Dysmenorrhea

Also known as: Dysmenorrheas / Menorrhalgia / Menstrual cramps / Cramps menstrual / Menstrual cramp / Dysmenorrhoea / Dysmenorrhea, unspecified / Period pains / Menses painful / Pain menstrual / Painful periods

DrugDrug NameDrug Description
DB00945Acetylsalicylic acidAlso known as _Aspirin_, acetylsalicylic acid (ASA) is a commonly used drug for the treatment of pain and fever due to various causes. Acetylsalicylic acid has both anti-inflammatory and antipyretic effects. This drug also inhibits platelet aggregation and is used in the prevention of blood clots stroke, and myocardial infarction (MI) [FDA label]. Interestingly, the results of various studies have demonstrated that long-term use of acetylsalicylic acid may decrease the risk of various cancers, including colorectal, esophageal, breast, lung, prostate, liver and skin cancer [A177325]. Aspirin is classified as a _non-selective cyclooxygenase (COX) inhibitor_ [A32682, A177268] and is available in many doses and forms, including chewable tablets, suppositories, extended release formulations, and others [L5968]. Acetylsalicylic acid is a very common cause of accidental poisoning in young children. It should be kept out of reach from young children, toddlers, and infants [FDA label].
DB01395DrospirenoneDrospirenone is a synthetic progestin that is an analog to spironolactone. It is found in a number of birth control formulations. Drospirenone differs from other synthetic progestins in that its pharmacological profile in preclinical studies shows it to be closer to the natural progesterone. As such it has anti-mineralocorticoid properties, counteracts the estrogen-stimulated activity of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system, and is not androgenic. It was shown in animal studies that drospirenone exhibits antiandrogenic activity judging from accessory sex gland growth in castrated, androgen-treated, juvenile rats.
DB00977EthinylestradiolA semisynthetic alkylated estradiol with a 17-alpha-ethinyl substitution. It has high estrogenic potency when administered orally and is often used as the estrogenic component in oral contraceptives. Ethinyl estradiol is marketed mostly as a combination oral contraceptive under several brand names such as Alesse, Tri-Cyclen, Triphasil, and Yasmin. The FDA label includes a black box warning that states that combination oral contraceptives should not be used in women over 35 years old who smoke due to the increased risk of serious cardiovascular side effects.
DB00823Ethynodiol diacetateA synthetic progestational hormone used alone or in combination with estrogens as an oral contraceptive. Although etynodiol or ethynodiol are sometimes used as a synonym for ethynodiol diacetate, what is usually being referred to is actually ethynodiol diacetate and not ethynodiol (which is a separate drug that has never been marketed, see [DB13866]).
DB00712FlurbiprofenFlurbiprofen, a propionic acid derivative, is a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agent (NSAIA) with antipyretic and analgesic activity. Oral formulations of flurbiprofen may be used for the symptomatic treatment of rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis and anklylosing spondylitis. Flurbiprofen may also be used topically prior to ocular surgery to prevent or reduce intraoperative miosis. Flurbiprofen is structurally and pharmacologically related to fenoprofen, ibuprofen, and ketoprofen.
DB01357MestranolThe 3-methyl ether of ethinyl estradiol. It must be demethylated to be biologically active. It is used as the estrogen component of many combination ORAL contraceptives.
DB00788NaproxenNaproxen is classified as a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory dug (NSAID) and was initially approved for prescription use in 1976 and then for over-the-counter (OTC) use in 1994.[A178975]
DB00957NorgestimateNorgestimate is a form of progesterone, which is a female hormone important for the regulation of ovulation and menstruation. Norgestimate is used with estradiol to treat the symptoms of menopause.
DB09389NorgestrelNorgestrel is synthetic steroidal progestin that is used in combination with ethinyl estradiol for oral contraception. Norgestrel is composed of a racemic mixture of two stereoisomers, dextronorgestrel and levonorgestrel. However, only the levorotary enantiomer ([levonorgestrel]) is biologically active.
DrugDrug NameTargetType
DB00945Acetylsalicylic acidProstaglandin G/H synthase 1target
DB00945Acetylsalicylic acidProstaglandin G/H synthase 2target
DB00945Acetylsalicylic acidAldo-keto reductase family 1 member C1target
DB00945Acetylsalicylic acidSolute carrier family 22 member 6transporter
DB00945Acetylsalicylic acidMultidrug resistance protein 1transporter
DB00945Acetylsalicylic acidCytochrome P450 2C19enzyme
DB00945Acetylsalicylic acidCytochrome P450 2C9enzyme
DB00945Acetylsalicylic acid5'-AMP-activated protein kinasetarget
DB00945Acetylsalicylic acidEndothelin-1 receptortarget
DB00945Acetylsalicylic acidNuclear factor kappa b beta subunittarget
DB00945Acetylsalicylic acidCellular tumor antigen p53target
DB00945Acetylsalicylic acid78 kDa glucose-regulated proteintarget
DB00945Acetylsalicylic acidRibosomal protein S6 kinase alpha-3target
DB00945Acetylsalicylic acidNF-kappa-B inhibitor alphatarget
DB00945Acetylsalicylic acidTumor necrosis factor-inducible gene 6 proteintarget
DB00945Acetylsalicylic acidCaspase-1target
DB00945Acetylsalicylic acidCaspase-3target
DB00945Acetylsalicylic acidInhibitor of nuclear factor kappa-B kinase subunit betatarget
DB00945Acetylsalicylic acidExtracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK)target
DB00945Acetylsalicylic acidG1/S-specific cyclin-D1target
DB00945Acetylsalicylic acidMyc proto-oncogene proteintarget
DB00945Acetylsalicylic acidProliferating cell nuclear antigentarget
DB00945Acetylsalicylic acidCyclin Atarget
DB00945Acetylsalicylic acidUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1-6enzyme
DB00945Acetylsalicylic acidArylamine N-acetyltransferase 2enzyme
DB00945Acetylsalicylic acidSolute carrier family 22 member 8transporter
DB01395DrospirenoneProgesterone receptortarget
DB01395DrospirenoneMineralocorticoid receptortarget
DB01395DrospirenoneAndrogen receptortarget
DB01395DrospirenoneProstaglandin G/H synthase 2enzyme
DB01395DrospirenoneCholinesteraseenzyme
DB01395DrospirenoneCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB00977EthinylestradiolEstrogen receptor alphatarget
DB00977EthinylestradiolNuclear receptor subfamily 1 group I member 2target
DB00977EthinylestradiolCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB00977EthinylestradiolCytochrome P450 2C8enzyme
DB00977EthinylestradiolBile salt export pumptransporter
DB00977EthinylestradiolSodium/bile acid cotransportertransporter
DB00977EthinylestradiolCanalicular multispecific organic anion transporter 1transporter
DB00977EthinylestradiolMultidrug resistance protein 1transporter
DB00977EthinylestradiolSex hormone-binding globulintarget
DB00977EthinylestradiolUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1-1enzyme
DB00823Ethynodiol diacetateEstrogen receptor alphatarget
DB00823Ethynodiol diacetateProgesterone receptortarget
DB00823Ethynodiol diacetateCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB00712FlurbiprofenProstaglandin G/H synthase 2target
DB00712FlurbiprofenProstaglandin G/H synthase 1target
DB00712FlurbiprofenCytochrome P450 2C9enzyme
DB00712FlurbiprofenSerum albumincarrier
DB00712FlurbiprofenMultidrug resistance-associated protein 4transporter
DB00712FlurbiprofenSolute carrier family 22 member 6transporter
DB00712FlurbiprofenUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 2B7enzyme
DB00712FlurbiprofenUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1-1enzyme
DB00712FlurbiprofenUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1-3enzyme
DB00712FlurbiprofenUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1-9enzyme
DB00712FlurbiprofenUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 2B4enzyme
DB01357MestranolEstrogen receptor alphatarget
DB01357MestranolCytochrome P450 2C9enzyme
DB01357MestranolCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB01357MestranolCytochrome P450 2C8enzyme
DB00788NaproxenProstaglandin G/H synthase 1target
DB00788NaproxenProstaglandin G/H synthase 2target
DB00788NaproxenSerum albumincarrier
DB00788NaproxenCytochrome P450 2C9enzyme
DB00788NaproxenCytochrome P450 1A2enzyme
DB00788NaproxenSolute carrier organic anion transporter family member 1A2transporter
DB00788NaproxenSolute carrier family 22 member 6transporter
DB00788NaproxenCytochrome P450 2C8enzyme
DB00788NaproxenUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1-1enzyme
DB00788NaproxenUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 2B7enzyme
DB00788NaproxenPeptostreptococcal albumin-binding proteintarget
DB00788NaproxenBile salt export pumptransporter
DB00788NaproxenMultidrug resistance protein 1transporter
DB00957NorgestimateProgesterone receptortarget
DB00957NorgestimateEstrogen receptor alphatarget
DB00957NorgestimateCanalicular multispecific organic anion transporter 1transporter
DB00957NorgestimateCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB00957NorgestimateAndrogen receptortarget
DB09389NorgestrelProgesterone receptortarget
DB09389Norgestrel3-oxo-5-alpha-steroid 4-dehydrogenase 1target
DB09389NorgestrelAndrogen receptortarget
DB09389NorgestrelCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB09389NorgestrelCytochrome P450 19A1enzyme
DrugDrug NamePhaseStatusCount
DB00203Sildenafil1 / 2Completed1
DB01164Calcium Chloride2Completed1
DB00668Epinephrine2Completed2
DB00977Ethinylestradiol2Completed1
DB01050Ibuprofen2Completed1
DB00367Levonorgestrel2Completed1
DB00281Lidocaine2Completed2
DB00784Mefenamic acid2Completed1
DB01065Melatonin2Not Yet Recruiting1
DB00814Meloxicam2Completed1
DB00761Potassium chloride2Completed1
DB09153Sodium chloride2Completed1
DB00586Diclofenac2 / 3Completed1
DB00814Meloxicam2 / 3Completed1
DB00201Caffeine3Completed1
DB01395Drospirenone3Completed1
DB01395Drospirenone3Withdrawn1
DB00977Ethinylestradiol3Completed1
DB01628Etoricoxib3Completed2
DB01050Ibuprofen3Completed1
DB01050Ibuprofen3Terminated1
DB00007Leuprolide3Unknown Status1
DB00367Levonorgestrel3Completed1
DB00788Naproxen3Completed1
DB00717Norethisterone3Unknown Status1
DB00316Acetaminophen4Completed1
DB00316Acetaminophen4Not Yet Recruiting1
DB00316Acetaminophen4Unknown Status1
DB09214Dexketoprofen4Unknown Status1
DB01395Drospirenone4Unknown Status1
DB06751Drotaverine4Terminated1
DB00977Ethinylestradiol4Recruiting1
DB00977Ethinylestradiol4Unknown Status1
DB00788Naproxen4Completed1
DB00788Naproxen4Recruiting1
DB00717Norethisterone4Recruiting1
DB00554Piroxicam4Completed1
DB00193Tramadol4Not Yet Recruiting1
DB08867Ulipristal4Withdrawn1
DB00580Valdecoxib4Completed1
DB00316AcetaminophenNot AvailableCompleted1
DB00316AcetaminophenNot AvailableNot Yet Recruiting1
DB00586DiclofenacNot AvailableCompleted1
DB01395DrospirenoneNot AvailableCompleted1
DB00977EthinylestradiolNot AvailableCompleted1
DB00977EthinylestradiolNot AvailableWithdrawn1
DB01050IbuprofenNot AvailableCompleted1
DB01050IbuprofenNot AvailableNot Yet Recruiting1
DB06713NorelgestrominNot AvailableWithdrawn1