Agents that are administered in association with anesthetics to increase effectiveness, improve delivery, or decrease required dosage.
DrugDrug NameDrug Indication
DB00312PentobarbitalFor the short-term treatment of insomnia.
DB00418SecobarbitalFor the Short-term treatment of intractable insomnia for patients habituated to barbiturates
DB00424HyoscyamineFor treatment of bladder spasms, peptic ulcer disease, diverticulitis, colic, irritable bowel syndrome, cystitis, and pancreatitis. Also used to treat certain heart conditions, to control the symptoms of Parkinson's disease and rhinitis.
DB00450DroperidolDroperidol is ssed to produce tranquilization and to reduce the incidence of nausea and vomiting in surgical and diagnostic procedures.
DB00454PethidineUsed to control moderate to severe pain.
DB00475ChlordiazepoxideFor the management of anxiety disorders or for the short-term relief of symptoms of anxiety, withdrawal symptoms of acute alcoholism, and preoperative apprehension and anxiety.
DB00572AtropineFor the treatment of poisoning by susceptible organophosphorous nerve agents having anti-cholinesterase activity (cholinesterase inhibitors) as well as organophosphorous or carbamate insecticides.
DB00652PentazocineFor the relief of moderate to severe pain.
DB00683MidazolamThe midazolam injection is indicated for preoperative sedation/anziolysis/amnesia. It is also an agent for sedation/anziolysis/amnesia prior to or during diagnostic, therapeutic, or endoscopic procedures. Midazolam can also be given intravenously for induction of general anaesthesia.
DB00708SufentanilUsed as an analgesic adjunct in anesthesia and as a primary anesthetic drug in procedures requiring assisted ventilation and in the relief of pain.
DB00747ScopolamineFor the treatment of excessive salivation, colicky abdominal pain, bradycardia, sialorrhoea, diverticulitis, irritable bowel syndrome and motion sickness.
DB00813FentanylFor the treatment of cancer patients with severe pain that breaks through their regular narcotic therapy.
DB00829DiazepamUsed in the treatment of severe anxiety disorders, as a hypnotic in the short-term management of insomnia, as a sedative and premedicant, as an anticonvulsant, and in the management of alcohol withdrawal syndrome.
DB00897TriazolamFor the short-term treatment of insomnia.
DB00986GlycopyrroniumFor use as a preoperative antimuscarinic to reduce salivary, tracheobronchial, and pharyngeal secretions, to reduce the volume and free acidity of gastric secretions and to block cardiac vagal inhibitory reflexes during induction of anesthesia and intubation. Also used to treat chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).
DB01116TrimethaphanFor the controlled reduction of blood pressure during surgery and in the treatment of hypertensive emergencies.
DB01192OxymorphoneFor the treatment of moderate-to-severe pain.
DB01440Gamma Hydroxybutyric AcidUsed as a general anesthetic, to treat conditions such as insomnia, clinical depression, narcolepsy, and alcoholism, and to improve athletic performance.
DB09072Sodium oxybateFor the treatment of cataplexy in narcolepsy and excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS) in narcolepsy.
DrugDrug NameTargetType
DB00312PentobarbitalGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-1target
DB00312PentobarbitalCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB00312PentobarbitalGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-4target
DB00312PentobarbitalGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-6target
DB00312PentobarbitalGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-2target
DB00312PentobarbitalGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-3target
DB00312PentobarbitalGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-5target
DB00312PentobarbitalNeuronal acetylcholine receptor subunit alpha-4target
DB00312PentobarbitalNeuronal acetylcholine receptor subunit alpha-7target
DB00312PentobarbitalGlutamate receptor 2target
DB00312PentobarbitalGlutamate receptor ionotropic, kainate 2target
DB00312PentobarbitalCytochrome P450 2C19enzyme
DB00312PentobarbitalCytochrome P450 2A6enzyme
DB00312PentobarbitalGABA-A receptor (anion channel)target
DB00312PentobarbitalNMDA receptortarget
DB00312PentobarbitalNuclear receptor subfamily 1 group I member 2target
DB00418SecobarbitalGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-1target
DB00418SecobarbitalCytochrome P450 2C8enzyme
DB00418SecobarbitalCytochrome P450 2C9enzyme
DB00418SecobarbitalGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-2target
DB00418SecobarbitalGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-3target
DB00418SecobarbitalGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-4target
DB00418SecobarbitalGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-5target
DB00418SecobarbitalGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-6target
DB00418SecobarbitalNeuronal acetylcholine receptor subunit alpha-4target
DB00418SecobarbitalNeuronal acetylcholine receptor subunit alpha-7target
DB00418SecobarbitalGlutamate receptor 2target
DB00418SecobarbitalGlutamate receptor ionotropic, kainate 2target
DB00418SecobarbitalCytochrome P450 1A2enzyme
DB00418SecobarbitalNMDA receptortarget
DB00424HyoscyamineMuscarinic acetylcholine receptor M1target
DB00424HyoscyamineMuscarinic acetylcholine receptor M2target
DB00424HyoscyamineMuscarinic acetylcholine receptor M3target
DB00424HyoscyamineMuscarinic acetylcholine receptor M4target
DB00450DroperidolD(2) dopamine receptortarget
DB00450DroperidolAlpha-1A adrenergic receptortarget
DB00454PethidineKappa-type opioid receptortarget
DB00454PethidineCytochrome P450 2D6enzyme
DB00454PethidineCytochrome P450 2B6enzyme
DB00454PethidineGlutamate receptor ionotropic, NMDA 1target
DB00454PethidineGlutamate receptor ionotropic, NMDA 2Btarget
DB00454PethidineGlutamate receptor ionotropic, NMDA 2Atarget
DB00454PethidineGlutamate receptor ionotropic, NMDA 2Ctarget
DB00454PethidineGlutamate receptor ionotropic, NMDA 2Dtarget
DB00454PethidineCytochrome P450 2C19enzyme
DB00454PethidineCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB00454PethidineSerum albumincarrier
DB00454PethidineAlpha-1-acid glycoprotein 1carrier
DB00454PethidineMuscarinic acetylcholine receptortarget
DB00454PethidineMu-type opioid receptortarget
DB00454PethidineSodium-dependent dopamine transportertarget
DB00454PethidineSodium-dependent noradrenaline transportertarget
DB00454PethidineSodium-dependent serotonin transportertarget
DB00454PethidineLiver carboxylesterase 1target
DB00475ChlordiazepoxideCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB00475ChlordiazepoxideCytochrome P450 2D6enzyme
DB00475ChlordiazepoxideGABA-A receptor (anion channel)target
DB00572AtropineMuscarinic acetylcholine receptor M2target
DB00572AtropineMuscarinic acetylcholine receptor M1target
DB00572AtropineMuscarinic acetylcholine receptor M4target
DB00572AtropineMuscarinic acetylcholine receptor M5target
DB00572AtropineMuscarinic acetylcholine receptor M3target
DB00572AtropineCytochrome P450 1A2enzyme
DB00572AtropineGlycine receptor subunit alpha-1target
DB00572AtropineNeuronal acetylcholine receptor subunit alpha-4target
DB00572AtropineNeuronal acetylcholine receptor subunit beta-2target
DB00652PentazocineMu-type opioid receptortarget
DB00652PentazocineKappa-type opioid receptortarget
DB00652PentazocineSigma non-opioid intracellular receptor 1target
DB00683MidazolamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-1target
DB00683MidazolamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit beta-1target
DB00683MidazolamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit beta-3target
DB00683MidazolamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-5target
DB00683MidazolamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-3target
DB00683MidazolamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-2target
DB00683MidazolamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit beta-2target
DB00683MidazolamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-4target
DB00683MidazolamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-6target
DB00683MidazolamCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB00683MidazolamCytochrome P450 2B6enzyme
DB00683MidazolamCytochrome P450 3A5enzyme
DB00683MidazolamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit gamma-1target
DB00683MidazolamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit gamma-2target
DB00683MidazolamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit gamma-3target
DB00683MidazolamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit deltatarget
DB00683MidazolamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit epsilontarget
DB00683MidazolamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit pitarget
DB00683MidazolamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit rho-1target
DB00683MidazolamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit rho-2target
DB00683MidazolamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit thetatarget
DB00683MidazolamCytochrome P450 3A7enzyme
DB00683MidazolamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit rho-3target
DB00683MidazolamMultidrug resistance protein 1transporter
DB00683MidazolamSolute carrier family 22 member 1transporter
DB00683MidazolamCytochrome P450 4B1enzyme
DB00683MidazolamUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1-4enzyme
DB00683MidazolamCytochrome P450 2E1enzyme
DB00708SufentanilMu-type opioid receptortarget
DB00708SufentanilDelta-type opioid receptortarget
DB00708SufentanilKappa-type opioid receptortarget
DB00708SufentanilCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB00747ScopolamineMuscarinic acetylcholine receptor M1target
DB00747ScopolamineSucrase-isomaltase, intestinaltarget
DB00747ScopolamineMuscarinic acetylcholine receptor M2target
DB00747ScopolamineMuscarinic acetylcholine receptor M3target
DB00747ScopolamineMuscarinic acetylcholine receptor M4target
DB00747ScopolamineMuscarinic acetylcholine receptor M5target
DB00747ScopolamineMultidrug resistance protein 1transporter
DB00747ScopolamineNeuronal acetylcholine receptor subunit alpha-4target
DB00747ScopolamineNeuronal acetylcholine receptor subunit beta-2target
DB00813FentanylMu-type opioid receptortarget
DB00813FentanylDelta-type opioid receptortarget
DB00813FentanylCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB00813FentanylCytochrome P450 3A5enzyme
DB00813FentanylCytochrome P450 3A7enzyme
DB00813FentanylMultidrug resistance protein 1transporter
DB00813FentanylKappa-type opioid receptortarget
DB00829DiazepamTranslocator proteintarget
DB00829DiazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-1target
DB00829DiazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-2target
DB00829DiazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-3target
DB00829DiazepamCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB00829DiazepamCytochrome P450 1A2enzyme
DB00829DiazepamSerum albumincarrier
DB00829DiazepamCytochrome P450 2C9enzyme
DB00829DiazepamCytochrome P450 2C19enzyme
DB00829DiazepamCytochrome P450 3A5enzyme
DB00829DiazepamCytochrome P450 3A7enzyme
DB00829DiazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-5target
DB00829DiazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit beta-1target
DB00829DiazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit beta-2target
DB00829DiazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit beta-3target
DB00829DiazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit gamma-1target
DB00829DiazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit gamma-2target
DB00829DiazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit gamma-3target
DB00829DiazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit deltatarget
DB00829DiazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit epsilontarget
DB00829DiazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit pitarget
DB00829DiazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit rho-1target
DB00829DiazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit rho-2target
DB00829DiazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit rho-3target
DB00829DiazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit thetatarget
DB00829DiazepamMultidrug resistance protein 1transporter
DB00829DiazepamCytochrome P450 2B6enzyme
DB00829DiazepamProstaglandin G/H synthase 1enzyme
DB00829DiazepamCytochrome P450 2C18enzyme
DB00829DiazepamCytochrome P450 2C8enzyme
DB00829DiazepamCytochrome P450 2E1enzyme
DB00829DiazepamGABA-A receptor (anion channel)target
DB00897TriazolamTranslocator proteintarget
DB00897TriazolamCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB00897TriazolamCytochrome P450 3A5enzyme
DB00897TriazolamCytochrome P450 3A7enzyme
DB00897TriazolamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-1target
DB00897TriazolamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-2target
DB00897TriazolamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-3target
DB00897TriazolamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-4target
DB00897TriazolamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-5target
DB00897TriazolamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-6target
DB00897TriazolamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit beta-1target
DB00897TriazolamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit beta-2target
DB00897TriazolamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit beta-3target
DB00897TriazolamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit gamma-1target
DB00897TriazolamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit gamma-2target
DB00897TriazolamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit gamma-3target
DB00897TriazolamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit deltatarget
DB00897TriazolamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit epsilontarget
DB00897TriazolamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit pitarget
DB00897TriazolamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit rho-1target
DB00897TriazolamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit rho-2target
DB00897TriazolamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit rho-3target
DB00897TriazolamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit thetatarget
DB00897TriazolamCytochrome P450 2C8enzyme
DB00897TriazolamCytochrome P450 2C9enzyme
DB00897TriazolamGABA-A receptor (anion channel)target
DB00986GlycopyrroniumMuscarinic acetylcholine receptor M1target
DB00986GlycopyrroniumMuscarinic acetylcholine receptor M3target
DB00986GlycopyrroniumMuscarinic acetylcholine receptor M2target
DB01116TrimethaphanNeuronal acetylcholine receptor subunit alpha-10target
DB01116TrimethaphanCholinesteraseenzyme
DB01192OxymorphoneMu-type opioid receptortarget
DB01192OxymorphoneCytochrome P450 2D6enzyme
DB01192OxymorphoneDelta-type opioid receptortarget
DB01192OxymorphoneCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB01440Gamma Hydroxybutyric AcidMonocarboxylate transporter 2transporter
DB01440Gamma Hydroxybutyric AcidMonocarboxylate transporter 1transporter
DB01440Gamma Hydroxybutyric AcidMonocarboxylate transporter 4transporter
DB01440Gamma Hydroxybutyric AcidGamma-hydroxybutyrate (GHB) receptortarget
DB01440Gamma Hydroxybutyric AcidGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit beta-1target
DB09072Sodium oxybateSuccinate-semialdehyde dehydrogenase, mitochondrialenzyme
DB09072Sodium oxybateHydroxyacid-oxoacid transhydrogenase, mitochondrialenzyme