Lower Respiratory Tract Infection (LRTI)

Also known as: Lower Tract Respiratory Infection / Lower respiratory tract infection / Chest Infection / Lower respiratory tract infection NOS / Lower Respiratory Tract Infections / LRTI / Lower resp tract infection / Lower resp tract infec / Lower resp. tract infection

DrugDrug NameDrug Description
DB01060AmoxicillinA broad-spectrum semisynthetic antibiotic similar to ampicillin except that its resistance to gastric acid permits higher serum levels with oral administration. Amoxicillin is commonly prescribed with clauvanic acid (a beta lactamase inhibitor) as it is susceptible to beta-lacatamase degradation.
DB00355AztreonamA monocyclic beta-lactam antibiotic originally isolated from Chromobacterium violaceum. It is resistant to beta-lactamases and is used in gram-negative infections, especially of the meninges, bladder, and kidneys. It may cause a superinfection with gram-positive organisms.
DB00438CeftazidimeSemisynthetic, broad-spectrum antibacterial derived from cephaloridine and used especially for Pseudomonas and other gram-negative infections in debilitated patients.
DB01112CefuroximeBroad-spectrum cephalosporin antibiotic resistant to beta-lactamase. It has been proposed for infections with gram-negative and gram-positive organisms, gonorrhea, and haemophilus.
DB01190ClindamycinClindamycin is a semisynthetic lincosamide antibiotic that has largely replaced lincomycin due to an improved side effect profile. Clindamycin inhibits bacterial protein synthesis by binding to bacterial 50S ribosomal subunits. It may be bacteriostatic or bactericidal depending on the organism and drug concentration.
DB00199ErythromycinErythromycin is an antibiotic drug produced by a strain of Saccharopolyspora erythraea (formerly Streptomyces erythraeus) and belongs to the _macrolide_ group of antibiotics [FDA label]. It was originally discovered in 1952. Erythromycin is widely used for treating a variety of infections, including those caused by gram-positive bacteria, gram-negative bacteria and many other organisms [L5245], [FDA label].
DB00417PhenoxymethylpenicillinPhenoxymethylpenicillin (Penicillin V) is narrow spectrum antibiotic used to treat mild to moderate infections caused by susceptible bacteria. It is a natural penicillin antibiotic that is administered orally. Penicillin V may also be used in some cases as prophylaxis against susceptible organisms. Natural penicillins are considered the drugs of choice for several infections caused by susceptible gram positive aerobic organisms, such as Streptococcus pneumoniae, groups A, B, C and G streptococci, nonenterococcal group D streptococci, viridans group streptococci, and non-penicillinase producing staphylococcus. Aminoglycosides may be added for synergy against group B streptococcus (S. agalactiae), S. viridans, and Enterococcus faecalis. The natural penicillins may also be used as first or second line agents against susceptible gram positive aerobic bacilli such as Bacillus anthracis, Corynebacterium diphtheriae, and Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae. Natural penicillins have limited activity against gram negative organisms; however, they may be used in some cases to treat infections caused by Neisseria meningitidis and Pasteurella. They are not generally used to treat anaerobic infections. Resistance patterns, susceptibility and treatment guidelines vary across regions.
DrugDrug NameTargetType
DB01060AmoxicillinPenicillin-binding protein 1Atarget
DB01060AmoxicillinCytochrome P450 2C19enzyme
DB01060AmoxicillinSolute carrier family 15 member 1transporter
DB01060AmoxicillinSolute carrier family 15 member 2transporter
DB01060AmoxicillinSolute carrier family 22 member 6transporter
DB00355AztreonamPenicillin-binding protein 3target
DB00355AztreonamBeta-lactamasetarget
DB00438CeftazidimeSolute carrier family 22 member 5transporter
DB00438CeftazidimeSolute carrier family 15 member 1transporter
DB00438CeftazidimeSolute carrier family 15 member 2transporter
DB00438CeftazidimeSolute carrier family 22 member 6transporter
DB00438CeftazidimePeptidoglycan synthase FtsItarget
DB00438CeftazidimePenicillin-binding protein 3target
DB00438CeftazidimePenicillin-binding protein 1Atarget
DB00438CeftazidimePenicillin-binding protein 1Atarget
DB00438CeftazidimePenicillin-binding protein 1Btarget
DB00438CeftazidimePenicillin-binding protein 1Btarget
DB00438CeftazidimePenicillin-binding protein 2target
DB00438CeftazidimePenicillin-binding protein 2target
DB00438CeftazidimeD-alanyl-D-alanine endopeptidasetarget
DB01112CefuroximePenicillin-binding protein 1Atarget
DB01112CefuroximeSolute carrier family 15 member 1transporter
DB01112CefuroximeSolute carrier family 15 member 2transporter
DB01190Clindamycin50S ribosomal protein L10target
DB01190ClindamycinCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB01190Clindamycin23S rRNAtarget
DB00199Erythromycin23S rRNAtarget
DB00199ErythromycinCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB00199ErythromycinCytochrome P450 3A7enzyme
DB00199ErythromycinMultidrug resistance protein 1transporter
DB00199ErythromycinSolute carrier organic anion transporter family member 1B1transporter
DB00199ErythromycinMotilin receptortarget
DB00199ErythromycinPotassium voltage-gated channel subfamily H member 2target
DB00199ErythromycinCytochrome P450 3A5enzyme
DB00199ErythromycinSolute carrier organic anion transporter family member 1B3transporter
DB00199ErythromycinBile salt export pumptransporter
DB00199ErythromycinBacterial 50S Ribosomal Subunittarget
DB00199ErythromycinCanalicular multispecific organic anion transporter 1transporter
DB00199ErythromycinSolute carrier organic anion transporter family member 1A2transporter
DB00417PhenoxymethylpenicillinPenicillin-binding protein 1Atarget
DB00417PhenoxymethylpenicillinMecA PBP2' (penicillin binding protein 2')target
DB00417PhenoxymethylpenicillinD-alanyl-D-alanine carboxypeptidase DacBtarget
DB00417PhenoxymethylpenicillinPenicillin acylasetarget
DB00417PhenoxymethylpenicillinSolute carrier family 15 member 1target
DrugDrug NamePhaseStatusCount
DB00003Dornase alfa2Completed1
DB00198Oseltamivir3Completed1
DB01060Amoxicillin4Recruiting1
DB00802AlfentanilNot AvailableRecruiting1
DB00479AmikacinNot AvailableRecruiting1
DB00513Aminocaproic AcidNot AvailableRecruiting1
DB00207AzithromycinNot AvailableRecruiting1
DB00559BosentanNot AvailableRecruiting1
DB01413CefepimeNot AvailableRecruiting1
DB00369CidofovirNot AvailableRecruiting1
DB00537CiprofloxacinNot AvailableRecruiting1
DB01211ClarithromycinNot AvailableCompleted1
DB00363ClozapineNot AvailableRecruiting1
DB00828FosfomycinNot AvailableRecruiting1
DB00502HaloperidolNot AvailableRecruiting1
DB14417Influenza a virus a/hong kong/4801/2014 (h3n2) recombinant hemagglutinin antigenNot AvailableRecruiting1
DB00598LabetalolNot AvailableRecruiting1
DB08815LurasidoneNot AvailableRecruiting1
DB00959MethylprednisoloneNot AvailableRecruiting1
DB01618MolindoneNot AvailableRecruiting1
DB00607NafcillinNot AvailableRecruiting1
DB01115NifedipineNot AvailableRecruiting1
DB00497OxycodoneNot AvailableRecruiting1
DB00312PentobarbitalNot AvailableRecruiting1
DB00728RocuroniumNot AvailableRecruiting1
DB00658SevelamerNot AvailableRecruiting1
DB00421SpironolactoneNot AvailableRecruiting1
DB00684TobramycinNot AvailableRecruiting1
DB00302Tranexamic acidNot AvailableRecruiting1
DB00512VancomycinNot AvailableRecruiting1
DB01339VecuroniumNot AvailableRecruiting1
DB00682WarfarinNot AvailableRecruiting1
DB00246ZiprasidoneNot AvailableRecruiting1
DB00425ZolpidemNot AvailableRecruiting1