsis / Shock, Septic1
4TerminatedTreatmentForearm Fractures1
4TerminatedTreatmentHip Arthroplasty1
4TerminatedTreatmentHip Fractures1
4TerminatedTreatmentHypertriglyceridemias / Peritoneal dialysis therapy1
4TerminatedTreatmentMorphine Adverse Reaction / Pain1
4TerminatedTreatmentOsteoarthritis of the Hip1
4TerminatedTreatmentRenal Cancers1
4TerminatedTreatmentTrigger Finger Disorder1
4Unknown StatusHealth Services ResearchColonoscopy1
4Unknown StatusPreventionBradycardia / Hypoxemia1
4Unknown StatusTreatmentBacteremia / Catheter Related Infections1
4Unknown StatusTreatmentBone Mineral Density / Bone Turnover Markers / Image Changes of Lumbar Fusion1
4Unknown StatusTreatmentBronchiolitis / Wheezing1
4WithdrawnPreventionMigraine Disorders1
4WithdrawnTreatmentDehydration1
4WithdrawnTreatmentHip Fractures1
4WithdrawnTreatmentWomen With Fertility Disorder1
Not AvailableActive Not RecruitingNot AvailableCerebral Palsy (CP) / Neuromuscular Diseases1
Not AvailableActive Not RecruitingPreventionCardio-Renal Syndrome1
Not AvailableCompletedNot Available"Migraine-like" Headache / Migraine-like Headache1
Not AvailableCompletedNot AvailableAsthma Bronchial1
Not AvailableCompletedNot AvailableEase of Bowel Preparation and Patient Tolerability / Efficacy of Bowel Preparation1
Not AvailableCompletedNot AvailableEffectiveness of SMS to Fix PC Interval1
Not AvailableCompletedNot AvailableHeadaches1
Not AvailableCompletedNot AvailableHyponatremias1
Not AvailableCompletedNot AvailablePostoperative Residual Paralysis1
Not AvailableCompletedNot AvailableSpinal Cord Injuries (SCI)1
Not AvailableCompletedNot AvailableThe Timing of Bowel Preparation in Outpatient Colonoscopy1
Not AvailableCompletedBasic ScienceBMI >30 kg/m2 / Diabetes Mellitus (DM)1
Not AvailableCompletedBasic SciencePancreatic Fistula1
Not AvailableCompletedBasic SciencePerfusions1
Not AvailableCompletedBasic SciencePuberty, Precocious1
Not AvailableCompletedDiagnosticBowel preparation therapy1
Not AvailableCompletedDiagnosticDiabetes Mellitus (DM)1
Not AvailableCompletedDiagnosticHigh Blood Pressure (Hypertension)1
Not AvailableCompletedDiagnosticTransesophageal Echocardiography Contrast Agents1
Not AvailableCompletedHealth Services ResearchAcute Kidney Injury (AKI)1
Not AvailableCompletedOtherAdiposity1
Not AvailableCompletedOtherBariatric Surgery Candidate / Glucose tolerance impaired / Insulin Resistance1
Not AvailableCompletedOtherEndothelial Dysfunction / High Blood Pressure (Hypertension)1
Not AvailableCompletedOtherHypersensitivity1
Not AvailableCompletedOtherPhotoallergy1
Not AvailableCompletedOtherStress Urinary Incontinence (SUI)1
Not AvailableCompletedOtherSunscreen Agents1
Not AvailableCompletedPreventionAcute Renal Failure Contrast Nephropathy1
Not AvailableCompletedPreventionAgeing / Delirium / Dexmedetomidine / Long-Term Survivors / Operative / The Mortality Rate1
Not AvailableCompletedPreventionAnaesthesia therapy1
Not AvailableCompletedPreventionAnemias / Transfusions1
Not AvailableCompletedPreventionAnesthesia Morbidity / Children / Delirium on Emergence1
Not AvailableCompletedPreventionCardio-Renal Syndrome1
Not AvailableCompletedPreventionHemolytic-uremic Syndrome (HUS) / Hemorrhagic Colitis / Intestinal Infection Due to E. Coli / Intestinal Infectious Disease1
Not AvailableCompletedPreventionHuman Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Infections1
Not AvailableCompletedPreventionHyponatremias / Metabolic Bone Disease1
Not AvailableCompletedPreventionHypotension1
Not AvailableCompletedPreventionMucositis / Multiple Myeloma (MM)1
Not AvailableCompletedPreventionSecondary Hyperalgesia1
Not AvailableCompletedSupportive CareLower Extremities Fracture1
Not AvailableCompletedSupportive CareSialorrhea1
Not AvailableCompletedTreatmentAcute maxillary sinusitis caused by M. catarrhalis / Cystic Fibrosis (CF)1
Not AvailableCompletedTreatmentAddison's Disease1
Not AvailableCompletedTreatmentAortic Valve Stenosis1
Not AvailableCompletedTreatmentBlood Pressures / Nasal Bleeding1
Not AvailableCompletedTreatmentBronchiolitis2
Not AvailableCompletedTreatmentCardiac Arrest1
Not AvailableCompletedTreatmentCirrhosis With Septic Shock1
Not AvailableCompletedTreatmentDry Eye1
Not AvailableCompletedTreatmentEnd Stage Renal Disease (ESRD)1
Not AvailableCompletedTreatmentHeart Disease Congenital Complex1
Not AvailableCompletedTreatmentHepatic Encephalopathy / Liver Cirrhosis / Portosystemic Encephalopathy / PSE1
Not AvailableCompletedTreatmentHypotension1
Not AvailableCompletedTreatmentKnee Osteoarthritis (Knee OA)1
Not AvailableCompletedTreatmentMicrovascular Decompression Surgery / Post-Operative Nausea and Vomiting (PONV)1
Not AvailableCompletedTreatmentPostoperative pain1
Not AvailableCompletedTreatmentRotator Cuff Tears / Shoulder Arthorscopy Surgery / Surgical Blood Loss / Tranexamic Acid1
Not AvailableCompletedTreatmentSpine Surgery1
Not AvailableCompletedTreatmentUndifferentiated Arthritis1
Not AvailableEnrolling by InvitationNot AvailableEhlers-Danlos Syndrome / Local Anesthesia1
Not AvailableNot Yet RecruitingOtherCritical Illness / Infusion Fluid / Sodium Disorder / Subarachnoid Hemorrhage1
Not AvailableNot Yet RecruitingOtherPost-Operative Pain1
Not AvailableNot Yet RecruitingPreventionAnalgesia, Postoperative1
Not AvailableNot Yet RecruitingScreeningActual Impaired Fluid Volume1
Not AvailableNot Yet RecruitingTreatmentLactate / Severe Sepsis With Septic Shock1
Not AvailableRecruitingNot AvailableChronic Subdural Hematomas1
Not AvailableRecruitingNot AvailableCommunity Acquired Pneumonia (CAP)1
Not AvailableRecruitingNot AvailableDigestive Illness1
Not AvailableRecruitingNot AvailableHyponatremias1
Not AvailableRecruitingNot AvailableTraumatic Brain Injury (TBI)1
Not AvailableRecruitingDiagnosticColonoscopy1
Not AvailableRecruitingDiagnosticGastrointestinal Imaging With pCLE1
Not AvailableRecruitingDiagnosticPain1
Not AvailableRecruitingHealth Services ResearchRoux-en-Y Bariatric Surgery1
Not AvailableRecruitingPreventionAcute Kidney Injury (AKI) / Cardiac Diseases / General Surgery1
Not AvailableRecruitingPreventionIntrauterine Adhesions1
Not AvailableRecruitingPreventionST Elevation Myocardial Infarction1
Not AvailableRecruitingScreeningColonoscopy1
Not AvailableRecruitingTreatmentAnaesthesia therapy / Nociceptive Pain / Opioids Use / Perioperative/Postoperative Complications1
Not AvailableRecruitingTreatmentCarcinogenic Fatigue1
Not AvailableRecruitingTreatmentChronic Skin Ulcers1
Not AvailableRecruitingTreatmentDigestive Tract1
Not AvailableRecruitingTreatmentHealthy Volunteers1
Not AvailableRecruitingTreatmentIntracerebral Hemorrhage / Intracerebral Hemorrhage, Stroke1
Not AvailableRecruitingTreatmentIntussusception1
Not AvailableRecruitingTreatmentKnee Osteoarthritis (Knee OA)1
Not AvailableRecruitingTreatmentMalignant Neoplasm of Stomach / Postoperative pain1
Not AvailableRecruitingTreatmentNasal Bleeding1
Not AvailableTerminatedPreventionBrain Death1
Not AvailableTerminatedPreventionRadiographic Contrast Agent Nephropathy1
Not AvailableTerminatedTreatmentEquinus Contracture1
Not AvailableTerminatedTreatmentPregnancy1
Not AvailableUnknown StatusBasic ScienceHealthy Volunteers1
Not AvailableUnknown StatusDiagnosticBowel Preparation for Colonoscopy1
Not AvailableUnknown StatusDiagnosticColonic Adenomas1
Not AvailableUnknown StatusDiagnosticTuberculosis Infection1
Not AvailableUnknown StatusTreatmentAnesthesia Recovery Period / Post-Operative Nausea and Vomiting (PONV)1
Not AvailableUnknown StatusTreatmentIdiopathic Scoliosis1
Not AvailableWithdrawnHealth Services ResearchFemoroacetabular Impingement1
Not AvailableWithdrawnScreeningPatients Undergoing Screening or Surveillance Colonoscopy1
Not AvailableWithdrawnTreatmentAltered Mental Status / AMS / HE / Hepatic Encephalopathy / Liver Cirrhosis1
Not AvailableWithdrawnTreatmentCesarean Section1
Not AvailableWithdrawnTreatmentChondral Lesions / Femoroacetabular Impingement1
Not AvailableWithdrawnTreatmentColonoscopy1
Not AvailableWithdrawnTreatmentTraumatic Brain Injury (TBI)1

Pharmacoeconomics

Manufacturers
Not Available
Packagers
Not Available
Dosage forms
FormRouteStrength
SolutionIntravenous
SolutionIrrigation
KitIrrigation
SolutionUnknown
SolutionRespiratory (inhalation)
KitIntradermal; Subcutaneous
Powder, for solutionIntraocular
SolutionIntraocular
Aerosol, sprayNasal20 mg/100mL
LiquidNasal11.25 mg/1mL
SprayAuricular (otic)11.25 mg/1mL
SprayOral37.5 mg/1mL
SprayNasal0.9 g/100mL
LiquidRespiratory (inhalation)
SolutionOphthalmic
Powder, for solutionHemodialysis
Kit; powder, for solution; tablet, delayed releaseOral
Kit; powder, for solutionHemodialysis
Liquid; powder, for solutionSubcutaneous
LiquidOral0.5 g/100mL
Aerosol, meteredRespiratory (inhalation)
Kit; solutionIntraocular
SolutionIntra-arterial
SolutionNasal
SolutionNasal; Ophthalmic900 mg/100mL
SwabTopical0.9 g/100mL
LiquidNasal6.5 mg/1mL
Powder, for solutionNasogastric
LiquidEpidural; Infiltration; Subcutaneous
OintmentTopical
SolutionTopical
Kit
PowderNasal
SolutionIrrigation
SolutionIntraperitoneal
LiquidIntravenous
LiquidTopical
Injection, solutionIntraperitoneal
LiquidHemodialysis
SolutionHemodialysis
InjectionSubcutaneous4.5 mg/0.5mL
LiquidIntradermal; Percutaneous; Subcutaneous
LiquidSubcutaneous
KitInfiltration; Subcutaneous
SprayTopical
SprayNasal0.39 mL/60mL
LiquidOphthalmic
PowderOral
SolutionIntrathecal
InjectionIntrathecal
Enema; kit; tabletRectal
SprayNasal30 mg/1mL
KitEpidural; Infiltration
SolutionNasal0.29 mg/44mL
Kit; liquid; powder, for solutionIntramuscular; Subcutaneous
Liquid; powder, for solutionIntramuscular; Subcutaneous
SolutionUnknown
SolutionExtracorporeal
Liquid; powder, for solutionIntramuscular
KitIntravenous
LiquidNasal.65 g/100mL
LiquidIntraperitoneal
SolutionHemodialysis; Intraperitoneal
LiquidIntravesical
LiquidIntraocular
SolutionIntravenous
KitTopical
LiquidInfiltration; Subcutaneous; Topical
TabletVaginal
Solution, for slushIrrigation
GelVaginal
Powder, for solutionSubcutaneous
KitSubcutaneous
LiquidBuccal
SprayBuccal
KitOral
SolutionOphthalmic20 mg/1mL
LiquidIntraocular; Ophthalmic
LotionTopical.65 mL/100mL
SprayNasal9.5 mg/1mL
SprayNasal2600 mg/100mL
SprayNasal3 mL/100mL
SprayNasal1.2 mg/10mL
Kit; solutionIntraocular; Irrigation
TabletOral1 g/1
Injection, solution, concentrateIntravenous
SolutionOral
Liquid; mouthwash
KitEpidural; Intracaudal; Perineural
KitIntra-articular; Intramuscular
LiquidIntradermal; Subcutaneous
IrrigantIrrigation
Injection, solutionIntravenous
InjectionIntravenous
Injection, solutionIntra-arterial
Solution
Powder, for solutionOral
KitHemodialysis
SolutionHemodialysis; Intravenous
DoucheVaginal
Powder, for solutionIntravenous
PatchTransdermal0.03 g/1g
Kit; liquid; powderIntralesional; Subcutaneous
Liquid; powder, for solutionIntravenous; Subcutaneous
Powder, for solutionIntramuscular; Subcutaneous
SprayNasal6.5 mg/1mL
SprayOral6.5 mg/1mL
LiquidNasal
GelNasal
SprayNasal
AerosolOral
PowderTopical
LiquidEpidural
Powder, for solutionNasal
PowderHemodialysis
InhalantRespiratory (inhalation)0.9 mg/100mL
InjectionIntramuscular; Intravenous; Subcutaneous0.9 mg/10mL
InjectionIntramuscular; Intravenous; Subcutaneous234 mg/1mL
InjectionIntramuscular; Intravenous; Subcutaneous9 mg/1mL
InjectionIntravascular.9 mg/1mL
InjectionIntravenous0.45 g/50mL
InjectionIntravenous0.9 g/100mL
InjectionIntravenous450 mg/50mL
InjectionIntravenous450 mg/500mL
InjectionIntravenous450 mg/100mL
InjectionIntravenous9 mg/1mL
InjectionIntravenous900 mg/100mL
Injection, solutionIntramuscular; Intravenous; Subcutaneous234 mg/1mL
Injection, solutionIntramuscular; Intravenous; Subcutaneous9 mg/1mL
Injection, solutionIntravenous0.45 g/100mL
Injection, solutionIntravenous0.9 g/100mL
Injection, solutionIntravenous146 mg/1mL
Injection, solutionIntravenous234 mg/1mL
Injection, solutionIntravenous3 g/100mL
Injection, solutionIntravenous4.5 g/1000mL
Injection, solutionIntravenous450 mg/50mL
Injection, solutionIntravenous450 mg/100mL
Injection, solutionIntravenous5 g/100mL
Injection, solutionIntravenous9 g/1000mL
Injection, solutionIntravenous9 g/1
Injection, solutionIntravenous9 mg/1mL
Injection, solutionIntravenous900 mg/100mL
Injection, solution, concentrateIntravenous2.92 g/20mL
Injection, solution, concentrateIntravenous234 mg/1mL
Injection, solution, concentrateIntravenous5.84 g/40mL
IrrigantIrrigation0.9 g/100mL
IrrigantIrrigation450 mg/100mL
IrrigantIrrigation9 g/1000mL
IrrigantIrrigation900 mg/100mL
OintmentOphthalmic50 mg/1g
SolutionExtracorporeal900 mg/100mL
SolutionIntravenous0.45 g/100mL
SolutionIntravenous0.9 g/100mL
SolutionRespiratory (inhalation)0.027 mg/3mL
Solution / dropsOphthalmic50 mg/1mL
LiquidIntravenous
LiquidIntravenous; Subcutaneous
LiquidIntramuscular; Intravenous; Subcutaneous
SolutionIrrigation0.9 g/100mL
SolutionOphthalmic50 mg/1mL
InhalantRespiratory (inhalation)9 g/1L
LiquidParenteral
SolutionIntramuscular; Intraperitoneal; Intravenous; Subcutaneous
SolutionIntramuscular; Intravenous; Subcutaneous
SolutionIntravenous; Subcutaneous
LiquidIrrigation; Topical
SolutionIntraperitoneal; Irrigation
SolutionIntraperitoneal; Irrigation; Topical
TabletIrrigation
TabletOral
Injection, solution, concentrateIntravenous; Subcutaneous234 mg/1mL
SolutionRespiratory (inhalation)
Liquid; powder, for solutionIntravenous
LiquidOral
TabletOral
LiquidIrrigation
Powder, for solutionNasogastric; Oral
SprayNasal3 g/100g
KitNasal
SprayNasal.65 g/100mL
KitIntramuscular; Intravenous
Granule, for solutionNasal
Prices
Not Available
Patents
Patent NumberPediatric ExtensionApprovedExpires (estimated)
US5945449No1999-08-312017-10-31Us
US7300674No2007-11-272023-03-04Us
US6077836No2000-06-202017-06-20Us
US6248726No2001-06-192018-06-19Us
US7291324No2007-11-062022-10-22Us
US7169381No2007-01-302024-09-01Us
US7658914No2010-02-092024-09-01Us
US7084130No2006-08-012021-11-29Us
US9326969No2016-05-032033-09-10Us
US9592252No2017-03-142032-08-11Us
US9707297No2017-07-182033-09-10Us
US8999313No2015-04-072033-09-10Us
US10016504No2018-07-102033-09-10Us
Additional Data Available
  • Filed On
    Filed On

    The date on which a patent was filed with the relevant government.

    Learn more

Properties

State
Solid
Experimental Properties
Not Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility108.0 mg/mLALOGPS
logP0.06ALOGPS
logP-0.77ChemAxon
logS0.26ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)3.09ChemAxon
Physiological Charge1ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count0ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count0ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area0 Å2ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count0ChemAxon
Refractivity0 m3·mol-1ChemAxon
Polarizability1.78 Å3ChemAxon
Number of Rings0ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterNoChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleNoChemAxon
Predicted ADMET features
Not Available

Spectra

Mass Spec (NIST)
Not Available
Spectra
Not Available

Taxonomy

Description
This compound belongs to the class of inorganic compounds known as alkali metal chlorides. These are inorganic compounds in which the largest halogen atom is Chlorine, and the heaviest metal atom is an alkali metal.
Kingdom
Inorganic compounds
Super Class
Mixed metal/non-metal compounds
Class
Alkali metal salts
Sub Class
Alkali metal chlorides
Direct Parent
Alkali metal chlorides
Alternative Parents
Inorganic sodium salts / Inorganic chloride salts
Substituents
Alkali metal chloride / Inorganic chloride salt / Inorganic sodium salt / Inorganic salt
Molecular Framework
Not Available
External Descriptors
inorganic chloride, inorganic sodium salt (CHEBI:26710)

Drug created on October 01, 2015 13:54 / Updated on November 11, 2019 07:03