Psychosis

Also known as: Psychoses / Atypical psychosis / Psychotic disorder / Psychotic / Psychotic Disorders / Psychotic disorder NOS / Psychosis NOS / Unspecified psychosis

DrugDrug NameDrug Description
DB01238AripiprazoleAripiprazole is an atypical antipsychotic orally indicated for treatment of schizophrenia, bipolar I, major depressive disorder, irritability associated with autism, and Tourette's[Label]. It is also indicated as an injection for agitation associated with schizophrenia or bipolar mania[Label]. Aripiprazole exerts its effects through agonism of dopaminic and 5-HT1A receptors and antagonism of alpha adrenergic and 5-HT2A receptors[Label,A4393]. Aripiprazole was given FDA approval on November 15, 2002[L6136].
DB00502HaloperidolA phenyl-piperidinyl-butyrophenone, traditional antipsychotic drug that is used primarily to treat schizophrenia and other psychoses. It is also used for the management of schizoaffective disorder, delusional disorders, ballism, and Tourette syndrome (a drug of choice) and occasionally as adjunctive therapy in mental retardation and the chorea associated with Huntington's disease. It is a potent antiemetic and is used in the treatment of intractable hiccups [L1994], [L1996]. The efficacy of haloperidol was first established in controlled trials in the 1960s [L2014]. Interestingly, in vivo pharmacogenetic studies have demonstrated that the metabolism of haloperidol may be modulated by genetically determined polymorphic _CYP2D6_ activity. However, these findings contradict the findings from studies in vitro with human liver microsomes and from drug interaction studies in vivo. Inter-ethnic and pharmacogenetic differences in haloperidol metabolism may possibly explain these observations [A32346].
DB00334OlanzapineOlanzapine is a thienobenzodiazepine classified as an atypical or second-generation antipsychotic agent.[A176996] The second-generation antipsychotics were introduced in the 90s and quickly widespread due to the presumed higher efficacy, less extrapyramidal side effects and fewer drug-drug interactions.[A177011] Olanzapine presents a very close resemblance to [clozapine] and it only differs by two additional methyl groups and the absence of a chloride moiety.[T554] It was obtained by the research of Eli Lilly and approved to be marketed in the US in 1996.[T548]
DB01608PericiazinePericiazine is a phenothiazine of the piperidine group. It has been shown to reduce pathologic arousal and affective tension in some psychotic patients, while the symptoms of abnormal mental integration are relatively unaffected. It is a sedative phenothiazine with weak antipsychotic properties. It also has adrenolytic, anticholinergic, metabolic and endocrine effects and an action on the extrapyramidal system. It is used as an adjunctive medication in some psychotic patients, for the control of residual prevailing hostility, impulsiveness and aggressiveness. Pericyazine, like other phenothiazines, is presumed to act principally in the subcortical areas, by producing what has been described as a central adrenergic blockade.
DB01224QuetiapineQuetiapine is indicated for the treatment of schizophrenia as well as for the treatment of acute manic episodes associated with bipolar I disorder. The antipsychotic effect of quetiapine is thought by some to be mediated through antagonist activity at dopamine and serotonin receptors. Specifically the D1 and D2 dopamine, the alpha 1 adrenoreceptor and alpha 2 adrenoreceptor, and 5-HT1A and 5-HT2 serotonin receptor subtypes are antagonized. Quetiapine also has an antagonistic effect on the histamine H1 receptor.
DB00734RisperidoneSchizophrenia and various mood disorders are thought to be caused by an excess of dopaminergic D2 and serotonergic 5-HT2A activity, resulting in overactivity of central mesolimbic pathways and mesocortical pathways, respectively [L1212, L1213]. Risperidone inhibits dopaminergic D2 receptors and serotonergic 5-HT2A receptors in the brain. It is also said to block histamine receptors, and other neural receptors which are currently being studied [L1213, A1115]. Risperidone binds with a very high affinity to 5-HT2A receptors, approximately 10-20 fold greater than the drug's binding affinity to D2 receptors [L1212, L1213, A1115].
DB00679ThioridazineA phenothiazine antipsychotic used in the management of psychoses, including schizophrenia, and in the control of severely disturbed or agitated behavior. It has little antiemetic activity. Thioridazine has a higher incidence of antimuscarinic effects, but a lower incidence of extrapyramidal symptoms, than chlorpromazine. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p618). Thioridazine was withdrawn worldwide in 2005 due to it's association with cardiac arrythmias.
DB00831TrifluoperazineA phenothiazine with actions similar to chlorpromazine. It is used as an antipsychotic and an antiemetic.
DB00246ZiprasidoneZiprasidone (marketed as Geodon, Zeldox) is an atypical antipsychotic and gained FDA approval in 2001. Ziprasidone is Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved for the treatment of schizophrenia. It may also be used to treat Bipolar I disorder as monotherapy for the acute treatment of manic or mixed episodes, or as adjunctive therapy along with lithium or valproate for maintenance. The intramuscular injection of ziprasidone is approved for acute agitation in schizophrenia. [FDA Label]
DrugDrug NameTargetType
DB01238AripiprazoleD(2) dopamine receptortarget
DB01238Aripiprazole5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 1Atarget
DB01238Aripiprazole5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 2Atarget
DB01238AripiprazoleCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB01238AripiprazoleCytochrome P450 2D6enzyme
DB01238Aripiprazole5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 1Btarget
DB01238Aripiprazole5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 1Dtarget
DB01238Aripiprazole5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 1Etarget
DB01238AripiprazoleD(1A) dopamine receptortarget
DB01238AripiprazoleD(1B) dopamine receptortarget
DB01238AripiprazoleD(3) dopamine receptortarget
DB01238AripiprazoleD(4) dopamine receptortarget
DB01238Aripiprazole5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 2Ctarget
DB01238Aripiprazole5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 3Atarget
DB01238Aripiprazole5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 6target
DB01238Aripiprazole5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 7target
DB01238AripiprazoleHistamine H1 receptortarget
DB01238AripiprazoleAlpha-1A adrenergic receptortarget
DB01238AripiprazoleAlpha-1B adrenergic receptortarget
DB01238AripiprazoleAlpha-2A adrenergic receptortarget
DB01238AripiprazoleAlpha-2B adrenergic receptortarget
DB01238AripiprazoleAlpha-2C adrenergic receptortarget
DB01238AripiprazoleMuscarinic acetylcholine receptor M1target
DB01238AripiprazoleMuscarinic acetylcholine receptor M2target
DB01238AripiprazoleMuscarinic acetylcholine receptor M3target
DB01238AripiprazoleMuscarinic acetylcholine receptor M4target
DB01238AripiprazoleMuscarinic acetylcholine receptor M5target
DB01238AripiprazoleCytochrome P450 3A5enzyme
DB01238AripiprazoleCytochrome P450 3A7enzyme
DB01238AripiprazoleSerum albumincarrier
DB00502HaloperidolD(2) dopamine receptortarget
DB00502HaloperidolGlutamate receptor ionotropic, NMDA 2Btarget
DB00502HaloperidolD(1A) dopamine receptortarget
DB00502HaloperidolCytochrome P450 1A2enzyme
DB00502HaloperidolCytochrome P450 2D6enzyme
DB00502Haloperidol5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 2Atarget
DB00502HaloperidolD(3) dopamine receptortarget
DB00502HaloperidolCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB00502HaloperidolCytochrome P450 3A5enzyme
DB00502HaloperidolCytochrome P450 3A7enzyme
DB00502HaloperidolMultidrug resistance protein 1transporter
DB00502HaloperidolCarbonyl reductase [NADPH] 1enzyme
DB00502HaloperidolUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1-9enzyme
DB00502HaloperidolCytochrome P450 1A1enzyme
DB00502HaloperidolCytochrome P450 2C19enzyme
DB00502HaloperidolCytochrome P450 2C9enzyme
DB00502HaloperidolMelanin-concentrating hormone receptor 1target
DB00502HaloperidolSynaptic vesicular amine transportertarget
DB00334OlanzapineD(1A) dopamine receptortarget
DB00334OlanzapineMuscarinic acetylcholine receptor M1target
DB00334OlanzapineMuscarinic acetylcholine receptor M3target
DB00334Olanzapine5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 2Atarget
DB00334OlanzapineD(4) dopamine receptortarget
DB00334OlanzapineHistamine H1 receptortarget
DB00334OlanzapineMuscarinic acetylcholine receptor M4target
DB00334OlanzapineMuscarinic acetylcholine receptor M2target
DB00334OlanzapineD(2) dopamine receptortarget
DB00334Olanzapine5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 2Ctarget
DB00334OlanzapineD(3) dopamine receptortarget
DB00334OlanzapineAlpha-1B adrenergic receptortarget
DB00334OlanzapineCytochrome P450 1A2enzyme
DB00334Olanzapine5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 3Atarget
DB00334Olanzapine5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 6target
DB00334OlanzapineAlpha-1A adrenergic receptortarget
DB00334OlanzapineD(1B) dopamine receptortarget
DB00334OlanzapineSerum albumincarrier
DB00334OlanzapineAlpha-1-acid glycoprotein 1carrier
DB00334OlanzapineDimethylaniline monooxygenase [N-oxide-forming] 3enzyme
DB00334OlanzapineCytochrome P450 2D6enzyme
DB00334OlanzapineMultidrug resistance protein 1transporter
DB00334OlanzapineCytochrome P450 2C19enzyme
DB00334OlanzapineCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB00334OlanzapineD(1) dopamine receptortarget
DB00334OlanzapineBeta adrenergic receptortarget
DB00334Olanzapine5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 1target
DB00334OlanzapineGABA-A receptor (benzodiazepine site)target
DB00334OlanzapineCytochrome P450 2C9enzyme
DB00334OlanzapineUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1-4enzyme
DB01608PericiazineAlpha-1B adrenergic receptortarget
DB01608PericiazineAlpha-2A adrenergic receptortarget
DB01608PericiazineD(1A) dopamine receptortarget
DB01608PericiazineAndrogen receptortarget
DB01224Quetiapine5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 2Atarget
DB01224Quetiapine5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 2Ctarget
DB01224QuetiapineD(2) dopamine receptortarget
DB01224Quetiapine5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 1Atarget
DB01224QuetiapineHistamine H1 receptortarget
DB01224QuetiapineCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB01224QuetiapineAlpha-1A adrenergic receptortarget
DB01224QuetiapineAlpha-1B adrenergic receptortarget
DB01224QuetiapineAlpha-1D adrenergic receptortarget
DB01224QuetiapineAlpha-2A adrenergic receptortarget
DB01224QuetiapineAlpha-2B adrenergic receptortarget
DB01224QuetiapineAlpha-2C adrenergic receptortarget
DB01224Quetiapine5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 1Dtarget
DB01224QuetiapineMuscarinic acetylcholine receptor M1target
DB01224QuetiapineMuscarinic acetylcholine receptor M2target
DB01224QuetiapineMuscarinic acetylcholine receptor M3target
DB01224QuetiapineMuscarinic acetylcholine receptor M4target
DB01224QuetiapineMuscarinic acetylcholine receptor M5target
DB01224Quetiapine5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 1Btarget
DB01224Quetiapine5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 1Etarget
DB01224Quetiapine5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 3Atarget
DB01224Quetiapine5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 6target
DB01224Quetiapine5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 7target
DB01224QuetiapineD(1B) dopamine receptortarget
DB01224QuetiapineD(1A) dopamine receptortarget
DB01224QuetiapineD(3) dopamine receptortarget
DB01224QuetiapineD(4) dopamine receptortarget
DB01224QuetiapineCytochrome P450 3A5enzyme
DB01224QuetiapineCytochrome P450 3A7enzyme
DB01224QuetiapineMultidrug resistance protein 1transporter
DB01224QuetiapineCytochrome P450 2C19enzyme
DB01224QuetiapineCytochrome P450 2D6enzyme
DB00734RisperidoneHistamine H1 receptortarget
DB00734RisperidoneD(2) dopamine receptortarget
DB00734RisperidoneAlpha-1A adrenergic receptortarget
DB00734Risperidone5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 2Atarget
DB00734RisperidoneAlpha-1B adrenergic receptortarget
DB00734RisperidoneCytochrome P450 2D6enzyme
DB00734RisperidoneD(1A) dopamine receptortarget
DB00734RisperidoneAlpha-2A adrenergic receptortarget
DB00734RisperidoneAlpha-2B adrenergic receptortarget
DB00734RisperidoneAlpha-2C adrenergic receptortarget
DB00734Risperidone5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 1Atarget
DB00734Risperidone5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 1Dtarget
DB00734Risperidone5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 2Ctarget
DB00734RisperidoneD(3) dopamine receptortarget
DB00734RisperidoneD(4) dopamine receptortarget
DB00734RisperidoneCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB00734RisperidoneCytochrome P450 3A5enzyme
DB00734RisperidoneCytochrome P450 3A7enzyme
DB00734Risperidone5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 7target
DB00734RisperidoneMultidrug resistance protein 1transporter
DB00679ThioridazineAlpha-1A adrenergic receptortarget
DB00679ThioridazineD(2) dopamine receptortarget
DB00679Thioridazine5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 2Atarget
DB00679ThioridazineD(1A) dopamine receptortarget
DB00679ThioridazineCytochrome P450 2C19enzyme
DB00679ThioridazineCytochrome P450 2D6enzyme
DB00679ThioridazineAlpha-1B adrenergic receptortarget
DB00679ThioridazinePotassium voltage-gated channel subfamily H member 2target
DB00679ThioridazineCytochrome P450 2C8enzyme
DB00679ThioridazineCytochrome P450 2E1enzyme
DB00831TrifluoperazineD(2) dopamine receptortarget
DB00831TrifluoperazineAlpha-1A adrenergic receptortarget
DB00831TrifluoperazineNeuron-specific vesicular protein calcyontarget
DB00831TrifluoperazineXanthine dehydrogenase/oxidaseenzyme
DB00831TrifluoperazineUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1-4enzyme
DB00831TrifluoperazineCytochrome P450 1A2enzyme
DB00831TrifluoperazineMultidrug resistance protein 1transporter
DB00831TrifluoperazineCalmodulintarget
DB00831TrifluoperazineTroponin C, slow skeletal and cardiac musclestarget
DB00831TrifluoperazineProtein S100-A4target
DB00246ZiprasidoneAlpha-1A adrenergic receptortarget
DB00246ZiprasidoneD(2) dopamine receptortarget
DB00246Ziprasidone5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 2Ctarget
DB00246ZiprasidoneD(3) dopamine receptortarget
DB00246Ziprasidone5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 1Atarget
DB00246Ziprasidone5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 1Dtarget
DB00246ZiprasidoneHistamine H1 receptortarget
DB00246Ziprasidone5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 2Atarget
DB00246ZiprasidoneD(4) dopamine receptortarget
DB00246Ziprasidone5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 7target
DB00246ZiprasidoneCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB00246ZiprasidoneAlpha-2A adrenergic receptortarget
DB00246ZiprasidoneAlpha-1B adrenergic receptortarget
DB00246ZiprasidoneAlpha-2B adrenergic receptortarget
DB00246ZiprasidoneAlpha-2C adrenergic receptortarget
DB00246ZiprasidoneD(1A) dopamine receptortarget
DB00246ZiprasidoneD(1B) dopamine receptortarget
DB00246ZiprasidoneMuscarinic acetylcholine receptor M1target
DB00246ZiprasidoneMuscarinic acetylcholine receptor M2target
DB00246ZiprasidoneMuscarinic acetylcholine receptor M3target
DB00246ZiprasidoneMuscarinic acetylcholine receptor M4target
DB00246ZiprasidoneMuscarinic acetylcholine receptor M5target
DB00246Ziprasidone5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 1Btarget
DB00246Ziprasidone5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 1Etarget
DB00246Ziprasidone5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 3Atarget
DB00246Ziprasidone5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 6target
DB00246ZiprasidoneAldehyde oxidaseenzyme
DrugDrug NamePhaseStatusCount
DB00502Haloperidol1Completed1
DB01212Ceftriaxone1 / 2Unknown Status1
DB11672Curcumin1 / 2Completed1
DB06216Asenapine2Completed1
DB03929D-Serine2Completed1
DB12968DONU2Completed1
DB00028Immune Globulin Human2Recruiting1
DB00030Insulin Human2Not Yet Recruiting1
DB01202Levetiracetam2Recruiting1
DB01356Lithium cation2Recruiting1
DB00765Metyrosine2Terminated1
DB01017Minocycline2Recruiting1
DB04870Oleoyl-estrone2Recruiting1
DB11133Omega-3 fatty acids2Recruiting1
DB05316Pimavanserin2Completed1
DB00860Prednisolone2Recruiting1
DB00073Rituximab2Recruiting1
DB12519Sarcosine2Completed2
DB12519Sarcosine2Withdrawn1
DB09153Sodium chloride2Recruiting1
DB00577Valaciclovir2Completed2
DB00945Acetylsalicylic acid2 / 3Recruiting1
DB01238Aripiprazole2 / 3Completed1
DB00213Pantoprazole2 / 3Recruiting1
DB06216Asenapine3Completed1
DB11121Chloroxylenol3Terminated1
DB00834Mifepristone3Terminated1
DB00627Niacin3Completed1
DB01224Quetiapine3Completed1
DB00246Ziprasidone3Completed1
DB06288Amisulpride4Completed1
DB01238Aripiprazole4Completed2
DB01238Aripiprazole4Enrolling by Invitation2
DB01238Aripiprazole4Unknown Status1
DB00363Clozapine4Not Yet Recruiting1
DB01175Escitalopram4Completed1
DB00502Haloperidol4Completed2
DB00555Lamotrigine4Completed1
DB00334Olanzapine4Not Yet Recruiting1
DB01224Quetiapine4Unknown Status2
DB00734Risperidone4Completed2
DB00734Risperidone4Enrolling by Invitation2
DB01273Varenicline4Withdrawn1
DB00246Ziprasidone4Withdrawn1
DB01576DextroamphetamineNot AvailableRecruiting1
DB00470DronabinolNot AvailableRecruiting1
DB00153ErgocalciferolNot AvailableCompleted1
DB15012FarampatorNot AvailableCompleted1
DB00028Immune Globulin HumanNot AvailableCompleted1
DB01065MelatoninNot AvailableRecruiting1
DB00184NicotineNot AvailableCompleted1
DB00734RisperidoneNot AvailableCompleted1
DB00734RisperidoneNot AvailableTerminated1