Sympathomimetics

Name
Sympathomimetics
Accession Number
DBCAT000438
Description

Drugs that mimic the effects of stimulating postganglionic adrenergic sympathetic nerves. Included here are drugs that directly stimulate adrenergic receptors and drugs that act indirectly by provoking the release of adrenergic transmitters.

ATC Classification
Drugs
DrugDrug Description
PhenylpropanolamineA sympathomimetic that was previously used in nasal decongestants and weight loss products, but has been withdrawn by the FDA due to safety risks and lack of efficacy.
AmphetamineA CNS stimulant and sympathomimetic agent indicated for the treatment of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD).
PhentermineA sympathomimetic anorectic agent used as a short-term adjunct therapy that is included in a regimen of weight reduction in cases of exogenous obesity.
MidodrineAn alpha-adrenergic antagonist used to treat orthostatic hypotension.
NorepinephrineA sympathomimetic used in the control of blood pressure during various hypotensive states and as an adjunct treatment during cardiac arrest.
PhenylephrineAn alpha-1 adrenergic agonist used in the management of hypotension, generally in the surgical setting associated with the use of anesthetics.
LabetalolAn alpha and beta adrenergic antagonist used to treat hypertension, angina, and sympathetic overactivity syndrome.
MetaraminolFor the treatment and prevention of hypotension due to hemorrhage, spinal anesthesia, and shock associated with brain damage
EpinephrineA hormone and neurotransmitter used to treat allergic reactions, to restore cardiac rhythm, and to control mucosal congestion, glaucoma, and asthma.
MethoxamineAn alpha adrenergic agonist used to treat hypotension.
OrciprenalineA beta-2 adrenergic agonist used to treat bronchospasm, asthma, and COPD.
PhenmetrazineUsed as an anorectic in the treatment of obesity.
DobutamineA beta-1 agonist used to treat cardiac decompensation in patients with organic heart disease or from cardiac surgery.
BenzphetamineA sympathomimetic used to manage exogenous obesity short term.
RitodrineAn adrenergic beta agonist used to treat premature labor.
TerbutalineA beta-2 adrenergic agonist used as a bronchodilator and to prevent premature labor.
OxymetazolineAn alpha-1A adrenoceptor agonist used to treat nasal congestion, allergic reactions of the eye, and facial erythema associated with rosacea.
DopamineA catecholamine neurotransmitter used to treat hemodynamic imbalances, poor perfusion of vital organs, low cardiac output, and hypotension.
IsoprenalineA non-selective beta-adrenergic agonist typically used to treat bradycardia and heart block; it is structurally related to epinephrine.
AcebutololA selective β1-receptor antagonist used for the management of hypertension and ventricular premature beats in adults.
FenoterolA beta-2 adrenergic agonist and bronchodilator used for the symptomatic treatment of asthma.
EphedrineAn alpha and beta-adrenergic agonist indicated to treat hypotension under anesthesia, allergic conditions, bronchial asthma, and nasal congestion.
MephentermineA sympathomimetic agent used in the treatment of hypotension.
ProcaterolA beta-2 adrenergic receptor agonist and bronchodilator used for the treatment of asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).
ClenbuterolUsed as a bronchodilator in the treatment of asthma patients.
ChlorphentermineUsed as an appetite suppressant.
MetamfetamineA sympathomimetic agent used in the treatment of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and exogenous obesity.
CeliprololCeliprolol is indicated for the management of mild to moderate hypertension and effort-induced angina pectoris.
NylidrinA vasodilator used to treat patients with peripheral vascular disorders, and elderly patients with symptoms associated with organic mental disorders.
TetryzolineAn alpha-adrenergic agonist used in the temporary symptomatic relief of discomfort and redness of the eyes due to minor irritations.
TyramineTyramine (4-hydroxyphenethylamine; para-tyramine, mydrial or uteramin) is a naturally occurring monoamine compound and trace amine derived from the amino acid tyrosine. Tyramine acts by inducing the release of catecholamine. An...
IsoxsuprineA beta-adrenergic agonist used in the symptomatic treatment of cerebrovascular insufficiency, peripheral vascular disease of arteriosclerosis obliterans, thromboangiitis obliterans (Buerger's disease) and Raynaud's disease.
EtilefrineEtilefrine is an adrenergic agonist that appears to interact with beta-2 and some alpha adrenergic receptors. It has been used as a vasoconstrictor agent.
SynephrineSynephrine, also referred to as, p-synephrine, is naturally occurring alkaloid. It is present in approved drug products as neo-synephrine, its m-substituted analog. p-synephrine and m-synephrine are known for their longer...
HydroxyamphetamineAn indirectly acting sympathomimetic agent producing mydriasis for diagnostic purposes.
RacepinephrineA bronchodilator used to treat intermittent asthma.
BucindololBucindolol has been investigated in Heart Failure.
TramazolineTramazoline is under investigation in clinical trial NCT01601509 (Nasal Tramazoline and Dexamethazone in Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA) Patients Tramazoline and).
FenozoloneNot Annotated
TretoquinolNot Annotated
EpanololEpanolol is an beta blocker.
PrenalterolNot Annotated
MefenorexNot Annotated
PseudoephedrineAn alpha and beta adrenergic agonist used to treat nasal and sinus congestion, as well as allergic rhinitis.
DiethylpropionAn appetite suppressant used for the short term treatment of exogenous obesity in addition to calorie restriction.
LisdexamfetamineA central nervous system (CNS) stimulant used to treat attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and moderate to severe eating disorders.
DextroamphetamineA sympathomimetic agent used in the treatment of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and narcolepsy.
MMDAMMDA is a recreational drug. It has no current medical uses and is a Schedule I controlled substance in the USA at present.
MidomafetamineClinical trials are now testing the therapeutic potential of MDMA for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and anxiety associated with terminal cancer. MDMA is one of the four most widely used...
2,5-Dimethoxy-4-ethylamphetamineNot Available
4-Bromo-2,5-dimethoxyamphetamineNot Available
TenamfetamineAn amphetamine derivative that inhibits uptake of catecholamine neurotransmitters. It is a hallucinogen. It is less toxic than its methylated derivative but in sufficient doses may still destroy serotonergic neurons...
Iofetamine I-123Not Annotated
RitobegronRitobegron is under investigation in clinical trial NCT02256735 (Study to Investigate the Effect of KUC 7483 CL on the QT/QTc Interval of the ECG in Comparison to Placebo and Moxifloxacin...
MephedroneMephedrone has been investigated in Alcohol-Related Disorders and Amphetamine-Related Disorders.
MethoxyphenamineNot Annotated
GepefrineNot Annotated
2,5-Dimethoxy-4-ethylthioamphetamine2,5-Dimethoxy-4-ethylthioamphetamine (ALEPH-2) is a phenylisopropylamine derivative with alleged anxiolytic and hallucinogenic properties.
MethylenedioxyethamphetamineNot Available
Hexamethylene diamineNot Available
Drugs & Drug Targets
DrugTargetType
PhenylpropanolamineAmine oxidase [flavin-containing] Aenzyme
PhenylpropanolamineDopamine D1 receptortarget
PhenylpropanolamineBeta-1 adrenergic receptortarget
PhenylpropanolamineBeta-2 adrenergic receptortarget
PhenylpropanolamineAlpha-2 adrenergic receptorstarget
AmphetamineSodium-dependent dopamine transportertarget
AmphetamineCocaine- and amphetamine-regulated transcript proteintarget
AmphetamineTrace amine-associated receptor 1target
AmphetamineCytochrome P450 2D6enzyme
AmphetamineSolute carrier family 22 member 3transporter
AmphetamineSolute carrier family 22 member 5transporter
AmphetamineSynaptic vesicular amine transportertarget
AmphetamineCytochrome P450 2A6enzyme
AmphetamineSodium-dependent noradrenaline transportertarget
AmphetamineAlpha adrenergic receptortarget
AmphetamineBeta adrenergic receptortarget
AmphetamineDopamine D2 receptortarget
AmphetamineAmine oxidase [flavin-containing] Btarget
AmphetamineSodium-dependent serotonin transportertarget
AmphetamineMonoamine oxidasetarget
Amphetaminevesicular monoamine transporter 2 (VMAT2)target
PhentermineSodium-dependent noradrenaline transportertarget
PhentermineSodium-dependent dopamine transportertarget
PhentermineAmine oxidase [flavin-containing] Atarget
PhentermineAmine oxidase [flavin-containing] Btarget
PhentermineSodium-dependent serotonin transportertarget
PhenterminePro-neuropeptide Ytarget
PhentermineCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
MidodrineAlpha-1A adrenergic receptortarget
MidodrineAlpha-1B adrenergic receptortarget
MidodrineCytochrome P450 2D6enzyme
MidodrineSolute carrier family 15 member 1transporter
MidodrineAlpha-1D adrenergic receptortarget
NorepinephrinePhenylalanine-4-hydroxylasetarget
NorepinephrineAlpha-1A adrenergic receptortarget
NorepinephrineAlpha-1B adrenergic receptortarget
NorepinephrineAlpha-1D adrenergic receptortarget
NorepinephrineAlpha-2A adrenergic receptortarget
NorepinephrineAlpha-2B adrenergic receptortarget
NorepinephrineAlpha-2C adrenergic receptortarget
NorepinephrineBeta-1 adrenergic receptortarget
NorepinephrineBeta-2 adrenergic receptortarget
NorepinephrineBeta-3 adrenergic receptortarget
NorepinephrineSolute carrier family 22 member 2transporter
NorepinephrineSolute carrier family 22 member 3transporter
NorepinephrineSolute carrier family 22 member 5transporter
NorepinephrineSolute carrier family 22 member 1transporter
NorepinephrinePOU domain, class 5, transcription factor 1transporter
NorepinephrineSodium-dependent noradrenaline transportertransporter
NorepinephrineSynaptic vesicular amine transportertarget
NorepinephrineChromaffin granule amine transportertarget
PhenylephrineAlpha-1A adrenergic receptortarget
PhenylephrineAlpha-1B adrenergic receptortarget
PhenylephrineAmine oxidase [flavin-containing] Aenzyme
PhenylephrineAlpha-1D adrenergic receptortarget
PhenylephrineCytochrome P450 1A2enzyme
PhenylephrineSulfotransferase 1A3/1A4enzyme
PhenylephrineAmine oxidase [flavin-containing] Benzyme
LabetalolAlpha-1 adrenergic receptorstarget
LabetalolBeta-1 adrenergic receptortarget
LabetalolBeta-2 adrenergic receptortarget
LabetalolCytochrome P450 2D6enzyme
LabetalolCytochrome P450 2C19enzyme
LabetalolSerum albumincarrier
Labetalolalpha1-acid glycoproteincarrier
LabetalolATP-binding cassette sub-family B member 5transporter
LabetalolUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1-1enzyme
LabetalolUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 2B7enzyme
LabetalolUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1-9enzyme
MetaraminolAlpha-1A adrenergic receptortarget
EpinephrineAlpha-1A adrenergic receptortarget
EpinephrineBeta-1 adrenergic receptortarget
EpinephrineBeta-2 adrenergic receptortarget
EpinephrineSolute carrier family 22 member 2transporter
EpinephrineSolute carrier family 22 member 1transporter
EpinephrineCytochrome P450 2C9enzyme
EpinephrineCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
EpinephrineAlpha-1B adrenergic receptortarget
EpinephrineAlpha-1D adrenergic receptortarget
EpinephrineAlpha-2A adrenergic receptortarget
EpinephrineAlpha-2B adrenergic receptortarget
EpinephrineTumor necrosis factortarget
EpinephrineCatechol O-methyltransferaseenzyme
EpinephrineMonoamine oxidaseenzyme
MethoxamineAlpha-1A adrenergic receptortarget
MethoxamineAlpha-1B adrenergic receptortarget
MethoxamineAlpha-1D adrenergic receptortarget
OrciprenalineBeta-2 adrenergic receptortarget
PhenmetrazineSodium-dependent noradrenaline transportertarget
PhenmetrazineSodium-dependent dopamine transportertarget
DobutamineBeta-1 adrenergic receptortarget
DobutamineCatechol O-methyltransferaseenzyme
DobutamineBeta-2 adrenergic receptortarget
DobutamineAlpha-1 adrenergic receptorstarget
DobutamineEstrogen receptor alphatarget
BenzphetamineAlpha-2A adrenergic receptortarget
BenzphetamineAlpha-1A adrenergic receptortarget
BenzphetamineCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
BenzphetamineCytochrome P450 2B6enzyme
BenzphetamineNADPH--cytochrome P450 reductaseenzyme
BenzphetamineSynaptic vesicular amine transportertarget
BenzphetamineSodium-dependent dopamine transportertarget
RitodrineBeta-2 adrenergic receptortarget
Ritodrine6-phosphogluconate dehydrogenase, decarboxylatingenzyme
TerbutalineBeta-2 adrenergic receptortarget
TerbutalineCholinesteraseenzyme
TerbutalineBeta-3 adrenergic receptortarget
TerbutalineBeta-1 adrenergic receptortarget
OxymetazolineAlpha-1A adrenergic receptortarget
OxymetazolineAlpha-2A adrenergic receptortarget
OxymetazolineAlpha-2C adrenergic receptortarget
OxymetazolineAlpha-2B adrenergic receptortarget
OxymetazolineAlpha-1B adrenergic receptortarget
OxymetazolineAlpha-1D adrenergic receptortarget
DopamineDopamine D1 receptortarget
DopamineDopamine beta-hydroxylasetarget
DopamineAmine oxidase [flavin-containing] Aenzyme
DopamineAmine oxidase [flavin-containing] Benzyme
DopamineCatechol O-methyltransferaseenzyme
DopamineSolute carrier family 22 member 2transporter
DopamineSolute carrier family 22 member 1transporter
DopamineSolute carrier family 22 member 3transporter
DopamineSolute carrier family 22 member 5transporter
DopaminePOU domain, class 5, transcription factor 1transporter
DopamineDopamine D5 receptortarget
DopamineDopamine D2 receptortarget
DopamineDopamine D3 receptortarget
DopamineDopamine D4 receptortarget
DopamineSodium-dependent dopamine transportertarget
DopamineDopamine beta-hydroxylaseenzyme
Dopamine5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 1Atarget
Dopamine5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 7target
DopamineD(1) dopamine receptortarget
DopamineSodium-dependent noradrenaline transportertarget
DopamineSodium-dependent serotonin transportertarget
Dopamine5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 3Atarget
Dopamine5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 3Btarget
DopamineSuperoxide dismutase [Cu-Zn]target
DopamineSynaptic vesicular amine transportertarget
IsoprenalineBeta-1 adrenergic receptortarget
IsoprenalineBeta-2 adrenergic receptortarget
IsoprenalinePhosphatidylinositol 3-kinase regulatory subunit alphatarget
IsoprenalineBeta-3 adrenergic receptortarget
IsoprenalineMitogen-activated protein kinase 1target
IsoprenalinePhosphatidylinositol 3-kinase regulatory subunit betatarget
IsoprenalinePhosphatidylinositol 3-kinase regulatory subunit gammatarget
IsoprenalineCytochrome P450 1A1enzyme
IsoprenalineCAMP phosphodiesterasetarget
IsoprenalineSuperoxide dismutase [Cu-Zn]target
AcebutololBeta-1 adrenergic receptortarget
AcebutololCytochrome P450 2D6enzyme
AcebutololBeta-2 adrenergic receptortarget
AcebutololP-glycoprotein 1transporter
FenoterolBeta-2 adrenergic receptortarget
FenoterolBeta-1 adrenergic receptortarget
FenoterolBeta-3 adrenergic receptortarget
EphedrineAlpha-1A adrenergic receptortarget
EphedrineSodium-dependent noradrenaline transportertarget
EphedrineCholinesteraseenzyme
EphedrineSerum albumincarrier
EphedrineBeta-1 adrenergic receptortarget
EphedrineBeta-2 adrenergic receptortarget
EphedrineSynaptic vesicular amine transportertransporter
EphedrineAcetylcholinesteraseenzyme
MephentermineAlpha adrenergic receptortarget
MephentermineBeta adrenergic receptortarget
ProcaterolBeta-2 adrenergic receptortarget
ClenbuterolBeta-2 adrenergic receptortarget
ClenbuterolBeta-nerve growth factortarget
ClenbuterolTumor necrosis factortarget
ClenbuterolBeta-1 adrenergic receptortarget
ClenbuterolBeta-3 adrenergic receptortarget
ClenbuterolCytochrome P450 1A1enzyme
MetamfetamineCytochrome P450 2D6enzyme
MetamfetamineSolute carrier family 22 member 3transporter
MetamfetamineSolute carrier family 22 member 5transporter
MetamfetamineSodium-dependent dopamine transportertarget
MetamfetamineSynaptic vesicular amine transportertarget
MetamfetamineTrace amine-associated receptor 1target
MetamfetamineSodium-dependent serotonin transportertarget
MetamfetamineSodium-dependent noradrenaline transportertarget
MetamfetamineChromaffin granule amine transportertarget
MetamfetamineAmine oxidase [flavin-containing] Atarget
MetamfetamineAmine oxidase [flavin-containing] Btarget
MetamfetamineAlpha-2A adrenergic receptortarget
MetamfetamineAlpha-2B adrenergic receptortarget
MetamfetamineAlpha-2C adrenergic receptortarget
CeliprololBeta-1 adrenergic receptortarget
CeliprololBeta-2 adrenergic receptortarget
CeliprololBeta-3 adrenergic receptortarget
CeliprololAlpha-2A adrenergic receptortarget
CeliprololAlpha-2B adrenergic receptortarget
CeliprololAlpha-2C adrenergic receptortarget
CeliprololCytochrome P450 2D6enzyme
NylidrinCatechol O-methyltransferaseenzyme
NylidrinVoltage-dependent T-type calcium channel subunit alpha-1Itarget
NylidrinInterferon alpha/beta receptor 2target
NylidrinCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
TetryzolineAlpha-1A adrenergic receptortarget
TyramineSolute carrier family 22 member 3transporter
SynephrineAlpha-1 adrenergic receptorstarget
RacepinephrineAlpha-1A adrenergic receptortarget
RacepinephrineAlpha-1B adrenergic receptortarget
RacepinephrineAlpha-2A adrenergic receptortarget
RacepinephrineAlpha-2B adrenergic receptortarget
RacepinephrineAlpha-2C adrenergic receptortarget
RacepinephrineBeta-1 adrenergic receptortarget
RacepinephrineBeta-2 adrenergic receptortarget
RacepinephrineAlpha-1D adrenergic receptortarget
RacepinephrineBeta-3 adrenergic receptortarget
BucindololCytochrome P450 2D6enzyme
EpanololCytochrome P450 2D6enzyme
PseudoephedrineAlpha-1A adrenergic receptortarget
PseudoephedrineAlpha-2A adrenergic receptortarget
PseudoephedrineBeta-2 adrenergic receptortarget
PseudoephedrineAmine oxidase [flavin-containing] Aenzyme
PseudoephedrineBeta-1 adrenergic receptortarget
PseudoephedrineSodium-dependent dopamine transportertarget
PseudoephedrineSodium-dependent noradrenaline transportertarget
PseudoephedrineSodium-dependent serotonin transportertarget
PseudoephedrineNuclear factor of activated T-cells, cytoplasmic 1target
PseudoephedrineTumor necrosis factortarget
PseudoephedrineNuclear factor NF-kappa-B p105 subunittarget
Pseudoephedrineactivator protein 1target
PseudoephedrineInterleukin-2target
PseudoephedrineSerum albumincarrier
PseudoephedrineSodium-dependent noradrenaline transportertransporter
PseudoephedrineSodium-dependent dopamine transportertransporter
PseudoephedrineSodium-dependent serotonin transportertransporter
DiethylpropionSodium-dependent noradrenaline transportertarget
DiethylpropionSodium-dependent dopamine transportertarget
LisdexamfetamineCytochrome P450 2D6enzyme
LisdexamfetamineSolute carrier family 15 member 1transporter
LisdexamfetamineTrace amine-associated receptor 1target
DextroamphetamineAlpha-1B adrenergic receptortarget
DextroamphetamineSodium-dependent dopamine transportertarget
DextroamphetamineSodium-dependent noradrenaline transportertarget
DextroamphetamineSynaptic vesicular amine transportertarget
DextroamphetamineTrace amine-associated receptor 1target
DextroamphetamineCytochrome P450 2D6enzyme
DextroamphetaminePrimary amine oxidaseenzyme
DextroamphetamineSodium-dependent dopamine transportertransporter
DextroamphetamineAlpha adrenergic receptortarget
MMDA5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 2Atarget
MMDASodium-dependent serotonin transportertarget
MMDASodium-dependent dopamine transportertarget
MMDAChromaffin granule amine transportertarget
MMDASynaptic vesicular amine transportertarget
MMDAAmine oxidase [flavin-containing] Atarget
MMDAAmine oxidase [flavin-containing] Btarget
MMDASodium-dependent noradrenaline transportertarget
MidomafetamineSodium-dependent serotonin transportertarget
MidomafetamineSynaptic vesicular amine transportertarget
MidomafetamineSodium-dependent dopamine transportertarget
Midomafetamine5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 2Atarget
Midomafetamine5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 2Btarget
Midomafetamine5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 2Ctarget
MidomafetamineSodium-dependent noradrenaline transportertarget
MidomafetamineSodium-dependent noradrenaline transportertransporter
MidomafetamineSodium-dependent dopamine transportertransporter
MidomafetamineSodium-dependent serotonin transportertransporter
MidomafetamineCytochrome P450 2D6enzyme
2,5-Dimethoxy-4-ethylthioamphetamine5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 2Atarget
2,5-Dimethoxy-4-ethylthioamphetamine5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 2Ctarget
Hexamethylene diamineAgmatinase, putativetarget