Phosphodiesterase Inhibitors

Compounds which inhibit or antagonize the biosynthesis or actions of phosphodiesterases.
DrugDrug NameDrug Description
DB00235MilrinoneAn inotropic vasodilator agent used to treat acute, decompensated heart failure.
DB01427AmrinoneA positive inotropic agent and phosphodiesterase inhibitor used in the management of treatment of congestive heart failure.
DB04880EnoximoneFor the treatment of congestive heart failure.
DB00820TadalafilA phosphodiesterase 5 inhibitor used to treat erectile dysfunction, benign prostatic hyperplasia, and pulmonary arterial hypertension.
DB00862VardenafilA phosphodiesterase 5 inhibitor used to treat erectile dysfunction.
DB01166CilostazolAn antiplatelet agent and vasodilator used for the symptomatic relief of intermittent claudication.
DB01791PiclamilastPiclamilast (RP-73,401), is a selective PDE4 inhibitor comparable to other PDE4 inhibitors for its anti-inflammatory effects. It has been investigated for its applications to the treatment of conditions such as...
DB01954RolipramA phosphodiesterase inhibitor with antidepressant properties.
DB05415OSI-461Investigated for use/treatment in crohn's disease, inflammatory bowel disease, kidney cancer, leukemia (lymphoid), and prostate cancer.
DB06267UdenafilInvestigated for use/treatment in erectile dysfunction and hypertension.
DB079543-isobutyl-1-methyl-7H-xanthineNot Available
DB09273DoxofyllineIndicated for the treatment of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), bronchial asthma and pulmonary disease with spastic bronchial component.
DB09283TrapidilUsed in the treatment of chronic stable angina .
DB11450PimobendanNot Annotated
DB11792MirodenafilMirodenafil has been used in trials studying the treatment and supportive care of Kidney Diseases, Urologic Diseases, Renal Insufficiency, Erectile Dysfunction, and Male Erectile Dysfunction.
DB11953PF-04447943PF-04447943 has been investigated for the treatment of Alzheimer's Disease.
DB12082VesnarinoneVesnarinone has been used in trials studying the treatment of HIV Infections and Sarcoma, Kaposi.
DB12131VinpocetineVinpocetine has been investigated for the treatment of Epilepsy.
DB12137GSK-256066Gsk256066 has been used in trials studying the treatment and diagnostic of SAR, Asthma, Mild Asthma, Allergic Rhinitis, and Seasonal Allergic Rhinitis, among others.
DB12286SimendanSimendan is under investigation in clinical trial NCT00527059 (Renal Effects of Levosimendan in Patients Admitted With Acute Decompensated Heart Failure).
DB13029MK-0873MK-0873 has been used in trials studying the treatment of Rheumatoid Arthritis.
DB13242BucladesineNot Annotated
DB01656RoflumilastA selective phosphodiesterase 4 inhibitor indicated to decrease the risk of exacerbations in patients with severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) associated with a history of exacerbations and chronic bronchitis.
DB12776E-6005E6005 has been used in trials studying the treatment of Atopic Dermatitis.
DB00201CaffeineA stimulant present in tea, coffee, cola beverages, analgesic drugs, and agents used to increase alertness. It is also used in to prevent and treat pulmonary complications of premature birth.
DB00277TheophyllineA xanthine used to manage the symptoms of asthma, COPD, and other lung conditions caused by reversible airflow obstruction.
DB00651DyphyllineA theophylline derivative used to treat asthma, bronchospasm, and COPD.
DB00806PentoxifyllineA methylxanthine derivative used to treat intermittent claudication caused by chronic occlusive arterial disease of the limbs.
DB00922LevosimendanFor short term treatment of acutely decompensated severe chronic heart failure (CHF). Also being investigated for use/treatment in heart disease.
DB00975DipyridamoleA phosphodiesterase inhibitor used to prevent postoperative thromboembolic events.
DB01113PapaverineAn alkaloid used to treat many types of smooth muscle spasms such as "vascular spasms" associated with acute myocardial infarction and angina pectoris, as well as "visceral spasms".
DB01223AminophyllineA bronchodilator consisting of theophylline that is used for the treatment of bronchospasm due to asthma, emphysema and chronic bronchitis.
DB03849CilomilastInvestigated for use/treatment in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).
DB05266IbudilastFor the treatment of multiple sclerosis, asthma, and cerebrovascular disease.
DB00261AnagrelideA platelet-reducing agent used in myeloproliferative disorders to prevent thrombotic complications.
DB05219CrisaboroleA non-steroidal topical medication used for the treatment of mild-moderate atopic dermatitis.
DB02918ZardaverineNot Available
DB05676ApremilastA non-steroidal medication used for the treatment of inflammatory conditions such as psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis.
DrugDrug NameTargetType
DB00235MilrinonecGMP-inhibited 3',5'-cyclic phosphodiesterase Atarget
DB01427AmrinonecAMP-specific 3',5'-cyclic phosphodiesterase 4Btarget
DB01427AmrinoneTumor necrosis factortarget
DB01427AmrinonecGMP-inhibited 3',5'-cyclic phosphodiesterase Atarget
DB01427AmrinonecGMP-inhibited 3',5'-cyclic phosphodiesterase Btarget
DB04880EnoximonecGMP-inhibited 3',5'-cyclic phosphodiesterase Atarget
DB00820TadalafilcGMP-specific 3',5'-cyclic phosphodiesterasetarget
DB00820TadalafilCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB00820TadalafilDual 3',5'-cyclic-AMP and -GMP phosphodiesterase 11Atarget
DB00820TadalafilCytochrome P450 3A5enzyme
DB00862VardenafilcGMP-specific 3',5'-cyclic phosphodiesterasetarget
DB00862VardenafilCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB00862VardenafilRetinal rod rhodopsin-sensitive cGMP 3',5'-cyclic phosphodiesterase subunit gammatarget
DB00862VardenafilRetinal cone rhodopsin-sensitive cGMP 3',5'-cyclic phosphodiesterase subunit gammatarget
DB00862VardenafilCytochrome P450 3A5enzyme
DB00862VardenafilP-glycoprotein 1transporter
DB01166CilostazolcGMP-inhibited 3',5'-cyclic phosphodiesterase Atarget
DB01166CilostazolCytochrome P450 2C19enzyme
DB01166CilostazolCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB01166CilostazolCytochrome P450 3A5enzyme
DB01166CilostazolCytochrome P450 3A7enzyme
DB01166CilostazolCytochrome P450 1A2enzyme
DB01166CilostazolCytochrome P450 2D6enzyme
DB01791PiclamilastcAMP-specific 3',5'-cyclic phosphodiesterase 4Atarget
DB01791PiclamilastcAMP-specific 3',5'-cyclic phosphodiesterase 4Btarget
DB01791PiclamilastcAMP-specific 3',5'-cyclic phosphodiesterase 4Ctarget
DB01791PiclamilastcAMP-specific 3',5'-cyclic phosphodiesterase 4Dtarget
DB01954RolipramcAMP-specific 3',5'-cyclic phosphodiesterase 4Dtarget
DB01954RolipramcAMP-specific 3',5'-cyclic phosphodiesterase 4Btarget
DB05415OSI-461cGMP-specific 3',5'-cyclic phosphodiesterasetarget
DB06267UdenafilcGMP-specific 3',5'-cyclic phosphodiesterasetarget
DB06267UdenafilCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB06267UdenafilCytochrome P450 3A5enzyme
DB079543-isobutyl-1-methyl-7H-xanthinecGMP-specific 3',5'-cyclic phosphodiesterasetarget
DB079543-isobutyl-1-methyl-7H-xanthinecGMP-inhibited 3',5'-cyclic phosphodiesterase Btarget
DB079543-isobutyl-1-methyl-7H-xanthineHigh affinity cAMP-specific 3',5'-cyclic phosphodiesterase 7Atarget
DB079543-isobutyl-1-methyl-7H-xanthinecAMP-specific 3',5'-cyclic phosphodiesterase 4Dtarget
DB079543-isobutyl-1-methyl-7H-xanthineHigh affinity cGMP-specific 3',5'-cyclic phosphodiesterase 9Atarget
DB079543-isobutyl-1-methyl-7H-xanthineHigh affinity cAMP-specific and IBMX-insensitive 3',5'-cyclic phosphodiesterase 8Atarget
DB079543-isobutyl-1-methyl-7H-xanthinecGMP-dependent 3',5'-cyclic phosphodiesterasetarget
DB079543-isobutyl-1-methyl-7H-xanthineRetinal rod rhodopsin-sensitive cGMP 3',5'-cyclic phosphodiesterase subunit gammatarget
DB09273DoxofyllinePhosphodiesterase 2A, cGMP-stimulatedtarget
DB09273DoxofyllineAdenosine receptor A2atarget
DB09273DoxofyllineBeta-2 adrenergic receptortarget
DB09273DoxofyllineCytochrome P450 1A2enzyme
DB09283TrapidilPlatelet-derived growth factor receptor betatarget
DB09283TrapidilCyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterasetarget
DB11450PimobendanCytochrome P450 1A2enzyme
DB11792MirodenafilCytochrome P450 3A Subfamilyenzyme
DB12131VinpocetineCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB01656RoflumilastcAMP-specific 3',5'-cyclic phosphodiesterase 4Dtarget
DB01656RoflumilastcAMP-specific 3',5'-cyclic phosphodiesterase 4Atarget
DB01656RoflumilastcAMP-specific 3',5'-cyclic phosphodiesterase 4Btarget
DB01656RoflumilastcAMP-specific 3',5'-cyclic phosphodiesterase 4Ctarget
DB01656RoflumilastCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB00201CaffeineAdenosine receptor A1target
DB00201CaffeinecAMP-specific 3',5'-cyclic phosphodiesterase 4Btarget
DB00201CaffeineAdenosine receptor A2atarget
DB00201CaffeineCytochrome P450 1A2enzyme
DB00201CaffeineRyanodine receptor 1target
DB00201CaffeineCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB00201CaffeineCytochrome P450 2E1enzyme
DB00201CaffeineCytochrome P450 2C8enzyme
DB00201CaffeineCytochrome P450 2C9enzyme
DB00201CaffeineCytochrome P450 1A1enzyme
DB00201CaffeineCytochrome P450 1B1enzyme
DB00201CaffeineCytochrome P450 2D6enzyme
DB00201CaffeineCyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterasetarget
DB00201CaffeineDNA-dependent protein kinase catalytic subunittarget
DB00201CaffeinePhosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate 3-kinase catalytic subunit delta isoformtarget
DB00201CaffeinePhosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate 3-kinase catalytic subunit alpha isoformtarget
DB00201CaffeinePhosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate 3-kinase catalytic subunit beta isoformtarget
DB00201CaffeineInositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptortarget
DB00201CaffeineSerine-protein kinase ATMtarget
DB00201CaffeineATP-binding cassette sub-family G member 2transporter
DB00201CaffeineAdenosine receptor A2btarget
DB00201CaffeineAdenosine receptor A3target
DB00201CaffeinePhosphodiesterase enzymestarget
DB00277TheophyllinecGMP-inhibited 3',5'-cyclic phosphodiesterase Atarget
DB00277TheophyllinecAMP-specific 3',5'-cyclic phosphodiesterase 4Btarget
DB00277TheophyllineAdenosine receptor A2btarget
DB00277TheophyllinecAMP-specific 3',5'-cyclic phosphodiesterase 4Atarget
DB00277TheophyllinecGMP-specific 3',5'-cyclic phosphodiesterasetarget
DB00277TheophyllineAdenosine receptor A1target
DB00277TheophyllineAdenosine receptor A2atarget
DB00277TheophyllineCytochrome P450 1A2enzyme
DB00277TheophyllineAdenosine deaminaseenzyme
DB00277TheophyllineCytochrome P450 2E1enzyme
DB00277TheophyllineCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB00277TheophyllineSolute carrier family 22 member 7transporter
DB00277TheophyllineCytochrome P450 1A1enzyme
DB00277TheophyllineCytochrome P450 1B1enzyme
DB00277TheophyllineCytochrome P450 2D6enzyme
DB00277TheophyllineHistone deacetylase 2target
DB00277TheophyllineCopine-1target
DB00277TheophyllineMinor histocompatibility antigen H13target
DB00277TheophyllineNodal modulator 1target
DB00277TheophyllinePoly [ADP-ribose] polymerase 1target
DB00277TheophyllineProtein RIC-3target
DB00277TheophyllineTubulin monoglycylase TTLL3target
DB00651DyphyllinecAMP-specific 3',5'-cyclic phosphodiesterase 4Btarget
DB00651DyphyllinecAMP-specific 3',5'-cyclic phosphodiesterase 4Atarget
DB00651DyphyllinecAMP-specific 3',5'-cyclic phosphodiesterase 4Ctarget
DB00651DyphyllinecAMP-specific 3',5'-cyclic phosphodiesterase 4Dtarget
DB00651DyphyllineHigh affinity cAMP-specific 3',5'-cyclic phosphodiesterase 7Atarget
DB00651DyphyllinecAMP-specific 3',5'-cyclic phosphodiesterase 7Btarget
DB00651DyphyllineAdenosine receptor A1target
DB00651DyphyllineAdenosine receptor A2atarget
DB00806PentoxifyllinecAMP-specific 3',5'-cyclic phosphodiesterase 4Btarget
DB00806PentoxifyllinecAMP-specific 3',5'-cyclic phosphodiesterase 4Atarget
DB00806Pentoxifylline5'-nucleotidasetarget
DB00806PentoxifyllinecGMP-specific 3',5'-cyclic phosphodiesterasetarget
DB00806PentoxifyllineAdenosine receptor A1target
DB00806PentoxifyllineAdenosine receptor A2atarget
DB00806PentoxifyllineCytochrome P450 1A2enzyme
DB00922LevosimendanTroponin C, slow skeletal and cardiac musclestarget
DB00922LevosimendanATP-sensitive inward rectifier potassium channel 11target
DB00922LevosimendanATP-sensitive inward rectifier potassium channel 8target
DB00922LevosimendancGMP-inhibited 3',5'-cyclic phosphodiesterase Atarget
DB00975DipyridamolecAMP and cAMP-inhibited cGMP 3',5'-cyclic phosphodiesterase 10Atarget
DB00975DipyridamolecGMP-specific 3',5'-cyclic phosphodiesterasetarget
DB00975DipyridamolecAMP-specific 3',5'-cyclic phosphodiesterase 4Atarget
DB00975DipyridamoleAdenosine deaminasetarget
DB00975DipyridamoleMultidrug resistance-associated protein 4transporter
DB00975DipyridamoleMultidrug resistance-associated protein 5transporter
DB00975DipyridamoleP-glycoprotein 1transporter
DB00975DipyridamoleCalcipressin-1target
DB00975DipyridamoleAlpha-1-acid glycoprotein 1target
DB00975DipyridamoleSolute carrier organic anion transporter family member 1B1transporter
DB00975DipyridamoleSolute carrier organic anion transporter family member 1B3transporter
DB00975DipyridamoleSolute carrier organic anion transporter family member 2B1transporter
DB00975DipyridamoleBile salt export pumptransporter
DB01113PapaverinecAMP-specific 3',5'-cyclic phosphodiesterase 4Btarget
DB01113PapaverinecAMP and cAMP-inhibited cGMP 3',5'-cyclic phosphodiesterase 10Atarget
DB01223AminophyllinecGMP-inhibited 3',5'-cyclic phosphodiesterase Atarget
DB01223AminophyllineAdenosine receptor A3target
DB01223AminophyllineAdenosine receptor A1target
DB01223AminophyllineCytochrome P450 1A2enzyme
DB01223AminophyllineCytochrome P450 2E1enzyme
DB01223AminophyllineCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB01223AminophyllineHistone deacetylase 2target
DB03849CilomilastcAMP-specific 3',5'-cyclic phosphodiesterase 4Dtarget
DB03849CilomilastcAMP-specific 3',5'-cyclic phosphodiesterase 4Btarget
DB05266IbudilastcAMP-specific 3',5'-cyclic phosphodiesterase 4Atarget
DB05266IbudilastcGMP-inhibited 3',5'-cyclic phosphodiesterase Atarget
DB05266IbudilastcAMP-specific 3',5'-cyclic phosphodiesterase 4Btarget
DB05266IbudilastcAMP-specific 3',5'-cyclic phosphodiesterase 4Ctarget
DB05266IbudilastcAMP-specific 3',5'-cyclic phosphodiesterase 4Dtarget
DB00261AnagrelidecGMP-inhibited 3',5'-cyclic phosphodiesterase Atarget
DB00261AnagrelideCytochrome P450 1A2enzyme
DB05219CrisaborolecAMP-specific 3',5'-cyclic phosphodiesterase 4Atarget
DB05219CrisaborolecAMP-specific 3',5'-cyclic phosphodiesterase 4Btarget
DB05219CrisaborolecAMP-specific 3',5'-cyclic phosphodiesterase 4Ctarget
DB05219CrisaborolecAMP-specific 3',5'-cyclic phosphodiesterase 4Dtarget
DB05219CrisaboroleCytochrome P450 2B6enzyme
DB05219CrisaboroleCytochrome P450 2C8enzyme
DB05219CrisaboroleCytochrome P450 2C9enzyme
DB02918ZardaverinecAMP-specific 3',5'-cyclic phosphodiesterase 4Dtarget
DB05676ApremilastPhosphodiesterase isozyme 4target
DB05676ApremilastCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB05676ApremilastCytochrome P450 2A6enzyme
DB05676ApremilastCytochrome P450 1A2enzyme
DB05676ApremilastP-glycoprotein 1transporter