Alcohol Withdrawal Syndrome(AWS)

Also known as: Alcohol Withdrawal / Alcohol Withdrawal Syndrome

DrugDrug NameDrug Description
DB00335AtenololA cardioselective beta-adrenergic blocker possessing properties and potency similar to propranolol, but without a negative inotropic effect.
DB01563Chloral hydrateA hypnotic and sedative used in the treatment of insomnia. The safety margin is too narrow for chloral hydrate to be used as a general anesthetic in humans, but it is commonly used for that purpose in animal experiments. It is no longer considered useful as an anti-anxiety medication.
DB00475ChlordiazepoxideAn anxiolytic benzodiazepine derivative with anticonvulsant, sedative, and amnesic properties. It has also been used in the symptomatic treatment of alcohol withdrawal.
DB00829DiazepamA benzodiazepine with anticonvulsant, anxiolytic, sedative, muscle relaxant, and amnesic properties and a long duration of action. Its actions are mediated by enhancement of gamma-aminobutyric acid activity. It is used in the treatment of severe anxiety disorders, as a hypnotic in the short-term management of insomnia, as a sedative and premedicant, as an anticonvulsant, and in the management of alcohol withdrawal syndrome. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p589)
DB00557HydroxyzineA histamine H1 receptor antagonist that is effective in the treatment of chronic urticaria, dermatitis, and histamine-mediated pruritus. Unlike its major metabolite cetirizine, it does cause drowsiness. It is also effective as an antiemetic, for relief of anxiety and tension, and as a sedative.
DB00186LorazepamLorazepam is a short-acting and rapidly cleared benzodiazepine used commonly as a sedative and anxiolytic.[A957] It was developed by DJ Richards, presented and marketed initially by Wyeth Pharmaceuticals in the USA in 1977. The first historic FDA label approval is reported in 1985 by the company Mutual Pharm.[L5095]
DB00842OxazepamOxazepam is an intermediate-acting benzodiazepine used to treat alcohol withdrawal and anxiety disorders. Oxazepam is also the metabolite of other benzodiazpines.
DB01174PhenobarbitalA barbituric acid derivative that acts as a nonselective central nervous system depressant. It promotes binding to inhibitory gamma-aminobutyric acid subtype receptors, and modulates chloride currents through receptor channels. It also inhibits glutamate induced depolarizations.
DrugDrug NameTargetType
DB00335AtenololBeta-1 adrenergic receptortarget
DB00335AtenololMultidrug resistance protein 1transporter
DB00335AtenololBeta-2 adrenergic receptortarget
DB00335AtenololCytochrome P450 2D6enzyme
DB00335AtenololBile salt export pumptransporter
DB00475ChlordiazepoxideCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB00475ChlordiazepoxideGABA-A receptor (anion channel)target
DB00829DiazepamTranslocator proteintarget
DB00829DiazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-1target
DB00829DiazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-2target
DB00829DiazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-3target
DB00829DiazepamCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB00829DiazepamSerum albumincarrier
DB00829DiazepamCytochrome P450 2C9enzyme
DB00829DiazepamCytochrome P450 2C19enzyme
DB00829DiazepamCytochrome P450 3A5enzyme
DB00829DiazepamCytochrome P450 3A7enzyme
DB00829DiazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-5target
DB00829DiazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit beta-1target
DB00829DiazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit beta-2target
DB00829DiazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit beta-3target
DB00829DiazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit gamma-1target
DB00829DiazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit gamma-2target
DB00829DiazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit gamma-3target
DB00829DiazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit deltatarget
DB00829DiazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit epsilontarget
DB00829DiazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit pitarget
DB00829DiazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit rho-1target
DB00829DiazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit rho-2target
DB00829DiazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit rho-3target
DB00829DiazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit thetatarget
DB00829DiazepamMultidrug resistance protein 1transporter
DB00829DiazepamCytochrome P450 2B6enzyme
DB00829DiazepamProstaglandin G/H synthase 1enzyme
DB00829DiazepamCytochrome P450 2C18enzyme
DB00829DiazepamCytochrome P450 2C8enzyme
DB00829DiazepamCytochrome P450 2E1enzyme
DB00829DiazepamGABA-A receptor (anion channel)target
DB00557HydroxyzineHistamine H1 receptortarget
DB00557HydroxyzineCytochrome P450 2D6enzyme
DB00186LorazepamTranslocator proteintarget
DB00186LorazepamUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 2B15enzyme
DB00186LorazepamGABA-A receptor (anion channel)target
DB00186LorazepamCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB00842OxazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-1target
DB00842OxazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-2target
DB00842OxazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-3target
DB00842OxazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-4target
DB00842OxazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-5target
DB00842OxazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-6target
DB00842OxazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit beta-1target
DB00842OxazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit beta-2target
DB00842OxazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit beta-3target
DB00842OxazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit gamma-1target
DB00842OxazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit gamma-2target
DB00842OxazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit gamma-3target
DB00842OxazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit deltatarget
DB00842OxazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit epsilontarget
DB00842OxazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit pitarget
DB00842OxazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit rho-1target
DB00842OxazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit rho-2target
DB00842OxazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit thetatarget
DB00842OxazepamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit rho-3target
DB00842OxazepamCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB00842OxazepamCytochrome P450 3A43enzyme
DB00842OxazepamUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 2B15enzyme
DB00842OxazepamUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 2B7enzyme
DB00842OxazepamUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1-9enzyme
DB00842OxazepamGABA-A receptor (anion channel)target
DB01174PhenobarbitalGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-1target
DB01174PhenobarbitalCytochrome P450 2C19enzyme
DB01174PhenobarbitalCytochrome P450 2C9enzyme
DB01174PhenobarbitalCytochrome P450 2B6enzyme
DB01174PhenobarbitalCytochrome P450 2C8enzyme
DB01174PhenobarbitalCytochrome P450 1A2enzyme
DB01174PhenobarbitalCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB01174PhenobarbitalCanalicular multispecific organic anion transporter 2transporter
DB01174PhenobarbitalBile salt export pumptransporter
DB01174PhenobarbitalMultidrug resistance protein 1transporter
DB01174PhenobarbitalMultidrug resistance-associated protein 1transporter
DB01174PhenobarbitalSolute carrier organic anion transporter family member 2A1transporter
DB01174PhenobarbitalCanalicular multispecific organic anion transporter 1transporter
DB01174PhenobarbitalNeuronal acetylcholine receptor subunit alpha-4target
DB01174PhenobarbitalNeuronal acetylcholine receptor subunit alpha-7target
DB01174PhenobarbitalGlutamate receptor 2target
DB01174PhenobarbitalGlutamate receptor ionotropic, kainate 2target
DB01174PhenobarbitalCytochrome P450 2A6enzyme
DB01174PhenobarbitalCytochrome P450 2E1enzyme
DB01174PhenobarbitalCytochrome P450 3A5enzyme
DB01174PhenobarbitalCytochrome P450 4A11enzyme
DB01174PhenobarbitalCytochrome P450 1A1enzyme
DB01174PhenobarbitalCytochrome P450 1B1enzyme
DB01174PhenobarbitalCytochrome P450 2C18enzyme
DB01174PhenobarbitalCytochrome P450 3A7enzyme
DB01174PhenobarbitalCytochrome P450 4B1enzyme
DB01174PhenobarbitalNMDA receptortarget
DB01174PhenobarbitalNuclear receptor subfamily 1 group I member 2target
DB01174PhenobarbitalUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1-1enzyme
DB01174PhenobarbitalUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 2B7enzyme
DrugDrug NamePhaseStatusCount
DB00181Baclofen2Terminated1
DB00996Gabapentin2Completed2
DB00186Lorazepam2Completed1
DB00107Oxytocin2Recruiting1
DB00653Magnesium sulfate2 / 3Recruiting1
DB00181Baclofen3Terminated1
DB00475Chlordiazepoxide3Completed1
DB11121Chloroxylenol3Recruiting1
DB01202Levetiracetam3Completed1
DB01378Magnesium cation3Recruiting1
DB00181Baclofen4Recruiting1
DB00475Chlordiazepoxide4Completed1
DB00475Chlordiazepoxide4Recruiting1
DB00633Dexmedetomidine4Withdrawn1
DB00829Diazepam4Recruiting1
DB00996Gabapentin4Completed1
DB00996Gabapentin4Recruiting1
DB01221Ketamine4Not Yet Recruiting1
DB01221Ketamine4Withdrawn1
DB00186Lorazepam4Completed1
DB00186Lorazepam4Not Yet Recruiting1
DB00186Lorazepam4Recruiting2
DB00842Oxazepam4Completed1
DB01174Phenobarbital4Not Yet Recruiting1
DB09072Sodium oxybate4Completed1
DB00313Valproic Acid4Recruiting2
DB01440gamma-Hydroxybutyric acid4Completed1
DB00829DiazepamNot AvailableCompleted2
DB00186LorazepamNot AvailableCompleted1
DB01174PhenobarbitalNot AvailableNot Yet Recruiting1