Gamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit beta-2

Details

Name
Gamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit beta-2
Synonyms
  • GABA(A) receptor subunit beta-2
Gene Name
GABRB2
Organism
Humans
Amino acid sequence
>lcl|BSEQ0037195|Gamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit beta-2
MWRVRKRGYFGIWSFPLIIAAVCAQSVNDPSNMSLVKETVDRLLKGYDIRLRPDFGGPPV
AVGMNIDIASIDMVSEVNMDYTLTMYFQQAWRDKRLSYNVIPLNLTLDNRVADQLWVPDT
YFLNDKKSFVHGVTVKNRMIRLHPDGTVLYGLRITTTAACMMDLRRYPLDEQNCTLEIES
YGYTTDDIEFYWRGDDNAVTGVTKIELPQFSIVDYKLITKKVVFSTGSYPRLSLSFKLKR
NIGYFILQTYMPSILITILSWVSFWINYDASAARVALGITTVLTMTTINTHLRETLPKIP
YVKAIDMYLMGCFVFVFMALLEYALVNYIFFGRGPQRQKKAAEKAASANNEKMRLDVNKI
FYKDIKQNGTQYRSLWDPTGNLSPTRRTTNYDFSLYTMDPHENILLSTLEIKNEMATSEA
VMGLGDPRSTMLAYDASSIQYRKAGLPRHSFGRNALERHVAQKKSRLRRRASQLKITIPD
LTDVNAIDRWSRIFFPVVFSFFNIVYWLYYVN
Number of residues
512
Molecular Weight
59149.895
Theoretical pI
9.66
GO Classification
Functions
chloride channel activity / GABA-A receptor activity / inhibitory extracellular ligand-gated ion channel activity
Processes
cellular response to histamine / chloride transmembrane transport / cochlea development / gamma-aminobutyric acid signaling pathway / inner ear receptor cell development / innervation / ion transmembrane transport / negative regulation of neuron apoptotic process / neurological system process / regulation of membrane potential / sensory perception of sound / synaptic transmission / synaptic transmission, GABAergic / transmembrane transport / transport
Components
cell junction / chloride channel complex / cytosol / extracellular exosome / GABA-A receptor complex / integral component of plasma membrane / neuron projection / plasma membrane / postsynaptic membrane / synapse
General Function
Inhibitory extracellular ligand-gated ion channel activity
Specific Function
Component of the heteropentameric receptor for GABA, the major inhibitory neurotransmitter in the vertebrate brain. Functions also as histamine receptor and mediates cellular responses to histamine. Functions as receptor for diazepines and various anesthetics, such as pentobarbital; these are bound at a separate allosteric effector binding site. Functions as ligand-gated chloride channel.
Pfam Domain Function
Transmembrane Regions
245-266 270-292 304-326 490-511
Cellular Location
Cell junction
Gene sequence
>lcl|BSEQ0011685|Gamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit beta-2 (GABRB2)
ATGTGGAGAGTGCGGAAAAGGGGCTACTTTGGGATTTGGTCCTTCCCCTTAATAATCGCC
GCTGTCTGTGCGCAGAGTGTCAATGACCCTAGTAATATGTCGCTGGTTAAAGAGACGGTG
GATAGACTCCTGAAAGGCTATGACATTCGTCTGAGACCAGATTTTGGAGGTCCCCCCGTG
GCTGTGGGGATGAACATTGACATTGCCAGCATCGATATGGTTTCTGAAGTCAATATGGAT
TATACCTTGACAATGTACTTTCAACAAGCCTGGAGAGATAAGAGGCTGTCCTATAATGTA
ATACCTTTAAACTTGACTCTGGACAACAGAGTGGCAGACCAGCTCTGGGTGCCTGATACC
TATTTCCTGAACGATAAGAAGTCATTTGTGCACGGAGTGACTGTTAAGAACCGCATGATT
CGCCTGCATCCTGATGGCACCGTCCTTTATGGACTCAGAATCACAACCACAGCTGCCTGC
ATGATGGACCTAAGGAGGTACCCACTGGATGAACAAAACTGCACCTTGGAAATTGAGAGC
TATGGATACACAACTGATGACATTGAGTTTTACTGGCGTGGCGATGATAATGCAGTAACA
GGAGTAACGAAAATTGAACTTCCACAGTTCTCTATTGTAGATTACAAACTTATCACCAAG
AAGGTTGTTTTTTCCACAGGTTCCTATCCCAGGTTATCCCTCAGCTTTAAGCTTAAGAGA
AACATTGGCTACTTTATCCTGCAAACATACATGCCTTCCATCCTGATTACCATCCTCTCC
TGGGTCTCCTTCTGGATTAATTACGATGCTTCAGCTGCAAGGGTGGCATTAGGAATCACA
ACTGTCCTCACAATGACCACAATCAACACCCACCTCCGGGAAACTCTCCCTAAAATCCCC
TATGTGAAGGCCATTGACATGTACCTGATGGGGTGCTTTGTCTTCGTTTTCATGGCCCTT
CTGGAATATGCCCTAGTCAACTACATCTTCTTTGGGAGGGGGCCCCAACGCCAAAAGAAA
GCAGCTGAGAAGGCTGCCAGTGCCAACAATGAGAAGATGCGCCTGGATGTCAACAAGATG
GACCCCCATGAGAACATCTTACTGAGCACTCTCGAGATAAAAAATGAAATGGCCACATCT
GAGGCTGTGATGGGACTTGGAGACCCCAGAAGCACAATGCTAGCCTATGATGCCTCCAGC
ATCCAGTATCGGAAAGCTGGGTTGCCCAGGCATAGTTTTGGCCGAAATGCTCTGGAACGA
CATGTGGCGCAAAAGAAAAGTCGCCTGAGGAGACGCGCCTCCCAACTGAAAATCACCATC
CCTGACTTGACTGATGTGAATGCCATAGATCGGTGGTCCCGCATATTCTTCCCAGTGGTT
TTTTCCTTCTTCAACATCGTCTATTGGCTTTATTATGTGAACTAA
Chromosome Location
5
Locus
5q34
External Identifiers
ResourceLink
UniProtKB IDP47870
UniProtKB Entry NameGBRB2_HUMAN
GenBank Protein ID455946
GenBank Gene IDS67368
GenAtlas IDGABRB2
HGNC IDHGNC:4082
General References
  1. Hadingham KL, Wingrove PB, Wafford KA, Bain C, Kemp JA, Palmer KJ, Wilson AW, Wilcox AS, Sikela JM, Ragan CI, et al.: Role of the beta subunit in determining the pharmacology of human gamma-aminobutyric acid type A receptors. Mol Pharmacol. 1993 Dec;44(6):1211-8. [PubMed:8264558]
  2. McKinley DD, Lennon DJ, Carter DB: Cloning, sequence analysis and expression of two forms of mRNA coding for the human beta 2 subunit of the GABAA receptor. Brain Res Mol Brain Res. 1995 Jan;28(1):175-9. [PubMed:7707873]
  3. Zhao C, Xu Z, Wang F, Chen J, Ng SK, Wong PW, Yu Z, Pun FW, Ren L, Lo WS, Tsang SY, Xue H: Alternative-splicing in the exon-10 region of GABA(A) receptor beta(2) subunit gene: relationships between novel isoforms and psychotic disorders. PLoS One. 2009 Sep 18;4(9):e6977. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0006977. [PubMed:19763268]
  4. Ota T, Suzuki Y, Nishikawa T, Otsuki T, Sugiyama T, Irie R, Wakamatsu A, Hayashi K, Sato H, Nagai K, Kimura K, Makita H, Sekine M, Obayashi M, Nishi T, Shibahara T, Tanaka T, Ishii S, Yamamoto J, Saito K, Kawai Y, Isono Y, Nakamura Y, Nagahari K, Murakami K, Yasuda T, Iwayanagi T, Wagatsuma M, Shiratori A, Sudo H, Hosoiri T, Kaku Y, Kodaira H, Kondo H, Sugawara M, Takahashi M, Kanda K, Yokoi T, Furuya T, Kikkawa E, Omura Y, Abe K, Kamihara K, Katsuta N, Sato K, Tanikawa M, Yamazaki M, Ninomiya K, Ishibashi T, Yamashita H, Murakawa K, Fujimori K, Tanai H, Kimata M, Watanabe M, Hiraoka S, Chiba Y, Ishida S, Ono Y, Takiguchi S, Watanabe S, Yosida M, Hotuta T, Kusano J, Kanehori K, Takahashi-Fujii A, Hara H, Tanase TO, Nomura Y, Togiya S, Komai F, Hara R, Takeuchi K, Arita M, Imose N, Musashino K, Yuuki H, Oshima A, Sasaki N, Aotsuka S, Yoshikawa Y, Matsunawa H, Ichihara T, Shiohata N, Sano S, Moriya S, Momiyama H, Satoh N, Takami S, Terashima Y, Suzuki O, Nakagawa S, Senoh A, Mizoguchi H, Goto Y, Shimizu F, Wakebe H, Hishigaki H, Watanabe T, Sugiyama A, Takemoto M, Kawakami B, Yamazaki M, Watanabe K, Kumagai A, Itakura S, Fukuzumi Y, Fujimori Y, Komiyama M, Tashiro H, Tanigami A, Fujiwara T, Ono T, Yamada K, Fujii Y, Ozaki K, Hirao M, Ohmori Y, Kawabata A, Hikiji T, Kobatake N, Inagaki H, Ikema Y, Okamoto S, Okitani R, Kawakami T, Noguchi S, Itoh T, Shigeta K, Senba T, Matsumura K, Nakajima Y, Mizuno T, Morinaga M, Sasaki M, Togashi T, Oyama M, Hata H, Watanabe M, Komatsu T, Mizushima-Sugano J, Satoh T, Shirai Y, Takahashi Y, Nakagawa K, Okumura K, Nagase T, Nomura N, Kikuchi H, Masuho Y, Yamashita R, Nakai K, Yada T, Nakamura Y, Ohara O, Isogai T, Sugano S: Complete sequencing and characterization of 21,243 full-length human cDNAs. Nat Genet. 2004 Jan;36(1):40-5. Epub 2003 Dec 21. [PubMed:14702039]
  5. Gerhard DS, Wagner L, Feingold EA, Shenmen CM, Grouse LH, Schuler G, Klein SL, Old S, Rasooly R, Good P, Guyer M, Peck AM, Derge JG, Lipman D, Collins FS, Jang W, Sherry S, Feolo M, Misquitta L, Lee E, Rotmistrovsky K, Greenhut SF, Schaefer CF, Buetow K, Bonner TI, Haussler D, Kent J, Kiekhaus M, Furey T, Brent M, Prange C, Schreiber K, Shapiro N, Bhat NK, Hopkins RF, Hsie F, Driscoll T, Soares MB, Casavant TL, Scheetz TE, Brown-stein MJ, Usdin TB, Toshiyuki S, Carninci P, Piao Y, Dudekula DB, Ko MS, Kawakami K, Suzuki Y, Sugano S, Gruber CE, Smith MR, Simmons B, Moore T, Waterman R, Johnson SL, Ruan Y, Wei CL, Mathavan S, Gunaratne PH, Wu J, Garcia AM, Hulyk SW, Fuh E, Yuan Y, Sneed A, Kowis C, Hodgson A, Muzny DM, McPherson J, Gibbs RA, Fahey J, Helton E, Ketteman M, Madan A, Rodrigues S, Sanchez A, Whiting M, Madari A, Young AC, Wetherby KD, Granite SJ, Kwong PN, Brinkley CP, Pearson RL, Bouffard GG, Blakesly RW, Green ED, Dickson MC, Rodriguez AC, Grimwood J, Schmutz J, Myers RM, Butterfield YS, Griffith M, Griffith OL, Krzywinski MI, Liao N, Morin R, Palmquist D, Petrescu AS, Skalska U, Smailus DE, Stott JM, Schnerch A, Schein JE, Jones SJ, Holt RA, Baross A, Marra MA, Clifton S, Makowski KA, Bosak S, Malek J: The status, quality, and expansion of the NIH full-length cDNA project: the Mammalian Gene Collection (MGC). Genome Res. 2004 Oct;14(10B):2121-7. [PubMed:15489334]
  6. Zhao C, Xu Z, Chen J, Yu Z, Tong KL, Lo WS, Pun FW, Ng SK, Tsang SY, Xue H: Two isoforms of GABA(A) receptor beta2 subunit with different electrophysiological properties: Differential expression and genotypical correlations in schizophrenia. Mol Psychiatry. 2006 Dec;11(12):1092-105. Epub 2006 Sep 19. [PubMed:16983389]
  7. Denis NJ, Vasilescu J, Lambert JP, Smith JC, Figeys D: Tryptic digestion of ubiquitin standards reveals an improved strategy for identifying ubiquitinated proteins by mass spectrometry. Proteomics. 2007 Mar;7(6):868-74. [PubMed:17370265]

Drug Relations

Drug Relations
DrugBank IDNameDrug groupPharmacological action?ActionsDetails
DB00818Propofolapproved, investigational, vet_approvedyespotentiatorDetails
DB01381Ginkgo bilobaapproved, investigational, nutraceuticalunknownnegative modulatorDetails
DB01567Fludiazepamexperimental, illicityespotentiatorDetails
DB06716Fospropofolapproved, illicit, investigationalyespotentiatorDetails
DB00898EthanolapprovedunknownDetails
DB00395CarisoprodolapprovedunknownmodulatorDetails
DB01189Desfluraneapprovedyespositive allosteric modulatorDetails
DB00659Acamprosateapproved, investigationalyespositive modulatorDetails
DB00404Alprazolamapproved, illicit, investigationalyespositive allosteric modulatorDetails
DB00237Butabarbitalapproved, illicityespositive allosteric modulatorDetails
DB00475Chlordiazepoxideapproved, illicit, investigationalyespositive allosteric modulatorDetails
DB00349Clobazamapproved, illicityespositive allosteric modulatorDetails
DB01068Clonazepamapproved, illicityespositive allosteric modulatorDetails
DB00628Clorazepic acidapproved, illicityespositive allosteric modulatorDetails
DB00186Lorazepamapprovedyespositive allosteric modulatorDetails
DB00189Ethchlorvynolapproved, illicit, withdrawnyespositive allosteric modulatorDetails
DB00228Enfluraneapproved, investigational, vet_approvedyespotentiatorDetails
DB00231Temazepamapproved, investigationalyespositive allosteric modulatorDetails
DB00241Butalbitalapproved, illicityespositive allosteric modulatorDetails
DB00292Etomidateapprovedyespositive allosteric modulatorDetails
DB00306Talbutalapproved, illicityespositive allosteric modulatorDetails
DB00312Pentobarbitalapproved, investigational, vet_approvedyespositive allosteric modulatorDetails
DB00371Meprobamateapproved, illicityespositive allosteric modulatorDetails
DB00402Eszopicloneapproved, investigationalyespositive allosteric modulatorDetails
DB00463Metharbitalwithdrawnyespositive allosteric modulatorDetails
DB00753Isofluraneapproved, vet_approvedyespositive allosteric modulatorDetails
DB00794Primidoneapproved, vet_approvedyespositive allosteric modulatorDetails
DB00801Halazepamapproved, illicit, withdrawnyespositive allosteric modulatorDetails
DB00818Propofolapproved, investigational, vet_approvedyespositive allosteric modulatorDetails
DB00829Diazepamapproved, illicit, investigational, vet_approvedyespositive allosteric modulatorDetails
DB00842Oxazepamapprovedyespositive allosteric modulatorDetails
DB01028Methoxyfluraneapproved, investigational, vet_approvedyespositive allosteric modulatorDetails
DB01107Methyprylonapproved, illicit, withdrawnyespositive allosteric modulatorDetails
DB01159Halothaneapproved, vet_approvedyespositive allosteric modulatorDetails
DB01205Flumazenilapprovedyespositive allosteric modulatorDetails
DB01215Estazolamapproved, illicityespositive allosteric modulatorDetails
DB01236Sevofluraneapproved, vet_approvedyespositive allosteric modulatorDetails
DB01437Glutethimideapproved, illicityespositive allosteric modulatorDetails
DB01588Prazepamapproved, illicityespositive allosteric modulatorDetails
DB01589Quazepamapproved, illicityespositive allosteric modulatorDetails
DB00543AmoxapineapprovedunknownbinderDetails
DB01708Prasteroneapproved, investigational, nutraceuticalunknownantagonistDetails
DB11582ThiocolchicosideexperimentalyesantagonistDetails
DB09118Stiripentolapprovedyesagonistpositive allosteric modulatorDetails
DB01956Taurineapproved, nutraceuticalyesagonistDetails
DB00555Lamotrigineapproved, investigationalunknownantagonistinducerDetails
DB11901Apalutamideapproved, investigationalunknownantagonistDetails
DB11859Brexanoloneapproved, investigationalyespositive allosteric modulatorDetails
DB01043Memantineapproved, investigationalunknownbinderDetails
DB00603Medroxyprogesterone acetateapproved, investigationalunknowninhibitorDetails
DB00252Phenytoinapproved, vet_approvedunknownDetails
DB00683Midazolamapproved, illicityespositive allosteric modulatorDetails
DB00690Flurazepamapproved, illicit, investigationalyespositive allosteric modulatorDetails
DB00897Triazolamapproved, investigationalyespositive allosteric modulatorDetails
DB01558Bromazepamapproved, illicit, investigationalyespositive allosteric modulatorDetails
DB01595Nitrazepamapprovedyespositive allosteric modulatorDetails
DB01489Camazepamexperimental, illicityespositive allosteric modulatorDetails
DB01511Delorazepamexperimental, illicityespositive allosteric modulatorDetails
DB01544Flunitrazepamapproved, illicityespositive allosteric modulatorDetails
DB09166Etizolamexperimentalyespositive allosteric modulatorDetails
DB13437Medazepamexperimentalyespositive allosteric modulatorDetails
DB13837Doxefazepamexperimentalyespositive allosteric modulatorDetails
DB13872Lormetazepamapprovedyespositive allosteric modulatorDetails
DB14028Nordazepamexperimentalyespositive allosteric modulatorDetails
DB00546Adinazolamexperimentalyespositive allosteric modulatorDetails
DB01545Ethyl loflazepateexperimental, illicityespositive allosteric modulatorDetails
DB01553Cloxazolamexperimentalyespositive allosteric modulatorDetails
DB01559Clotiazepamapproved, illicityespositive allosteric modulatorDetails
DB01587Ketazolamapprovedyespositive allosteric modulatorDetails
DB01594Cinolazepamexperimentalyespositive allosteric modulatorDetails
DB09017Brotizolaminvestigational, withdrawnyespositive allosteric modulatorDetails
DB13335Pinazepamexperimentalyespositive allosteric modulatorDetails
DB13643Loprazolamexperimentalyespositive allosteric modulatorDetails
DB14672Oxazepam acetateexperimentalyespositive allosteric modulatorDetails
DB12537Benzodiazepineapproved, investigationalunknownpositive allosteric modulatorDetails
DB14715Cinazepamexperimentalyespositive allosteric modulatorDetails
DB14719Bentazepamexperimentalyespositive allosteric modulatorDetails
DB15489Mexazolamexperimentalyespositive allosteric modulatorDetails