- Nephrotoxic agents
- Accession Number
This category includes all drugs with the potential to generate kidney damage and to reduce renal function.
Drug Drug Description Amphotericin B An antifungal used to treat fungal infections in neutropenic patients, cryptococcal meningitis in HIV infection, fungal infections, and leishmaniasis. Cisplatin A platinum based chemotherapy agent used to treat various sarcomas, carcinomas, lymphomas, and germ cell tumors. Colistimethate An antibiotic indicated for treatment of infections caused by susceptible strains of certain gram-negative bacilli. It is particularly useful for targeting sensitive strains of Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Foscarnet An antiviral used to treat CMV, HIV, and HSV infections. Mannitol A sugar alcohol used to test for asthma, to reduce intracranial and intraocular pressure, and to measure glomerular filtration rate. Vancomycin A glycopeptide antibiotic used to treat severe but susceptible bacterial infections such as MRSA (methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus) infections. Cyclosporine A steroid-sparing immunosuppressant used in organ and bone marrow transplants as well as inflammatory conditions such as ulcerative colitis, rheumatoid arthritis, and atopic dermatitis. Cefotiam For treatment of severe infections caused by susceptible bacteria. Cefmetazole For the treatment of infections caused by susceptible organisms. Loracarbef Used to treat upper respiratory tract bacterial infections, chronic bronchitis, pneumonia, sinusitis, pharyntitis and tonsillitis, skin absceses, urinary tract infections and pyelonephritis caused by E. coli, S. pyogenes, S. aureus,... Cefaclor A second generation cephalosporin used to treat a wide variety of infections in the body. Ceforanide For the treatment of infections caused by susceptible organisms. Cefprozil A cephalosporin antibiotic used in the treatment of various bacterial infections, such as pharyngitis, tonsillitis, otitis media, and uncomplicated skin infections. Cefamandole A beta-lactam antibiotic used in the treatment of various infections caused by susceptible strains of bacteria, such as lower respiratory infections, urinary tract infections, skin infections, and bone and joint infections. Cefonicid For the treatment of bacterial infections caused by susceptible microorganisms. Cefotetan An antibiotic medication used for the prophylaxis and treatment of various bacterial infections, including urinary tract infections, bone and joint infection, and lower respiratory tract infections. Cefoxitin A semi-synthetic, broad-spectrum antibiotic for parenteral administration used for the treatment of serious bacterial infections, such as urinary tract infection, blood infection, bone and joint infection, and lower respiratory tract infection. Cefminox Cefminox (INN) is a second generation cephalosporin antibiotic. It is approved for use in Japan. Flomoxef Flomoxef has been used in trials studying the treatment of Urinary Tract Infection. Cefbuperazone Not Annotated Cefuroxime A cephalosporin indicated for the treatment of a variety of infections including acute bacterial otitis media, several upper respiratory tract infections, skin infections, urinary tract infections, gonorrhea, early Lyme disease, and impetigo. Cefmenoxime Used to treat female gynecologic and obstetric infections caused by susceptible aerobic (including the gonococcus) and anaerobic bacteria. Cefpiramide For treatment of severe infections caused by susceptible bacteria such as P. aeruginosa. Ceftazidime An injected broad spectrum beta-lactam antibiotic used to treat or prevent a variety of bacterial infections, including pneumonia, gynecological infections, bone and joint infections, and septicemia, among others. Cefotaxime A third generation cephalosporin used to treat susceptible Gram negative and Gram positive bacterial infections. Cefditoren A broad-spectrum third-generation cephalosporin antibiotic typically used to treat bacterial infections of the skin and respiratory tract. Ceftriaxone A broad-spectrum cephalosporin antibiotic used for the treatment of bacterial infections in various locations, such as in the respiratory tract, skin, soft tissue, and urinary tract. Cefoperazone A broad-spectrum cephalosporin antibiotic used for the treatment of bacterial infections in various locations, including the respiratory tract, abdomen, skin, and female genital tracts. Ceftizoxime A third-generation cephalosporin antibiotic used in the treatment of various bacterial infections, including lower respiratory tract infection, urinary tract infection, and gonorrhea. Ceftibuten A third-generation cephalosporin antibiotic commonly used in the treatment of acute bacterial exacerbations of chronic bronchitis (ABECB), acute bacterial otitis media, pharyngitis, and tonsillitis. Cefpodoxime A third-generation cephalosporin antibiotic used in the treatment of various bacterial infections, including gonorrhea, community acquired pneumonia, and sinusitis. Latamoxef Latamoxef is an oxacephem antibiotic usually grouped with the cephalosporins. It is used to treat bacterial infections. Latamoxef is primarily indicated in conditions like Bone and joint infection, GI infections,... Cefcapene Not Annotated Cefodizime Not Annotated Cefsulodin Not Annotated Cefetamet Not Annotated Cefepime A fourth-generation cephalosporin antibiotic used in the treatment of various bacterial infections caused by susceptible bacteria, such as pneumonia, urinary tract infections, and skin infections. Cefozopran Not Annotated Cefpirome Not Annotated Amikacin An aminoglycoside used to treat infections caused by more resistant strains of Gram negative bacteria and some Gram positive bacteria. Tobramycin An aminoglycoside antibiotic used to treat cystic fibrosis, lung infections, eye infections, and a variety of other infections. Gentamicin An aminoglycoside used to treat a wide variety of infections in the body. Neomycin An aminoglycoside antibiotic agent used orally and topically to treat a wide variety of infections in the body. Streptomycin An aminoglycoside antibiotic indicated to treat mycobacterium tuberculosis and various non-tuberculosis infections. Framycetin An aminoglycoside antibiotic used in various formulations and combinations with other agents to treat hemorrhoids, eye and ear infections, and to reduce nasal carriage of staphylococcus. Netilmicin An aminoglycoside used to treat a wide variety of infections in the body. Kanamycin An aminoglycoside antibiotic agent used in the treatment of various infections caused by susceptible bacteria. Paromomycin An aminoglycoside antibiotic used in the treatment of acute and chronic intestinal amebiasis, and as an adjunct for the management of hepatic coma. Ribostamycin A broad spectrum aminoglycoside antibiotic on the list of WHO critical antimicrobials for human medicine. Geneticin Geneticin (also known as G418) is an aminoglycoside antibiotic similar in structure to gentamicin B1, produced by Micromonospora rhodorangea. Geneticin blocks polypeptide synthesis by inhibiting the elongation step in both... Apramycin For the treatment of bacterial infections in animals. Gentamicin C1a Not Available Neamine Not Available Arbekacin Arbekacin is used for the short term treatment of multi-resistant bacterial infections, such as methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). Puromycin Puromycin is an antibiotic that prevents bacterial protein translation. It is utilized as a selective agent in laboratory cell cultures. Puromycin is toxic to both prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells, resulting... Dihydrostreptomycin Dihydrostreptomycin is an antibiotic. Hygromycin B Hygromycin B is an aminoglycoside antibiotic produced by the bacterium Streptomyces hygroscopicus which kills bacteria, fungi and higher eukaryotic cells by inhibiting protein synthesis. Sisomicin Sisomicin has been used in trials studying the treatment of Pyoderma. Plazomicin An aminoglycoside antibiotic used to treat complicated urinary tract infections. Dibekacin Dibekacin is an aminoglycoside antibiotic marketed in Japan . Micronomicin Micronomicin is an aminoglycoside antibiotic which is marketed in Japan, and sold under the brand names Sagamicin and Luxomicina. Isepamicin Not Annotated Bekanamycin Not Annotated Capreomycin An aminoglycoside antibiotic used as an adjunct drug in tuberculosis. Ibuprofen An NSAID and non-selective COX inhibitor used to treat mild-moderate pain, fever, and inflammation. Olsalazine An anti-inflammatory agent used in the treatment of inflammatory bowel disease and ulcerative colitis. Oxyphenbutazone A nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) no longer commonly used for the symptomatic relief of musculoskeletal pain. Benoxaprofen The use of benoxaprofen, formerly marketed as Oraflex tablets, was associated with fatal cholestatic jaundice among other serious adverse reactions. The holder of the approved application voluntarily withdrew Oraflex tablets... Metamizole Used in the past as a powerful painkiller and fever reducer. Zomepirac Zomepirac was indicated for the management of mild to severe pain. Zaltoprofen A non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug approved for use in Japan in 1993. Azapropazone Not Available Felbinac Not Available Salicylamide Salicylamide is the common name for the substance o-hydroxybenzamide, or amide of salicyl. Salicylamide is a non-prescription drug with analgesic and antipyretic properties. It has similar medicinal uses to aspirin.... Kebuzone Kebuzone (also known as ketophenylbutazone ) is a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug. Isoxicam Isoxicam is a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug that is not marketed in the United States. Indoprofen A drug that has analgesic and anti-inflammatory properties. Following reports of adverse reactions including reports of carcinogenicity in animal studies it was withdrawn from the market worldwide. Ibuproxam Ibuproxam is a non steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID). Floctafenine An anti-inflammatory analgesic used to manage mild to moderate acute pain. Fenbufen Fenbufen is a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug used primarily to treat inflammation in osteoarthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, and tendinitis. It can also be used to relieve backaches, sprains, and fractures. Fenbufen is... Etofenamate Etofenamate is used to treat muscle and joint paint. It is a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID). Epirizole Epirizole is an oral nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) used for muscle and joint pain. Loxoprofen Loxoprofen is non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medication (NSAID) indicated for pain and inflammation related to musculoskeletal and joint disorders. In addition to its effects on pain, it is an antipyretic and anti-inflammatory... Tolfenamic acid In the information for tolfenamic acid, it is stated that this drug, being an NSAID, is effective in treating the pain associated with the acute attack of migraines in adults. Clonixin Indicated for use in the management of chronic arthritic conditions and certain soft tissue disorders associated with pain and inflammation. Propacetamol Propacetamol is a paracetamol prodrug of intravenous administration used to control fever and pain of perioperative period in multimodal analgesia therapy. Tepoxalin Tepoxalin is a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug approved for veterinary use in the United States and many other countries. It is primarily used to reduce inflammation and relief of pain caused... Flunixin Flunixin is a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug for use in pigs, cattle and horses. It exerts analgesic and antipyretic effects. This drug is often prepared for use in meglumine salt form.... Indobufen Indobufen has been used in trials studying the supportive care and prevention of Atrial Fibrillation. Tinoridine Tinoridine is under investigation in clinical trial NCT01224756 (Efficacy of Tinoridine in Treating Pain and Inflammation in Adults). Alclofenac Alclofenac is indicated in rheumatology, in particular for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis and, as an analgesic, in painful arthritic pathologies. Fentiazac Not Annotated Suxibuzone Not Annotated Bumadizone Bumadizone has been approved for use in Germany and Austria, it is a drug with anti-inflammatory, antipyretic, and analgesic properties, and was marketed for the treatment of both rheumatoid arthritis... Alminoprofen Alminoprofen is a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) whose physiochemical characteristics make it a member of the phenylpropionic acid class of chemical substances. Flunoxaprofen Not Annotated Feprazone Not Annotated Difenpiramide Not Annotated Nifenazone Not Annotated Lonazolac Not Annotated Tenidap Not Annotated Bendazac Prior to the withdrawal of bendazac from various international regions of use due to concerns for hepatotoxicity [A39891, A39892, A39893, L4778] the chemical had demonstrated potential usefulness predominantly as the... Pranoprofen Not Annotated Propyphenazone Not Annotated Proglumetacin Not Annotated Guacetisal Not Annotated Ethenzamide Not Annotated Carbaspirin calcium Not Annotated Mofebutazone Not Annotated Proquazone Not Annotated Benorilate Not Annotated Pirprofen Not Annotated Acemetacin Acemetacin is not FDA, Canada or EMA approved, but in the countries where it is marketed it is indicated for the symptomatic treatment of pain and swelling in acute inflammation... Imidazole salicylate Not Annotated Benzydamine A locally-acting NSAID indicated for the symptomatic relief of pain in acute sore throat and for the symptomatic relief of oropharyngeal mucositis caused by radiation therapy. Aminophenazone Formerly widely used as an antipyretic and analgesic in rheumatism, neuritis, and common colds. Currently used to measure total body water. SC-236 SC-236 is a potent, selective, orally active inhibitor of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) that has been studied in cancer therapy , lower back pain , and inflammation , , , . NS-398 NS-398 is a COX-2 inhibitor. It was developed as part of the mechanistic study of the cyclooxygenases. Nitroaspirin Nitroaspirin has been investigated for the treatment of Intermittent Claudication. Morniflumate Morniflumate is indicated for the treatment of inflammatory conditions affecting the airways, ENT system, urogenital tract and bone and joint systems in adults. In Italy, morniflumate is also indicated for... Rofecoxib A COX-2 inhibitor NSAID used to treat osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, acute pain, primary dysmenorrhea, and migraine attacks. Valdecoxib A COX-2 inhibitor used to treat osteoarthritis and dysmenorrhoea. Lumiracoxib For the acute and chronic treatment of the signs and symptoms of osteoarthritis of the knee in adults. Etoricoxib For the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, chronic low back pain, acute pain and gout. Parecoxib A selective COX-2 inhibitor and NSAID used for the short-term management of perioperative pain. Nabumetone An NSAID used to treat osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis. Celecoxib An NSAID used to treat osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, acute pain, menstrual symptoms, and to reduce polyps is familial adenomatous polyposis. Etodolac An NSAID used to treat osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis, as well as acute pain. Robenacoxib Robenacoxib is a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug used in veterinary medicine for the relief of pain and inflammation in cats and dogs. Carprofen For use as a pain reliever in the treatment of joint pain and post-surgical pain. Meloxicam An NSAID used to treat osteoarthritis in adults, rheumatoid arthritis in adults, and juvenile rheumatoid arthritis in pediatrics. Bromfenac An NSAID used to treat postoperative pain and inflammation of the eye. Nimesulide For the treatment of acute pain, the symptomatic treatment of osteoarthritis and primary dysmenorrhoea in adolescents and adults above 12 years old. Nepafenac An ophthalmic NSAID used for the symptomatic treatment of pain and inflammation associated with cataract surgery. Niflumic acid Used in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis. Cimicoxib Investigated for use/treatment in depression. Aceclofenac Aceclofenac is indicated for the relief of pain and inflammation in osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis and ankylosing spondylitis. Firocoxib Used for the treatment of pain inflammation and fever in horses and dogs. Talniflumate Talnifumate is a phthalidyl ester of nifumic acid, which has potent analgesic and anti-inflammatory effects and is widely used to treat inflammatory disorders, such as rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis ,... Mesalazine An aminosalicylate drug used to treat mild to moderate active ulcerative colitis and also to maintain remission once achieved. Indomethacin A nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory (NSAID) used for symptomatic management of chronic musculoskeletal pain conditions and to induce closure of a hemodynamically significant patent ductus arteriosus in premature infants. Ketorolac An NSAID used to treat moderate to severe pain, rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, menstrual disorders, and headaches. Tenoxicam An anti inflammatory analgesic used to treat mild to moderate pain as well as the signs and symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis. Tolmetin An NSAID used to treat acute flares of various painful conditions and used for the long term management of osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, and juvenile arthritis. Piroxicam An NSAID used to treat the symptoms of osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis. Fenoprofen An anti-inflammatory analgesic used to treat mild to moderate pain in addition to the signs and symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis. Naproxen An NSAID used to treat rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, polyarticular juvenile idiopathic arthritis, tendinitis, bursitis, acute gout, primary dysmenorrhea, and mild to moderate pain. Diflunisal An NSAID used to treat mild to moderate pain, inflammation, osteoarthritis, and rheumatoid arthritis. Suprofen An NSAID used to prevent pupil constriction in ocular surgery. Meclofenamic acid An NSAID used to treat mild to moderate pain, primary dysmenorrhea, heavy menstrual blood loss, rheumatoid arthritis, and osteoarthritis. Acetylsalicylic acid A salicylate used to treat pain, fever, inflammation, migraines, and reducing the risk of major adverse cardiovascular events. Ketoprofen An NSAID used to treat rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, dysmenorrhea, mild to moderate muscle pain, postoperative pain, and postpartum pain. Balsalazide An aminosalicylate used to treat ulcerative colitis. Icosapent A polyunsaturated fatty acid, usually found in fish oils, that is used in many supplements. Flurbiprofen An NSAID used to treat the signs and symptoms of osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis. Mefenamic acid An NSAID used to treat mild to moderate pain for no more than a week, and primary dysmenorrhea. Salsalate A nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agent used in the symptomatic relief of rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis and related rheumatic disorders. Sulindac An NSAID used to treat osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, acute subacromial bursitis or supraspinatus tendinitis, and acute gouty arthritis. Salicylic acid An acid used to treat acne, psoriasis, calluses, corns, keratosis pilaris, and warts. Oxaprozin An NSAID used to treat osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, and juvenile rheumatoid arthritis. Tiaprofenic acid A nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory (NSAID) used to manage inflammation and analgesia associated with rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis. Magnesium salicylate An NSAID analgesic used in the symptomatic relief of mild to moderate muscular pain. Lornoxicam For the treatment of acute mild to moderate pain, as well as pain and inflammation of the joints caused by certain types of rheumatic diseases. Phenylbutazone An NSAID used to treat backache and ankylosing spondylitis. Sulfasalazine An anti-inflammatory drug used to treat Crohn's disease and rheumatoid arthritis. Antipyrine An antipyretic agent used for the symptomatic treatment of acute otitis media, most commonly in combination with benzocaine. Antrafenine Antrafenine is used as an anti-inflammatory and analgesic agent for the relief of mild to moderate pain. Choline magnesium trisalicylate Choline magnesium trisalicylate is used to reduce pain and inflammation caused by conditions such as arthritis. This medication is also used to treat fever in adults. Dexibuprofen For more information, refer to ibuprofen. Droxicam Droxicam is an NSAID previously used for the treatment of inflammation and rheumatoid arthritis . Trolamine salicylate A medication used to relieve minor aches and pains of the muscles and joints. Bufexamac An NSAID used to treat skin conditions like atopic eczema and inflammatory dermatoses. Dexketoprofen For short-term treatment of mild to moderate pain, including dysmenorrhoea, musculoskeletal pain and toothache . Diclofenac An NSAID used to treat the signs and symptoms of osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis. Cephalothin Group Cephalothin group is a solid. This compound belongs to the 1,3-thiazines. These are organic compounds containing 1,3-thiazine, a six-member ring with a nitrogen and a sulfur atom in ring positions... Hydrolyzed Cephalothin Not Available Cefalotin A broad-spectrum cephalosporin antibiotic used for the treatment of serious bacterial infections in various locations, such as the urinary tract, skin, bone, and lower respiratory tract. Pentamidine An antifungal agent used to treat Pneumocystis pneumonia in patients infected with HIV. Carboplatin A alkylating agent used to treat advanced ovarian cancer. Tenofovir alafenamide A nucleoside analog reverse transcriptase inhibitor used for the treatment of chronic hepatitis B virus infection in adults with compensated liver disease. Tenofovir Tenofovir has been shown to be effective against HIV, herpes simplex virus-2, and hepatitis B virus. To know more about the specific product indications, please visit the information in the... Tenofovir disoproxil A nucleotide analog reverse transcriptase inhibitor used in the treatment of Hepatitis B infection and used in the management of HIV-1 infection. Cephalexin A first generation cephalosporin used to treat certain susceptible bacterial infections. Cefapirin For treatment of infections caused by susceptible bacteria. Cefadroxil A cephalosporin antibiotic used in the treatment of various bacterial infections, such as urinary tract infections, skin and skin structure infections, and tonsillitis. Cefazolin A broad-spectrum cephalosporin antibiotic mainly used for the treatment of skin bacterial infections and other moderate to severe bacterial infections in the lung, bone, joint, stomach, blood, heart valve, and urinary tract. Cefradine A first-generation cephalosporin antibiotic used in the treatment of bacterial infections of the respiratory and urinary tracts and of the skin and soft tissues. Cefacetrile Cefacetrile is a broad-spectrum first generation cephalosporin antibiotic effective in Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacterial infections. Cefaloridine Cephaloridine or cefaloridine is a first generation semisynthetic cephalosporin. It is derived from cephalosporin C and is a zwitterion at physiological pH. Cefroxadine Was used for the treatment of bacterial infections. Cefatrizine Not Annotated Cefazedone Not Annotated Ceftezole Not Annotated Cephaloglycin For treatment of severe infections caused by susceptible bacteria. Ceftaroline fosamil An antibacterial agent used to treat various bacterial infections, such as acute bacterial skin and skin structure infections and community-acquired bacterial pneumonia. Ceftobiprole A cephalosporin antibiotic used to treat both community and hospital-acquired pneumonia caused by susceptible bacteria. Bacitracin A cyclic polypeptide antibiotic used to prevent wound infections, treat pneumonia and empyema in infants, and to treat skin and eye infections. Acyclovir A guanosine analog used to treat herpes simplex, varicella zoster, herpes zoster. Valaciclovir An guanine nucleoside antiviral used to treat herpes exacerbations. Methotrexate An antineoplastic agent used the treatment of a wide variety of cancers as well as severe psoriasis, severe rheumatoid arthritis, and juvenile rheumatoid arthritis. Tacrolimus A calcineurin inhibitor used to prevent organ transplant rejection and to treat moderate to severe atopic dermatitis. Adefovir Not Annotated Adefovir dipivoxil A nucleotide analog used to treat chronic hepatitis B. Cidofovir An antiviral agent used to treat Cytomegalovirus (CMV) retinitis in patients with AIDS. Brincidofovir Brincidofovir is under investigation for the prevention of Outcomes, Survival Rates, and Cytomegalovirus Disease. Brincidofovir has been investigated for the prevention and treatment of CMV, Adenovirus, BK Virus (BKV), Adenoviruses... Pamidronic acid A bisphosphonate used to treat Paget's disease, to treat hypercalcemia of malignancy, and to treat osteolytic bone lesions. Lopinavir An HIV-1 protease inhibitor used in combination with ritonavir to treat human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. Inotersen An antisense oligonucleotide used to treat polyneuropathy of hereditary transthyretin-mediated amyloidosis. Colistin A polymyxin antibiotic used to treat bacterial infections caused by susceptible Gram negative bacteria. Lithium cation Lithium is used as a mood stabilizer, and is used for treatment of depression and mania. It is often used in bipolar disorder treatment. Atazanavir An antiviral protease inhibitor used in combination with other antiretrovirals for the treatment of HIV. Furosemide A loop diuretic used to treat hypertension and edema in congestive heart failure, liver cirrhosis, renal disease, and hypertension. Etacrynic acid A diuretic used to treat ascites and edema in congestive heart failure, liver cirrhosis, and renal disease. Bumetanide A sulfamyl diuretic used to treat edema in congestive heart failure, hepatic and renal disease, and nephrotic syndrome. Hydrochlorothiazide A thiazide diuretic used to treat edema associated with a number of conditions, and hypertension. Triamterene A potassium-sparing diuretic used in the treatment of edema and in the management of hypertension. Phenazopyridine A local anesthetic used for the symptomatic relief of pain, burning, urgency, frequency, and general discomfort caused by lower urinary tract irritations that are a result of infection, trauma, surgery, endoscopic procedures, or the passage of equipment or catheters. Lithium carbonate A medication used to treat manic episodes of bipolar disorder. Lithium citrate f Givosiran A 5-aminolevulinic acid synthase-directed small interfering RNA (siRNA) used in the prophylaxis of acute hepatic porphyria.
- Drugs & Drug Targets