Identification

Name
Cabergoline
Accession Number
DB00248  (APRD00836)
Type
Small Molecule
Groups
Approved
Description

Cabergoline, an ergot derivative, is a long-acting dopamine agonist and prolactin inhibitor. It is used to treat hyperprolactinemic disorders and Parkinsonian Syndrome. Cabergoline possesses potent agonist activity on dopamine D2 receptors.

Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
  • (8beta)-N-[3-(dimethylamino)Propyl]-N-[(ethylamino)carbonyl]-6-(2-propenyl)-ergoline-8-carboxamide
  • (8R)-6-Allyl-N-[3-(dimethylamino)propyl]-N-(ethylcarbamoyl)ergoline-8-carboxamide
  • 1-((6-Allylergolin-8beta-yl)carbonyl)-1-(3-(dimethylamino)propyl)-3-ethylurea
  • 1-[(6-Allylergoline-8beta-yl)carbonyl]-1-[3-(dimethylamino)propyl]-3-ethylurea
  • 1-Ethyl-3-(3'-dimethylamionpropyl)-2-(6'-allylergoline-8'beta-carbonyl)urea
  • Cabergolina
  • Cabergoline
  • Cabergolinum
External IDs
FCE 21336 / FCE-21336
Product Images
Prescription Products
NameDosageStrengthRouteLabellerMarketing StartMarketing End
Act CabergolineTablet0.5 mgOralActavis Pharma Company2007-11-06Not applicableCanada
CabergolineTablet0.5 mgOralCobalt LaboratoriesNot applicableNot applicableCanada
DostinexTablet0.5 mg/1OralPharmacia & Upjohn Inc1996-12-232010-06-01Us
DostinexTablet0.5 mgOralPfizer2000-06-30Not applicableCanada
Generic Prescription Products
NameDosageStrengthRouteLabellerMarketing StartMarketing End
Apo-cabergolineTablet0.5 mgOralApotex Corporation2017-03-23Not applicableCanada
CabergolineTablet0.5 mg/1OralApotex Corporation2013-03-08Not applicableUs
CabergolineTablet0.5 mg/1OralIngenus Pharmaceuticals Llc2018-08-09Not applicableUs
CabergolineTablet0.5 mg/1OralMylan Pharmaceuticals2013-12-022015-08-31Us
CabergolineTablet0.5 mg/1OralActavis Pharma Company2008-04-212015-06-30Us
CabergolineTablet0.5 mg/1OralA-S Medication Solutions2007-03-07Not applicableUs
CabergolineTablet0.5 mg/1OralPar Pharmaceutical2005-12-29Not applicableUs
CabergolineTablet0.5 mg/1OralAvera McKennan Hospital2015-04-14Not applicableUs69189 542020180907 15195 bcnuu3
CabergolineTablet0.5 mg/1OralTeva Pharmaceuticals USA, Inc.2007-03-07Not applicableUs00093 5420 88 nlmimage10 8e2bc72e
CabergolineTablet0.5 mg/1OralGreenstone, Llc2014-09-22Not applicableUs
Unapproved/Other Products
NameIngredientsDosageRouteLabellerMarketing StartMarketing End
CabergolineCabergoline (0.5 mg/1)TabletOralGreenstone, Ltd.2006-03-012006-03-01Us
International/Other Brands
Cabaser (Pfizer)
Categories
UNII
LL60K9J05T
CAS number
81409-90-7
Weight
Average: 451.6043
Monoisotopic: 451.294725453
Chemical Formula
C26H37N5O2
InChI Key
KORNTPPJEAJQIU-KJXAQDMKSA-N
InChI
InChI=1S/C26H37N5O2/c1-5-11-30-17-19(25(32)31(26(33)27-6-2)13-8-12-29(3)4)14-21-20-9-7-10-22-24(20)18(16-28-22)15-23(21)30/h5,7,9-10,16,19,21,23,28H,1,6,8,11-15,17H2,2-4H3,(H,27,33)/t19-,21-,23-/m1/s1
IUPAC Name
1-[3-(dimethylamino)propyl]-3-ethyl-1-[(2R,4R,7R)-6-(prop-2-en-1-yl)-6,11-diazatetracyclo[7.6.1.0²,⁷.0¹²,¹⁶]hexadeca-1(16),9,12,14-tetraene-4-carbonyl]urea
SMILES
[H][C@@]12CC3=CNC4=CC=CC(=C34)[C@@]1([H])C[C@H](CN2CC=C)C(=O)N(CCCN(C)C)C(=O)NCC

Pharmacology

Indication

For the treatment of hyperprolactinemic disorders, either idiopathic or due to prolactinoma (prolactin-secreting adenomas). May also be used to manage symptoms of Parkinsonian Syndrome as monotherapy during initial symptomatic management or as an adjunct to levodopa therapy during advanced stages of disease.

Associated Conditions
Associated Therapies
Pharmacodynamics

Cabergoline stimulates centrally-located dopaminergic receptors resulting in a number of pharmacologic effects. Five dopamine receptor types from two dopaminergic subfamilies have been identified. The dopaminergic D1 receptor subfamily consists of D1 and D5 subreceptors, which are associated with dyskinesias. The dopaminergic D2 receptor subfamily consists of D2, D3 and D4 subreceptors, which are associated with improvement of symptoms of movement disorders. Thus, agonist activity specific for D2 subfamily receptors, primarily D2 and D3 receptor subtypes, are the primary targets of dopaminergic antiparkinsonian agents. It is thought that postsynaptic D2 stimulation is primarily responsible for the antiparkinsonian effect of dopamine agonists, while presynaptic D2 stimulation confers neuroprotective effects. This semisynthetic ergot derivative exhibits potent agonist activity on dopamine D2- and D3-receptors. It also exhibits: agonist activity (in order of decreasing binding affinities) on 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT)2B, 5-HT2A, 5-HT1D, dopamine D4, 5-HT1A, dopamine D1, 5-HT1B and 5-HT2C receptors and antagonist activity on α2B, α2A, and α2C receptors. Parkinsonian Syndrome manifests when approximately 80% of dopaminergic activity in the nigrostriatal pathway of the brain is lost. As this striatum is involved in modulating the intensity of coordinated muscle activity (e.g. movement, balance, walking), loss of activity may result in dystonia (acute muscle contraction), Parkinsonism (including symptoms of bradykinesia, tremor, rigidity, and flattened affect), akathesia (inner restlessness), tardive dyskinesia (involuntary muscle movements usually associated with long-term loss of dopaminergic activity), and neuroleptic malignant syndrome, which manifests when complete blockage of nigrostriatal dopamine occurs. High dopaminergic activity in the mesolimbic pathway of the brain causes hallucinations and delusions; these side effects of dopamine agonists are manifestations seen in patients with schizophrenia who have overractivity in this area of the brain. The hallucinogenic side effects of dopamine agonists may also be due to 5-HT2A agonism. The tuberoinfundibular pathway of the brain originates in the hypothalamus and terminates in the pituitary gland. In this pathway, dopamine inhibits lactotrophs in anterior pituitary from secreting prolactin. Increased dopaminergic activity in the tuberoinfundibular pathway inhibits prolactin secretion.

Mechanism of action

The dopamine D2 receptor is a 7-transmembrane G-protein coupled receptor associated with Gi proteins. In lactotrophs, stimulation of dopamine D2 causes inhibition of adenylyl cyclase, which decreases intracellular cAMP concentrations and blocks IP3-dependent release of Ca2+ from intracellular stores. Decreases in intracellular calcium levels may also be brought about via inhibition of calcium influx through voltage-gated calcium channels, rather than via inhibition of adenylyl cyclase. Additionally, receptor activation blocks phosphorylation of p42/p44 MAPK and decreases MAPK/ERK kinase phosphorylation. Inhibition of MAPK appears to be mediated by c-Raf and B-Raf-dependent inhibition of MAPK/ERK kinase. Dopamine-stimulated growth hormone release from the pituitary gland is mediated by a decrease in intracellular calcium influx through voltage-gated calcium channels rather than via adenylyl cyclase inhibition. Stimulation of dopamine D2 receptors in the nigrostriatal pathway leads to improvements in coordinated muscle activity in those with movement disorders. Cabergoline is a long-acting dopamine receptor agonist with a high affinity for D2 receptors. Receptor-binding studies indicate that cabergoline has low affinity for dopamine D1, α1,- and α2- adrenergic, and 5-HT1- and 5-HT2-serotonin receptors.

TargetActionsOrganism
AD(2) dopamine receptor
agonist
Human
U5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 2B
agonist
Human
UD(3) dopamine receptor
agonist
Human
U5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 2A
agonist
Human
UAlpha-2B adrenergic receptor
antagonist
Human
U5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 1D
agonist
Human
UD(4) dopamine receptor
agonist
Human
UAlpha-2A adrenergic receptor
antagonist
Human
U5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 1A
agonist
Human
UAlpha-2C adrenergic receptor
antagonist
Human
UD(1B) dopamine receptor
agonist
Human
UD(1A) dopamine receptor
agonist
Human
U5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 1B
agonist
Human
U5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 2C
agonist
Human
U5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 7
antagonist
Human
UAlpha-1A adrenergic receptor
binder
Human
UAlpha-1B adrenergic receptor
binder
Human
UAlpha-1D adrenergic receptor
binder
Human
UBeta-1 adrenergic receptor
binder
Human
UBeta-2 adrenergic receptor
binder
Human
UD(1) dopamine receptor
agonist
Human
UD(2S) dopamine receptor
agonist
Human
UD(2L) dopamine receptor
agonist
Human
Absorption

First-pass effect is seen, however the absolute bioavailability is unknown.

Volume of distribution
Not Available
Protein binding

Moderately bound (40% to 42%) to human plasma proteins in a concentration-independent manner.

Metabolism

Hepatic. Cabergoline is extensively metabolized, predominately via hydrolysis of the acylurea bond of the urea moiety. Cytochrome P-450 mediated metabolism appears to be minimal. The main metabolite identified in urine is 6-allyl-8b-carboxy-ergoline (4-6% of dose). Three other metabolites were identified urine (less than 3% of dose).

Route of elimination

After oral dosing of radioactive cabergoline to five healthy volunteers, approximately 22% and 60% of the dose was excreted within 20 days in the urine and feces, respectively. Less than 4% of the dose was excreted unchanged in the urine.

Half life

The elimination half-life is estimated from urinary data of 12 healthy subjects to range between 63 to 69 hours.

Clearance
  • renal cl=0,008 L/min
  • nonrenal cl=3.2 L/min
Toxicity

Overdosage might be expected to produce nasal congestion, syncope, or hallucinations.

Affected organisms
  • Humans and other mammals
Pathways
Not Available
Pharmacogenomic Effects/ADRs
Not Available

Interactions

Drug Interactions
DrugInteraction
(R)-warfarinThe metabolism of (R)-warfarin can be decreased when combined with Cabergoline.
(S)-WarfarinThe metabolism of (S)-Warfarin can be decreased when combined with Cabergoline.
16-BromoepiandrosteroneThe metabolism of 16-Bromoepiandrosterone can be decreased when combined with Cabergoline.
2,5-Dimethoxy-4-ethylamphetamineThe risk or severity of serotonin syndrome can be increased when Cabergoline is combined with 2,5-Dimethoxy-4-ethylamphetamine.
2,5-Dimethoxy-4-ethylthioamphetamineThe risk or severity of serotonin syndrome can be increased when 2,5-Dimethoxy-4-ethylthioamphetamine is combined with Cabergoline.
3,4-MethylenedioxyamphetamineThe risk or severity of serotonin syndrome can be increased when 3,4-Methylenedioxyamphetamine is combined with Cabergoline.
3,5-diiodothyropropionic acidThe metabolism of 3,5-diiodothyropropionic acid can be decreased when combined with Cabergoline.
4-Bromo-2,5-dimethoxyamphetamineThe risk or severity of serotonin syndrome can be increased when 4-Bromo-2,5-dimethoxyamphetamine is combined with Cabergoline.
4-hydroxycoumarinThe metabolism of 4-hydroxycoumarin can be decreased when combined with Cabergoline.
4-MethoxyamphetamineCabergoline may increase the hypertensive and vasoconstricting activities of 4-Methoxyamphetamine.
Food Interactions
  • Absorption is not affected by food.
  • Take with food to improve tolerance.

References

Synthesis Reference
US4526892
General References
  1. Pastor P, Tolosa E: [Cabergoline in the treatment of Parkinson's disease]. Neurologia. 2003 May;18(4):202-9. [PubMed:12721865]
  2. Curran MP, Perry CM: Cabergoline : a review of its use in the treatment of Parkinson's disease. Drugs. 2004;64(18):2125-41. [PubMed:15341508]
  3. Bracco F, Battaglia A, Chouza C, Dupont E, Gershanik O, Marti Masso JF, Montastruc JL: The long-acting dopamine receptor agonist cabergoline in early Parkinson's disease: final results of a 5-year, double-blind, levodopa-controlled study. CNS Drugs. 2004;18(11):733-46. [PubMed:15330687]
  4. Miyagi M, Arai N, Taya F, Itoh F, Komatsu Y, Kojima M, Isaji M: Effect of cabergoline, a long-acting dopamine D2 agonist, on reserpine-treated rodents. Biol Pharm Bull. 1996 Nov;19(11):1499-502. [PubMed:8951172]
External Links
Human Metabolome Database
HMDB0014393
KEGG Drug
D00987
KEGG Compound
C08187
PubChem Compound
54746
PubChem Substance
46508571
ChemSpider
49452
BindingDB
50426497
ChEBI
3286
ChEMBL
CHEMBL1201087
Therapeutic Targets Database
DAP000251
PharmGKB
PA448708
IUPHAR
37
Guide to Pharmacology
GtP Drug Page
RxList
RxList Drug Page
Drugs.com
Drugs.com Drug Page
Wikipedia
Cabergoline
ATC Codes
N04BC06 — CabergolineG02CB03 — Cabergoline
AHFS Codes
  • 28:36.20.04 — Ergot-derivative Dopamine Receptor Agonists

Clinical Trials

Clinical Trials
PhaseStatusPurposeConditionsCount
0Active Not RecruitingTreatmentRecurrent Breast Cancer / Stage IV Breast Cancer1
0CompletedPreventionComplications Associated With Artificial Fertilization / Disorder of Endocrine Ovary1
1CompletedNot AvailableCocaine Abuse / Dependence, Cocaine / Substance Abuse1
1CompletedNot AvailableTo Determine Bioequivalence Under Fasting Conditions1
1CompletedOtherTo Determine Bioequivalence Under Fed Conditions1
1, 2CompletedNot AvailableBody Weights / Impaired Glucose Tolerance in Obese1
1, 2CompletedPreventionOvarian Hyperstimulation Syndrome1
2CompletedTreatmentCocaine-Related Disorders / Substance-Related Disorders1
2Not Yet RecruitingPreventionOHSS1
2RecruitingTreatmentEndometriosis1
2RecruitingTreatmentFemale Reproductive Problem1
2RecruitingTreatmentOHSS1
2, 3CompletedPreventionInfertilities2
2, 3CompletedTreatmentNon-functioning Pituitary Adenomas / Prolactinomas1
2, 3Not Yet RecruitingTreatmentInfertilities1
2, 3RecruitingDiagnosticInfertilities1
3CompletedPreventionOvarian Hyperstimulation1
3CompletedPreventionOvarian Hyperstimulation Syndrome2
3CompletedTreatmentCorticotroph Adenoma / Cushing's Disease1
3CompletedTreatmentIdiopathic Parkinson's Disease1
3CompletedTreatmentNonfunctioning Pituitary Adenoma / Pituitary Adenomas1
3CompletedTreatmentRestless Legs Syndrome (RLS)2
3RecruitingPreventionOvarian Hyperstimulation Syndrome1
3RecruitingTreatmentAcromegaly1
3RecruitingTreatmentAdenoma benign / Pituitary Neoplasms1
3RecruitingTreatmentDiabetes Mellitus (DM)1
4CompletedNot AvailableAcromegaly1
4CompletedNot AvailableProlactinomas1
4CompletedTreatmentAcromegaly2
4CompletedTreatmentAdverse Reaction to Other Drugs and Medicines1
4CompletedTreatmentParkinson's Disease (PD)1
4TerminatedTreatmentParkinson's Disease (PD)1
Not AvailableCompletedBasic ScienceOvarian Hyperstimulation Syndrome / Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome1
Not AvailableCompletedDiagnosticParkinson's Disease (PD) / Parkinsonian Syndromes1
Not AvailableNot Yet RecruitingTreatmentPituitary Adenomas / Pituitary Neoplasms / Prolactinoma / Recurrence Tumor1
Not AvailableUnknown StatusTreatmentMacroprolactinoma1
Not AvailableUnknown StatusTreatmentType 2 Diabetes Mellitus1

Pharmacoeconomics

Manufacturers
  • Impax laboratories inc
  • Ivax pharmaceuticals inc sub teva pharmaceuticals usa
  • Par pharmaceutical inc
  • Watson laboratories inc
  • Pharmacia and upjohn co
Packagers
  • Amerisource Health Services Corp.
  • Cobalt Pharmaceuticals Inc.
  • Finetech Pharmaceutical Ltd.
  • Greenstone LLC
  • Murfreesboro Pharmaceutical Nursing Supply
  • Par Pharmaceuticals
  • Pfizer Inc.
  • Teva Pharmaceutical Industries Ltd.
Dosage forms
FormRouteStrength
TabletOral0.5 mg/1
TabletOral0.5 mg
Prices
Unit descriptionCostUnit
Cabergoline 0.5 mg tablet37.39USD tablet
DrugBank does not sell nor buy drugs. Pricing information is supplied for informational purposes only.
Patents
Not Available

Properties

State
Solid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueSource
melting point (°C)102-104 °CNot Available
water solubilityInsolubleNot Available
logP2.6Not Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility0.064 mg/mLALOGPS
logP2.97ALOGPS
logP2.58ChemAxon
logS-3.8ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)15.25ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)9.32ChemAxon
Physiological Charge2ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count4ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count2ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area71.68 Å2ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count8ChemAxon
Refractivity133.5 m3·mol-1ChemAxon
Polarizability52.5 Å3ChemAxon
Number of Rings4ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterNoChemAxon
Veber's RuleNoChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Predicted ADMET features
PropertyValueProbability
Human Intestinal Absorption+1.0
Blood Brain Barrier+0.9383
Caco-2 permeable-0.6583
P-glycoprotein substrateSubstrate0.7972
P-glycoprotein inhibitor IInhibitor0.8903
P-glycoprotein inhibitor IIInhibitor0.7698
Renal organic cation transporterNon-inhibitor0.5339
CYP450 2C9 substrateNon-substrate0.812
CYP450 2D6 substrateNon-substrate0.7438
CYP450 3A4 substrateSubstrate0.6336
CYP450 1A2 substrateNon-inhibitor0.7733
CYP450 2C9 inhibitorNon-inhibitor0.7396
CYP450 2D6 inhibitorNon-inhibitor0.7124
CYP450 2C19 inhibitorNon-inhibitor0.8341
CYP450 3A4 inhibitorNon-inhibitor0.6476
CYP450 inhibitory promiscuityLow CYP Inhibitory Promiscuity0.8712
Ames testNon AMES toxic0.5619
CarcinogenicityNon-carcinogens0.8542
BiodegradationNot ready biodegradable0.846
Rat acute toxicity2.8786 LD50, mol/kg Not applicable
hERG inhibition (predictor I)Weak inhibitor0.6224
hERG inhibition (predictor II)Non-inhibitor0.5309
ADMET data is predicted using admetSAR, a free tool for evaluating chemical ADMET properties. (23092397)

Spectra

Mass Spec (NIST)
Not Available
Spectra
SpectrumSpectrum TypeSplash Key
Predicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MSPredicted GC-MSNot Available
Predicted MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positive (Annotated)Predicted LC-MS/MSNot Available
Predicted MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positive (Annotated)Predicted LC-MS/MSNot Available
Predicted MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positive (Annotated)Predicted LC-MS/MSNot Available
Predicted MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negative (Annotated)Predicted LC-MS/MSNot Available
Predicted MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negative (Annotated)Predicted LC-MS/MSNot Available
Predicted MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negative (Annotated)Predicted LC-MS/MSNot Available

Taxonomy

Description
This compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as lysergic acids and derivatives. These are alkaloids with a structure based on the lysergic acid skeleton.
Kingdom
Organic compounds
Super Class
Alkaloids and derivatives
Class
Ergoline and derivatives
Sub Class
Lysergic acids and derivatives
Direct Parent
Lysergic acids and derivatives
Alternative Parents
Indoloquinolines / Benzoquinolines / Pyrroloquinolines / Quinoline-3-carboxamides / 3-alkylindoles / Piperidinecarboxamides / Isoindoles and derivatives / N-acyl ureas / Aralkylamines / Benzenoids
show 10 more
Substituents
Lysergic acid or derivatives / Indoloquinoline / Benzoquinoline / Quinoline-3-carboxamide / Pyrroloquinoline / Quinoline / 3-alkylindole / Indole / Indole or derivatives / Isoindole or derivatives
show 28 more
Molecular Framework
Aromatic heteropolycyclic compounds
External Descriptors
N-acylurea (CHEBI:3286)

Targets

Kind
Protein
Organism
Human
Pharmacological action
Yes
Actions
Agonist
General Function
Potassium channel regulator activity
Specific Function
Dopamine receptor whose activity is mediated by G proteins which inhibit adenylyl cyclase.
Gene Name
DRD2
Uniprot ID
P14416
Uniprot Name
D(2) dopamine receptor
Molecular Weight
50618.91 Da
References
  1. Chen X, Ji ZL, Chen YZ: TTD: Therapeutic Target Database. Nucleic Acids Res. 2002 Jan 1;30(1):412-5. [PubMed:11752352]
  2. Lombardi G, Varsaldi F, Miglio G, Papini MG, Battaglia A, Canonico PL: Cabergoline prevents necrotic neuronal death in an in vitro model of oxidative stress. Eur J Pharmacol. 2002 Dec 20;457(2-3):95-8. [PubMed:12464354]
  3. Kageyama K, Nigawara T, Kamata Y, Takahashi T, Anzai J, Suzuki S, Osamura YR, Suda T: A case of macroprolactinoma with subclinical growth hormone production. Endocr J. 2002 Feb;49(1):41-7. [PubMed:12008749]
  4. Pastor P, Tolosa E: [Cabergoline in the treatment of Parkinson's disease]. Neurologia. 2003 May;18(4):202-9. [PubMed:12721865]
  5. Curran MP, Perry CM: Cabergoline : a review of its use in the treatment of Parkinson's disease. Drugs. 2004;64(18):2125-41. [PubMed:15341508]
  6. Miyagi M, Arai N, Taya F, Itoh F, Komatsu Y, Kojima M, Isaji M: Effect of cabergoline, a long-acting dopamine D2 agonist, on reserpine-treated rodents. Biol Pharm Bull. 1996 Nov;19(11):1499-502. [PubMed:8951172]
  7. Ichikawa K, Kojima M: [Pharmacological effects of cabergoline against parkinsonism]. Nihon Yakurigaku Zasshi. 2001 Jun;117(6):395-400. [PubMed:11436517]
  8. Linazasoro G: Conversion from dopamine agonists to cabergoline: an open-label trial in 128 patients with advanced Parkinson disease. Clin Neuropharmacol. 2008 Jan-Feb;31(1):19-24. doi: 10.1097/wnf.0b013e318067bcc4. [PubMed:18303487]
Kind
Protein
Organism
Human
Pharmacological action
Unknown
Actions
Agonist
General Function
Serotonin receptor activity
Specific Function
G-protein coupled receptor for 5-hydroxytryptamine (serotonin). Also functions as a receptor for various ergot alkaloid derivatives and psychoactive substances. Ligand binding causes a conformation...
Gene Name
HTR2B
Uniprot ID
P41595
Uniprot Name
5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 2B
Molecular Weight
54297.41 Da
References
  1. Kvernmo T, Houben J, Sylte I: Receptor-binding and pharmacokinetic properties of dopaminergic agonists. Curr Top Med Chem. 2008;8(12):1049-67. [PubMed:18691132]
  2. Lam YW: Clinical pharmacology of dopamine agonists. Pharmacotherapy. 2000 Jan;20(1 Pt 2):17S-25S. [PubMed:10641988]
  3. Sharif NA: Serotonin-2 receptor agonists as novel ocular hypotensive agents and their cellular and molecular mechanisms of action. Curr Drug Targets. 2010 Aug;11(8):978-93. [PubMed:20426763]
  4. Sharif NA, McLaughlin MA, Kelly CR, Katoli P, Drace C, Husain S, Crosson C, Toris C, Zhan GL, Camras C: Cabergoline: Pharmacology, ocular hypotensive studies in multiple species, and aqueous humor dynamic modulation in the Cynomolgus monkey eyes. Exp Eye Res. 2009 Mar;88(3):386-97. doi: 10.1016/j.exer.2008.10.003. Epub 2008 Nov 1. [PubMed:18992242]
  5. Huang XP, Setola V, Yadav PN, Allen JA, Rogan SC, Hanson BJ, Revankar C, Robers M, Doucette C, Roth BL: Parallel functional activity profiling reveals valvulopathogens are potent 5-hydroxytryptamine(2B) receptor agonists: implications for drug safety assessment. Mol Pharmacol. 2009 Oct;76(4):710-22. doi: 10.1124/mol.109.058057. Epub 2009 Jul 1. [PubMed:19570945]
Kind
Protein
Organism
Human
Pharmacological action
Unknown
Actions
Agonist
General Function
G-protein coupled amine receptor activity
Specific Function
Dopamine receptor whose activity is mediated by G proteins which inhibit adenylyl cyclase. Promotes cell proliferation.
Gene Name
DRD3
Uniprot ID
P35462
Uniprot Name
D(3) dopamine receptor
Molecular Weight
44224.335 Da
References
  1. Kvernmo T, Houben J, Sylte I: Receptor-binding and pharmacokinetic properties of dopaminergic agonists. Curr Top Med Chem. 2008;8(12):1049-67. [PubMed:18691132]
  2. Lam YW: Clinical pharmacology of dopamine agonists. Pharmacotherapy. 2000 Jan;20(1 Pt 2):17S-25S. [PubMed:10641988]
  3. Sharif NA, McLaughlin MA, Kelly CR, Katoli P, Drace C, Husain S, Crosson C, Toris C, Zhan GL, Camras C: Cabergoline: Pharmacology, ocular hypotensive studies in multiple species, and aqueous humor dynamic modulation in the Cynomolgus monkey eyes. Exp Eye Res. 2009 Mar;88(3):386-97. doi: 10.1016/j.exer.2008.10.003. Epub 2008 Nov 1. [PubMed:18992242]
Kind
Protein
Organism
Human
Pharmacological action
Unknown
Actions
Agonist
General Function
Virus receptor activity
Specific Function
G-protein coupled receptor for 5-hydroxytryptamine (serotonin). Also functions as a receptor for various drugs and psychoactive substances, including mescaline, psilocybin, 1-(2,5-dimethoxy-4-iodop...
Gene Name
HTR2A
Uniprot ID
P28223
Uniprot Name
5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 2A
Molecular Weight
52602.58 Da
References
  1. Kvernmo T, Houben J, Sylte I: Receptor-binding and pharmacokinetic properties of dopaminergic agonists. Curr Top Med Chem. 2008;8(12):1049-67. [PubMed:18691132]
  2. Lam YW: Clinical pharmacology of dopamine agonists. Pharmacotherapy. 2000 Jan;20(1 Pt 2):17S-25S. [PubMed:10641988]
  3. Sharif NA: Serotonin-2 receptor agonists as novel ocular hypotensive agents and their cellular and molecular mechanisms of action. Curr Drug Targets. 2010 Aug;11(8):978-93. [PubMed:20426763]
  4. Sharif NA, McLaughlin MA, Kelly CR, Katoli P, Drace C, Husain S, Crosson C, Toris C, Zhan GL, Camras C: Cabergoline: Pharmacology, ocular hypotensive studies in multiple species, and aqueous humor dynamic modulation in the Cynomolgus monkey eyes. Exp Eye Res. 2009 Mar;88(3):386-97. doi: 10.1016/j.exer.2008.10.003. Epub 2008 Nov 1. [PubMed:18992242]
Kind
Protein
Organism
Human
Pharmacological action
Unknown
Actions
Antagonist
General Function
Epinephrine binding
Specific Function
Alpha-2 adrenergic receptors mediate the catecholamine-induced inhibition of adenylate cyclase through the action of G proteins. The rank order of potency for agonists of this receptor is clonidine...
Gene Name
ADRA2B
Uniprot ID
P18089
Uniprot Name
Alpha-2B adrenergic receptor
Molecular Weight
49565.8 Da
References
  1. Kvernmo T, Houben J, Sylte I: Receptor-binding and pharmacokinetic properties of dopaminergic agonists. Curr Top Med Chem. 2008;8(12):1049-67. [PubMed:18691132]
  2. Lam YW: Clinical pharmacology of dopamine agonists. Pharmacotherapy. 2000 Jan;20(1 Pt 2):17S-25S. [PubMed:10641988]
  3. Sharif NA, McLaughlin MA, Kelly CR, Katoli P, Drace C, Husain S, Crosson C, Toris C, Zhan GL, Camras C: Cabergoline: Pharmacology, ocular hypotensive studies in multiple species, and aqueous humor dynamic modulation in the Cynomolgus monkey eyes. Exp Eye Res. 2009 Mar;88(3):386-97. doi: 10.1016/j.exer.2008.10.003. Epub 2008 Nov 1. [PubMed:18992242]
  4. Newman-Tancredi A, Cussac D, Audinot V, Nicolas JP, De Ceuninck F, Boutin JA, Millan MJ: Differential actions of antiparkinson agents at multiple classes of monoaminergic receptor. II. Agonist and antagonist properties at subtypes of dopamine D(2)-like receptor and alpha(1)/alpha(2)-adrenoceptor. J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 2002 Nov;303(2):805-14. [PubMed:12388667]
Kind
Protein
Organism
Human
Pharmacological action
Unknown
Actions
Agonist
General Function
Serotonin receptor activity
Specific Function
G-protein coupled receptor for 5-hydroxytryptamine (serotonin). Also functions as a receptor for ergot alkaloid derivatives, various anxiolytic and antidepressant drugs and other psychoactive subst...
Gene Name
HTR1D
Uniprot ID
P28221
Uniprot Name
5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 1D
Molecular Weight
41906.38 Da
References
  1. Kvernmo T, Houben J, Sylte I: Receptor-binding and pharmacokinetic properties of dopaminergic agonists. Curr Top Med Chem. 2008;8(12):1049-67. [PubMed:18691132]
  2. Lam YW: Clinical pharmacology of dopamine agonists. Pharmacotherapy. 2000 Jan;20(1 Pt 2):17S-25S. [PubMed:10641988]
Kind
Protein
Organism
Human
Pharmacological action
Unknown
Actions
Agonist
General Function
Sh3 domain binding
Specific Function
Dopamine receptor responsible for neuronal signaling in the mesolimbic system of the brain, an area of the brain that regulates emotion and complex behavior. Its activity is mediated by G proteins ...
Gene Name
DRD4
Uniprot ID
P21917
Uniprot Name
D(4) dopamine receptor
Molecular Weight
48359.86 Da
References
  1. Kvernmo T, Houben J, Sylte I: Receptor-binding and pharmacokinetic properties of dopaminergic agonists. Curr Top Med Chem. 2008;8(12):1049-67. [PubMed:18691132]
  2. Newman-Tancredi A, Cussac D, Audinot V, Nicolas JP, De Ceuninck F, Boutin JA, Millan MJ: Differential actions of antiparkinson agents at multiple classes of monoaminergic receptor. II. Agonist and antagonist properties at subtypes of dopamine D(2)-like receptor and alpha(1)/alpha(2)-adrenoceptor. J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 2002 Nov;303(2):805-14. [PubMed:12388667]
Kind
Protein
Organism
Human
Pharmacological action
Unknown
Actions
Antagonist
General Function
Thioesterase binding
Specific Function
Alpha-2 adrenergic receptors mediate the catecholamine-induced inhibition of adenylate cyclase through the action of G proteins. The rank order of potency for agonists of this receptor is oxymetazo...
Gene Name
ADRA2A
Uniprot ID
P08913
Uniprot Name
Alpha-2A adrenergic receptor
Molecular Weight
48956.275 Da
References
  1. Kvernmo T, Houben J, Sylte I: Receptor-binding and pharmacokinetic properties of dopaminergic agonists. Curr Top Med Chem. 2008;8(12):1049-67. [PubMed:18691132]
  2. Lam YW: Clinical pharmacology of dopamine agonists. Pharmacotherapy. 2000 Jan;20(1 Pt 2):17S-25S. [PubMed:10641988]
  3. Newman-Tancredi A, Cussac D, Audinot V, Nicolas JP, De Ceuninck F, Boutin JA, Millan MJ: Differential actions of antiparkinson agents at multiple classes of monoaminergic receptor. II. Agonist and antagonist properties at subtypes of dopamine D(2)-like receptor and alpha(1)/alpha(2)-adrenoceptor. J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 2002 Nov;303(2):805-14. [PubMed:12388667]
Kind
Protein
Organism
Human
Pharmacological action
Unknown
Actions
Agonist
General Function
Serotonin receptor activity
Specific Function
G-protein coupled receptor for 5-hydroxytryptamine (serotonin). Also functions as a receptor for various drugs and psychoactive substances. Ligand binding causes a conformation change that triggers...
Gene Name
HTR1A
Uniprot ID
P08908
Uniprot Name
5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 1A
Molecular Weight
46106.335 Da
References
  1. Kvernmo T, Houben J, Sylte I: Receptor-binding and pharmacokinetic properties of dopaminergic agonists. Curr Top Med Chem. 2008;8(12):1049-67. [PubMed:18691132]
  2. Lam YW: Clinical pharmacology of dopamine agonists. Pharmacotherapy. 2000 Jan;20(1 Pt 2):17S-25S. [PubMed:10641988]
  3. Sharif NA, McLaughlin MA, Kelly CR, Katoli P, Drace C, Husain S, Crosson C, Toris C, Zhan GL, Camras C: Cabergoline: Pharmacology, ocular hypotensive studies in multiple species, and aqueous humor dynamic modulation in the Cynomolgus monkey eyes. Exp Eye Res. 2009 Mar;88(3):386-97. doi: 10.1016/j.exer.2008.10.003. Epub 2008 Nov 1. [PubMed:18992242]
Kind
Protein
Organism
Human
Pharmacological action
Unknown
Actions
Antagonist
General Function
Protein homodimerization activity
Specific Function
Alpha-2 adrenergic receptors mediate the catecholamine-induced inhibition of adenylate cyclase through the action of G proteins.
Gene Name
ADRA2C
Uniprot ID
P18825
Uniprot Name
Alpha-2C adrenergic receptor
Molecular Weight
49521.585 Da
References
  1. Kvernmo T, Houben J, Sylte I: Receptor-binding and pharmacokinetic properties of dopaminergic agonists. Curr Top Med Chem. 2008;8(12):1049-67. [PubMed:18691132]
  2. Lam YW: Clinical pharmacology of dopamine agonists. Pharmacotherapy. 2000 Jan;20(1 Pt 2):17S-25S. [PubMed:10641988]
  3. Newman-Tancredi A, Cussac D, Audinot V, Nicolas JP, De Ceuninck F, Boutin JA, Millan MJ: Differential actions of antiparkinson agents at multiple classes of monoaminergic receptor. II. Agonist and antagonist properties at subtypes of dopamine D(2)-like receptor and alpha(1)/alpha(2)-adrenoceptor. J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 2002 Nov;303(2):805-14. [PubMed:12388667]
Kind
Protein
Organism
Human
Pharmacological action
Unknown
Actions
Agonist
General Function
G-protein coupled amine receptor activity
Specific Function
Dopamine receptor whose activity is mediated by G proteins which activate adenylyl cyclase.
Gene Name
DRD5
Uniprot ID
P21918
Uniprot Name
D(1B) dopamine receptor
Molecular Weight
52950.5 Da
References
  1. Kvernmo T, Houben J, Sylte I: Receptor-binding and pharmacokinetic properties of dopaminergic agonists. Curr Top Med Chem. 2008;8(12):1049-67. [PubMed:18691132]
  2. Kvernmo T, Hartter S, Burger E: A review of the receptor-binding and pharmacokinetic properties of dopamine agonists. Clin Ther. 2006 Aug;28(8):1065-78. [PubMed:16982285]
  3. Ichikawa K, Kojima M: [Pharmacological effects of cabergoline against parkinsonism]. Nihon Yakurigaku Zasshi. 2001 Jun;117(6):395-400. [PubMed:11436517]
Kind
Protein
Organism
Human
Pharmacological action
Unknown
Actions
Agonist
General Function
G-protein coupled amine receptor activity
Specific Function
Dopamine receptor whose activity is mediated by G proteins which activate adenylyl cyclase.
Gene Name
DRD1
Uniprot ID
P21728
Uniprot Name
D(1A) dopamine receptor
Molecular Weight
49292.765 Da
References
  1. Kvernmo T, Houben J, Sylte I: Receptor-binding and pharmacokinetic properties of dopaminergic agonists. Curr Top Med Chem. 2008;8(12):1049-67. [PubMed:18691132]
  2. Lam YW: Clinical pharmacology of dopamine agonists. Pharmacotherapy. 2000 Jan;20(1 Pt 2):17S-25S. [PubMed:10641988]
  3. Kvernmo T, Hartter S, Burger E: A review of the receptor-binding and pharmacokinetic properties of dopamine agonists. Clin Ther. 2006 Aug;28(8):1065-78. [PubMed:16982285]
  4. Ichikawa K, Kojima M: [Pharmacological effects of cabergoline against parkinsonism]. Nihon Yakurigaku Zasshi. 2001 Jun;117(6):395-400. [PubMed:11436517]
Kind
Protein
Organism
Human
Pharmacological action
Unknown
Actions
Agonist
General Function
Serotonin receptor activity
Specific Function
G-protein coupled receptor for 5-hydroxytryptamine (serotonin). Also functions as a receptor for ergot alkaloid derivatives, various anxiolytic and antidepressant drugs and other psychoactive subst...
Gene Name
HTR1B
Uniprot ID
P28222
Uniprot Name
5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 1B
Molecular Weight
43567.535 Da
References
  1. Kvernmo T, Houben J, Sylte I: Receptor-binding and pharmacokinetic properties of dopaminergic agonists. Curr Top Med Chem. 2008;8(12):1049-67. [PubMed:18691132]
  2. Lam YW: Clinical pharmacology of dopamine agonists. Pharmacotherapy. 2000 Jan;20(1 Pt 2):17S-25S. [PubMed:10641988]
Kind
Protein
Organism
Human
Pharmacological action
Unknown
Actions
Agonist
General Function
Serotonin receptor activity
Specific Function
G-protein coupled receptor for 5-hydroxytryptamine (serotonin). Also functions as a receptor for various drugs and psychoactive substances, including ergot alkaloid derivatives, 1-2,5,-dimethoxy-4-...
Gene Name
HTR2C
Uniprot ID
P28335
Uniprot Name
5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 2C
Molecular Weight
51820.705 Da
References
  1. Kvernmo T, Houben J, Sylte I: Receptor-binding and pharmacokinetic properties of dopaminergic agonists. Curr Top Med Chem. 2008;8(12):1049-67. [PubMed:18691132]
  2. Lam YW: Clinical pharmacology of dopamine agonists. Pharmacotherapy. 2000 Jan;20(1 Pt 2):17S-25S. [PubMed:10641988]
  3. Sharif NA: Serotonin-2 receptor agonists as novel ocular hypotensive agents and their cellular and molecular mechanisms of action. Curr Drug Targets. 2010 Aug;11(8):978-93. [PubMed:20426763]
  4. Sharif NA, McLaughlin MA, Kelly CR, Katoli P, Drace C, Husain S, Crosson C, Toris C, Zhan GL, Camras C: Cabergoline: Pharmacology, ocular hypotensive studies in multiple species, and aqueous humor dynamic modulation in the Cynomolgus monkey eyes. Exp Eye Res. 2009 Mar;88(3):386-97. doi: 10.1016/j.exer.2008.10.003. Epub 2008 Nov 1. [PubMed:18992242]
Kind
Protein
Organism
Human
Pharmacological action
Unknown
Actions
Antagonist
General Function
Serotonin receptor activity
Specific Function
This is one of the several different receptors for 5-hydroxytryptamine (serotonin), a biogenic hormone that functions as a neurotransmitter, a hormone, and a mitogen. The activity of this receptor ...
Gene Name
HTR7
Uniprot ID
P34969
Uniprot Name
5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 7
Molecular Weight
53554.43 Da
References
  1. Sharif NA, McLaughlin MA, Kelly CR, Katoli P, Drace C, Husain S, Crosson C, Toris C, Zhan GL, Camras C: Cabergoline: Pharmacology, ocular hypotensive studies in multiple species, and aqueous humor dynamic modulation in the Cynomolgus monkey eyes. Exp Eye Res. 2009 Mar;88(3):386-97. doi: 10.1016/j.exer.2008.10.003. Epub 2008 Nov 1. [PubMed:18992242]
Kind
Protein
Organism
Human
Pharmacological action
Unknown
Actions
Binder
General Function
Protein heterodimerization activity
Specific Function
This alpha-adrenergic receptor mediates its action by association with G proteins that activate a phosphatidylinositol-calcium second messenger system. Its effect is mediated by G(q) and G(11) prot...
Gene Name
ADRA1A
Uniprot ID
P35348
Uniprot Name
Alpha-1A adrenergic receptor
Molecular Weight
51486.005 Da
References
  1. Millan MJ, Maiofiss L, Cussac D, Audinot V, Boutin JA, Newman-Tancredi A: Differential actions of antiparkinson agents at multiple classes of monoaminergic receptor. I. A multivariate analysis of the binding profiles of 14 drugs at 21 native and cloned human receptor subtypes. J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 2002 Nov;303(2):791-804. [PubMed:12388666]
  2. PDSP Ki Database [Link]
Kind
Protein
Organism
Human
Pharmacological action
Unknown
Actions
Binder
General Function
Protein heterodimerization activity
Specific Function
This alpha-adrenergic receptor mediates its action by association with G proteins that activate a phosphatidylinositol-calcium second messenger system. Its effect is mediated by G(q) and G(11) prot...
Gene Name
ADRA1B
Uniprot ID
P35368
Uniprot Name
Alpha-1B adrenergic receptor
Molecular Weight
56835.375 Da
References
  1. Millan MJ, Maiofiss L, Cussac D, Audinot V, Boutin JA, Newman-Tancredi A: Differential actions of antiparkinson agents at multiple classes of monoaminergic receptor. I. A multivariate analysis of the binding profiles of 14 drugs at 21 native and cloned human receptor subtypes. J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 2002 Nov;303(2):791-804. [PubMed:12388666]
  2. PDSP Ki Database [Link]
Kind
Protein
Organism
Human
Pharmacological action
Unknown
Actions
Binder
General Function
Alpha1-adrenergic receptor activity
Specific Function
This alpha-adrenergic receptor mediates its effect through the influx of extracellular calcium.
Gene Name
ADRA1D
Uniprot ID
P25100
Uniprot Name
Alpha-1D adrenergic receptor
Molecular Weight
60462.205 Da
References
  1. Millan MJ, Maiofiss L, Cussac D, Audinot V, Boutin JA, Newman-Tancredi A: Differential actions of antiparkinson agents at multiple classes of monoaminergic receptor. I. A multivariate analysis of the binding profiles of 14 drugs at 21 native and cloned human receptor subtypes. J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 2002 Nov;303(2):791-804. [PubMed:12388666]
  2. PDSP Ki Database [Link]
Kind
Protein
Organism
Human
Pharmacological action
Unknown
Actions
Binder
General Function
Receptor signaling protein activity
Specific Function
Beta-adrenergic receptors mediate the catecholamine-induced activation of adenylate cyclase through the action of G proteins. This receptor binds epinephrine and norepinephrine with approximately e...
Gene Name
ADRB1
Uniprot ID
P08588
Uniprot Name
Beta-1 adrenergic receptor
Molecular Weight
51322.1 Da
References
  1. Millan MJ, Maiofiss L, Cussac D, Audinot V, Boutin JA, Newman-Tancredi A: Differential actions of antiparkinson agents at multiple classes of monoaminergic receptor. I. A multivariate analysis of the binding profiles of 14 drugs at 21 native and cloned human receptor subtypes. J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 2002 Nov;303(2):791-804. [PubMed:12388666]
  2. PDSP Ki Database [Link]
Kind
Protein
Organism
Human
Pharmacological action
Unknown
Actions
Binder
General Function
Protein homodimerization activity
Specific Function
Beta-adrenergic receptors mediate the catecholamine-induced activation of adenylate cyclase through the action of G proteins. The beta-2-adrenergic receptor binds epinephrine with an approximately ...
Gene Name
ADRB2
Uniprot ID
P07550
Uniprot Name
Beta-2 adrenergic receptor
Molecular Weight
46458.32 Da
References
  1. Millan MJ, Maiofiss L, Cussac D, Audinot V, Boutin JA, Newman-Tancredi A: Differential actions of antiparkinson agents at multiple classes of monoaminergic receptor. I. A multivariate analysis of the binding profiles of 14 drugs at 21 native and cloned human receptor subtypes. J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 2002 Nov;303(2):791-804. [PubMed:12388666]
  2. PDSP Ki Database [Link]
Kind
Protein group
Organism
Human
Pharmacological action
Unknown
Actions
Agonist
General Function
G-protein coupled amine receptor activity
Specific Function
Dopamine receptor whose activity is mediated by G proteins which activate adenylyl cyclase.

Components:
References
  1. Millan MJ, Maiofiss L, Cussac D, Audinot V, Boutin JA, Newman-Tancredi A: Differential actions of antiparkinson agents at multiple classes of monoaminergic receptor. I. A multivariate analysis of the binding profiles of 14 drugs at 21 native and cloned human receptor subtypes. J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 2002 Nov;303(2):791-804. [PubMed:12388666]
  2. PDSP Ki Database [Link]
22. D(2S) dopamine receptor
Kind
Protein
Organism
Human
Pharmacological action
Unknown
Actions
Agonist
References
  1. Millan MJ, Maiofiss L, Cussac D, Audinot V, Boutin JA, Newman-Tancredi A: Differential actions of antiparkinson agents at multiple classes of monoaminergic receptor. I. A multivariate analysis of the binding profiles of 14 drugs at 21 native and cloned human receptor subtypes. J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 2002 Nov;303(2):791-804. [PubMed:12388666]
  2. PDSP Ki Database [Link]
23. D(2L) dopamine receptor
Kind
Protein
Organism
Human
Pharmacological action
Unknown
Actions
Agonist
References
  1. Millan MJ, Maiofiss L, Cussac D, Audinot V, Boutin JA, Newman-Tancredi A: Differential actions of antiparkinson agents at multiple classes of monoaminergic receptor. I. A multivariate analysis of the binding profiles of 14 drugs at 21 native and cloned human receptor subtypes. J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 2002 Nov;303(2):791-804. [PubMed:12388666]
  2. PDSP Ki Database [Link]

Enzymes

Kind
Protein
Organism
Human
Pharmacological action
Unknown
Actions
Substrate
Inhibitor
General Function
Vitamin d3 25-hydroxylase activity
Specific Function
Cytochromes P450 are a group of heme-thiolate monooxygenases. In liver microsomes, this enzyme is involved in an NADPH-dependent electron transport pathway. It performs a variety of oxidation react...
Gene Name
CYP3A4
Uniprot ID
P08684
Uniprot Name
Cytochrome P450 3A4
Molecular Weight
57342.67 Da
References
  1. Kvernmo T, Houben J, Sylte I: Receptor-binding and pharmacokinetic properties of dopaminergic agonists. Curr Top Med Chem. 2008;8(12):1049-67. [PubMed:18691132]

Drug created on June 13, 2005 07:24 / Updated on September 18, 2018 23:02