|DB00619||Imatinib||For the treatment of Philadelphia chromosome positive chronic myeloid leukemia (Ph+ CML), Ph+ acute lymphoblastic leukaemia, myelodysplastic/myeloproliferative diseases, aggressive systemic mastocytosis, hypereosinophilic syndrome and/or chronic eosinophilic leukemia (CEL), dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans, and malignant gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GIST).|
|DB00673||Aprepitant||For the prevention of nausea and vomiting associated with highly emetogenic cancer chemotherapy, including high-dose cisplatin (in combination with other antiemetic agents).|
|DB00834||Mifepristone||For the medical termination of intrauterine pregnancy through 49 days' pregnancy. Also indicated to control hyperglycemia secondary to hypercortisolism in adult patients with endogenous Cushing's syndrome who have type 2 diabetes mellitus or glucose intolerance and are not candidates for surgery or have had unsuccessful surgery.|
|DB01319||Fosamprenavir||Indicated in combination with other antiretroviral agents for the treatment of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV-1) infection, as well as postexposure prophylaxis of HIV infection in individuals who have had occupational or nonoccupational exposure to potentially infectious body fluids of a person known to be infected with HIV when that exposure represents a substantial risk for HIV transmission. The use of fosamprenavir is pending revision due to a potential association between the drug and myocardial infarction and dyslipidemia in HIV infected adults.|
Erythromycin is indicated in the treatment of infections caused by susceptible strains of the designated organisms in the diseases listed below [FDA label]:
**Upper respiratory tract infections** of mild to moderate degree caused by Streptococcus pyogenes, Streptococcus pneumoniae, or Haemophilus influenzae (when used concomitantly with adequate doses of sulfonamides, since many strains of H. influenzae are not susceptible to the erythromycin concentrations ordinarily achieved) [FDA label].
**Lower-respiratory tract infections** of mild to moderate severity caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae or Streptococcus pyogenes.
Listeriosis caused by Listeria monocytogenes [FDA label].
**Pertussis (whooping cough)** caused by Bordetella pertussis. Erythromycin is effective in eliminating the organism from the nasopharynx of infected individuals rendering them noninfectious. Some clinical studies suggest that erythromycin may be helpful in the prophylaxis of pertussis in exposed susceptible individuals [FDA label].
**Respiratory tract infections** due to Mycoplasma pneumoniae [FDA label].
**Legionnaires’ Disease** caused by Legionella pneumophila. Although no controlled clinical efficacy studies have been conducted, in vitro and limited preliminary clinical data suggest that erythromycin may be effective in treating Legionnaires’ Disease [FDA label].
**Diphtheria**: Infections due to Corynebacterium diphtheriae, as an adjunct to antitoxin, to prevent establishment of carriers and to eradicate the organism in carriers [FDA label].
**Skin and skin structure infections** of mild to moderate severity caused by Streptococcus pyogenes or Staphylococcus aureus (resistant staphylococci may emerge during treatment) [FDA label].
**Erythrasma**: In the treatment of infections due to Corynebacterium minutissimum [FDA label].
**Intestinal amebiasis** caused by Entamoeba histolytica (oral erythromycins only). Extraenteric amebiasis requires treatment with other agents [FDA label].
**Acute pelvic inflammatory disease** caused by Neisseria gonorrhoeae: As an alternative drug in treatment of acute pelvic inflammatory disease caused by N. gonorrhoeae in female patients with a history of sensitivity to penicillin. Patients should have a serologic test for syphilis before receiving erythromycin as treatment of gonorrhea and a follow-up serologic test for syphilis after 3 months [FDA label].
**Syphilis** caused by Treponema pallidum: Erythromycin is an alternate choice of treatment for primary syphilis in patients allergic to the penicillins. In treatment of primary syphilis, spinal fluid examinations should be done before treatment and as part of follow-up after therapy [FDA label].
**Chlamydia trachomatis**: conjunctivitis of the newborn, pneumonia of infancy, and urogenital infections during pregnancy. When tetracyclines are contraindicated or not tolerated, erythromycin is indicated for the treatment of uncomplicated urethral, endocervical, or rectal infections in adults due to Chlamydia trachomatis [FDA label].
**Nongonnoconnal urethritis**: When tetracyclines are contraindicated or not tolerated, erythromycin is indicated for the treatment of nongonococcal urethritis caused by Ureaplasma urealyticum [FDA label].
|DB00176||Fluvoxamine||Indicated predominantly for the management of depression and for Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) [FDA Label]. Has also been used in the management of bulimia nervosa [A250].|
|DB00661||Verapamil||For the treatment of hypertension, angina, and cluster headache prophylaxis.|
|DB04855||Dronedarone||Management of paroxysmal or persistent atrial fibrillation via restoration of normal sinus rhythm. |
|DB08865||Crizotinib||Crizotinib is used for the treatment of locally advanced or metastatic non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) that is anaplastic-lymphoma kinase (ALK)-positive as detected by a FDA-approved test. |
|DB08933||Luliconazole||Luliconazole is indicated in adults aged 18 years and older for the topical treatment of fungal infections caused by Trichophyton rubrum and Epidermophyton floccosum, specifically tinea pedis, cruris, and corporis.
|DB06636||Isavuconazonium||Indicated in the treatment of invasive aspergillosis and invasive mucormycosis.|
|DB09048||Netupitant||Netupitant is an antiemitic drug approved by the FDA in October 2014 for use in combination with palonosetron for the prevention of acute and delayed vomiting and nausea associated with cancer chemotherapy including highly emetogenic chemotherapy.|
|DB11633||Isavuconazole||- Indicated for patients 18 years of age and older for the treatment of invasive aspergillosis [FDA Label].
- Indicated for patients 18 years of age and older for the treatment of invasive mucormycosis [FDA Label], including patients where treatment amphotericin B is inappropriate [L1482].|
|DB01118||Amiodarone||Intravenously, for initiation of treatment and prophylaxis of frequently recurring ventricular fibrillation and hemodynamically unstable ventricular tachycardia in patients refractory to other therapy. Orally, for the treatment of life-threatening recurrent ventricular arrhythmias such as recurrent ventricular fibrillation and recurrent hemodynamically unstable ventricular tachycardia.|
|DB01110||Miconazole||For topical application in the treatment of tinea pedis (athlete’s foot), tinea cruris, and tinea corporis caused by Trichophyton rubrum, Trichophyton mentagrophytes, and Epidermophyton floccosum, in the treatment of cutaneous candidiasis (moniliasis), and in the treatment of tinea versicolor.|
|DB00343||Diltiazem||For the treatment of Hypertension|
|DB00701||Amprenavir||For the treatment of HIV-1 infection in combination with other antiretroviral agents.|
|DB00622||Nicardipine||Used for the management of patients with chronic stable angina and for the treatment of hypertension.|
|DB00951||Isoniazid||For the treatment of all forms of tuberculosis in which organisms are susceptible.|
|DB01406||Danazol||For the treatment of endometriosis and fibrocystic breast disease (in patients unresponsive to simple measures). Also used for the prophylactic treatment of all types of hereditary angioedema in males and females.|
|DB00227||Lovastatin||Lovastatin is indicated as an intervention alternative in individuals presenting dyslipidemia at risk of atherosclerotic vascular disease. The administration of this agent should be accompanied by the implementation of a fat and cholesterol-restricted diet.[FDA label]
In individuals with risk factors related to elevated total cholesterol, elevated LDL cholesterol and below average HDL cholesterol, lovastatin can be used to reduce the risk of myocardial infarction, unstable angina and coronary revascularization procedures.[FDA label]
As well, lovastatin is indicated to slow the progression of coronary atherosclerosis in patients with coronary heart disease.[FDA label]
Lovastatin is used as part of the multiple risk factor intervention with a saturated fat-restricted diet in patients with significantly increased risk of atherosclerotic vascular disease due to hypercholesterolemia. The administration of lovastatin is restricted to patients to whom the administration of a diet restricted in saturated fat and cholesterol or the application of nonpharmaceutical measures are inadequate or irresponsive.[FDA label]
Lovastatin is indicated as an adjunct therapy to diet to reduce total cholesterol, LDL cholesterol and apolipoprotein B level in adolescents between 10-17 years. The administration of lovastatin is restricted to patients in which adequate diet has been unresponsive as seen by LDL cholesterol higher than 189 mg/dL or LDL cholesterol higher than 160 mg/dL and history of family cardiovascular disease or with two or more cardiovascular disease risk factors.[FDA label]
Before administering lovastatin, it is important to rule out the presence of secondary causes of hypercholesterolemia and a lipid profile should be performed.[FDA label]
Lovastatin is used off-label for the treatment and management of peripheral artery disease.[T415]|
|DB00246||Ziprasidone||In it's oral form, ziprasidone is approved for the treatment of Schizophrenia and Bipolar I disorder while the injectable formulation is approved for treatment of acute agitation in schizophrenia.|
|DB00734||Risperidone||Risperidone belongs to the class of medications known as second generation atypical antipsychotics [A1114, A1115, L1213]. It is widely used in the treatment of schizophrenia and mood disorders, including bipolar disorder and depression with pyschosis [A1115, A1116, L1212, L1213].|
|DB06700||Desvenlafaxine||Desvenlafaxine is indicated for the treatment of major depressive disorder in adults.|
|DB00715||Paroxetine||Labeled indications include: major depressive disorder (MDD), panic disorder with or without agoraphobia, obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), social anxiety disorder (social phobia), generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD). Unlabeled indications include: eating disorders, impulse control disorders, vasomotor symptoms of menopause, obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) in children, and mild dementia-associated agitation in nonpsychotic individuals. Brisdelle, which consists of paroxetine mesylate is indicated for the treatment of moderate to severe vasomotor symptoms (like hot flashes) associated with menopause. |
|DB01104||Sertraline||For the management of major depressive disorder (MDD), posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), panic disorder (PD) with or without agoraphobia, premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD), and social anxiety disorder (SAD) [FDA Label].
It may be used for premature ejaculation and vascular headaches as off-label indications. |
|DB04832||Zimelidine||For the treatment of depression.|
|DB04896||Milnacipran||Milnacipran is used to treat moderate to severe clinical depression but this indication is not yet FDA-approved in the USA. Milnacipran is labelled for the treatment of fibromyalgia pain. |
|DB00285||Venlafaxine||For the management of major depressive disorder (MDD), generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), social anxiety disorder (social phobia), panic disorder with or without agoraphobia, vasomotor symptoms in women with breast cancer and in postmenopausal women, and neuropathic pain.|
|DB02703||Fusidic Acid||For the treatment of bacterial infections.|
|DB09227||Barnidipine||Indicated for the treatment of mild to moderate essential hypertension and management of chronic stable angina.|
|DB09231||Benidipine||Benidipine is a potent and long-lasting drug indicated for the treatment of cardiovascular diseases such as hypertension, renoparenchymal hypertension and angina pectoris.[A31950]|
|DB00270||Isradipine||For the management of mild to moderate essential hypertension. It may be used alone or concurrently with thiazide-type diuretics.|
|DB00502||Haloperidol||For the treatment of schizophrenia [L2016]
For the treatment of acute psychosis in acutely agitated schizophrenic patients with moderately severe to very severe symptoms [L2016]
For the treatment of severe behavioral or psychological symptoms of dementia [L2016]
For the treatment of delirium in the pediatric intensive care unit [L2016]
For the treatment of agitation or delirium [L2016]
For agitation† or delirium in adult patients with no underlying psychiatric illness [L2016]
For use as a second-line agent for rescue treatment of chemotherapy-induced nausea/vomiting [L2016]
For the treatment of irritability associated with autistic disorder [L2016]
For the treatment of tics and vocal utterances associated with Tourette's syndrome [L2016]
For the treatment of severe behavioral problems associated with oppositional defiant disorder or other disruptive behavioral disorders, or for the treatment of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in pediatric patients who show excessive motor activity with accompanying conduct disorders [L2016]|
|DB08882||Linagliptin||Linagliptin is used for the management of type 2 diabetes mellitus. |
|DB14019||Fosnetupitant||Indicated in combination palonosetron (as the drug Akynzeo) and dexamethasone in adults for the prevention of acute and delayed nausea and vomiting associated with initial and repeat courses of cancer chemotherapy, including, but not limited to, highly emetogenic chemotherapy [FDA label].
The following are indications listed on the EMA label [F29]:
Prevention of acute and delayed nausea and vomiting associated with highly emetogenic cisplatin-based cancer chemotherapy [F29].
Prevention of acute and delayed nausea and vomiting associated with moderately emetogenic cancer chemotherapy [F29].|
|DB06290||Simeprevir||Indicated for the treatment of adults with chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection: typically in combination with sofosbuvir in patients with HCV genotype 1 without cirrhosis or with compensated cirrhosis and in combination with peginterferon alfa (Peg-IFN-alfa) and ribavirin (RBV) in patients with HCV genotype 1 or 4 without cirrhosis or with compensated cirrhosis.
Resistance: Reduced susceptibility to simeprevir was most commonly associated with the viral NS3 Q80K polymorphism. Amino acid substitutions at NS3 positions S122, R155 and/or D168 are also shown to reduce susceptibility to simeprevir in genotype 1a/b patients.
|DB06712||Nilvadipine||For the management of vasospastic angina, chronic stable angina and hypertension.|
|DB01087||Primaquine||For the treatment of malaria.|
|DB00363||Clozapine||For use in patients with treatment-resistant schizophrenia.|
|DB01217||Anastrozole||For adjuvant treatment of hormone receptor positive breast cancer , as well as hormonal treatment of advanced breast cancer in post-menopausal women. Has also been used to treat pubertal gynecomastia and McCune-Albright syndrome; however, manufacturer states that efficacy for these indications have not been established.|
|DB01093||Dimethyl sulfoxide||For the symptomatic relief of patients with interstitial cystitis.|
|DB01007||Tioconazole||For the local treatment of vulvovaginal candidiasis (moniliasis).|
|DB11581||Venetoclax||A BCL-2 inhibitor indicated for the treatment of patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) or small lymphocytic lymphoma (SLL), with or without 17p deletion, who have received at least one prior therapy [FDA label].|
|DB00349||Clobazam||For treatment and management of epilepsy and seizures associated with Lennox-Gastaut syndrome, a difficult-to-treat form of childhood epilepsy. |
|DB00196||Fluconazole||**Fluconazole can be administered in the treatment of the following fungal infections**:
Vaginal candidiasis (vaginal yeast infections due to Candida) [FDA label]
Oropharyngeal and esophageal candidiasis [FDA label]
Candida urinary tract infections, peritonitis, and systemic Candida infections including candidemia, disseminated candidiasis, and pneumonia [FDA label]
Cryptococcal meningitis [FDA label].
**Fungal infection prophylaxis**: this drug can be used in the prophylaxis of candidiasis in patients undergoing bone marrow transplantation who receive cytotoxic chemotherapy and/or radiation therapy [FDA label]
**A note on laboratory testing**:
Specimens for fungal culture and other relevant laboratory studies (serology, histopathology) are recommended to be obtained prior to therapy to isolate and identify the causative organism(s). Therapy may be initiated before the results of the cultures and other laboratory studies are returned; however, once these results become available, therapy must be adjusted accordingly [FDA label].