Antioxidants

Naturally occurring or synthetic substances that inhibit or retard the oxidation of a substance to which it is added. They counteract the harmful and damaging effects of oxidation in animal tissues.
DrugDrug NameDrug Indication
DB00126Ascorbic acidUsed to treat vitamin C deficiency, scurvy, delayed wound and bone healing, urine acidification, and in general as an antioxidant. It has also been suggested to be an effective antiviral agent.
DB00162Vitamin AFor the treatment of vitamin A deficiency.
DB00163Vitamin EVitamin E, known for its antioxidant activities, is protective against cardiovascular disease and some forms of cancer and has also demonstrated immune-enhancing effects. It may be of limited benefit in some with asthma and rheumatoid arthritis. It may be helpful in some neurological diseases including Alzheimer's, some eye disorders including cataracts, and diabetes and premenstrual syndrome. It may also help protect skin from ultraviolet irradiation although claims that it reverses skin aging, enhances male fertility and exercise performance are poorly supported. It may help relieve some muscle cramps.
DB00166Lipoic AcidFor nutritional supplementation, also for treating dietary shortage or imbalance.
DB00179MasoprocolUsed for the treatment of actinic keratoses (precancerous skin growths that can become malignant if left untreated).
DB00413PramipexoleFor the treatment of signs and symptoms of idiopathic Parkinson's disease
DB00435Nitric OxideFor the treatment of term and near-term (>34 weeks) neonates with hypoxic respiratory failure
DB00437AllopurinolFor the treatment of hyperuricemia associated with primary or secondary gout. Also indicated for the treatment of primary or secondary uric acid nephropathy, with or without the symptoms of gout, as well as chemotherapy-induced hyperuricemia and recurrent renal calculi.
DB00806PentoxifyllineFor the treatment of patients with intermittent lameness or immobility arising from chronic occlusive arterial disease of the limbs.
DB00909ZonisamideFor use as adjunctive treatment of partial seizures in adults with epilepsy.
DB01065MelatoninUsed orally for jet lag, insomnia, shift-work disorder, circadian rhythm disorders in the blind (evidence for efficacy), and benzodiazepine and nicotine withdrawal. Evidence indicates that melatonin is likely effective for treating circadian rhythm sleep disorders in blind children and adults. It has received FDA orphan drug status as an oral medication for this use. A number of studies have shown that melatonin may be effective for treating sleep-wake cycle disturbances in children and adolescents with mental retardation, autism, and other central nervous system disorders. It appears to decrease the time to fall asleep in children with developmental disabilities, such as cerebral palsy, autism, and mental retardation. It may also improve secondary insomnia associated with various sleep-wake cycle disturbances. Other possible uses for which there is some evidence for include: benzodiazepine withdrawal, cluster headache, delayed sleep phase syndrome (DSPS), primary insomnia, jet lag, nicotine withdrawal, preoperative anxiety and sedation, prostate cancer, solid tumors (when combined with IL-2 therapy in certain cancers), sunburn prevention (topical use), tardive dyskinesia, thrombocytopenia associated with cancer, chemotherapy and other disorders.
DB01093Dimethyl sulfoxideFor the symptomatic relief of patients with interstitial cystitis.
DB01095FluvastatinTo be used as an adjunct to dietary therapy to prevent cardiovascular events. May be used as secondary prevention in patients with coronary heart disease (CHD) to reduce the risk of requiring coronary revascularization procedures, for reducing progression of coronary atherosclerosis in hypercholesterolemic patients with CHD, and for the treatment of primary hypercholesterolemia and mixed dyslidipidemia.
DB01599ProbucolUsed to lower LDL and HDL cholesterol.
DB018803,4-Dihydroxycinnamic AcidNot Available
DB02709ResveratrolBeing investigated for the treatment of Herpes labialis infections (cold sores).
DB036443-Hydroxyanthranilic AcidNot Available
DB03760Dihydrolipoic AcidNot Available
DB04066para-Coumaric AcidNot Available
DB04216QuercetinNot Available
DB05073SRT501Investigated for use/treatment in diabetes mellitus type 2 and neurologic disorders.
DB05874AEOL 10150Investigated for use/treatment in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS).
DB05974TranscrocetinateInvestigated for use/treatment in cancer/tumors (unspecified), hemorrhage, hypoxia, respiratory failure, and strokes.
DB06151AcetylcysteineAcetylcysteine is used mainly as a mucolytic and in the management of paracetamol (acetaminophen) overdose.
DB06397NicaravenInvestigated for use/treatment in cerebrovascular disease (unspecified).
DB06794LodoxamideIndicated in the treatment of the ocular disorders referred to by the terms vernal keratoconjunctivitis, vernal conjunctivitis, and vernal keratitis.
DB07767Ferulic acidNot Available
DB08844Uric AcidAt present (August 2013), there is no approved indication for uric acid. The potential therapeutic use for uric acid is as an adjunct in acute ischemic stroke.
DB09081IdebenoneIdebenone is indicated for use by the European Medicines Agency (EMA) for the treatment of visual impairment in adolescent and adult patients with Leber’s Hereditary Optic Neuropathy (LHON). It is not currently approved for use by either the Food and Drug Administration (USA) or Health Canada [L885].
DB09129Chromic chlorideFor use as a supplement to intravenous solutions given for total parenteral nutrition (TPN).
DB09499Thiosulfuric acidAntidote: Sodium thiosulfate is indicated to counteract or neutralize actions of poisons, e.g. cyanide poisoning. Antineoplastic adjunct:
DB09516MequinolMequinol is currently primarily available only as an active ingredient in combination products combined with tretinoin that are indicated for the treatment of solar lentigines and related hyperpigmented lesions resulting from chronic sun exposure [FDA Label].
DB09526HydroquinoneHydroquinone is used as an OTC topical lightening agent for disorders of hyperpigmentation including melasma, post-inflammatory hyperpigmention, sunspots and freckles.
DB11068Selenic acidIndicated for use as a nutritional supplement.
DB11135SeleniumFor the supplementation of total parenteral nutrition to prevent hyposelenemia [FDA Label].
DB11231LycopeneNot Available
DB11251TocopherolTocopherol can be used as a dietary supplement for patients with a deficit of vitamin E; this is mainly prescribed in the alpha form.[A32443] Vitamin E deficiency is rare, and it is primarily found in premature babies of very low birth weight, patients with fat malabsorption or patients with abetalipoproteinemia.[L2120] Tocopherol, due to its antioxidant properties, is studied for its use in prevention or treatment in different complex diseases such as cancer,[A32436] atherosclerosis, cardiovascular diseases,[A32442] and age-related macular degeneration.[A32444]
DB11656RebamipideNot Available
DB11780AllicinNot Available
DB11785AnisodamineNot Available
DB12116Epigallocatechin gallateNot Available
DB12160BucillamineNot Available
DB12243EdaravoneIndicated for improving neurological symptoms and damage from acute ischemic stroke and delaying disease progression of ALS.
DB12449TempolNot Available
DB12450Propyl GallateNot Available
DB12618ApocyninNot Available
DB12647TocotrienolNot Available
DB12771HydroxytyrosolNot Available
DB12996ActeosideNot Available
DB13050TirilazadNot Available
DB13111ChromanolNot Available
DB14001alpha-Tocopherol succinateThe primary health-related use for which alpha-tocopherol succinate is formally indicated is as a dietary supplement for patients who demonstrate a genuine vitamin E deficiency. At the same time, vitamin E deficiency is generally quite rare but may occur in premature babies of very low birth weight (< 1500 grams), individuals with fat-malabsorption disorders (as fat is required for the digestive tract to absorb vitamin E), or individuals with abetalipoproteinemia - a rare, inherited disorder that causes poor absorption of dietary fat - who require extremely large doses of supplemental vitamin E daily (around 100 mg/kg or 5-10 g/day) [L2120]. In all such cases, alpha-tocopherol is largely the preferred form of vitamin E to be administered. Elsewhere, vitamin E's chemical profile as a fat-soluble antioxidant that is capable of neutralizing free radicals in the body continues to generate ongoing interest and study regarding how and whether or not the vitamin can help prevent or delay various chronic diseases associated with free radicals or other potential biological effects that vitamin E possesses like cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, ocular conditions, immune illnesses, cancer, and more [T166]. None of these ongoing studies have yet to elucidate any formally significant evidence, however [T166]. Similarly, more effective clinical trials are necessary to confirm what has only been accrued as preliminary data when it comes to studies proposing the demonstration of alpha-tocopherol succinate's capability to act as an anti-cancer therapy or as a regulator of inflammation [L2699, A32958, A32959].
DB14002D-alpha-Tocopherol acetate_In addition to any following information, owing to d-alpha-Tocopherol acetate's closely related chemical nature with alpha-Tocopherol acetate, please also refer to the drug information page for alpha-Tocopherol acetate for further data._ Vitamin E, known for its antioxidant activities, is protective against cardiovascular disease and some forms of cancer and has also demonstrated immune-enhancing effects. It may be of limited benefit in some with asthma and rheumatoid arthritis. It may be helpful in some neurological diseases including Alzheimer's, some eye disorders including cataracts, and diabetes and premenstrual syndrome. It may also help protect skin from ultraviolet irradiation although claims that it reverses skin aging, enhances male fertility and exercise performance are poorly supported. It may help relieve some muscle cramps.
DB14003alpha-Tocopherol acetateThe primary health-related use for which alpha-tocopherol acetate is formally indicated is as a dietary supplement for patients who demonstrate a genuine vitamin E deficiency. At the same time, vitamin E deficiency is generally quite rare but may occur in premature babies of very low birth weight (< 1500 grams), individuals with fat-malabsorption disorders (as fat is required for the digestive tract to absorb vitamin E), or individuals with abetalipoproteinemia - a rare, inherited disorder that causes poor absorption of dietary fat - who require extremely large doses of supplemental vitamin E daily (around 100 mg/kg or 5-10 g/day) [L2120]. In all such cases, alpha-tocopherol is largely the preferred form of vitamin E to be administered. Elsewhere, vitamin E's chemical profile as a fat-soluble antioxidant that is capable of neutralizing free radicals in the body continues to generate ongoing interest and study regarding how and whether or not the vitamin can help prevent or delay various chronic diseases associated with free radicals or other potential biological effects that vitamin E possesses like cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, ocular conditions, immune illnesses, cancer, and more [T166]. None of these ongoing studies have yet to elucidate any formally significant evidence, however [T166].
DB14015Sodium bisulfiteNot Available
DB14094TocopherylquinoneNot Available
DB14192N,N'-diphenyl-1,4-phenylenediamineNot Available
DB141954-(Isopropylamino)diphenylamine4-(Isopropylamino)diphenylamine is approved for use within allergenic epicutaneous patch tests which are indicated for use as an aid in the diagnosis of allergic contact dermatitis (ACD) in persons 6 years of age and older.
DB14276TurmericNot Available
DB14479Acetylcysteine zincNot Available
DB14482Sodium ascorbateNot Available
DB14483Calcium ascorbateNot Available
DB14484Magnesium ascorbateNot Available
DB14490Ferrous ascorbateUsed in preventing and treating iron-deficiency anemia.
DrugDrug NameTargetType
DB00126Ascorbic acidProlyl 4-hydroxylase subunit alpha-1target
DB00126Ascorbic acidSolute carrier family 23 member 1target
DB00126Ascorbic acidProcollagen-lysine,2-oxoglutarate 5-dioxygenase 1target
DB00126Ascorbic acidHyaluronate lyasetarget
DB00126Ascorbic acidDNAtarget
DB00126Ascorbic acidXylose isomerasetarget
DB00126Ascorbic acidProcollagen-lysine,2-oxoglutarate 5-dioxygenase 2target
DB00126Ascorbic acidPhytanoyl-CoA dioxygenase, peroxisomaltarget
DB00126Ascorbic acidProcollagen-lysine,2-oxoglutarate 5-dioxygenase 3target
DB00126Ascorbic acidGamma-butyrobetaine dioxygenasetarget
DB00126Ascorbic acidDopamine beta-hydroxylasetarget
DB00126Ascorbic acidPeptidyl-glycine alpha-amidating monooxygenasetarget
DB00126Ascorbic acidProlyl 3-hydroxylase 1target
DB00126Ascorbic acid2-oxoglutarate and iron-dependent oxygenase domain-containing protein 2target
DB00126Ascorbic acidAlpha-ketoglutarate-dependent dioxygenase alkB homolog 2target
DB00126Ascorbic acidProlyl 3-hydroxylase 2target
DB00126Ascorbic acidProlyl 3-hydroxylase 3target
DB00126Ascorbic acid2-oxoglutarate and iron-dependent oxygenase domain-containing protein 1target
DB00126Ascorbic acidEgl nine homolog 2target
DB00126Ascorbic acidAlpha-ketoglutarate-dependent dioxygenase alkB homolog 3target
DB00126Ascorbic acidLysine-specific demethylase 5Dtarget
DB00126Ascorbic acidEgl nine homolog 1target
DB00126Ascorbic acidEgl nine homolog 3target
DB00126Ascorbic acidTrimethyllysine dioxygenase, mitochondrialtarget
DB00126Ascorbic acidTransmembrane prolyl 4-hydroxylasetarget
DB00126Ascorbic acidLactase-phlorizin hydrolasetarget
DB00126Ascorbic acidSolute carrier family 23 member 1transporter
DB00162Vitamin ARetinol dehydrogenase 12target
DB00162Vitamin ARetinol-binding protein 1target
DB00162Vitamin A11-cis retinol dehydrogenasetarget
DB00162Vitamin ARetinol dehydrogenase 13target
DB00162Vitamin ARetinol-binding protein 3target
DB00162Vitamin ARetinol-binding protein 5carrier
DB00162Vitamin ARetinoid-binding protein 7carrier
DB00162Vitamin ARetinol-binding protein 4carrier
DB00162Vitamin ARetinol-binding protein 2carrier
DB00162Vitamin ARetinal dehydrogenase 2target
DB00162Vitamin ARetinal dehydrogenase 1target
DB00162Vitamin ARetinaldehyde-binding protein 1target
DB00162Vitamin ALecithin retinol acyltransferasetarget
DB00162Vitamin AShort-chain dehydrogenase/reductase 3target
DB00162Vitamin AAldehyde dehydrogenase family 1 member A3target
DB00162Vitamin AAll-trans-retinol 13,14-reductasetarget
DB00162Vitamin ARetinol dehydrogenase 11target
DB00162Vitamin ADehydrogenase/reductase SDR family member 4target
DB00162Vitamin ARetinol dehydrogenase 14target
DB00162Vitamin ARetinol dehydrogenase 8target
DB00162Vitamin ACytochrome P450 1A1enzyme
DB00162Vitamin ACytochrome P450 26A1enzyme
DB00162Vitamin AApolipoprotein Dtarget
DB00162Vitamin AHematopoietic prostaglandin D synthasetarget
DB00162Vitamin ASerum albumincarrier
DB00163Vitamin ESEC14-like protein 4target
DB00163Vitamin ESEC14-like protein 3target
DB00163Vitamin ESEC14-like protein 2target
DB00163Vitamin ENuclear receptor subfamily 1 group I member 2target
DB00163Vitamin EProtein kinase C beta typetarget
DB00163Vitamin EArachidonate 5-lipoxygenasetarget
DB00163Vitamin EProtein kinase C alpha typetarget
DB00163Vitamin EDiacylglycerol kinase alphatarget
DB00163Vitamin ESerine/threonine-protein phosphatase 2A catalytic subunit beta isoformtarget
DB00163Vitamin ESerine/threonine-protein phosphatase 2A catalytic subunit alpha isoformtarget
DB00163Vitamin EAlpha-tocopherol transfer proteincarrier
DB00163Vitamin EGlutathione S-transferase A2enzyme
DB00163Vitamin EGlutathione S-transferase Penzyme
DB00163Vitamin EGlutathione S-transferase omega-1enzyme
DB00163Vitamin EGlutathione S-transferase Mu 3enzyme
DB00163Vitamin EGlutamate--cysteine ligase catalytic subunitenzyme
DB00163Vitamin ENAD(P)H dehydrogenase [quinone] 1enzyme
DB00163Vitamin EHeme oxygenase 1enzyme
DB00163Vitamin ESuperoxide dismutase [Cu-Zn]enzyme
DB00166Lipoic AcidLipoyltransferase 1, mitochondrialtarget
DB00166Lipoic AcidSodium-dependent multivitamin transportertarget
DB00166Lipoic AcidLipoyl synthase, mitochondrialtarget
DB00166Lipoic AcidNADPH--cytochrome P450 reductaseenzyme
DB00179MasoprocolArachidonate 5-lipoxygenasetarget
DB00179MasoprocolCytochrome P450 2J2enzyme
DB00179MasoprocolSex hormone-binding globulintarget
DB00413PramipexoleD(3) dopamine receptortarget
DB00413PramipexoleD(4) dopamine receptortarget
DB00413PramipexoleD(2) dopamine receptortarget
DB00413PramipexoleAlpha-2B adrenergic receptortarget
DB00413Pramipexole5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 1Atarget
DB00413Pramipexole5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 1Dtarget
DB00413PramipexoleAlpha-2A adrenergic receptortarget
DB00413Pramipexole5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 1Btarget
DB00413Pramipexole5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 2Atarget
DB00413Pramipexole5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 2Btarget
DB00413Pramipexole5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 2Ctarget
DB00413PramipexoleAlpha-2C adrenergic receptortarget
DB00413PramipexoleSolute carrier family 22 member 2transporter
DB00413PramipexoleSolute carrier family 22 member 1transporter
DB00413PramipexoleD(1A) dopamine receptortarget
DB00413PramipexoleD(1B) dopamine receptortarget
DB00435Nitric OxideGuanylate cyclase soluble subunit alpha-2target
DB00435Nitric OxideAldehyde dehydrogenase, mitochondrialenzyme
DB00435Nitric OxideCytochrome P450 1A2enzyme
DB00435Nitric OxideCytochrome P450 2B6enzyme
DB00435Nitric OxideCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB00435Nitric OxideMetallothionein-1Atarget
DB00435Nitric OxideIndoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase 1target
DB00437AllopurinolXanthine dehydrogenase/oxidasetarget
DB00437AllopurinolSolute carrier family 22 member 8transporter
DB00437AllopurinolSolute carrier family 22 member 7transporter
DB00437AllopurinolAldehyde oxidaseenzyme
DB00437AllopurinolXanthine dehydrogenase/oxidaseenzyme
DB00806PentoxifyllinecAMP-specific 3',5'-cyclic phosphodiesterase 4Btarget
DB00806PentoxifyllinecAMP-specific 3',5'-cyclic phosphodiesterase 4Atarget
DB00806Pentoxifylline5'-nucleotidasetarget
DB00806PentoxifyllinecGMP-specific 3',5'-cyclic phosphodiesterasetarget
DB00806PentoxifyllineAdenosine receptor A1target
DB00806PentoxifyllineAdenosine receptor A2atarget
DB00806PentoxifyllineCytochrome P450 1A2enzyme
DB00909ZonisamideSodium channel protein type 1 subunit alphatarget
DB00909ZonisamideCarbonic anhydrase 1target
DB00909ZonisamideVoltage-dependent T-type calcium channel subunit alpha-1Gtarget
DB00909ZonisamideCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB00909ZonisamideAldehyde oxidaseenzyme
DB00909ZonisamideAmine oxidase [flavin-containing] Btarget
DB00909ZonisamideCarbonic anhydrase 2target
DB00909ZonisamideCarbonic anhydrase 3target
DB00909ZonisamideCarbonic anhydrase 4target
DB00909ZonisamideCarbonic anhydrase 5A, mitochondrialtarget
DB00909ZonisamideCarbonic anhydrase 5B, mitochondrialtarget
DB00909ZonisamideCarbonic anhydrase 6target
DB00909ZonisamideCarbonic anhydrase 7target
DB00909ZonisamideCarbonic anhydrase-related proteintarget
DB00909ZonisamideCarbonic anhydrase 9target
DB00909ZonisamideCarbonic anhydrase-related protein 10target
DB00909ZonisamideCarbonic anhydrase-related protein 11target
DB00909ZonisamideCarbonic anhydrase 12target
DB00909ZonisamideCarbonic anhydrase 13target
DB00909ZonisamideCarbonic anhydrase 14target
DB00909ZonisamideVoltage-dependent T-type calcium channel subunit alpha-1Htarget
DB00909ZonisamideVoltage-dependent T-type calcium channel subunit alpha-1Itarget
DB00909ZonisamideSodium channel protein type 2 subunit alphatarget
DB00909ZonisamideSodium channel protein type 3 subunit alphatarget
DB00909ZonisamideSodium channel protein type 4 subunit alphatarget
DB00909ZonisamideSodium channel protein type 5 subunit alphatarget
DB00909ZonisamideSodium channel protein type 9 subunit alphatarget
DB00909ZonisamideSodium channel protein type 11 subunit alphatarget
DB00909ZonisamideSodium channel subunit beta-1target
DB00909ZonisamideSodium channel subunit beta-2target
DB00909ZonisamideSodium channel subunit beta-3target
DB00909ZonisamideSodium channel subunit beta-4target
DB00909ZonisamideAmine oxidase [flavin-containing] Atarget
DB00909ZonisamideCytochrome P450 2C19enzyme
DB00909ZonisamideUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1-1enzyme
DB00909ZonisamideCytochrome P450 3A5enzyme
DB01065MelatoninAcetylserotonin O-methyltransferasetarget
DB01065MelatoninMelatonin receptor type 1Atarget
DB01065MelatoninMelatonin receptor type 1Btarget
DB01065MelatoninNuclear receptor ROR-betatarget
DB01065MelatoninCalmodulintarget
DB01065MelatoninCalreticulintarget
DB01065MelatoninRibosyldihydronicotinamide dehydrogenase [quinone]target
DB01065MelatoninMyeloperoxidasetarget
DB01065MelatoninEstrogen receptor alphatarget
DB01065MelatoninEosinophil peroxidasetarget
DB01065MelatoninCytochrome P450 1A1enzyme
DB01065MelatoninCytochrome P450 1A2enzyme
DB01065MelatoninCytochrome P450 2C19enzyme
DB01065MelatoninCytochrome P450 2C9enzyme
DB01065MelatoninAcetylserotonin O-methyltransferaseenzyme
DB01065MelatoninIndoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase 1enzyme
DB01065MelatoninMyeloperoxidaseenzyme
DB01065MelatoninCytochrome P450 1B1enzyme
DB01065MelatoninSolute carrier family 22 member 8transporter
DB01065MelatoninCytochrome P450 19A1enzyme
DB01093Dimethyl sulfoxideTransthyretincarrier
DB01093Dimethyl sulfoxideCytochrome P450 2C19enzyme
DB01093Dimethyl sulfoxideCytochrome P450 2D6enzyme
DB01093Dimethyl sulfoxideCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB01095Fluvastatin3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-coenzyme A reductasetarget
DB01095FluvastatinCytochrome P450 2C9enzyme
DB01095FluvastatinCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB01095FluvastatinCytochrome P450 2C8enzyme
DB01095FluvastatinCytochrome P450 2D6enzyme
DB01095FluvastatinCytochrome P450 2C19enzyme
DB01095FluvastatinCytochrome P450 1A1enzyme
DB01095FluvastatinCytochrome P450 2B6enzyme
DB01095FluvastatinSolute carrier organic anion transporter family member 1B1transporter
DB01095FluvastatinSolute carrier organic anion transporter family member 1B3transporter
DB01095FluvastatinSolute carrier organic anion transporter family member 2B1transporter
DB01095FluvastatinSolute carrier family 15 member 1transporter
DB01095FluvastatinCytochrome P450 3A5enzyme
DB01095FluvastatinUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1-1enzyme
DB01095FluvastatinUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1-3enzyme
DB01095FluvastatinUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 2B7enzyme
DB01095FluvastatinCanalicular multispecific organic anion transporter 1transporter
DB01599ProbucolATP-binding cassette sub-family A member 1target
DB01599ProbucolLiver carboxylesterase 1target
DB018803,4-Dihydroxycinnamic AcidPhotoactive yellow proteintarget
DB018803,4-Dihydroxycinnamic AcidHistidine ammonia-lyasetarget
DB018803,4-Dihydroxycinnamic AcidMacrophage migration inhibitory factortarget
DB02709ResveratrolTransthyretincarrier
DB02709ResveratrolRibosyldihydronicotinamide dehydrogenase [quinone]target
DB02709ResveratrolProstaglandin G/H synthase 1target
DB02709ResveratrolCasein kinase II subunit alphatarget
DB02709ResveratrolProstaglandin G/H synthase 2target
DB02709ResveratrolCytochrome P450 1A1enzyme
DB02709ResveratrolCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB02709ResveratrolCytochrome P450 1A2enzyme
DB02709ResveratrolCytochrome P450 1B1enzyme
DB02709ResveratrolArachidonate 15-lipoxygenasetarget
DB02709ResveratrolArachidonate 5-lipoxygenasetarget
DB02709ResveratrolAryl hydrocarbon receptortarget
DB02709ResveratrolPhosphatidylinositol 4-kinase type 2-betatarget
DB02709ResveratrolIntegrin alpha-5target
DB02709ResveratrolIntegrin beta-3target
DB02709ResveratrolSerum albumincarrier
DB02709ResveratrolAmyloid beta A4 proteintarget
DB02709ResveratrolAlpha-synucleintarget
DB02709ResveratrolEstrogen receptor alphatarget
DB02709ResveratrolMelatonin receptor type 1Atarget
DB02709ResveratrolMelatonin receptor type 1Btarget
DB02709ResveratrolC-type lectin domain family 14 member Atarget
DB02709ResveratrolNuclear receptor subfamily 1 group I member 2target
DB02709ResveratrolNuclear receptor subfamily 1 group I member 3target
DB02709ResveratrolSolute carrier family 2, facilitated glucose transporter member 1target
DB02709ResveratrolCarbonyl reductase [NADPH] 1target
DB02709ResveratrolPeroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alphatarget
DB02709ResveratrolPeroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gammatarget
DB02709ResveratrolRAC-alpha serine/threonine-protein kinasetarget
DB02709ResveratrolFar upstream element-binding protein 2target
DB02709ResveratrolTyrosine--tRNA ligase, cytoplasmictarget
DB036443-Hydroxyanthranilic AcidTrans-2,3-dihydro-3-hydroxyanthranilate isomerasetarget
DB03760Dihydrolipoic AcidAminomethyltransferasetarget
DB03760Dihydrolipoic AcidGlycine cleavage system H protein, mitochondrialtarget
DB03760Dihydrolipoic AcidDihydrolipoyllysine-residue acetyltransferase component of pyruvate dehydrogenase complex, mitochondrialtarget
DB03760Dihydrolipoic Acid[Pyruvate dehydrogenase [lipoamide]] kinase isozyme 3, mitochondrialtarget
DB04066para-Coumaric AcidPhotoactive yellow proteintarget
DB04066para-Coumaric AcidPPHtarget
DB04066para-Coumaric AcidProstaglandin reductase 1target
DB04066para-Coumaric AcidHistidine ammonia-lyasetarget
DB04216QuercetinTyrosine-protein kinase HCKtarget
DB04216QuercetinCytochrome P450 2C8enzyme
DB04216QuercetinMultidrug resistance-associated protein 1transporter
DB04216QuercetinCanalicular multispecific organic anion transporter 1transporter
DB04216QuercetinMonocarboxylate transporter 2transporter
DB04216QuercetinSolute carrier organic anion transporter family member 2B1transporter
DB04216QuercetinMultidrug resistance protein 1transporter
DB04216QuercetinMonocarboxylate transporter 1transporter
DB04216QuercetinATP-binding cassette sub-family G member 2transporter
DB04216QuercetinPhosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate 3-kinase catalytic subunit gamma isoformtarget
DB04216QuercetinUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 3A1target
DB04216QuercetinATP synthase subunit alpha, mitochondrialtarget
DB04216QuercetinATP synthase subunit beta, mitochondrialtarget
DB04216QuercetinATP synthase subunit gamma, mitochondrialtarget
DB04216QuercetinSerine/threonine-protein kinase pim-1target
DB04216QuercetinHTH-type transcriptional regulator TtgRtarget
DB04216Quercetin3-hydroxyisobutyryl-CoA hydrolase, mitochondrialtarget
DB04216Quercetin3-hydroxyacyl-[acyl-carrier-protein] dehydratase FabZtarget
DB04216QuercetinSerine/threonine-protein kinase 17Btarget
DB04216QuercetinEstrogen receptor alphatarget
DB04216QuercetinEstrogen receptor betatarget
DB04216QuercetinRibosyldihydronicotinamide dehydrogenase [quinone]target
DB04216QuercetinSerum albumincarrier
DB04216QuercetinAryl hydrocarbon receptortarget
DB04216QuercetinCytochrome P450 1B1target
DB04216QuercetinActin, cytoplasmic 1target
DB04216QuercetinCasein kinase II subunit alphatarget
DB04216QuercetinCasein kinase II subunit betatarget
DB04216QuercetinEukaryotic translation initiation factor 3 subunit Ftarget
DB04216QuercetinHeat shock protein HSP 90-alphatarget
DB04216QuercetinHeat shock-related 70 kDa protein 2target
DB04216QuercetinRuvB-like 2target
DB04216QuercetinSplicing factor 3B subunit 3target
DB04216QuercetinUbiquitin-like modifier-activating enzyme 1target
DB04216QuercetinSex hormone-binding globulintarget
DB04216QuercetinCarbonyl reductase [NADPH] 1target
DB04216QuercetinCCAAT/enhancer-binding protein betatarget
DB04216QuercetinNuclear receptor subfamily 1 group I member 2target
DB04216QuercetinSolute carrier organic anion transporter family member 1B1transporter
DB05073SRT501NAD-dependent protein deacetylase sirtuin-1target
DB06151AcetylcysteineSolute carrier organic anion transporter family member 1B1transporter
DB06151AcetylcysteineNAPQI (N-acetyl-p-benzoquinone imine)target
DB06151AcetylcysteineSolute carrier family 22 member 6transporter
DB06151AcetylcysteineAminoacylase-1target
DB06151AcetylcysteineInhibitor of nuclear factor kappa-B kinase subunit alphatarget
DB06151AcetylcysteineInhibitor of nuclear factor kappa-B kinase subunit betatarget
DB06151AcetylcysteineGlutathione synthetasetarget
DB06151AcetylcysteineCystine/glutamate transportertarget
DB06151AcetylcysteineGlutamate receptor ionotropic, NMDA 2Btarget
DB06151AcetylcysteineGlutamate receptor ionotropic, NMDA 1target
DB06151AcetylcysteineGlutamate receptor ionotropic, NMDA 2Atarget
DB06151AcetylcysteineGlutamate receptor ionotropic, NMDA 2Dtarget
DB06151AcetylcysteineGlutamate receptor ionotropic, NMDA 3Atarget
DB07767Ferulic acidEndo-1,4-beta-xylanase Ytarget
DB07767Ferulic acidEndo-1,4-beta-xylanase Ztarget
DB07767Ferulic acidEst1etarget
DB07767Ferulic acidO-methyltransferasetarget
DB08844Uric AcidSolute carrier family 22 member 6transporter
DB08844Uric AcidSolute carrier family 22 member 8transporter
DB08844Uric AcidGlycogen phosphorylase, liver formtarget
DB08844Uric AcidSolute carrier family 2, facilitated glucose transporter member 9transporter
DB08844Uric AcidCytochrome P450 1A2enzyme
DB09129Chromic chlorideInsulin receptortarget
DB09499Thiosulfuric acidThiosulfate sulfurtransferaseenzyme
DB09526HydroquinoneTyrosinasetarget
DB09526HydroquinoneSerum albumincarrier
DB11135SeleniumSelenocysteine lyaseenzyme
DB11135SeleniumGlutathione reductase, mitochondrialenzyme
DB11135SeleniumThioredoxin reductase 1, cytoplasmicenzyme
DB11251TocopherolFree radicalstarget
DB11251TocopherolLeukotriene-B(4) omega-hydroxylase 1enzyme
DB11251TocopherolCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB11251TocopherolVery low-density lipoprotein receptorcarrier
DB11251TocopherolHigh density lipoproteincarrier
DB11251TocopherolLow-density lipoprotein receptorcarrier
DB11251TocopherolAlpha-tocopherol transfer proteintransporter
DB11251TocopherolSEC14-like protein 4transporter
DB11251TocopherolSEC14-like protein 2transporter
DB11251TocopherolSEC14-like protein 3transporter
DB11251TocopherolApolipoprotein B receptortransporter
DB11251TocopherolScavenger receptor class B member 1transporter
DB11251TocopherolMultidrug resistance protein 1transporter
DB11785AnisodamineCytochrome P450 2D6enzyme
DB12116Epigallocatechin gallateAryl hydrocarbon receptortarget
DB12116Epigallocatechin gallateDNA (cytosine-5)-methyltransferase 1target
DB12116Epigallocatechin gallateDihydrofolate reductase, mitochondrialtarget
DB12243EdaravoneSolute carrier family 22 member 6transporter
DB12243EdaravoneSolute carrier family 22 member 8transporter
DB12450Propyl GallateEstrogen receptor alphatarget
DB14001alpha-Tocopherol succinateSEC14-like protein 4target
DB14001alpha-Tocopherol succinateSEC14-like protein 3target
DB14001alpha-Tocopherol succinateSEC14-like protein 2target
DB14001alpha-Tocopherol succinateNuclear receptor subfamily 1 group I member 2target
DB14001alpha-Tocopherol succinateProtein kinase C beta typetarget
DB14001alpha-Tocopherol succinateArachidonate 5-lipoxygenasetarget
DB14001alpha-Tocopherol succinateProtein kinase C alpha typetarget
DB14001alpha-Tocopherol succinateDiacylglycerol kinase alphatarget
DB14001alpha-Tocopherol succinateSerine/threonine-protein phosphatase 2A catalytic subunit beta isoformtarget
DB14001alpha-Tocopherol succinateSerine/threonine-protein phosphatase 2A catalytic subunit alpha isoformtarget
DB14001alpha-Tocopherol succinateAlpha-tocopherol transfer proteincarrier
DB14001alpha-Tocopherol succinateGlutathione S-transferase A2enzyme
DB14001alpha-Tocopherol succinateGlutathione S-transferase Penzyme
DB14001alpha-Tocopherol succinateGlutathione S-transferase omega-1enzyme
DB14001alpha-Tocopherol succinateGlutathione S-transferase Mu 3enzyme
DB14001alpha-Tocopherol succinateGlutamate--cysteine ligase catalytic subunitenzyme
DB14001alpha-Tocopherol succinateNAD(P)H dehydrogenase [quinone] 1enzyme
DB14001alpha-Tocopherol succinateHeme oxygenase 1enzyme
DB14001alpha-Tocopherol succinateSuperoxide dismutase [Cu-Zn]enzyme
DB14001alpha-Tocopherol succinateLung epithelial cellstarget
DB14002D-alpha-Tocopherol acetateSEC14-like protein 4target
DB14002D-alpha-Tocopherol acetateSEC14-like protein 3target
DB14002D-alpha-Tocopherol acetateSEC14-like protein 2target
DB14002D-alpha-Tocopherol acetateNuclear receptor subfamily 1 group I member 2target
DB14002D-alpha-Tocopherol acetateProtein kinase C beta typetarget
DB14002D-alpha-Tocopherol acetateArachidonate 5-lipoxygenasetarget
DB14002D-alpha-Tocopherol acetateProtein kinase C alpha typetarget
DB14002D-alpha-Tocopherol acetateDiacylglycerol kinase alphatarget
DB14002D-alpha-Tocopherol acetateSerine/threonine-protein phosphatase 2A catalytic subunit beta isoformtarget
DB14002D-alpha-Tocopherol acetateSerine/threonine-protein phosphatase 2A catalytic subunit alpha isoformtarget
DB14002D-alpha-Tocopherol acetateAlpha-tocopherol transfer proteincarrier
DB14002D-alpha-Tocopherol acetateGlutathione S-transferase A2enzyme
DB14002D-alpha-Tocopherol acetateGlutathione S-transferase Penzyme
DB14002D-alpha-Tocopherol acetateGlutathione S-transferase omega-1enzyme
DB14002D-alpha-Tocopherol acetateGlutathione S-transferase Mu 3enzyme
DB14002D-alpha-Tocopherol acetateGlutamate--cysteine ligase catalytic subunitenzyme
DB14002D-alpha-Tocopherol acetateNAD(P)H dehydrogenase [quinone] 1enzyme
DB14002D-alpha-Tocopherol acetateHeme oxygenase 1enzyme
DB14002D-alpha-Tocopherol acetateSuperoxide dismutase [Cu-Zn]enzyme
DB14003alpha-Tocopherol acetateLeukotriene-B(4) omega-hydroxylase 1enzyme
DB14003alpha-Tocopherol acetateCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB14003alpha-Tocopherol acetateFree radicalstarget
DB14003alpha-Tocopherol acetateAlpha-tocopherol transfer proteintransporter
DB14003alpha-Tocopherol acetateSEC14-like protein 4transporter
DB14003alpha-Tocopherol acetateSEC14-like protein 2transporter
DB14003alpha-Tocopherol acetateSEC14-like protein 3transporter
DB14003alpha-Tocopherol acetateApolipoprotein B receptortransporter
DB14003alpha-Tocopherol acetateScavenger receptor class B member 1transporter
DB14003alpha-Tocopherol acetateMultidrug resistance protein 1transporter
DB14003alpha-Tocopherol acetateVery low-density lipoprotein receptorcarrier
DB14003alpha-Tocopherol acetateHigh density lipoproteincarrier
DB14003alpha-Tocopherol acetateLow-density lipoprotein receptorcarrier
DB14490Ferrous ascorbateTransferrin receptor protein 1target
DB14490Ferrous ascorbateEgl nine homolog 1target
DB14490Ferrous ascorbateHistone deacetylase 8target
DB14490Ferrous ascorbateAlpha-hemoglobin-stabilizing proteintarget
DB14490Ferrous ascorbateHemoglobin subunit alphatarget
DB14490Ferrous ascorbateFrataxin, mitochondrialtarget
DB14490Ferrous ascorbateFerritin heavy chaintarget
DB14490Ferrous ascorbateFlap endonuclease 1target
DB14490Ferrous ascorbateEndonuclease 8-like 1target
DB14490Ferrous ascorbateEndonuclease 8-like 2target
DB14490Ferrous ascorbateDNA polymerase betatarget
DB14490Ferrous ascorbateCeruloplasmintarget
DB14490Ferrous ascorbateSerotransferrintarget