|DB11135||Selenium||For the supplementation of total parenteral nutrition to prevent hyposelenemia [FDA Label].|
|DB00326||Calcium glucoheptonate||For treatment of mild hypocalcemia due to neonatal tetany, tetany due to parathyroid deficiency or vitamin D deficiency, and alkalosis, as prophylaxis of hypocalcemia during exchange transfusions, in the treatment of intestinal malabsorption, and to replenish electrolytes.|
|DB00761||Potassium chloride||For use as an electrolyte replenisher and in the treatment of hypokalemia.|
|DB03088||Pidolic Acid||There is currently no clinically approved and/or marketed medicine that relies upon pidolic acid as an active ingredient for any formal therapeutic indication.
Although pidolic acid may be sold in a variety of non-prescription, over-the-counter dietary supplement products for cognitive or memory enhancement, there are many studies that suggest that such products or such supplementation do not elicit any kind of cognitive benefit to users [A32981, A32982]. In fact, the general suggestion for any such pidolic acid product is to exercise caution in their recommendation as much more research is necessary [A32981].
Pidolic acid and sodium pidolic acid are, however, used to some extent in skin and hair conditioning agents owing to their humectant characteristics [F53].|
|DB09125||Potassium Citrate||For the management of renal tubular acidosis, hypocitraturic calcium oxalate nephrolithiasis, and uric acid lithiasis with or without calcium stones.|
|DB11068||Selenic acid||Indicated for use as a nutritional supplement. |
|DB11093||Calcium Citrate||For use as an over the counter calcium supplement.|
|DB11098||Potassium bicarbonate||Potassium bicarbonate is used as an antacid, electrolyte replenisher and potassium supplement. It can also be used as an excipient in drug formulations.[L1837] An antacid is a medication used to neutralize gastric acid in a short timeframe after ingestion and the effect is soon overcome by meal-stimulated acid secretion.[A32214]|
|DB11126||Calcium gluconate||Oral calcium salts are used as dietary supplemental therapy for person who may not get enough calcium in their regular diet. Calcium gluconate is used as a cardioprotective agent in high blood potassium. Calcium gluconate is the antidote for magnesium sulfate toxicity.|
Selenium injection is indicated for use as a supplement to intravenous solutions given for total parenteral nutrition (TPN). Administration of selenious acid in TPN formulas helps to maintain plasma selenium levels and also to maintain endogenous stores to prevent deficiency [L1922].
Selenium compounds, such as selenium sulfide, are used topically in anti-dandruff shampoos and in cases of seborrhea [L1916].
For the purpose of brevity, selenite will the focus of discussion, and more information about selenium can be obtained at [DB11135].|
|DB11248||Zinc gluconate||Zinc gluconate is mainly indicated in conditions like zinc deficiency, and can also be administered in adjunctive therapy as an alternative drug of choice in diarrhea [L2088].|
|DB11348||Calcium Phosphate||For use as an over the counter calcium and phosphate supplement, antacid, or a source of calcium and phosphate in toothpaste [FDA Label] [L851].|
|DB13142||Calcium glubionate||Calcium glubionate is indicated to treat conditions caused by low calcium levels such as bone loss (osteoporosis), weak bones (osteomalacia/rickets), decreased activity of the parathyroid gland (hypoparathyroidism), and a certain muscle disease (latent tetany). It may also be used in certain patients to make sure they are getting enough calcium (e.g., women who are pregnant, nursing, or postmenopausal, people taking certain medications such as phenytoin, phenobarbital, or prednisone).|
|DB13231||Calcium lactate||Indicated for use as the nutritional supplement. |
|DB13359||Magnesium aspartate||Not Available|
|DB13365||Calcium lactate gluconate||Not Available|
|DB13590||Calcium pangamate||Not Available|
|DB13620||Potassium gluconate||Because of potassium’s wide-ranging roles in the body, low intakes can increase the risk of illness [L2655].
Potassium supplements are indicated to prevent hypokalemia in patients who would be at particular risk if hypokalemia were to develop (e.g., digitalis treated patients with significant cardiac arrhythmias). Potassium deficiency occurs when the rate of loss through renal excretion and/or loss from the gastrointestinal tract is higher than the rate of potassium intake. In addition to serving as a preventative supplement, potassium gluconate also serves as a treatment for decreased potassium levels [L2655], [L2651], [L2657].|
|DB13749||Magnesium gluconate||Magnesium gluconate is a mineral supplement which is used to prevent and treat low levels of magnesium. Magnesium is very important for the normal physiologic functioning of cells, nerves, muscles, bones, and the heart. Generally, a well-balanced diet provides the necessary amounts of magnesium for homeostasis. However, certain conditions causing chronic magnesium deficiency may decrease levels of magnesium. These conditions include treatment with diuretics, a poor diet, alcoholism, or other medical conditions (e.g., severe diarrhea/vomiting, stomach/intestinal absorption problems, poorly controlled diabetes) [L2600].|
|DB13786||Magnesium orotate||Not Available|
|DB13800||Calcium levulinate||This new application of calcium is intended for use as a food fortifier, to fortify foods like sauces, condiments, beer, beverages, soft drinks, milk and milk products, soy milk and soy products with calcium nutrition [L2765]. Calcium levulinate can be used alone, or with calcium lactate, calcium chloride, and other compounds, either for pharmaceutical tablets, capsules, or injections preparation [L2765]. In essence, calcium levulinate is ultimately a relatively new calcium supplementation option [L2767].|
|DB00653||Magnesium sulfate||Used for immediate control of life-threatening convulsions in the treatment of severe toxemias (pre-eclampsia and eclampsia) of pregnancy and in the treatment of acute nephritis in children. Also indicated for replacement therapy in magnesium deficiency, especially in acute hypomagnesemia accompanied by signs of tetany similar to those of hypocalcemia. Also used in uterine tetany as a myometriat relaxant.|
|DB01164||Calcium Chloride||For the treatment of hypocalcemia in those conditions requiring a prompt increase in blood plasma calcium levels, for the treatment of magnesium intoxication due to overdosage of magnesium sulfate, and used to combat the deleterious effects of hyperkalemia as measured by electrocardiographic (ECG), pending correction of the increased potassium level in the extracellular fluid.|
|DB01377||Magnesium oxide||Indicated for over-the-counter use as a supplement for cardiovascular and neuromuscular health, and as an antacid for relief of acid indigestion and upset stomach.|
|DB06724||Calcium Carbonate||For relief of heartburn and acid indigestion. May also be used as a nutritional supplement or to treat hypocalcemia. |
|DB09153||Sodium chloride||This intravenous solution is indicated for use in adults and pediatric patients as a source of electrolytes and water for hydration. Also, designed for use as a diluent and delivery system for intermittent intravenous administration of compatible drug additives. |
|DB09322||Zinc sulfate||This medication is a mineral used to treat or prevent low levels of zinc alone and together with oral rehydration therapy (ORT). It is also used as a topical astringent. Zinc Sulfate Injection, USP is indicated for use as a supplement to intravenous solutions given for TPN. |
|DB09325||Sodium fluoride||To prevent cavities. |
|DB09407||Magnesium chloride||Magnesium chloride is used in several medical and topical (skin related) applications. Magnesium chloride usp, anhydrous uses as electrolyte replenisher, pharmaceutic necessity for hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis fluids.
|DB09472||Sodium sulfate||indicated for bowel cleansing prior to colonoscopy or barium enema X-ray examination.|
|DB09484||Sodium fluorophosphate||Sodium monofluorophosphate is indicated for the treatment of cavities|
|DB11110||Magnesium citrate||Magnesium citrate has been used in bowel preparations prior to a colonoscopy as a cathartic agent.[T215]
It is also used in over-the-counter products to relieve occasional constipation.[L2841]
Magnesium citrate can be one of the forms used for the administration of dietary supplements.[L2842]|
|DB14514||Magnesium levulinate||Not Available|
|DB14515||Magnesium lactate||Not Available|