Adjuvants, Anesthesia

Agents that are administered in association with anesthetics to increase effectiveness, improve delivery, or decrease required dosage.
DrugDrug NameDrug Description
DB00312PentobarbitalA barbiturate drug used to induce sleep, cause sedation, and control certain types of seizures.
DB00418SecobarbitalA barbiturate used for the short-term treatment of insomnia.
DB00424HyoscyamineFor treatment of bladder spasms, peptic ulcer disease, diverticulitis, colic, irritable bowel syndrome, cystitis, and pancreatitis. Also used to treat certain heart conditions, to control the symptoms of Parkinson's disease...
DB00450DroperidolA butyrophenone derivative and dopamine antagonist used to prevent and treat postoperative nausea and vomiting.
DB00454MeperidineAn opioid agonist with analgesic and sedative properties used to manage severe pain.
DB00475ChlordiazepoxideA benzodiazepine used to treat the withdrawal symptoms of acute alcoholism, to treat preoperative anxiety, and to treat anxiety over a short term period.
DB00572AtropineA muscarinic antagonist used to treat poisoning by muscarinic agents, including organophosphates and other drugs.
DB00652PentazocineAn analgesic used to treat moderate to severe pain.
DB00683MidazolamA short-acting injectable benzodiazepine with rapid onset that is commonly used in seizures, anesthesia and anxiety disorders.
DB00708SufentanilAn opioid used to induce and maintain anesthesia, to act as an analgesic in labor and delivery, and to treat severe, acute pain.
DB00747ScopolamineAn anticholinergic used to treat excessive salivation, colicky abdominal pain, bradycardia, diverticulitis, IBS, and motion sickness.
DB00813FentanylAn opioid analgesic used in anesthesia, for breakthrough cancer pain, or round the clock pain management.
DB00829DiazepamA long-acting benzodiazepine with rapid onset commonly used to treat panic disorders, severe anxiety, alcohol withdrawal, and seizures.
DB00897TriazolamA benzodiazepine used for short term treatment of insomnia.
DB00986GlycopyrroniumAn anticholinergic agent used to treat hyperhidrosis, severe drooling, COPD, used with other medications to treat ulcers, and used in anesthesia.
DB01116TrimethaphanFor the controlled reduction of blood pressure during surgery and in the treatment of hypertensive emergencies.
DB01192OxymorphoneAn opioid analgesic used in the management of moderate-to-severe pain and for analgesic therapies.
DB09072Sodium oxybateA central nervous system depressant used to treat cataplexy and excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS) associated with narcolepsy.
DB13648AlcuroniumA non-depolarizing skeletal muscle relaxant similar to tubocurarine. It is used as an anesthesia adjuvant.
DrugDrug NameTargetType
DB00312PentobarbitalGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-1target
DB00312PentobarbitalCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB00312PentobarbitalGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-4target
DB00312PentobarbitalGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-6target
DB00312PentobarbitalGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-2target
DB00312PentobarbitalGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-3target
DB00312PentobarbitalGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-5target
DB00312PentobarbitalNeuronal acetylcholine receptor subunit alpha-4target
DB00312PentobarbitalNeuronal acetylcholine receptor subunit alpha-7target
DB00312PentobarbitalGlutamate receptor 2target
DB00312PentobarbitalGlutamate receptor ionotropic, kainate 2target
DB00312PentobarbitalCytochrome P450 2C19enzyme
DB00312PentobarbitalCytochrome P450 2A6enzyme
DB00312PentobarbitalGABA-A receptor (anion channel)target
DB00312PentobarbitalNMDA receptortarget
DB00312PentobarbitalNuclear receptor subfamily 1 group I member 2target
DB00418SecobarbitalGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-1target
DB00418SecobarbitalCytochrome P450 2C8enzyme
DB00418SecobarbitalCytochrome P450 2C9enzyme
DB00418SecobarbitalGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-2target
DB00418SecobarbitalGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-3target
DB00418SecobarbitalGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-4target
DB00418SecobarbitalGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-5target
DB00418SecobarbitalGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-6target
DB00418SecobarbitalNeuronal acetylcholine receptor subunit alpha-4target
DB00418SecobarbitalNeuronal acetylcholine receptor subunit alpha-7target
DB00418SecobarbitalGlutamate receptor 2target
DB00418SecobarbitalGlutamate receptor ionotropic, kainate 2target
DB00418SecobarbitalCytochrome P450 1A2enzyme
DB00418SecobarbitalNMDA receptortarget
DB00418SecobarbitalCytochrome P450 2C19enzyme
DB00424HyoscyamineMuscarinic acetylcholine receptor M1target
DB00424HyoscyamineMuscarinic acetylcholine receptor M2target
DB00424HyoscyamineMuscarinic acetylcholine receptor M3target
DB00424HyoscyamineMuscarinic acetylcholine receptor M4target
DB00450DroperidolDopamine D2 receptortarget
DB00450DroperidolAlpha-1A adrenergic receptortarget
DB00454MeperidineKappa-type opioid receptortarget
DB00454MeperidineCytochrome P450 2D6enzyme
DB00454MeperidineCytochrome P450 2B6enzyme
DB00454MeperidineGlutamate receptor ionotropic, NMDA 1target
DB00454MeperidineGlutamate receptor ionotropic, NMDA 2Btarget
DB00454MeperidineGlutamate receptor ionotropic, NMDA 2Atarget
DB00454MeperidineGlutamate receptor ionotropic, NMDA 2Ctarget
DB00454MeperidineGlutamate receptor ionotropic, NMDA 2Dtarget
DB00454MeperidineCytochrome P450 2C19enzyme
DB00454MeperidineCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB00454MeperidineSerum albumincarrier
DB00454MeperidineAlpha-1-acid glycoprotein 1carrier
DB00454MeperidineMuscarinic acetylcholine receptortarget
DB00454MeperidineMu-type opioid receptortarget
DB00454MeperidineSodium-dependent dopamine transportertarget
DB00454MeperidineSodium-dependent noradrenaline transportertarget
DB00454MeperidineSodium-dependent serotonin transportertarget
DB00454MeperidineLiver carboxylesterase 1target
DB00454MeperidineCytochrome P450 1A2enzyme
DB00475ChlordiazepoxideGABA-A receptor (anion channel)target
DB00572AtropineMuscarinic acetylcholine receptor M2target
DB00572AtropineMuscarinic acetylcholine receptor M1target
DB00572AtropineMuscarinic acetylcholine receptor M4target
DB00572AtropineMuscarinic acetylcholine receptor M5target
DB00572AtropineMuscarinic acetylcholine receptor M3target
DB00572AtropineGlycine receptor subunit alpha-1target
DB00572AtropineNeuronal acetylcholine receptor subunit alpha-4target
DB00572AtropineNeuronal acetylcholine receptor subunit beta-2target
DB00572AtropineBile salt export pumptransporter
DB00652PentazocineMu-type opioid receptortarget
DB00652PentazocineKappa-type opioid receptortarget
DB00652PentazocineSigma non-opioid intracellular receptor 1target
DB00683MidazolamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-1target
DB00683MidazolamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-5target
DB00683MidazolamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-3target
DB00683MidazolamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-2target
DB00683MidazolamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-4target
DB00683MidazolamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-6target
DB00683MidazolamCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB00683MidazolamCytochrome P450 3A5enzyme
DB00683MidazolamUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1-4enzyme
DB00683MidazolamCytochrome P450 3A7enzyme
DB00708SufentanilMu-type opioid receptortarget
DB00708SufentanilDelta-type opioid receptortarget
DB00708SufentanilKappa-type opioid receptortarget
DB00708SufentanilCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB00747ScopolamineMuscarinic acetylcholine receptor M1target
DB00747ScopolamineSucrase-isomaltase, intestinaltarget
DB00747ScopolamineMuscarinic acetylcholine receptor M2target
DB00747ScopolamineMuscarinic acetylcholine receptor M3target
DB00747ScopolamineMuscarinic acetylcholine receptor M4target
DB00747ScopolamineMuscarinic acetylcholine receptor M5target
DB00747ScopolamineP-glycoprotein 1transporter
DB00747ScopolamineNeuronal acetylcholine receptor subunit alpha-4target
DB00747ScopolamineNeuronal acetylcholine receptor subunit beta-2target
DB00813FentanylMu-type opioid receptortarget
DB00813FentanylDelta-type opioid receptortarget
DB00813FentanylCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB00813FentanylCytochrome P450 3A7enzyme
DB00813FentanylP-glycoprotein 1transporter
DB00813FentanylKappa-type opioid receptortarget
DB00813FentanylP-glycoprotein 1target
DB00813FentanylSerum albumincarrier
DB00813Fentanylalpha1-acid glycoproteincarrier
DB00829DiazepamTranslocator proteintarget
DB00829DiazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-1target
DB00829DiazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-2target
DB00829DiazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-3target
DB00829DiazepamCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB00829DiazepamSerum albumincarrier
DB00829DiazepamCytochrome P450 2C9enzyme
DB00829DiazepamCytochrome P450 2C19enzyme
DB00829DiazepamCytochrome P450 3A5enzyme
DB00829DiazepamCytochrome P450 3A7enzyme
DB00829DiazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-5target
DB00829DiazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit beta-1target
DB00829DiazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit beta-2target
DB00829DiazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit beta-3target
DB00829DiazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit gamma-1target
DB00829DiazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit gamma-2target
DB00829DiazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit gamma-3target
DB00829DiazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit deltatarget
DB00829DiazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit epsilontarget
DB00829DiazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit pitarget
DB00829DiazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit rho-1target
DB00829DiazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit rho-2target
DB00829DiazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit rho-3target
DB00829DiazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit thetatarget
DB00829DiazepamP-glycoprotein 1transporter
DB00829DiazepamCytochrome P450 2B6enzyme
DB00829DiazepamProstaglandin G/H synthase 1enzyme
DB00829DiazepamCytochrome P450 2C18enzyme
DB00829DiazepamCytochrome P450 2C8enzyme
DB00829DiazepamCytochrome P450 2E1enzyme
DB00829DiazepamGABA-A receptor (anion channel)target
DB00897TriazolamTranslocator proteintarget
DB00897TriazolamCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB00897TriazolamCytochrome P450 3A5enzyme
DB00897TriazolamCytochrome P450 3A7enzyme
DB00897TriazolamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-1target
DB00897TriazolamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-2target
DB00897TriazolamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-3target
DB00897TriazolamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-4target
DB00897TriazolamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-5target
DB00897TriazolamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-6target
DB00897TriazolamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit beta-1target
DB00897TriazolamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit beta-2target
DB00897TriazolamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit beta-3target
DB00897TriazolamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit gamma-1target
DB00897TriazolamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit gamma-2target
DB00897TriazolamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit gamma-3target
DB00897TriazolamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit deltatarget
DB00897TriazolamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit epsilontarget
DB00897TriazolamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit pitarget
DB00897TriazolamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit rho-1target
DB00897TriazolamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit rho-2target
DB00897TriazolamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit rho-3target
DB00897TriazolamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit thetatarget
DB00897TriazolamCytochrome P450 2C8enzyme
DB00897TriazolamGABA-A receptor (anion channel)target
DB00986GlycopyrroniumMuscarinic acetylcholine receptor M1target
DB00986GlycopyrroniumMuscarinic acetylcholine receptor M3target
DB00986GlycopyrroniumMuscarinic acetylcholine receptor M2target
DB01116TrimethaphanNeuronal acetylcholine receptor subunit alpha-10target
DB01116TrimethaphanCholinesteraseenzyme
DB01192OxymorphoneMu-type opioid receptortarget
DB01192OxymorphoneCytochrome P450 2D6enzyme
DB01192OxymorphoneDelta-type opioid receptortarget
DB01192OxymorphoneCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB09072Sodium oxybateSuccinate-semialdehyde dehydrogenase, mitochondrialenzyme
DB09072Sodium oxybateHydroxyacid-oxoacid transhydrogenase, mitochondrialenzyme