Sodium chloride


Sodium chloride
Accession Number
Small Molecule
Approved, Vet approved

Sodium chloride, also known as salt, common salt, table salt or halite, is an ionic compound with the chemical formula NaCl, representing a 1:1 ratio of sodium and chloride ions. Sodium chloride is the primary salt in seawater and in the extracellular fluid of many multicellular organisms. It is listed on the World Health Organization Model List of Essential Medicines.

  • Cloruro sódico
  • Natriumchlorid
  • Natrum muriaticum
External IDs
B1655 / LS-1700 / NSC-77364
Active Moieties
Sodium cationionicLYR4M0NH3717341-25-2FKNQFGJONOIPTF-UHFFFAOYSA-N
Chloride ionionicQ32ZN4869816887-00-6VEXZGXHMUGYJMC-UHFFFAOYSA-M
Prescription Products
NameDosageStrengthRouteLabellerMarketing StartMarketing End
0.45% Sodium Chloride Injection USPSolutionIntravenousB. Braun Medical Inc.1993-12-31Not applicableCanada
0.9% Sodium ChlorideInjection, solution900 mg/100mLIntravenousHF Acquisition Co LLC, DBA HealthFirst2020-04-07Not applicableUs
0.9% Sodium ChlorideIrrigant900 mg/100mLIrrigationHF Acquisition Co LLC, DBA HealthFirst2018-10-18Not applicableUs
0.9% Sodium ChlorideInjection, solution900 mg/100mLIntravenousHF Acquisition Co LLC, DBA HealthFirst2018-10-16Not applicableUs
0.9% Sodium ChlorideInjection, solution900 mg/100mLIntravenousSc Infomed Fluids Srl2017-04-242017-04-24Us
0.9% Sodium ChlorideInjection, solution900 mg/100mLIntravenousHF Acquisition Co LLC, DBA HealthFirst2018-10-18Not applicableUs
0.9% Sodium ChlorideInjection, solution9 mg/1mLIntramuscular; Intravenous; SubcutaneousHF Acquisition Co LLC, DBA HealthFirst2019-07-18Not applicableUs
0.9% Sodium ChlorideInjection, solution900 mg/100mLIntravenousHF Acquisition Co LLC, DBA HealthFirst2020-05-21Not applicableUs
0.9% Sodium ChlorideInjection, solution900 mg/100mLIntravenousHF Acquisition Co LLC, DBA HealthFirst2020-04-07Not applicableUs
0.9% Sodium Chloride Injection USPSolutionIntravenousB. Braun Medical Inc.1992-12-31Not applicableCanada
Additional Data Available
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Generic Prescription Products
NameDosageStrengthRouteLabellerMarketing StartMarketing End
3% Sodium ChlorideInjection, solution3 g/100mLIntravenousBecton Dickinson and Company2020-02-28Not applicableUs
Amphenol-40Injection, solution9 mg/1mLIntramuscular; Intravenous; SubcutaneousIt3 Medical Llc2017-03-01Not applicableUs
Bacteriostatic Sodium ChlorideInjection9 mg/1mLIntramuscular; Intravenous; SubcutaneousFresenius Kabi USA, LLC2000-08-08Not applicableUs
Bacteriostatic Sodium ChlorideInjection9 mg/1mLIntramuscular; Intravenous; SubcutaneousCardinal Health2000-08-082016-03-31Us
Corvatrol 0.9%Injection9 mg/1mLIntramuscular; Intravenous; SubcutaneousIt3 Medical Llc2017-03-01Not applicableUs
HAEMONETICS 0.9 % Sodium ChlorideSolution900 mg/100mLExtracorporealHaemonetics Corporation2013-01-07Not applicableUs
Sodium ChlorideInjection9 mg/1mLIntramuscular; Intravenous; SubcutaneousWest-Ward Pharmaceuticals Corp.2013-09-24Not applicableUs
Sodium chlorideInjection, solution9 mg/1mLIntravenousBecton Dickinson and Company2017-09-19Not applicableUs
Sodium ChlorideInjection9 mg/1mLIntravenousREMEDYREPACK INC.2018-09-182020-05-21Us
Sodium ChlorideInjection9 mg/1mLIntramuscular; Intravenous; SubcutaneousWest-ward Pharmaceutical Corp.2013-09-242014-08-12Us
Additional Data Available
  • Application Number
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Over the Counter Products
NameDosageStrengthRouteLabellerMarketing StartMarketing End
Altachlore Sodium Chloride HypertonicitySolution / drops50 mg/1mLOphthalmicAltaire Pharmaceuticals Inc.2002-09-24Not applicableUs
Ancient Secrets Breathe AgainAerosol, spray20 mg/100mLNasalLotus Brands, Inc.2011-08-15Not applicableUs
Ancient Secrets Breathe Again ChildrensAerosol, spray20 mg/100mLNasalLotus Brands, Inc.2011-08-152015-06-01Us
Aqua Maris BabyLiquid11.25 mg/1mLNasalJgl North America Llc2010-07-08Not applicableUs
Aqua Maris EarSpray11.25 mg/1mLAuricular (otic)Jgl North America Llc2009-10-29Not applicableUs
Aqua Maris IsotonisedLiquid11.25 mg/1mLNasalJgl North America Llc2001-12-28Not applicableUs
Aqua Maris ThroatSpray37.5 mg/1mLOralJgl North America Llc2005-04-20Not applicableUs
AthomerSpray0.9 g/100mLNasalPHARMACOSMETIC-DIAFARM2013-01-14Not applicableUs
Athomer babySpray0.9 g/100mLNasalPHARMACOSMETIC-DIAFARM2013-01-14Not applicableUs
Athomer miniSpray0.9 g/100mLNasalPHARMACOSMETIC-DIAFARM2013-01-14Not applicableUs
Additional Data Available
  • Application Number
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Mixture Products
NameIngredientsDosageRouteLabellerMarketing StartMarketing End
(20 Mmol/l) Potassium Chloride In 3.3% Dextrose and 0.3% Sodium Chloride Injection USPSodium chloride (300 mg) + Dextrose, unspecified form (3.3 g) + Potassium chloride (150 mg)SolutionIntravenousBaxter Laboratories1978-12-31Not applicableCanada
(20 Mmol/l) Potassium Chloride In 5% Dextrose and 0.9% Sodium Chloride Injection USPSodium chloride (900 mg) + Dextrose, unspecified form (5 g) + Potassium chloride (150 mg)SolutionIntravenousBaxter Laboratories1990-12-31Not applicableCanada
(20mmol/l) Potassium Chloride In 0.9% Sodium Chloride Injection USPSodium chloride (900 mg) + Potassium chloride (150 mg)SolutionIntravenousBaxter Laboratories1989-12-31Not applicableCanada
(20mmol/l) Potassium Chloride In 5% Dextrose and 0.2% Sodium Chloride Injection USPSodium chloride (200 mg) + Dextrose, unspecified form (5 g) + Potassium chloride (150 mg)SolutionIntravenousBaxter Laboratories1989-12-312016-07-15Canada
(20mmol/l) Potassium Chloride In 5% Dextrose and 0.45% Sodium Chloride Injection USPSodium chloride (450 mg) + Dextrose, unspecified form (5 g) + Potassium chloride (150 mg)SolutionIntravenousBaxter Laboratories1989-12-31Not applicableCanada
(40 Mmol/l) Potassium Chloride In 0.9% Sodium Chloride Injection USPSodium chloride (900 mg) + Potassium chloride (300 mg)LiquidIntravenousBaxter Laboratories1989-12-31Not applicableCanada
(40 Mmols/l) Potassium Chloride In Lactated Ringer's Injection USPSodium chloride (600 mg) + Calcium chloride (20 mg) + Sodium lactate (310 mg) + Potassium chloride (328 mg)SolutionIntravenousBaxter Laboratories2002-12-112016-07-15Canada
(40mmol/l) Potassium Chloride In 3.3% Dextrose and 0.3% Sodium Chloride Injection USPSodium chloride (300 mg) + Dextrose, unspecified form (3.3 g) + Potassium chloride (300 mg)SolutionIntravenousBaxter Laboratories1978-12-31Not applicableCanada
(40mmol/l)potassium Chloride In 5% Dextrose and 0.45% Sodium Chloride Injection USPSodium chloride (450 mg) + Dextrose, unspecified form (5 g) + Potassium chloride (300 mg)SolutionIntravenousBaxter Laboratories1989-12-31Not applicableCanada
0.15% Potassium Chloride In 3.3% Dextrose and 0.30% Sodium Chloride InjectionSodium chloride (300 mg) + Dextrose, unspecified form (3.3 g) + Potassium chloride (150 mg)SolutionIntravenousB. Braun Medical Inc.1992-12-31Not applicableCanada
Unapproved/Other Products
NameIngredientsDosageRouteLabellerMarketing StartMarketing End
0.9% Sodium ChlorideSodium chloride (900 mg/100mL)Injection, solutionIntravenousSc Infomed Fluids Srl2017-04-242017-04-24Us
4381 First Aid KitSodium chloride (0.9 g/100mL) + Ammonia (0.045 g/0.3mL) + Bacitracin zinc (400 [iU]/1g) + Benzalkonium chloride (1.3 mg/1mL) + Ethanol (62 mL/100mL) + Hydrocortisone acetate (1 g/100g) + Hydrocortisone acetate (1 g/100g) + Isopropyl alcohol (0.7 mL/1mL) + Neomycin sulfate (3.5 mg/1g) + Polymyxin B sulfate (5000 [iU]/1g) + Water (98.6 mL/100mL)KitIrrigation; Ophthalmic; Respiratory (inhalation); TopicalHoneywell Safety Products USA, Inc.2018-09-13Not applicableUs
4382 First Aid KitSodium chloride (0.9 g/100mL) + Ammonia (0.045 g/0.3mL) + Bacitracin zinc (400 [iU]/1g) + Benzalkonium chloride (1.3 mg/1mL) + Ethanol (62 mL/100mL) + Hydrocortisone acetate (1 g/100g) + Hydrocortisone acetate (1 g/100g) + Isopropyl alcohol (0.7 mL/1mL) + Neomycin sulfate (3.5 mg/1g) + Polymyxin B sulfate (5000 [iU]/1g) + Water (98.6 mL/100mL)KitIrrigation; Ophthalmic; Respiratory (inhalation); TopicalHoneywell Safety Products USA, Inc.2018-09-13Not applicableUs
4383 First Aid KitSodium chloride (0.9 g/100mL) + Bacitracin zinc (400 [iU]/1g) + Benzalkonium chloride (1.3 mg/1mL) + Ethanol (62 mL/100mL) + Hydrocortisone acetate (1 g/100g) + Hydrocortisone acetate (1 g/100g) + Isopropyl alcohol (0.7 mL/1mL) + Neomycin sulfate (3.5 mg/1g) + Polymyxin B sulfate (5000 [iU]/1g) + Water (98.6 mL/100mL)KitIrrigation; Ophthalmic; TopicalHoneywell Safety Products USA, Inc.2018-09-13Not applicableUs
4384 First Aid KitSodium chloride (0.9 g/100mL) + Bacitracin zinc (400 [iU]/1g) + Benzalkonium chloride (1.3 mg/1mL) + Ethanol (62 mL/100mL) + Hydrocortisone acetate (1 g/100g) + Hydrocortisone acetate (1 g/100g) + Isopropyl alcohol (0.7 mL/1mL) + Neomycin sulfate (3.5 mg/1g) + Polymyxin B sulfate (5000 [iU]/1g) + Water (98.6 mL/100mL)KitIrrigation; Ophthalmic; TopicalHoneywell Safety Products USA, Inc.2018-09-13Not applicableUs
4385 First Aid KitSodium chloride (0.9 g/100mL) + Ethanol (665 mL/1L) + Isopropyl alcohol (0.7 mL/1mL) + Povidone-iodine (10 mg/1mL) + Water (98.6 mL/100mL)Irrigation; Ophthalmic; TopicalHoneywell Safety Products USA, Inc.2018-09-13Not applicableUs
4386 First Aid KitSodium chloride (0.9 g/100mL) + Ethanol (665 mL/1L) + Isopropyl alcohol (0.7 mL/1mL) + Povidone-iodine (10 mg/1mL) + Water (98.6 mL/100mL)Irrigation; Ophthalmic; TopicalHoneywell Safety Products USA, Inc.2018-09-13Not applicableUs
4387 First Aid KitSodium chloride (0.9 g/100mL) + Acetylsalicylic acid (325 mg/1) + Ammonia (0.045 g/0.3mL) + Bacitracin zinc (400 [iU]/1g) + Benzalkonium chloride (1.3 mg/1mL) + Ethanol (665 mL/1L) + Isopropyl alcohol (0.7 mL/1mL) + Neomycin sulfate (3.5 mg/1g) + Polymyxin B sulfate (5000 [iU]/1g) + Povidone-iodine (10 mg/1mL)Irrigation; Oral; Respiratory (inhalation); TopicalHoneywell Safety Products USA, Inc.2018-09-13Not applicableUs
4388 First Aid KitSodium chloride (0.9 g/100mL) + Acetylsalicylic acid (325 mg/1) + Ammonia (0.045 g/0.3mL) + Bacitracin zinc (400 [iU]/1g) + Benzalkonium chloride (1.3 mg/1mL) + Ethanol (665 mL/1L) + Isopropyl alcohol (0.7 mL/1mL) + Neomycin sulfate (3.5 mg/1g) + Polymyxin B sulfate (5000 [iU]/1g) + Povidone-iodine (10 mg/1mL) + Water (98.6 mL/100mL)Irrigation; Ophthalmic; Oral; Respiratory (inhalation); TopicalHoneywell Safety Products USA, Inc.2018-09-13Not applicableUs
4393 First Aid KitSodium chloride (0.9 g/100mL) + Ammonia (0.045 g/0.3mL) + Bacitracin zinc (400 [iU]/1g) + Benzalkonium chloride (1.3 mg/1mL) + Ethanol (62 mL/100mL) + Hydrocortisone acetate (1 g/100g) + Hydrocortisone acetate (1 g/100g) + Isopropyl alcohol (0.7 mL/1mL) + Neomycin sulfate (3.5 mg/1g) + Polymyxin B sulfate (5000 [iU]/1g) + Water (98.6 mL/100mL)Irrigation; Ophthalmic; Respiratory (inhalation); TopicalHoneywell Safety Products USA, Inc.2018-09-13Not applicableUs
CAS number
Average: 58.443
Monoisotopic: 57.958622382
Chemical Formula
InChI Key
sodium chloride



This intravenous solution is indicated for use in adults and pediatric patients as a source of electrolytes and water for hydration. Also, designed for use as a diluent and delivery system for intermittent intravenous administration of compatible drug additives.

Associated Conditions
Associated Therapies

Sodium, the major cation of the extracellular fluid, functions primarily in the control of water distribution, fluid balance, and osmotic pressure of body fluids. Sodium is also associated with chloride and bicarbonate in the regulation of the acid-base equilibrium of body fluid. Chloride, the major extracellular anion, closely follows the metabolism of sodium, and changes in the acid-base balance of the body are reflected by changes in the chloride concentration.

Mechanism of action

Sodium and chloride — major electrolytes of the fluid compartment outside of cells (i.e., extracellular) — work together to control extracellular volume and blood pressure. Disturbances in sodium concentrations in the extracellular fluid are associated with disorders of water balance.

Additional Data Available
Adverse Effects

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Absorption of sodium in the small intestine plays an important role in the absorption of chloride, amino acids, glucose, and water. Chloride, in the form of hydrochloric acid (HCl), is also an important component of gastric juice, which aids the digestion and absorption of many nutrients.

Volume of distribution

The volume of distribution is 0.64 L/kg.

Protein binding

Sodium is not bound by plasma proteins.


The salt that is taken in to gastro intestinal tract remains for the most part unabsorbed as the liquid contents pass through the stomach and small bowel. On reaching the colon this salt, together with the water is taken in to the blood. As excesses are absorbed the kidney is constantly excreting sodium chloride, so that the chloride level in the blood and tissues remains fairly constant.Further more, if the chloride intake ceases, the kidney ceases to excrete chlorides. Body maintains an equilibrium retaining the 300gm of salt dissolved in the blood and fluid elements of the tissue dissociated into sodium ions and chloride ions.

Route of elimination

Substantially excreted by the kidneys. (

Half life

17 minutes.

Not Available

The rare inadvertent intravascular administration or rapid intravascular absorption of hypertonic sodium chloride can cause a shift of tissue fluids into the vascular bed, resulting in hypervolemia, electrolyte disturbances, circulatory failure, pulmonary embolism, or augmented hypertension. ( toxnet)

Affected organisms
Not Available
Not Available
Pharmacogenomic Effects/ADRs
Not Available


Drug Interactions
This information should not be interpreted without the help of a healthcare provider. If you believe you are experiencing an interaction, contact a healthcare provider immediately. The absence of an interaction does not necessarily mean no interactions exist.
Lithium carbonateSodium chloride may increase the excretion rate of Lithium carbonate which could result in a lower serum level and potentially a reduction in efficacy.
Lithium cationSodium chloride may increase the excretion rate of Lithium cation which could result in a lower serum level and potentially a reduction in efficacy.
Lithium citrateSodium chloride may increase the excretion rate of Lithium citrate which could result in a lower serum level and potentially a reduction in efficacy.
Lithium hydroxideSodium chloride may increase the excretion rate of Lithium hydroxide which could result in a lower serum level and potentially a reduction in efficacy.
TolvaptanThe risk or severity of adverse effects can be increased when Sodium chloride is combined with Tolvaptan.
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Food Interactions
No interactions found.


General References
  1. ChemIDplus [Link]
  2. Pubchem [Link]
External Links
KEGG Compound
PubChem Compound
PubChem Substance
ATC Codes
B05XA03 — Sodium chlorideB05CB01 — Sodium chlorideA12CA01 — Sodium chloride
AHFS Codes
  • 40:50.00* — Diluents
  • 52:92.00 — EENT Drugs, Miscellaneous
  • 40:36.00 — Irrigating Solutions
  • 92:00.00 — Miscellaneous Therapeutic Agents
  • 92:92.00 — Other Miscellaneous Therapeutic Agents
  • 40:12.00 — Replacement Preparations
  • 48:92.00 — Respiratory Agents, Miscellaneous
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2RecruitingTreatmentSclerosis, Progressive Systemic1
2TerminatedNot AvailableArrhythmia1
2TerminatedNot AvailableInterstitial Lung Diseases (ILD)1
2TerminatedPreventionDelayed Function of Renal Transplant1
2TerminatedPreventionFlu caused by Influenza1
2TerminatedTreatmentAcute Kidney Injury (AKI)1
2TerminatedTreatmentCerebral Hemorrhage1
2TerminatedTreatmentChronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)1
2TerminatedTreatmentCongestive Heart Failure1
2TerminatedTreatmentCongestive Heart Failure / Impaired kidney function1
2TerminatedTreatmentObstructed Defecation Syndrome (ODS)1
2Unknown StatusPreventionProphylaxis of migraine headaches1
2Unknown StatusTreatmentAlzheimer's Disease (AD)1
2Unknown StatusTreatmentBrain Hypoperfusion1
2Unknown StatusTreatmentChronic Hepatitis C Virus (HCV) Infection1
2Unknown StatusTreatmentCoronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery Patients1
2WithdrawnPreventionCardiac Arrest (CA)1
2WithdrawnTreatmentCerebrovascular Accident, Acute / Edema of the cerebrum1
2WithdrawnTreatmentHemoglobin SC Disease / Sickle Cell Anemia / Sickle Cell Disease (SCD) / Sickle Cell Hemoglobin C Disease1
2WithdrawnTreatmentRestless Legs Syndrome (RLS)1
2, 3Active Not RecruitingTreatmentLeft Ventricular Remodeling / ST Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction (STEMI)1
2, 3Active Not RecruitingTreatmentLow/Intermediate Risk-1 MDS1
2, 3CompletedNot AvailableDegenerative Joint Disease2
2, 3CompletedBasic ScienceCesarean Section; Infection / Surgical Site Infections1
2, 3CompletedPreventionHead Trauma1
2, 3CompletedPreventionHypospadias1
2, 3CompletedPreventionProphylaxis of Contrast-induced nephropathy1
2, 3CompletedSupportive CareHealthy Volunteers1
2, 3CompletedTreatmentCarpal Tunnel Syndrome (CTS)1
2, 3CompletedTreatmentDiabetes Complications1
2, 3CompletedTreatmentFailure of Cervical Dilation as Antepartum Condition / Mild Birth Asphyxia, APGAR 4-7 / Pain, Labor / Prolonged First Stage of Labor1
2, 3CompletedTreatmentMacular Degeneration1
2, 3Not Yet RecruitingSupportive CareIschemic Heart Disease1
2, 3RecruitingTreatmentAcute Lung Injury (ALI) / Novel Coronavirus Infectious Disease (COVID-19)1
2, 3RecruitingTreatmentAcute Post-thoracotomy Pain / Chronic Pain Post-Procedural / Local Anesthesia / Thoracic Neoplasms1
2, 3RecruitingTreatmentHypotension1
2, 3RecruitingTreatmentNovel Coronavirus Infectious Disease (COVID-19)1
2, 3RecruitingTreatmentShock, Septic1
2, 3TerminatedPreventionCardiopulmonary Bypass / Surgery, Cardiac1
2, 3TerminatedTreatmentRespiratory Distress Syndrome, Adult1
2, 3Unknown StatusPreventionProphylaxis of Contrast-induced nephropathy1
2, 3Unknown StatusSupportive CareStillborn Caesarean Section1
3Active Not RecruitingPreventionEarly Ventilation Acquired Pneumonia in Brain Injured Patients1
3Active Not RecruitingTreatmentChronic Migraine / Episodic Migraine1
3Active Not RecruitingTreatmentGeneralized Myasthenia Gravis1
3Active Not RecruitingTreatmentHypoxia / Novel Coronavirus Infectious Disease (COVID-19)1
3Active Not RecruitingTreatmentRelapsing Remitting Multiple Sclerosis (RRMS)1
3CompletedNot AvailableBowel Preparation for Colonoscopy1
3CompletedNot AvailableChronic Renal Failure (CRF) / Hip Fracture1
3CompletedNot AvailableColonoscopy1
3CompletedNot AvailableDegenerative Joint Disease4
3CompletedBasic ScienceHealthy Volunteers1
3CompletedDiagnosticBowel Preparation for Colonoscopy1
3CompletedDiagnosticBowel Preparation, Efficacy, Tolerability, Safety1
3CompletedDiagnosticPatients Who Receive Colonoscopy1
3CompletedOtherBowel Cleansing Efficacy / Unrecognized Condition1
3CompletedOtherDigestive System Diseases1
3CompletedPreventionBacterial Reduction Post-product Application1
3CompletedPreventionClostridium Difficile Associated Disease1
3CompletedPreventionGraft Failure / Ischemia-Reperfusion Injury1
3CompletedPreventionHernia, Femoral / Inguinal Hernias1
3CompletedPreventionPostpartum Haemorrhage (PPH)1
3CompletedScreeningCarcinoma, Colorectal / Colon Cleansing / Colorectal Cancers1
3CompletedSupportive CareBRCA1 Mutations / BRCA2 Mutation / Breast Cancer / Breast Diseases / Neoplasms / Postoperative pain1
3CompletedSupportive CareColon Adenomas / Colorectal Cancers1
3CompletedSupportive CareColonic Diseases / Diabetes Mellitus1
3CompletedTreatmentAnaesthesia therapy2
3CompletedTreatmentBMI >30 kg/m2 / Hypogonadism / Metabolic Syndromes1
3CompletedTreatmentBariatric Surgery Candidate1
3CompletedTreatmentBlood Loss1
3CompletedTreatmentBowel Preparation Prior to Endoscopic, Radiological and Other Examinations as Well as to Surgical Procedures Which Require Empty Bowel1
3CompletedTreatmentBowel preparation therapy1
3CompletedTreatmentBowel preparation therapy / Colonoscopy / Endoscopy1
3CompletedTreatmentCatecholamine-resistant Hypotension (CRH) / Distributive shock / High Output Shock / Sepsis1
3CompletedTreatmentCerebrovascular Accident1
3CompletedTreatmentCirculation, Extracorporeal / Surgery, Cardiac1
3CompletedTreatmentColon Diseases / Colonoscopy Preparation1
3CompletedTreatmentContinuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis therapy / Diabetes / End Stage Renal Disease (ESRD)1
3CompletedTreatmentDiabetes / ESRD1
3CompletedTreatmentDiabetic Foot Ulcers (DFU)1
3CompletedTreatmentEpisodic Cluster Headache1
3CompletedTreatmentGlabellar Frown Lines2
3CompletedTreatmentGlabellar Lines1
3CompletedTreatmentHealthy Volunteers1
3CompletedTreatmentHemorrhagic Hereditary Telangiectasia (HHT)1
3CompletedTreatmentHigh Blood Pressure (Hypertension)1
3CompletedTreatmentHumoral Rejection in Kidney Transplantation1
3CompletedTreatmentIntensive Care1
3CompletedTreatmentLung Cancer Non-Small Cell Cancer (NSCLC) / Non Small Cell Lung Carcinoma (NSCLC)1
3CompletedTreatmentMalignant Neoplasm of Colon1
3CompletedTreatmentNotalgia Paresthetica1
3CompletedTreatmentPain, Chronic1
3CompletedTreatmentPostoperative pain4
3CompletedTreatmentPrimary Total Knee Arthroplasty1
3CompletedTreatmentThyroid Associated Ophthalmopathy / Thyroid Eye Disease1
3CompletedTreatmentTraumatic Brain Injury (TBI)1
3Enrolling by InvitationTreatmentFusion of Spine (Disease)1
3Not Yet RecruitingPreventionChemotherapy Induced Peripheral Neuropathy (CIPN) / Chemotherapy-induced Peripheral Neuropathy (CIPN) / Fallopian Tube Cancer / Ovarian Cancer / Primary Peritoneal Carcinoma / Recurrent Ovarian Carcinoma1
3Not Yet RecruitingPreventionOvarian Hyperstimulation Syndrome1
3Not Yet RecruitingTreatmentAcute Myocardial Infarction With Right Ventricular Extension1
3Not Yet RecruitingTreatmentDelirium1
3Not Yet RecruitingTreatmentExercise-Induced Bronchospasm1
3Not Yet RecruitingTreatmentGeneral Surgery / Pain1
3Not Yet RecruitingTreatmentIntrauterine Growth Restriction1
3Not Yet RecruitingTreatmentPostpartum Haemorrhage (PPH)1
3Not Yet RecruitingTreatmentPostural Orthostatic Tachycardia Syndrome (POTS)1
3Not Yet RecruitingTreatmentPremenstrual Syndrome-PMS1
3Not Yet RecruitingTreatmentVasospasm1
3RecruitingPreventionBreast Cancer / Cervical Cancers / Endometrial Cancer / Head Cancer Neck / Lung Cancers / Malignant Neoplasm of Esophagus / Ovarian Cancer1
3RecruitingPreventionTraumatic Brain Injury (TBI)1
3RecruitingTreatmentAcute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS) / Novel Coronavirus Infectious Disease (COVID-19)1
3RecruitingTreatmentAmbulatory Plastic Surgery / Esthetic Prosthetic Breast Expansion1
3RecruitingTreatmentBacterial Sinusitis / Chronic Lung Diseases / Cystic Fibrosis (CF)1
3RecruitingTreatmentBowel Preparation Before Colonoscopy1
3RecruitingTreatmentCardiopulmonary Bypass / Surgery, Cardiac1
3RecruitingTreatmentChronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)1
3RecruitingTreatmentCluster Headache1
3RecruitingTreatmentDelayed Graft Function / End Stage Kidney Disease / Kidney Transplant; Complications1
3RecruitingTreatmentElective Surgery for Any Digestive Cancer1
3RecruitingTreatmentGeneral Surgery / Malignancies / Tumour1
3RecruitingTreatmentGlabellar Frown Lines1
3RecruitingTreatmentIcu Delirium1
3RecruitingTreatmentInflammatory Reaction / Neuralgia / Pain, Chronic1
3RecruitingTreatmentInguinal Hernias / Local Anesthesia / Sedation, Conscious1
3RecruitingTreatmentIron Deficiency / Iron-Deficiency / Transplant-Related Disorder1
3RecruitingTreatmentKidney Transplant Rejection / Renal Transplant Failure1
3RecruitingTreatmentLabor (Obstetrics)--Complications / Labor; Prolonged, First Stage1
3RecruitingTreatmentLiver Cirrhosis1
3RecruitingTreatmentLocoregional Analgesia / Locoregional Analgesia in Breast Surgery / Neoplasms, Breast1
3RecruitingTreatmentMigraine Disorders1
3RecruitingTreatmentMyofascial Pain Syndrome / Pain Syndrome / Pain, Head / Temporomandibular Disorders1
3RecruitingTreatmentPain, Intractable1
3RecruitingTreatmentPlantar fascial fibromatosis1
3RecruitingTreatmentProlonged Labour1
3RecruitingTreatmentTotal Blood Loss1
3SuspendedTreatmentHidradenitis Suppurativa (HS)1
3TerminatedPreventionAcute Kidney Injury (AKI) / Impaired kidney function1
3TerminatedTreatmentAcute Kidney Injury (AKI) / Necrotizing Soft Tissue Infections / Peritonitis1
3TerminatedTreatmentAnemia / Heart Failure / Iron Deficiency1
3TerminatedTreatmentBack Pain Lower Back Chronic / Back Pain, Unspecified / Internal Disc Disruption / Intervertebral Disc Degeneration1
3TerminatedTreatmentBurn Injuries / Inhalation Injury1
3TerminatedTreatmentCastrate-resistant Prostate Cancer (CRPC) / Hormone Refractory Prostate Cancer / Hormone-Refractory Prostate Cancer1
3TerminatedTreatmentCongestive Heart Failure1
3TerminatedTreatmentIllness, Critical1
3TerminatedTreatmentLung Cancer Non-Small Cell Cancer (NSCLC)1
3TerminatedTreatmentPain, Chronic1
3TerminatedTreatmentStroke, Ischemic1
3Unknown StatusDiagnosticColonoscopy1
3Unknown StatusPreventionAcute Renal Failure (ARF)1
3Unknown StatusPreventionModerate Hypoxic Ischemic Encephalopathy / Severe Hypoxic Ischemic Encephalopathy1
3Unknown StatusTreatmentCystic Fibrosis (CF)1
3Unknown StatusTreatmentRejection, Transplant1
3WithdrawnPreventionPlacenta Accreta1
3WithdrawnPreventionPostoperative pain / Satisfaction1
3WithdrawnTreatmentOther Complications of Obstetric Anesthesia - Delivered / Pain, Obstetric1
4Active Not RecruitingDiagnosticColon Adenomas / Colon Lesion / Colon Polyps1
4Active Not RecruitingTreatmentAbdominal Wall Hernia / Bowel Diseases / Gastric Diseases / Gastric Outlet Obstruction / Pancreatic Diseases1
4Active Not RecruitingTreatmentBlood Loss,Surgical1
4Active Not RecruitingTreatmentEndothelial Dysfunction / Iron Toxicity / Oxidative Stress / Renal Anemia1
4Active Not RecruitingTreatmentHealthy Volunteers1
4Active Not RecruitingTreatmentPrader-Willi Syndrome1
4Active Not RecruitingTreatmentImpaired kidney function1
4CompletedNot AvailableBrain Swelling1
4CompletedNot AvailableColonoscopy1
4CompletedNot AvailableCorneal Staining1
4CompletedNot AvailableDry Eye1
4CompletedNot AvailableTransplant, Kidney1
4CompletedBasic ScienceBlood Pressures / Overdose of Beta-adrenergic Blocking Drug / Overdose, Drug1
4CompletedBasic ScienceFunctional Constipation / Irritable Bowel Syndrome Characterized by Constipation1
4CompletedDiagnosticProstate Cancer1
4CompletedHealth Services ResearchGeneral Surgery / Sedation1
4CompletedOtherInjection Site Reactions1
4CompletedPreventionAcute Kidney Injury (AKI)1
4CompletedPreventionAgeing / Death / Delirium / Dexmedetomidine / Long-Term Survivors / Surgical Procedures, Operative1
4CompletedPreventionC.Surgical Procedure; Cardiac / Delirium / Postoperative Complications1
4CompletedPreventionChronic Migraine / Migraine1
4CompletedPreventionContrast Induced Acute Kidney Injury1
4CompletedPreventionCoronary Bypass Graft Stenosis1
4CompletedPreventionDeath / Dexmedetomidine / Long-term Outcome / Quality of Life / Surgery, Cardiac1
4CompletedPreventionDelirium on Emergence / Inhalational Anesthetics Adverse Reaction / Strabismus Following Ocular Surgery1
4CompletedPreventionDiphtheria / Meningitis / Meningococcal sepsis / Pertussis / Tetanus1
4CompletedPreventionEmergent Coronary Procedure1
4CompletedPreventionHemorrhage of Cesarean Section and/or Perineal Wound / Postpartum Haemorrhage (PPH)1
4CompletedPreventionHysterectomy / Methylprednisolone / Postoperative pain1
4CompletedPreventionIschemia-Reperfusion Injury1
4CompletedPreventionNeoplasms, Brain1
4CompletedPreventionOsteoarthritis of the Knee1
4CompletedPreventionPerioperative/Postoperative Complications1
4CompletedPreventionPost Operative Nausea and Vomiting (PONV) / Postoperative pain1
4CompletedPreventionTransient Hypothyroxinemia1
4CompletedScreeningColorectal Cancers1
4CompletedSupportive CareAdjunct Anesthesia Medication / Colonoscopy1
4CompletedSupportive CareBMI >30 kg/m2 / General Surgery / Neuromuscular Inhibition / Pain1
4CompletedSupportive CareFecal Incontinence / Neurogenic Bowel Dysfunction1
4CompletedSupportive CareFracture, Ankle1
4CompletedSupportive CarePostoperative pain1
4CompletedTreatmentAPD / Continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis therapy / Diabetes / ESRD1
4CompletedTreatmentAbdominoplasty / Postoperative pain1
4CompletedTreatmentAnalgesics / Pain, Chronic / Postoperative pain1
4CompletedTreatmentAggressive reaction / Anxiety / Depression / Fatigue / Postoperative Period1
4CompletedTreatmentArthroplasty, Replacement, Knee / Complications; Arthroplasty / Knee Injuries1
4CompletedTreatmentBariatric Surgery Candidate / Postoperative pain1
4CompletedTreatmentBowel Preparation for Colonoscopy1
4CompletedTreatmentCalcifying Tendinitis of Shoulder1
4CompletedTreatmentCardiopulmonary Bypass / Surgery, Cardiac1
4CompletedTreatmentCesarean Section / Post Operative Nausea and Vomiting (PONV) / Spinal Anaesthesia1
4CompletedTreatmentChronic Kidney Disease (CKD) / Heart Failure / Iron Deficiency1
4CompletedTreatmentChronic Kidney Disease (CKD) / Peritoneal dialysis therapy1
4CompletedTreatmentColon Cleansing1
4CompletedTreatmentColon Cleansing for Colonoscopy1
4CompletedTreatmentColorectal Cleansing Prior Operation1
4CompletedTreatmentCommunity Acquired Pneumonia (CAP)1
4CompletedTreatmentContrast Induced Nephropathy (CIN) / Prophylaxis of Contrast-induced nephropathy1
4CompletedTreatmentDelayed Bleeding / Post procedural complication / Post-Polypectomy Syndrome / Postoperative Hemorrhages1
4CompletedTreatmentDelirium / Postoperative Cognitive Deficit (POCD)1
4CompletedTreatmentDrug Interaction Potentiation / Myocardial Infarction / VA Drug Interactions [VA Drug Interaction]1
4CompletedTreatmentEndocrine ophthalmopathy1
4CompletedTreatmentEpicondylitis, Lateral Humeral / Lateral Epicondylitis1
4CompletedTreatmentFemale Infertility / Subfertility1
4CompletedTreatmentFemur Fractures / Postoperative pain1
4CompletedTreatmentFevers / Illness, Critical1
4CompletedTreatmentFracture, Ankle / Postoperative pain1
4CompletedTreatmentGastrointestinal Diseases1
4CompletedTreatmentHeadache / Migraine Disorders1
4CompletedTreatmentHepatic Encephalopathy (HE)1
4CompletedTreatmentHip Fracture1
4CompletedTreatmentInterstitial Cystitis1
4CompletedTreatmentMalignant Neoplasm of Colon1
4CompletedTreatmentMethylnaltrexone / Morphine / ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction (STEMI) / Ticagrelor1
4CompletedTreatmentNeoplasms, Hepatic1
4CompletedTreatmentNon ST Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction (NSTEMI) / ST Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction (STEMI) / VA Drug Interactions / VA Drug Interactions [VA Drug Interaction]1
4CompletedTreatmentOSAS (Obstructive Sleep Apneas Syndrome) / Psoriasis1
4CompletedTreatmentObturator Nerve Block / Total Hip Replacement1
4CompletedTreatmentOpioid Induced Pharyngeal and Esophageal Dysfunction1
4CompletedTreatmentOsteoarthritis (OA)2
4CompletedTreatmentOsteoarthritis (OA) of the Knee1
4CompletedTreatmentOsteoarthritis (OA) / Pain, Chronic1
4CompletedTreatmentPain on IV Injection of Propofol1
4CompletedTreatmentParkinson's Disease (PD)1
4CompletedTreatmentPharmacological Action (PA)1
4CompletedTreatmentPostoperative pain2
4CompletedTreatmentPreparation for Colonoscopy1
4CompletedTreatmentSickle Cell Anemia Crisis1
4CompletedTreatmentSubjets Requiring a Colonoscopy1
4Enrolling by InvitationDiagnosticColonoscopy1
4Enrolling by InvitationTreatmentAcute Lung Injury (ALI) / ARDS, Human / Novel Coronavirus Infectious Disease (COVID-19)1
4Enrolling by InvitationTreatmentDepression / Depression Acute / Depression and Suicide / Depression Severe / Suicidal Thoughts1
4Enrolling by InvitationTreatmentOsteoarthritis of the Knee1
4Not Yet RecruitingBasic ScienceBMI >30 kg/m2 / Type2 Diabetes1
4Not Yet RecruitingBasic ScienceDeglutition1
4Not Yet RecruitingBasic ScienceFatigue / Iron Deficiency / Iron-Deficiency1
4Not Yet RecruitingBasic ScienceAdjunct to general anesthesia therapy / Hemodynamics Instability / Intravenous Anesthesia1
4Not Yet RecruitingOtherPost Operative Nausea and Vomiting (PONV) / Postoperative pain / Tonsillar Bleeding1
4Not Yet RecruitingPreventionCentral Nervous System Diseases1
4Not Yet RecruitingPreventionChronic Lung Disease of Prematurity / Respiratory Distress Syndrome1
4Not Yet RecruitingPreventionOsteoarthritis of the Knee1
4Not Yet RecruitingSupportive CareBacterial Sinusitis / Otorhinolaryngologic Diseases1
4Not Yet RecruitingSupportive CareCesarean Section / Parturition / Spinal Anaesthesia1
4Not Yet RecruitingSupportive CareColorectal Cancers1
4Not Yet RecruitingTreatmentArthroplasty, Knee Replacement / Postoperative pain1
4Not Yet RecruitingTreatmentBlood Loss Anemia1
4Not Yet RecruitingTreatmentLocal Anesthesia / Spinal Diseases1
4Not Yet RecruitingTreatmentMyoclonus1
4Not Yet RecruitingTreatmentRenal Colic1
4Not Yet RecruitingTreatmentShock, Septic1
4RecruitingBasic ScienceNephrotoxicity1
4RecruitingBasic SciencePharyngeal Dysfunction / Pharyngeal Swallowing1
4RecruitingDiagnosticBowel Preparation Solutions1
4RecruitingDiagnosticUlcerative Colitis1
4RecruitingHealth Services ResearchColorectal Cancers1
4RecruitingPreventionBipolar Affective Disorders1
4RecruitingSupportive CareBleeding Reduction1
4RecruitingTreatmentAbdominal Pain / Dyspepsia / Heartburn / Hematemesis1
4RecruitingTreatmentAcute Myocardial Infarction (AMI)1
4RecruitingTreatmentAcute on Chronic Liver Failure / Acute-On-Chronic Liver Failure / Hepatic Encephalopathy (HE)1
4RecruitingTreatmentAnalgesic Adverse Reaction1
4RecruitingTreatmentBariatric Surgery Candidate1
4RecruitingTreatmentBreast Diseases / Neoplasms / Neoplasms by Site / Neoplasms, Breast / Skin Diseases1
4RecruitingTreatmentBreast Pain / Effect of Drugs / Local Anesthesia1
4RecruitingTreatmentCardiopulmonary Bypass / Surgery, Cardiac1
4RecruitingTreatmentCerebral Palsy (CP) / Spasticity, Muscle1
4RecruitingTreatmentChild, Only / Pain / Remifentanil / Tonsillectomy1
4RecruitingTreatmentChildhood Asthma With Status Asthmaticus1
4RecruitingTreatmentChronic Inflammatory Demyelinating Polyneuropathy (CIDP) / Diabetes Mellitus / Peripheral neuropathy1
4RecruitingTreatmentChronic Migraine1
4RecruitingTreatmentChronic Pain Post-Proceduraal / Post Operative Nausea and Vomiting (PONV) / Postoperative pain1
4RecruitingTreatmentCommunity Acquired Pneumonia (CAP)1
4RecruitingTreatmentGeneral Surgery / Minor burns / Tranexamic Acid / Wounds and Injuries1
4RecruitingTreatmentIntravenous Drug Usage / Iron Deficiency Anemia (IDA) / Iron-Deficiency Anemias / Neoplasms, Colorectal / Surgery, Colorectal1
4RecruitingTreatmentPituitary Neoplasms1
4RecruitingTreatmentPostoperative pain1
4RecruitingTreatmentCaudal epidural block therapy / Postoperative pain1
4RecruitingTreatmentProstate Cancer / Renal Cancers1
4RecruitingTreatmentST Elevation Myocardial Infarction (STEMI)1
4RecruitingTreatmentST Elevation Myocardial Infarction / ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction (STEMI)1
4RecruitingTreatmentUnstable Angina Pectoris1
4RecruitingTreatmentMinor burns1
4SuspendedTreatmentAortic Valve Disorder / Atrial Septal Defect (ASD) / Diseases of Mitral Valve / Intracardiac Myxoma1
4TerminatedOtherGlucose Metabolism Disorders (Including Diabetes Mellitus) / Iron Deficiency / Iron Toxicity / Iron-Deficiency / Metabolic Disorder, Glucose / Metabolic Side Effects of Drugs / Safety Issues1
4TerminatedPreventionAcute Renal Failure (ARF) / Contrast Media1
4TerminatedPreventionAdenoiditis / Adenotonsillar Hypertrophy / OSAS (Obstructive Sleep Apneas Syndrome) / Tonsillitis1
4TerminatedPreventionInfants, Premature1
4TerminatedTreatmentAbdominal Injuries1
4TerminatedTreatmentFluid Overload / Illness, Critical / Sepsis / Shock, Septic1
4TerminatedTreatmentForearm Fractures1
4TerminatedTreatmentHip Arthroplasty1
4TerminatedTreatmentHip Fracture1
4TerminatedTreatmentHypertriglyceridemias / Peritoneal dialysis therapy1
4TerminatedTreatmentMorphine Adverse Reaction / Pain1
4TerminatedTreatmentOsteoarthritis of the Hip1
4TerminatedTreatmentRadiculopathy, Cervical1
4TerminatedTreatmentRenal Cancers1
4TerminatedTreatmentTrigger Finger Disorder1
4Unknown StatusHealth Services ResearchColonoscopy1
4Unknown StatusPreventionBradycardia / Hypoxemia1
4Unknown StatusTreatmentBacteremia / Catheter Related Infections1
4Unknown StatusTreatmentBone Mineral Density / Bone Turnover Markers / Image Changes of Lumbar Fusion1
4Unknown StatusTreatmentBronchiolitis / Wheezing1
4WithdrawnPreventionMigraine Disorders1
4WithdrawnSupportive CareChest Pain / Postoperative pain1
4WithdrawnTreatmentHip Fracture1
4WithdrawnTreatmentWomen With Fertility Disorder1
Not AvailableActive Not RecruitingNot AvailableCerebral Palsy (CP) / Neuromuscular Diseases1
Not AvailableActive Not RecruitingPreventionCardio-Renal Syndrome1
Not AvailableActive Not RecruitingTreatmentOsteoarthritis of the Knee1
Not AvailableCompletedNot Available"Migraine-like" Headache / Migraine-like Headache1
Not AvailableCompletedNot AvailableAsthma1
Not AvailableCompletedNot AvailableEase of Bowel Preparation and Patient Tolerability / Efficacy of Bowel Preparation1
Not AvailableCompletedNot AvailableEffectiveness of SMS to Fix PC Interval1
Not AvailableCompletedNot AvailableHeadache1
Not AvailableCompletedNot AvailableHyponatremia1
Not AvailableCompletedNot AvailablePostoperative Residual Paralysis1
Not AvailableCompletedNot AvailableSpinal Cord Injuries (SCI)1
Not AvailableCompletedNot AvailableThe Timing of Bowel Preparation in Outpatient Colonoscopy1
Not AvailableCompletedBasic ScienceBMI >30 kg/m2 / Diabetes1
Not AvailableCompletedBasic SciencePancreatic Fistula1
Not AvailableCompletedBasic SciencePerfusions1
Not AvailableCompletedBasic SciencePuberty, Precocious1
Not AvailableCompletedBasic ScienceTyphoid Vaccine on Sleep1
Not AvailableCompletedDiagnosticBowel preparation therapy1
Not AvailableCompletedDiagnosticDiabetes Mellitus1
Not AvailableCompletedDiagnosticHigh Blood Pressure (Hypertension)1
Not AvailableCompletedDiagnosticPain1
Not AvailableCompletedDiagnosticTransesophageal Echocardiography Contrast Agents1
Not AvailableCompletedHealth Services ResearchAcute Kidney Injury (AKI)1
Not AvailableCompletedOtherAdiposity1
Not AvailableCompletedOtherBariatric Surgery Candidate / Impaired Glucose Tolerance / Insulin Resistance1
Not AvailableCompletedOtherEndothelial Dysfunction / High Blood Pressure (Hypertension)1
Not AvailableCompletedOtherHypersensitivity1
Not AvailableCompletedOtherPhotoallergy1
Not AvailableCompletedOtherStress Urinary Incontinence (SUI)1
Not AvailableCompletedOtherSunscreen Agents1
Not AvailableCompletedPreventionAcute Renal Failure Contrast Nephropathy1
Not AvailableCompletedPreventionAgeing / Death / Delirium / Dexmedetomidine / Long-Term Survivors / Operative1
Not AvailableCompletedPreventionAnaesthesia therapy1
Not AvailableCompletedPreventionAnemia / Transfusions1
Not AvailableCompletedPreventionAnesthesia Morbidity / Children / Delirium on Emergence1
Not AvailableCompletedPreventionCardio-Renal Syndrome1
Not AvailableCompletedPreventionHemolytic-uremic Syndrome (HUS) / Hemorrhagic Colitis / Intestinal Infection Due to E. Coli / Intestinal Infectious Disease1
Not AvailableCompletedPreventionHuman Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Infections1
Not AvailableCompletedPreventionHyponatremia / Metabolic Bone Disease1
Not AvailableCompletedPreventionHypotension1
Not AvailableCompletedPreventionMucositis / Multiple Myeloma (MM)1
Not AvailableCompletedPreventionSecondary Hyperalgesia1
Not AvailableCompletedSupportive CareLower Extremities Fracture1
Not AvailableCompletedSupportive CareSialorrhea1
Not AvailableCompletedTreatmentAddison's Disease1
Not AvailableCompletedTreatmentAnaesthesia therapy / Nociceptive Pain / Opioids Use / Perioperative/Postoperative Complications1
Not AvailableCompletedTreatmentAortic Valve Stenosis1
Not AvailableCompletedTreatmentBacterial Sinusitis / Cystic Fibrosis (CF)1
Not AvailableCompletedTreatmentBlood Pressures / Epistaxis1
Not AvailableCompletedTreatmentBronchiolitis2
Not AvailableCompletedTreatmentCardiac Arrest (CA)1
Not AvailableCompletedTreatmentCirrhosis With Septic Shock1
Not AvailableCompletedTreatmentDry Eye1
Not AvailableCompletedTreatmentEnd Stage Renal Disease (ESRD)1
Not AvailableCompletedTreatmentHeart Disease Congenital Complex1
Not AvailableCompletedTreatmentHepatic Encephalopathy (HE) / Liver Cirrhosis / Portosystemic Encephalopathy / PSE1
Not AvailableCompletedTreatmentHypotension1
Not AvailableCompletedTreatmentIntubations / Mucus Obstruction1
Not AvailableCompletedTreatmentMicrovascular Decompression Surgery / Post Operative Nausea and Vomiting (PONV)1
Not AvailableCompletedTreatmentOsteoarthritis of the Knee1
Not AvailableCompletedTreatmentPostoperative pain1
Not AvailableCompletedTreatmentRotator Cuff Tears / Shoulder Arthorscopy Surgery / Surgical Blood Loss / Tranexamic Acid1
Not AvailableCompletedTreatmentSpine Surgery1
Not AvailableCompletedTreatmentStings1
Not AvailableCompletedTreatmentStroke, Ischemic1
Not AvailableCompletedTreatmentUndifferentiated Arthritis1
Not AvailableEnrolling by InvitationNot AvailableEhlers-Danlos Syndrome / Local Anesthesia1
Not AvailableNot Yet RecruitingBasic ScienceHeart Failure1
Not AvailableNot Yet RecruitingOtherIllness, Critical / Infusion Fluid / Sodium Disorder / Subarachnoid Hemorrhage1
Not AvailableNot Yet RecruitingOtherPost Operative Pain1
Not AvailableNot Yet RecruitingPreventionAnalgesia, Postoperative1
Not AvailableNot Yet RecruitingPreventionCardioplegia Solution Adverse Reaction1
Not AvailableNot Yet RecruitingScreeningActual Impaired Fluid Volume1
Not AvailableNot Yet RecruitingTreatmentLactate / Severe Sepsis With Septic Shock1
Not AvailableRecruitingNot AvailableChronic Subdural Hematomas1
Not AvailableRecruitingNot AvailableCommunity Acquired Pneumonia (CAP)1
Not AvailableRecruitingNot AvailableDigestive Illness1
Not AvailableRecruitingNot AvailableHyponatremia1
Not AvailableRecruitingNot AvailableTraumatic Brain Injury (TBI)1
Not AvailableRecruitingDiagnosticColorectal Disorders1
Not AvailableRecruitingDiagnosticGastrointestinal Imaging With pCLE1
Not AvailableRecruitingHealth Services ResearchRoux-en-Y Bariatric Surgery1
Not AvailableRecruitingPreventionAcute Kidney Injury (AKI)1
Not AvailableRecruitingPreventionIntrauterine Adhesions1
Not AvailableRecruitingPreventionST Elevation Myocardial Infarction / ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction (STEMI)1
Not AvailableRecruitingScreeningColonoscopy1
Not AvailableRecruitingTreatmentCarcinogenic Fatigue1
Not AvailableRecruitingTreatmentCerebral Hemorrhage / Intracerebral Hemorrhage, Stroke1
Not AvailableRecruitingTreatmentChronic Skin Ulcers1
Not AvailableRecruitingTreatmentDigestive Tract1
Not AvailableRecruitingTreatmentEpistaxis1
Not AvailableRecruitingTreatmentHealthy Volunteers1
Not AvailableRecruitingTreatmentIntussusception1
Not AvailableRecruitingTreatmentMalignant Neoplasm of Stomach / Postoperative pain1
Not AvailableTerminatedDiagnosticColonoscopy1
Not AvailableTerminatedPreventionAcute Kidney Injury (AKI) / Cardiac Diseases / General Surgery1
Not AvailableTerminatedPreventionDeath, Brain1
Not AvailableTerminatedPreventionRadiographic Contrast Agent Nephropathy1
Not AvailableTerminatedTreatmentEquinus Contracture1
Not AvailableTerminatedTreatmentPregnancy1
Not AvailableUnknown StatusBasic ScienceHealthy Volunteers1
Not AvailableUnknown StatusDiagnosticBowel Preparation for Colonoscopy1
Not AvailableUnknown StatusDiagnosticColonic Adenomas1
Not AvailableUnknown StatusDiagnosticTuberculosis Infection1
Not AvailableUnknown StatusTreatmentIdiopathic Scoliosis1
Not AvailableWithdrawnHealth Services ResearchFemoroacetabular Impingement1
Not AvailableWithdrawnScreeningPatients Undergoing Screening or Surveillance Colonoscopy1
Not AvailableWithdrawnTreatmentAltered Mental Status / AMS / HE / Hepatic Encephalopathy (HE) / Liver Cirrhosis1
Not AvailableWithdrawnTreatmentCesarean Section1
Not AvailableWithdrawnTreatmentChondral Lesions / Femoroacetabular Impingement1
Not AvailableWithdrawnTreatmentColonoscopy1
Not AvailableWithdrawnTreatmentTraumatic Brain Injury (TBI)1


Not Available
Not Available
Dosage forms
KitIrrigation; Ophthalmic; Respiratory (inhalation); Topical
KitIrrigation; Ophthalmic; Topical
KitIntradermal; Subcutaneous
Powder, for solutionIntraocular
Aerosol, sprayNasal20 mg/100mL
LiquidNasal11.25 mg/1mL
SprayAuricular (otic)11.25 mg/1mL
SprayOral37.5 mg/1mL
SprayNasal0.9 g/100mL
LiquidRespiratory (inhalation)
Powder, for solutionHemodialysis
Kit; powder, for solution; tablet, delayed releaseOral
Kit; powder, for solutionHemodialysis
Liquid; powder, for solutionSubcutaneous
LiquidOral0.5 g/100mL
Aerosol, meteredRespiratory (inhalation)
Kit; solutionIntraocular
SolutionNasal; Ophthalmic900 mg/100mL
SwabTopical0.9 g/100mL
LiquidNasal6.5 mg/1mL
Powder, for solutionNasogastric
LiquidEpidural; Infiltration; Subcutaneous
Injection, solutionIntraperitoneal
InjectionSubcutaneous4.5 mg/0.5mL
LiquidIntradermal; Percutaneous; Subcutaneous
KitEpidural; Infiltration; Intracaudal; Subcutaneous; Topical
SprayNasal0.39 mL/60mL
Enema; kit; tabletRectal
SprayNasal30 mg/1mL
KitEpidural; Infiltration
SolutionNasal0.29 mg/44mL
Kit; liquid; powder, for solutionIntramuscular; Subcutaneous
Powder, for solutionNasogastric; Oral
SolutionExtracorporeal9 g
SolutionExtracorporeal900 mg/100mL
Liquid; powder, for solutionIntramuscular
LiquidNasal.65 g/100mL
SolutionHemodialysis; Intraperitoneal
KitIntravenous; Topical
LiquidInfiltration; Subcutaneous; Topical
Solution, for slushIrrigation
Powder, for solutionSubcutaneous
SolutionOphthalmic20 mg/1mL
SolutionOphthalmic50 mg/1mL
LiquidIntraocular; Ophthalmic
LotionTopical.65 mL/100mL
SprayNasal9.5 mg/1mL
SprayNasal2600 mg/100mL
SprayNasal3 mL/100mL
SprayNasal1.2 mg/10mL
Kit; solutionIntraocular; Irrigation
TabletOral1 g/1
Injection, solution, concentrateIntravenous
Liquid; mouthwash
LiquidIntradermal; Subcutaneous
Injection, solutionIntravenous
Injection, solutionIntra-arterial
Powder, for solutionOral
SolutionHemodialysis; Intravenous
Powder, for solutionIntravenous
Liquid; powder, for solutionIntramuscular; Subcutaneous
PatchTransdermal0.03 g/1g
Kit; liquid; powderIntralesional; Subcutaneous
Liquid; powder, for solutionIntravenous; Subcutaneous
Powder, for solutionIntramuscular; Subcutaneous
SprayNasal6.5 mg/1mL
SprayOral6.5 mg/1mL
SprayNasal2.65 mg/100mL
Powder, for solutionNasal
InhalantRespiratory (inhalation)0.9 mg/100mL
InjectionIntramuscular; Intravenous; Subcutaneous0.9 mg/10mL
InjectionIntramuscular; Intravenous; Subcutaneous234 mg/1mL
InjectionIntramuscular; Intravenous; Subcutaneous9 mg/1mL
InjectionIntravascular.9 mg/1mL
InjectionIntravenous0.45 g/50mL
InjectionIntravenous0.9 g/100mL
InjectionIntravenous450 mg/100mL
InjectionIntravenous450 mg/50mL
InjectionIntravenous9 mg/1mL
InjectionIntravenous900 mg/100mL
InjectionIntravenous900 mg/1000mL
Injection, solutionIntramuscular; Intravenous; Subcutaneous234 mg/1mL
Injection, solutionIntramuscular; Intravenous; Subcutaneous9 mg/1mL
Injection, solutionIntravenous0.45 g/100mL
Injection, solutionIntravenous0.9 g/100mL
Injection, solutionIntravenous146 mg/1mL
Injection, solutionIntravenous234 mg/1mL
Injection, solutionIntravenous3 g/100mL
Injection, solutionIntravenous4.5 g/1000mL
Injection, solutionIntravenous450 mg/50mL
Injection, solutionIntravenous450 mg/100mL
Injection, solutionIntravenous5 g/100mL
Injection, solutionIntravenous9 g/1000mL
Injection, solutionIntravenous9 mg/1mL
Injection, solutionIntravenous9 g/1
Injection, solutionIntravenous900 mg/100mL
Injection, solution, concentrateIntravenous2.92 g/20mL
Injection, solution, concentrateIntravenous234 mg/1mL
Injection, solution, concentrateIntravenous5.84 g/40mL
IrrigantIrrigation0.9 g/100mL
IrrigantIrrigation450 mg/100mL
IrrigantIrrigation9 g/1000mL
IrrigantIrrigation900 mg/100mL
OintmentOphthalmic50 mg/1g
SolutionIntravenous0.45 g/100mL
SolutionIntravenous0.9 g/100mL
SolutionRespiratory (inhalation)0.027 mg/3mL
Solution / dropsOphthalmic50 mg/1mL
LiquidIntravenous; Subcutaneous
LiquidIntramuscular; Intravenous; Subcutaneous
SolutionIrrigation0.9 g/100mL
InhalantRespiratory (inhalation)9 g/1L
SolutionIntramuscular; Intraperitoneal; Intravenous; Subcutaneous
SolutionIntramuscular; Intravenous; Subcutaneous
SolutionIntravenous; Subcutaneous
LiquidIrrigation; Topical
SolutionIntraperitoneal; Irrigation
SolutionIntraperitoneal; Irrigation; Topical
Injection, solution, concentrateIntravenous; Subcutaneous234 mg/1mL
SolutionRespiratory (inhalation)
SolutionRespiratory (inhalation)
Liquid; powder, for solutionIntravenous
SprayNasal3 g/100g
SprayNasal.65 g/100mL
KitIntramuscular; Intravenous
Granule, for solutionNasal
Not Available
Patent NumberPediatric ExtensionApprovedExpires (estimated)
Additional Data Available
  • Filed On
    Filed On

    The date on which a patent was filed with the relevant government.

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Experimental Properties
Not Available
Predicted Properties
Water Solubility108.0 mg/mLALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)3.09ChemAxon
Physiological Charge1ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count0ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count0ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area0 Å2ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count0ChemAxon
Refractivity0 m3·mol-1ChemAxon
Polarizability1.78 Å3ChemAxon
Number of Rings0ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterNoChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleNoChemAxon
Predicted ADMET features
Not Available


Mass Spec (NIST)
Not Available
Not Available


This compound belongs to the class of inorganic compounds known as alkali metal chlorides. These are inorganic compounds in which the largest halogen atom is Chlorine, and the heaviest metal atom is an alkali metal.
Inorganic compounds
Super Class
Mixed metal/non-metal compounds
Alkali metal salts
Sub Class
Alkali metal chlorides
Direct Parent
Alkali metal chlorides
Alternative Parents
Inorganic sodium salts / Inorganic chloride salts
Alkali metal chloride / Inorganic chloride salt / Inorganic sodium salt / Inorganic salt
Molecular Framework
Not Available
External Descriptors
inorganic chloride, inorganic sodium salt (CHEBI:26710)

Drug created on October 01, 2015 13:54 / Updated on July 01, 2020 21:35

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