Phosphodiesterase Inhibitors

Compounds which inhibit or antagonize the biosynthesis or actions of phosphodiesterases.
DrugDrug NameDrug Indication
DB00235MilrinoneIndicated for the treatment of congestive heart failure.
DB01427AmrinoneUsed in the treatment of congestive heart failure.
DB04880EnoximoneFor the treatment of congestive heart failure.
DB00820TadalafilUsed for the treatment of erectile dysfunction.
DB00862VardenafilUsed for the treatment of erectile dysfunction
DB01166CilostazolIndicated for the alleviation of symptoms of intermittent claudication (pain in the legs that occurs with walking and disappears with rest).
DB01791PiclamilastNot Available
DB01954RolipramNot Available
DB05415OSI-461Investigated for use/treatment in crohn's disease, inflammatory bowel disease, kidney cancer, leukemia (lymphoid), and prostate cancer.
DB06267UdenafilInvestigated for use/treatment in erectile dysfunction and hypertension.
DB079543-isobutyl-1-methyl-7H-xanthineNot Available
DB09273DoxofyllineIndicated for the treatment of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), bronchial asthma and pulmonary disease with spastic bronchial component.
DB09283TrapidilUsed in the treatment of chronic stable angina [A19770].
DB11450PimobendanNot Available
DB11792MirodenafilNot Available
DB11953PF-04447943Not Available
DB12082VesnarinoneNot Available
DB12131VinpocetineNot Available
DB12137GSK-256066Not Available
DB12286SimendanNot Available
DB13029MK-0873Not Available
DB13242BucladesineNot Available
DB08059WortmanninNot Available
DB01656RoflumilastRoflumilast is indicated as a treatment to reduce the risk of COPD exacerbations in patients with severe COPD associated with chronic bronchitis and a history of exacerbations. Roflumilast is not a bronchodilator and is not indicated for the relief of acute bronchospasm.
DB12776E-6005Not Available
DB00201CaffeineFor management of fatigue, orthostatic hypotension, and for the short term treatment of apnea of prematurity in infants.
DB00277TheophyllineFor the treatment of the symptoms and reversible airflow obstruction associated with chronic asthma and other chronic lung diseases, such as emphysema and chronic bronchitis.
DB00651DyphyllineFor relief of acute bronchial asthma and for reversible bronchospasm associated with chronic bronchitis and emphysema.
DB00806PentoxifyllineFor the treatment of patients with intermittent lameness or immobility arising from chronic occlusive arterial disease of the limbs.
DB00922LevosimendanFor short term treatment of acutely decompensated severe chronic heart failure (CHF). Also being investigated for use/treatment in heart disease.
DB00975DipyridamoleFor as an adjunct to coumarin anticoagulants in the prevention of postoperative thromboembolic complications of cardiac valve replacement and also used in prevention of angina.
DB01113PapaverineFor the treatment of impotence and vasospasms.
DB01223AminophyllineFor the treatment of bronchospasm due to asthma, emphysema and chronic bronchitis.
DB03849CilomilastInvestigated for use/treatment in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).
DB05266IbudilastFor the treatment of multiple sclerosis, asthma, and cerebrovascular disease.
DB00261AnagrelideFor the treatment of patients with thrombocythemia, secondary to myeloproliferative disorders, to reduce the elevated platelet count and the risk of thrombosis and to ameliorate associated symptoms including thrombo-hemorrhagic events.
DB05219CrisaboroleIntended for the topical treatment of mild to moderate atopic dermatitis in patients 2 years of age and older.
DB02918ZardaverineNot Available
DB05676ApremilastInvestigated for use/treatment in psoriasis and psoriatic disorders.
DrugDrug NameTargetType
DB00235MilrinonecGMP-inhibited 3',5'-cyclic phosphodiesterase Atarget
DB01427AmrinonecAMP-specific 3',5'-cyclic phosphodiesterase 4Btarget
DB01427AmrinoneTumor necrosis factortarget
DB01427AmrinonecGMP-inhibited 3',5'-cyclic phosphodiesterase Atarget
DB01427AmrinonecAMP-specific 3',5'-cyclic phosphodiesterase 3target
DB04880EnoximonecGMP-inhibited 3',5'-cyclic phosphodiesterase Atarget
DB00820TadalafilcGMP-specific 3',5'-cyclic phosphodiesterasetarget
DB00820TadalafilCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB00820TadalafilDual 3',5'-cyclic-AMP and -GMP phosphodiesterase 11Atarget
DB00820TadalafilCytochrome P450 3A5enzyme
DB00862VardenafilcGMP-specific 3',5'-cyclic phosphodiesterasetarget
DB00862VardenafilCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB00862VardenafilRetinal rod rhodopsin-sensitive cGMP 3',5'-cyclic phosphodiesterase subunit gammatarget
DB00862VardenafilRetinal cone rhodopsin-sensitive cGMP 3',5'-cyclic phosphodiesterase subunit gammatarget
DB00862VardenafilCytochrome P450 3A5enzyme
DB00862VardenafilMultidrug resistance protein 1transporter
DB01166CilostazolcGMP-inhibited 3',5'-cyclic phosphodiesterase Atarget
DB01166CilostazolCytochrome P450 2C19enzyme
DB01166CilostazolCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB01166CilostazolCytochrome P450 3A5enzyme
DB01166CilostazolCytochrome P450 3A7enzyme
DB01166CilostazolCytochrome P450 1A2enzyme
DB01166CilostazolCytochrome P450 2D6enzyme
DB01791PiclamilastcAMP-specific 3',5'-cyclic phosphodiesterase 4Atarget
DB01791PiclamilastcAMP-specific 3',5'-cyclic phosphodiesterase 4Btarget
DB01791PiclamilastcAMP-specific 3',5'-cyclic phosphodiesterase 4Ctarget
DB01791PiclamilastcAMP-specific 3',5'-cyclic phosphodiesterase 4Dtarget
DB01954RolipramcAMP-specific 3',5'-cyclic phosphodiesterase 4Dtarget
DB01954RolipramcAMP-specific 3',5'-cyclic phosphodiesterase 4Btarget
DB05415OSI-461cGMP-specific 3',5'-cyclic phosphodiesterasetarget
DB06267UdenafilcGMP-specific 3',5'-cyclic phosphodiesterasetarget
DB06267UdenafilCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB06267UdenafilCytochrome P450 3A5enzyme
DB079543-isobutyl-1-methyl-7H-xanthinecGMP-specific 3',5'-cyclic phosphodiesterasetarget
DB079543-isobutyl-1-methyl-7H-xanthinecGMP-inhibited 3',5'-cyclic phosphodiesterase Btarget
DB079543-isobutyl-1-methyl-7H-xanthineHigh affinity cAMP-specific 3',5'-cyclic phosphodiesterase 7Atarget
DB079543-isobutyl-1-methyl-7H-xanthinecAMP-specific 3',5'-cyclic phosphodiesterase 4Dtarget
DB079543-isobutyl-1-methyl-7H-xanthineHigh affinity cGMP-specific 3',5'-cyclic phosphodiesterase 9Atarget
DB079543-isobutyl-1-methyl-7H-xanthineHigh affinity cAMP-specific and IBMX-insensitive 3',5'-cyclic phosphodiesterase 8Atarget
DB079543-isobutyl-1-methyl-7H-xanthinecGMP-dependent 3',5'-cyclic phosphodiesterasetarget
DB079543-isobutyl-1-methyl-7H-xanthineRetinal rod rhodopsin-sensitive cGMP 3',5'-cyclic phosphodiesterase subunit gammatarget
DB09273DoxofyllinePhosphodiesterase 2A, cGMP-stimulatedtarget
DB09273DoxofyllineAdenosine receptor A2atarget
DB09273DoxofyllineBeta-2 adrenergic receptortarget
DB09273DoxofyllineCytochrome P450 1A2enzyme
DB09283TrapidilPlatelet derived growth factor receptor betatarget
DB09283TrapidilCyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterasetarget
DB11450PimobendanCytochrome P450 1A2enzyme
DB11792MirodenafilCYP3Aenzyme
DB12131VinpocetineCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB08059WortmanninPhosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate 3-kinase catalytic subunit gamma isoformtarget
DB08059WortmanninSerine/threonine-protein kinase PLK1target
DB08059WortmanninPhosphatidylinositol 3-kinase regulatory subunit alphatarget
DB08059WortmanninPhosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate 3-kinase catalytic subunit alpha isoformtarget
DB01656RoflumilastcAMP-specific 3',5'-cyclic phosphodiesterase 4Dtarget
DB01656RoflumilastcAMP-specific 3',5'-cyclic phosphodiesterase 4Atarget
DB01656RoflumilastcAMP-specific 3',5'-cyclic phosphodiesterase 4Btarget
DB01656RoflumilastcAMP-specific 3',5'-cyclic phosphodiesterase 4Ctarget
DB01656RoflumilastCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB00201CaffeineAdenosine receptor A1target
DB00201CaffeinecAMP-specific 3',5'-cyclic phosphodiesterase 4Btarget
DB00201CaffeineAdenosine receptor A2atarget
DB00201CaffeineCytochrome P450 1A2enzyme
DB00201CaffeineRyanodine receptor 1target
DB00201CaffeineCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB00201CaffeineCytochrome P450 3A5enzyme
DB00201CaffeineCytochrome P450 3A7enzyme
DB00201CaffeineMultidrug resistance protein 1transporter
DB00201CaffeineCytochrome P450 2E1enzyme
DB00201CaffeineCytochrome P450 2C8enzyme
DB00201CaffeineCytochrome P450 2C9enzyme
DB00201CaffeineCytochrome P450 1A1enzyme
DB00201CaffeineCytochrome P450 1B1enzyme
DB00201CaffeineCytochrome P450 2D6enzyme
DB00201CaffeineCyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterasetarget
DB00201CaffeineDNA-dependent protein kinase catalytic subunittarget
DB00201CaffeinePhosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate 3-kinase catalytic subunit delta isoformtarget
DB00201CaffeinePhosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate 3-kinase catalytic subunit alpha isoformtarget
DB00201CaffeinePhosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate 3-kinase catalytic subunit beta isoformtarget
DB00201CaffeineInositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptortarget
DB00201CaffeineSerine-protein kinase ATMtarget
DB00277TheophyllinecGMP-inhibited 3',5'-cyclic phosphodiesterase Atarget
DB00277TheophyllinecAMP-specific 3',5'-cyclic phosphodiesterase 4Btarget
DB00277TheophyllineAdenosine receptor A2btarget
DB00277TheophyllinecAMP-specific 3',5'-cyclic phosphodiesterase 4Atarget
DB00277TheophyllinecGMP-specific 3',5'-cyclic phosphodiesterasetarget
DB00277TheophyllineAdenosine receptor A1target
DB00277TheophyllineAdenosine receptor A2atarget
DB00277TheophyllineCytochrome P450 1A2enzyme
DB00277TheophyllineAdenosine deaminaseenzyme
DB00277TheophyllineCytochrome P450 2E1enzyme
DB00277TheophyllineCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB00277TheophyllineSolute carrier family 22 member 7transporter
DB00277TheophyllineCytochrome P450 1A1enzyme
DB00277TheophyllineCytochrome P450 1B1enzyme
DB00277TheophyllineCytochrome P450 2C8enzyme
DB00277TheophyllineCytochrome P450 2D6enzyme
DB00277TheophyllineHistone deacetylase 2target
DB00277TheophyllineCopine-1target
DB00277TheophyllineMinor histocompatibility antigen H13target
DB00277TheophyllineNodal modulator 1target
DB00277TheophyllinePoly [ADP-ribose] polymerase 1target
DB00277TheophyllineProtein RIC-3target
DB00277TheophyllineTubulin monoglycylase TTLL3target
DB00651DyphyllinecAMP-specific 3',5'-cyclic phosphodiesterase 4Btarget
DB00651DyphyllinecAMP-specific 3',5'-cyclic phosphodiesterase 4Atarget
DB00651DyphyllinecAMP-specific 3',5'-cyclic phosphodiesterase 4Ctarget
DB00651DyphyllinecAMP-specific 3',5'-cyclic phosphodiesterase 4Dtarget
DB00651DyphyllineHigh affinity cAMP-specific 3',5'-cyclic phosphodiesterase 7Atarget
DB00651DyphyllinecAMP-specific 3',5'-cyclic phosphodiesterase 7Btarget
DB00651DyphyllineAdenosine receptor A1target
DB00651DyphyllineAdenosine receptor A2atarget
DB00806PentoxifyllinecAMP-specific 3',5'-cyclic phosphodiesterase 4Btarget
DB00806PentoxifyllinecAMP-specific 3',5'-cyclic phosphodiesterase 4Atarget
DB00806Pentoxifylline5'-nucleotidasetarget
DB00806PentoxifyllinecGMP-specific 3',5'-cyclic phosphodiesterasetarget
DB00806PentoxifyllineAdenosine receptor A1target
DB00806PentoxifyllineAdenosine receptor A2atarget
DB00806PentoxifyllineCytochrome P450 1A2enzyme
DB00922LevosimendanTroponin C, slow skeletal and cardiac musclestarget
DB00922LevosimendanATP-sensitive inward rectifier potassium channel 11target
DB00922LevosimendanATP-sensitive inward rectifier potassium channel 8target
DB00922LevosimendancGMP-inhibited 3',5'-cyclic phosphodiesterase Atarget
DB00975DipyridamolecAMP and cAMP-inhibited cGMP 3',5'-cyclic phosphodiesterase 10Atarget
DB00975DipyridamolecGMP-specific 3',5'-cyclic phosphodiesterasetarget
DB00975DipyridamolecAMP-specific 3',5'-cyclic phosphodiesterase 4Atarget
DB00975DipyridamoleAdenosine deaminasetarget
DB00975DipyridamoleMultidrug resistance-associated protein 4transporter
DB00975DipyridamoleMultidrug resistance-associated protein 5transporter
DB00975DipyridamoleMultidrug resistance protein 1transporter
DB00975DipyridamoleCalcipressin-1target
DB00975DipyridamoleAlpha-1-acid glycoprotein 1target
DB00975DipyridamoleSolute carrier organic anion transporter family member 1B1transporter
DB00975DipyridamoleSolute carrier organic anion transporter family member 1B3transporter
DB00975DipyridamoleSolute carrier organic anion transporter family member 2B1transporter
DB00975DipyridamoleBile salt export pumptransporter
DB01113PapaverinecAMP-specific 3',5'-cyclic phosphodiesterase 4Btarget
DB01113PapaverinecAMP and cAMP-inhibited cGMP 3',5'-cyclic phosphodiesterase 10Atarget
DB01223AminophyllinecGMP-inhibited 3',5'-cyclic phosphodiesterase Atarget
DB01223AminophyllineAdenosine receptor A3target
DB01223AminophyllineAdenosine receptor A1target
DB01223AminophyllineCytochrome P450 1A2enzyme
DB01223AminophyllineCytochrome P450 2E1enzyme
DB01223AminophyllineCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB01223AminophyllineHistone deacetylase 2target
DB01223AminophyllineCytochrome P450 2C19enzyme
DB03849CilomilastcAMP-specific 3',5'-cyclic phosphodiesterase 4Dtarget
DB03849CilomilastcAMP-specific 3',5'-cyclic phosphodiesterase 4Btarget
DB05266IbudilastcAMP-specific 3',5'-cyclic phosphodiesterase 4Atarget
DB05266IbudilastcGMP-inhibited 3',5'-cyclic phosphodiesterase Atarget
DB05266IbudilastcAMP-specific 3',5'-cyclic phosphodiesterase 4Btarget
DB05266IbudilastcAMP-specific 3',5'-cyclic phosphodiesterase 4Ctarget
DB05266IbudilastcAMP-specific 3',5'-cyclic phosphodiesterase 4Dtarget
DB00261AnagrelidecGMP-inhibited 3',5'-cyclic phosphodiesterase Atarget
DB00261AnagrelideCytochrome P450 1A2enzyme
DB05219CrisaborolecAMP-specific 3',5'-cyclic phosphodiesterase 4Atarget
DB05219CrisaborolecAMP-specific 3',5'-cyclic phosphodiesterase 4Btarget
DB05219CrisaborolecAMP-specific 3',5'-cyclic phosphodiesterase 4Ctarget
DB05219CrisaborolecAMP-specific 3',5'-cyclic phosphodiesterase 4Dtarget
DB05219CrisaboroleCytochrome P450 2B6enzyme
DB05219CrisaboroleCytochrome P450 2C8enzyme
DB05219CrisaboroleCytochrome P450 2C9enzyme
DB02918ZardaverinecAMP-specific 3',5'-cyclic phosphodiesterase 4Dtarget
DB05676ApremilastcAMP-specific 3',5'-cyclic phosphodiesterase 4Dtarget
DB05676ApremilastcAMP-specific 3',5'-cyclic phosphodiesterase 4Atarget
DB05676ApremilastcAMP-specific 3',5'-cyclic phosphodiesterase 4Btarget
DB05676ApremilastTumor necrosis factortarget
DB05676ApremilastInterleukin-2target
DB05676ApremilastInterferon gammatarget
DB05676ApremilastNitric oxide synthase, endothelialtarget
DB05676ApremilastCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme