Drugs that mimic the effects of stimulating postganglionic adrenergic sympathetic nerves. Included here are drugs that directly stimulate adrenergic receptors and drugs that act indirectly by provoking the release of adrenergic transmitters.
DrugDrug NameDrug Indication
DB00388PhenylephrinePhenylephrine is mainly used to treat nasal congestion, but may also be useful in treating hypotension and shock, hypotension during spinal anaesthesia, prolongation of spinal anaesthesia, paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia, symptomatic relief of external or internal hemorrhoids, and to increase blood pressure as an aid in the diagnosis of heart murmurs.
DB00397PhenylpropanolamineFor the treatment of nasal congestion, control of urinary incontinence, priapism and obesity.
DB11124RacepinephrineNot Available
DB12752BucindololNot Available
DB13064TramazolineNot Available
DB00852PseudoephedrineFor the treatment of nasal congestion, sinus congestion, Eustachian tube congestion, and vasomotor rhinitis, and as an adjunct to other agents in the optimum treatment of allergic rhinitis, croup, sinusitis, otitis media, and tracheobronchitis. Also used as first-line therapy of priapism.
DB00182AmphetamineFor treatment of Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity (ADDH), narcolepsy, and exogenous obesity as a short term (a few weeks) adjunct in a regimen of weight reduction based on caloric restriction for patients refractory to alternative therapy.
DB00191PhentermineFor the treatment and management of obesity.
DB00211MidodrineFor the treatment of symptomatic orthostatic hypotension (OH).
DB00368NorepinephrineMainly used to treat patients in vasodilatory shock states such as septic shock and neurogenic shock and has shown a survival benefit over dopamine. Also used as a vasopressor medication for patients with critical hypotension.
DB00598LabetalolFor the management of hypertension (alone or in combination with other classes of antihypertensive agents), as well as chronic stable angina pectoris and sympathetic overactivity syndrome associated with severe tetanus. Labetalol is used parenterally for immediate reduction in blood pressure in severe hypertension or in hypertensive crises when considered an emergency, for the control of blood pressure in patients with pheochromocytoma and pregnant women with preeclampsia, and to produce controlled hypotension during anesthesia to reduce bleeding resulting from surgical procedures.
DB00610MetaraminolFor the treatment and prevention of hypotension due to hemorrhage, spinal anesthesia, and shock associated with brain damage
DB00668EpinephrineUsed to treat anaphylaxis and sepsis. Also one of the body's main adrenergic neurotransmitters.
DB00723MethoxamineIndicated for the treatment and management of hypotension.
DB00816OrciprenalineFor the treatment of bronchospasm, chronic bronchitis, asthma, and emphysema.
DB00830PhenmetrazineUsed as an anorectic in the treatment of obesity.
DB00841DobutamineFor inotropic support in the short- term treatment of patients with cardiac decompensation due to depressed contractility resulting either from organic heart disease or from cardiac surgical procedures
DB00865BenzphetamineFor the management of exogenous obesity as a short term adjunct (a few weeks) in a regimen of weight reduction based on caloric restriction
DB00867RitodrineFor the treatment and prophylaxis of premature labour
DB00871TerbutalineFor the prevention and reversal of bronchospasm in patients 12 years of age and older with reversible, obstructive airway disease, as well as symptomatic management of reversible bronchospasm associated with bronchitis and emphysema. Also used acute IV and sub-Q therapy in selected women to inhibit uterine contractions in preterm labor (tocolysis) and prolong gestation when beneficial.
DB00935OxymetazolineFor treatment of nasal congestion and redness associated with minor irritations of the eye
DB00988DopamineFor the correction of hemodynamic imbalances present in the shock syndrome due to myocardial infarction, trauma, endotoxic septicemia, open-heart surgery, renal failure, and chronic cardiac decompensation as in congestive failure
DB01064IsoprenalineFor the treatment of mild or transient episodes of heart block that do not require electric shock or pacemaker therapy also used in management of asthma and chronic bronchitis
DB01193AcebutololFor the management of hypertension and ventricular premature beats in adults.
DB01288FenoterolFenoterol is used for the treatment of asthma.
DB01364EphedrineEphedrine commonly used as a stimulant, appetite suppressant, concentration aid, decongestant, and to treat hypotension associated with anaesthesia.
DB01365MephentermineUsed to maintain blood pressure in hypotensive states.
DB01366ProcaterolFor the treatment of asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).
DB01407ClenbuterolUsed as a bronchodilator in the treatment of asthma patients.
DB01556ChlorphentermineUsed as an appetite suppressant.
DB01577MethamphetamineFor the treatment of Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity (ADHD) and exogenous obesity.
DB04846CeliprololCeliprolol is indicated for the management of mild to moderate hypertension and effort-induced angina pectoris.
DB06152NylidrinNot Available
DB06764TetryzolineFor temporary relief of discomfort and redness of the eye due to minor eye irritations.
DB08841TyramineNot Available
DB08941IsoxsuprineNot Available
DB08985EtilefrineNot Available
DB09203SynephrineNot Available
DB09352HydroxyamphetamineMydriatic agent (eye pupil dilatation) for diagnosis of ophthalmic nerve lesions.
DrugDrug NameTargetType
DB00388PhenylephrineAlpha-1A adrenergic receptortarget
DB00388PhenylephrineAlpha-1B adrenergic receptortarget
DB00388PhenylephrineAmine oxidase [flavin-containing] Aenzyme
DB00388PhenylephrineAlpha-1D adrenergic receptortarget
DB00388PhenylephrineCytochrome P450 1A2enzyme
DB00397PhenylpropanolamineAmine oxidase [flavin-containing] Aenzyme
DB00397PhenylpropanolamineD(1A) dopamine receptortarget
DB00397PhenylpropanolamineBeta-1 adrenergic receptortarget
DB00397PhenylpropanolamineCytochrome P450 1A2enzyme
DB00397PhenylpropanolamineBeta-2 adrenergic receptortarget
DB00397PhenylpropanolamineAlpha-2 adrenergic receptorstarget
DB00852PseudoephedrineAlpha-1A adrenergic receptortarget
DB00852PseudoephedrineAlpha-2A adrenergic receptortarget
DB00852PseudoephedrineBeta-2 adrenergic receptortarget
DB00852PseudoephedrineAmine oxidase [flavin-containing] Aenzyme
DB00852PseudoephedrineBeta-1 adrenergic receptortarget
DB00852PseudoephedrineCytochrome P450 2D6enzyme
DB00852PseudoephedrineSodium-dependent dopamine transportertarget
DB00852PseudoephedrineSodium-dependent noradrenaline transportertarget
DB00852PseudoephedrineSodium-dependent serotonin transportertarget
DB00852PseudoephedrineNuclear factor of activated T-cells, cytoplasmic 1target
DB00852PseudoephedrineTumor necrosis factortarget
DB00852PseudoephedrineNuclear factor kappa-light-chain-enhancer of activated B cellstarget
DB00852Pseudoephedrineactivator protein 1target
DB00852PseudoephedrineInterleukin-2target
DB00182AmphetamineSodium-dependent dopamine transportertarget
DB00182AmphetamineCocaine- and amphetamine-regulated transcript proteintarget
DB00182AmphetamineTrace amine-associated receptor 1target
DB00182AmphetamineCytochrome P450 2D6enzyme
DB00182AmphetamineSolute carrier family 22 member 3transporter
DB00182AmphetamineSolute carrier family 22 member 5transporter
DB00182AmphetamineSynaptic vesicular amine transportertarget
DB00182AmphetamineCytochrome P450 2A6enzyme
DB00182AmphetamineSodium-dependent noradrenaline transportertarget
DB00182AmphetamineAlpha adrenergic receptortarget
DB00182AmphetamineBeta adrenergic receptortarget
DB00182AmphetamineD(2) dopamine receptortarget
DB00182AmphetamineAmine oxidase [flavin-containing] Btarget
DB00182AmphetamineSodium-dependent serotonin transportertarget
DB00182AmphetamineMonoamine oxidasetarget
DB00182Amphetaminevesicular monoamine transporter 2 (VMAT2)target
DB00191PhentermineSodium-dependent noradrenaline transportertarget
DB00191PhentermineSodium-dependent dopamine transportertarget
DB00191PhentermineAmine oxidase [flavin-containing] Atarget
DB00191PhentermineAmine oxidase [flavin-containing] Btarget
DB00191PhentermineSodium-dependent serotonin transportertarget
DB00191PhentermineAmine oxidase [flavin-containing] Aenzyme
DB00191PhentermineAmine oxidase [flavin-containing] Benzyme
DB00191PhentermineCytochrome P450 1A2enzyme
DB00191PhentermineCytochrome P450 2C9enzyme
DB00191PhentermineCytochrome P450 2D6enzyme
DB00211MidodrineAlpha-1A adrenergic receptortarget
DB00211MidodrineAlpha-1B adrenergic receptortarget
DB00211MidodrineCytochrome P450 2D6enzyme
DB00211MidodrineSolute carrier family 15 member 1transporter
DB00211MidodrineAlpha-1D adrenergic receptortarget
DB00368NorepinephrinePhenylalanine-4-hydroxylasetarget
DB00368NorepinephrineAlpha-1A adrenergic receptortarget
DB00368NorepinephrineAlpha-1B adrenergic receptortarget
DB00368NorepinephrineAlpha-1D adrenergic receptortarget
DB00368NorepinephrineAlpha-2A adrenergic receptortarget
DB00368NorepinephrineAlpha-2B adrenergic receptortarget
DB00368NorepinephrineAlpha-2C adrenergic receptortarget
DB00368NorepinephrineBeta-1 adrenergic receptortarget
DB00368NorepinephrineBeta-2 adrenergic receptortarget
DB00368NorepinephrineBeta-3 adrenergic receptortarget
DB00368NorepinephrineSolute carrier family 22 member 2transporter
DB00368NorepinephrineSolute carrier family 22 member 3transporter
DB00368NorepinephrineSolute carrier family 22 member 5transporter
DB00368NorepinephrineSolute carrier family 22 member 1transporter
DB00368NorepinephrinePOU domain, class 5, transcription factor 1transporter
DB00368NorepinephrineCytochrome P450 1A2enzyme
DB00368NorepinephrineSodium-dependent noradrenaline transportertransporter
DB00368NorepinephrineSynaptic vesicular amine transportertarget
DB00368NorepinephrineChromaffin granule amine transportertarget
DB00598LabetalolAlpha-1 adrenergic receptorstarget
DB00598LabetalolBeta-1 adrenergic receptortarget
DB00598LabetalolBeta-2 adrenergic receptortarget
DB00598LabetalolCytochrome P450 2D6enzyme
DB00610MetaraminolAlpha-1A adrenergic receptortarget
DB00668EpinephrineAlpha-1A adrenergic receptortarget
DB00668EpinephrineBeta-1 adrenergic receptortarget
DB00668EpinephrineBeta-2 adrenergic receptortarget
DB00668EpinephrinePhenylalanine-4-hydroxylasetarget
DB00668EpinephrineSolute carrier family 22 member 2transporter
DB00668EpinephrineSolute carrier family 22 member 1transporter
DB00668EpinephrineSolute carrier family 22 member 5transporter
DB00668EpinephrineCytochrome P450 1A2enzyme
DB00668EpinephrineCytochrome P450 2C9enzyme
DB00668EpinephrineCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB00668EpinephrineAlpha-1B adrenergic receptortarget
DB00668EpinephrineAlpha-1D adrenergic receptortarget
DB00668EpinephrineAlpha-2A adrenergic receptortarget
DB00668EpinephrineAlpha-2B adrenergic receptortarget
DB00668EpinephrineAlpha-2C adrenergic receptortarget
DB00668EpinephrineBeta-3 adrenergic receptortarget
DB00668EpinephrineTumor necrosis factortarget
DB00668EpinephrineSuperoxide dismutase [Cu-Zn]target
DB00723MethoxamineAlpha-1A adrenergic receptortarget
DB00723MethoxamineAlpha-1B adrenergic receptortarget
DB00723MethoxamineAlpha-1D adrenergic receptortarget
DB00816OrciprenalineBeta-2 adrenergic receptortarget
DB00830PhenmetrazineSodium-dependent noradrenaline transportertarget
DB00830PhenmetrazineSodium-dependent dopamine transportertarget
DB00841DobutamineBeta-1 adrenergic receptortarget
DB00841DobutamineCatechol O-methyltransferaseenzyme
DB00841DobutamineBeta-2 adrenergic receptortarget
DB00841DobutamineAlpha-2 adrenergic receptorstarget
DB00841DobutamineEstrogen receptor alphatarget
DB00865BenzphetamineAlpha-2A adrenergic receptortarget
DB00865BenzphetamineAlpha-1A adrenergic receptortarget
DB00865BenzphetamineCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB00865BenzphetamineCytochrome P450 2B6enzyme
DB00865BenzphetamineNADPH--cytochrome P450 reductaseenzyme
DB00865BenzphetamineSynaptic vesicular amine transportertarget
DB00865BenzphetamineSodium-dependent dopamine transportertarget
DB00867RitodrineBeta-2 adrenergic receptortarget
DB00867Ritodrine6-phosphogluconate dehydrogenase, decarboxylatingenzyme
DB00871TerbutalineBeta-2 adrenergic receptortarget
DB00871TerbutalineCholinesteraseenzyme
DB00871TerbutalineBeta-3 adrenergic receptortarget
DB00871TerbutalineBeta-1 adrenergic receptortarget
DB00935OxymetazolineAlpha-1A adrenergic receptortarget
DB00935OxymetazolineAlpha-2A adrenergic receptortarget
DB00935OxymetazolineAlpha-2C adrenergic receptortarget
DB00935OxymetazolineAlpha-2B adrenergic receptortarget
DB00935OxymetazolineAlpha-1B adrenergic receptortarget
DB00935OxymetazolineAlpha-1D adrenergic receptortarget
DB00988DopamineD(1A) dopamine receptortarget
DB00988DopamineDopamine beta-hydroxylasetarget
DB00988DopamineAmine oxidase [flavin-containing] Aenzyme
DB00988DopamineAmine oxidase [flavin-containing] Benzyme
DB00988DopamineCatechol O-methyltransferaseenzyme
DB00988DopamineSolute carrier family 22 member 2transporter
DB00988DopamineSolute carrier family 22 member 1transporter
DB00988DopamineSolute carrier family 22 member 3transporter
DB00988DopamineSolute carrier family 22 member 5transporter
DB00988DopaminePOU domain, class 5, transcription factor 1transporter
DB00988DopamineD(1B) dopamine receptortarget
DB00988DopamineD(2) dopamine receptortarget
DB00988DopamineD(3) dopamine receptortarget
DB00988DopamineD(4) dopamine receptortarget
DB00988DopamineSodium-dependent dopamine transportertarget
DB00988DopamineDopamine beta-hydroxylaseenzyme
DB00988DopamineCytochrome P450 1A2enzyme
DB00988DopamineCytochrome P450 2C19enzyme
DB00988DopamineCytochrome P450 2C9enzyme
DB00988DopamineCytochrome P450 2D6enzyme
DB00988Dopamine5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 1Atarget
DB00988Dopamine5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 7target
DB00988DopamineD(1) dopamine receptortarget
DB00988DopamineSodium-dependent noradrenaline transportertarget
DB00988DopamineSodium-dependent serotonin transportertarget
DB00988Dopamine5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 3Atarget
DB00988Dopamine5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 3Btarget
DB00988DopamineSuperoxide dismutase [Cu-Zn]target
DB00988DopamineSynaptic vesicular amine transportertarget
DB01064IsoprenalineBeta-1 adrenergic receptortarget
DB01064IsoprenalineBeta-2 adrenergic receptortarget
DB01064IsoprenalinePhosphatidylinositol 3-kinase regulatory subunit alphatarget
DB01064IsoprenalineBeta-3 adrenergic receptortarget
DB01064IsoprenalineMitogen-activated protein kinase 1target
DB01064IsoprenalinePhosphatidylinositol 3-kinase regulatory subunit betatarget
DB01064IsoprenalinePhosphatidylinositol 3-kinase regulatory subunit gammatarget
DB01064IsoprenalineCytochrome P450 1A1enzyme
DB01064IsoprenalineCAMP phosphodiesterasetarget
DB01064IsoprenalineSuperoxide dismutase [Cu-Zn]target
DB01193AcebutololBeta-1 adrenergic receptortarget
DB01193AcebutololCytochrome P450 2D6enzyme
DB01193AcebutololBeta-2 adrenergic receptortarget
DB01193AcebutololSolute carrier family 22 member 1transporter
DB01193AcebutololMultidrug resistance protein 1transporter
DB01288FenoterolBeta-2 adrenergic receptortarget
DB01288FenoterolBeta-1 adrenergic receptortarget
DB01288FenoterolBeta-3 adrenergic receptortarget
DB01364EphedrineAcetylcholinesterasetarget
DB01364EphedrineAlpha-1A adrenergic receptortarget
DB01364EphedrineSodium-dependent noradrenaline transportertarget
DB01364EphedrineSynaptic vesicular amine transportertarget
DB01364EphedrineCholinesteraseenzyme
DB01365MephentermineAlpha adrenergic receptortarget
DB01365MephentermineBeta adrenergic receptortarget
DB01366ProcaterolBeta-2 adrenergic receptortarget
DB01407ClenbuterolBeta-2 adrenergic receptortarget
DB01407ClenbuterolBeta-nerve growth factortarget
DB01407ClenbuterolTumor necrosis factortarget
DB01407ClenbuterolBeta-1 adrenergic receptortarget
DB01407ClenbuterolBeta-3 adrenergic receptortarget
DB01407ClenbuterolCytochrome P450 1A1enzyme
DB01407ClenbuterolCytochrome P450 1A2enzyme
DB01577MethamphetamineCytochrome P450 2D6enzyme
DB01577MethamphetamineSolute carrier family 22 member 3transporter
DB01577MethamphetamineSolute carrier family 22 member 5transporter
DB01577MethamphetamineSodium-dependent dopamine transportertarget
DB01577MethamphetamineSynaptic vesicular amine transportertarget
DB01577MethamphetamineTrace amine-associated receptor 1target
DB01577MethamphetamineSodium-dependent serotonin transportertarget
DB01577MethamphetamineSodium-dependent noradrenaline transportertarget
DB01577MethamphetamineChromaffin granule amine transportertarget
DB01577MethamphetamineAmine oxidase [flavin-containing] Atarget
DB01577MethamphetamineAmine oxidase [flavin-containing] Btarget
DB01577MethamphetamineAlpha-2A adrenergic receptortarget
DB01577MethamphetamineAlpha-2B adrenergic receptortarget
DB01577MethamphetamineAlpha-2C adrenergic receptortarget
DB04846CeliprololBeta-1 adrenergic receptortarget
DB04846CeliprololCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB04846CeliprololBeta-2 adrenergic receptortarget
DB06152NylidrinCatechol O-methyltransferaseenzyme
DB06764TetryzolineAlpha-1A adrenergic receptortarget
DB08841TyramineSolute carrier family 22 member 3transporter
DB09203SynephrineAlpha-1 adrenergic receptorstarget