Coughing

Also known as: Cough / Coughs / C/O - cough

DrugDrug NameDrug Description
DB01246AlimemazineA phenothiazine derivative that is used as an antipruritic.
DB00868BenzonatateBenzonatate is a non-narcotic oral antitussive (cough suppressant) drug which works by anesthetizing the tissues of the lungs and pleura responsible for the cough reflex. It is chemically related to other ester anesthetics such as procaine. It has an anesthetic (numbing) action similar to that of benzocaine and "numbs" the stretch sensors in the lungs. It is the stretching of these sensors with breathing that causes the cough. It was approved by the FDA in 1958.
DB01114ChlorphenamineA histamine H1 antagonist used in allergic reactions, hay fever, rhinitis, urticaria, and asthma. It has also been used in veterinary applications. One of the most widely used of the classical antihistaminics, it generally causes less drowsiness and sedation than promethazine. [PubChem]
DB14006Choline salicylateCholine salicylate is an anti-inflammatory pain reliever agent that is related to aspirin. It is used to decrease swelling and to treat mild-moderate pain. It is used to treat arthritis in both children and adults. This medicine can also be used for fever [L2129]. Choline Salicylate is the choline salt of salicylic acid, used as an analgesic, antipyretic and antirheumatic. It relieves mild to moderate pain and reduce fever and inflammation or swelling. Choline salicylate is effective in the treatment of gout, rheumatic fever, rheumatoid arthritis and muscle injuries [L2136]. This drug is also a main ingredient in teething gels to relieve pains associated with tooth growth in the infant population [L2134]. The UK government has regulated its use, due to toxicity in those under 16 years of age. Topical oral salicylate gels are no longer indicated for people younger than 16 years for pain associated with infant teething, orthodontic devices, cold sores, or mouth ulcers [L2134].
DB04837ClofedanolClofedanol is a centrally-acting cough suppressant available in Canada under the trade name Ulone. It is not available in the United States.
DB00318CodeineThe relief of pain (analgesia) is a primary goal for enhancing the quality of life of patients and for increasing the ability of patients to engage in day to day activities. Codeine, an opioid analgesic, was originally approved in the US in 1950 and is a drug used to decrease pain by increasing the threshold for pain without impairing consciousness or altering other sensory functions. Opiates such as codeine are derived from the poppy plant, _Papaver somniferum_ (Papaveraceae) [A175096]. Codeine is utilized as a central analgesic, sedative, hypnotic, antinociceptive, and antiperistaltic agent, and is also recommended in certain diseases with incessant coughing [FDA label], [A175096].
DB00514DextromethorphanThe d-isomer of the codeine analog of levorphanol. Dextromethorphan shows high affinity binding to several regions of the brain, including the medullary cough center. This compound is an NMDA receptor antagonist (receptors, N-methyl-D-aspartate) and acts as a non-competitive channel blocker. It is one of the widely used antitussives, and is also used to study the involvement of glutamate receptors in neurotoxicity. [PubChem]
DB00645DyclonineDyclonine is an oral anaesthetic found in Sucrets, an over the counter throat lozenge. It may also be found in some Cepacol sore throat spray products.
DB00725Homatropine methylbromideHomatropine methylbromide is a quaternary ammonium muscarinic acetylcholine receptor antagonist belonging to the group of medicines called anti-muscarinics. Homatropine is used to treat duodenal or stomach ulcers or intestine problems. It can be used together with antacids or other medicine in the treatment of peptic ulcer. It may also be used to prevent nausea, vomiting, and motion sickness.
DB00956HydrocodoneNarcotic analgesic related to codeine, but more potent and more addicting by weight. It is used also as cough suppressant.
DB00825LevomentholMenthol is a covalent organic compound made synthetically or obtained from peppermint or other mint oils. Forming clear or white waxy, crystalline substance, menthol is typically solid at room temperature. (-)-Menthol is the naturally-occurring and main form of menthol, and is assigned the (1R,2S,5R) configuration. Menthol mediates anesthetic properties and anti-irritating properties locally, thus it is widely used to relieve minor throat irritations.
DB01069PromethazineA phenothiazine derivative with histamine H1-blocking, antimuscarinic, and sedative properties. It is used as an antiallergic, in pruritus, for motion sickness and sedation, and also in animals.
DrugDrug NameTargetType
DB01246AlimemazineHistamine H1 receptortarget
DB01246AlimemazineCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB00868BenzonatateSodium channel protein type 5 subunit alphatarget
DB01114ChlorphenamineHistamine H1 receptortarget
DB01114ChlorphenamineCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB01114ChlorphenamineCytochrome P450 2D6enzyme
DB01114ChlorphenamineSodium-dependent serotonin transportertarget
DB01114ChlorphenamineSodium-dependent noradrenaline transportertarget
DB01114ChlorphenamineSodium-dependent dopamine transportertarget
DB01114ChlorphenamineCytochrome P450 3A5enzyme
DB01114ChlorphenamineCytochrome P450 3A7enzyme
DB01114ChlorphenamineSolute carrier family 22 member 2transporter
DB01114ChlorphenamineSolute carrier family 22 member 1transporter
DB14006Choline salicylateCholine-phosphate cytidylyltransferase Btarget
DB14006Choline salicylateAcetylcholinesterasetarget
DB14006Choline salicylateCholine-phosphate cytidylyltransferase Atarget
DB14006Choline salicylatePhospholipase D2target
DB14006Choline salicylateCholinesterasetarget
DB14006Choline salicylatePhospholipase D1target
DB14006Choline salicylatePhosphoethanolamine/phosphocholine phosphatasetarget
DB14006Choline salicylateSolute carrier family 22 member 2transporter
DB14006Choline salicylateSolute carrier family 22 member 1transporter
DB14006Choline salicylateSolute carrier family 22 member 3transporter
DB14006Choline salicylateSolute carrier family 22 member 5transporter
DB14006Choline salicylateSolute carrier family 22 member 4transporter
DB14006Choline salicylateCholine/ethanolaminephosphotransferase 1enzyme
DB14006Choline salicylateCholine transporter-like protein 1transporter
DB14006Choline salicylateCholine transporter-like protein 4transporter
DB14006Choline salicylateCholine transporter-like protein 2transporter
DB14006Choline salicylateCholine transporter-like protein 3transporter
DB14006Choline salicylateCholine/ethanolamine kinaseenzyme
DB14006Choline salicylateCholine O-acetyltransferaseenzyme
DB14006Choline salicylateCholine kinase alphaenzyme
DB14006Choline salicylateCholine dehydrogenase, mitochondrialenzyme
DB14006Choline salicylateHigh affinity choline transporter 1transporter
DB14006Choline salicylateNeuronal acetylcholine receptor subunit alpha-7target
DB04837ClofedanolHistamine H1 receptortarget
DB00318CodeineMu-type opioid receptortarget
DB00318CodeineDelta-type opioid receptortarget
DB00318CodeineKappa-type opioid receptortarget
DB00318CodeineCytochrome P450 2D6enzyme
DB00318CodeineCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB00318CodeineSolute carrier family 22 member 1transporter
DB00318CodeineUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 2B7enzyme
DB00318CodeineUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 2B4enzyme
DB00318CodeineMagnesium stearatecarrier
DB00318CodeineLactose monohydratecarrier
DB00318CodeineStarch, pregelatinizedcarrier
DB00318CodeineSodium starch glycolatecarrier
DB00514DextromethorphanSigma non-opioid intracellular receptor 1target
DB00514DextromethorphanHCG20471, isoform CRA_ctarget
DB00514DextromethorphanNeuronal acetylcholine receptor subunit alpha-2target
DB00514DextromethorphanSodium-dependent serotonin transportertarget
DB00514DextromethorphanGlutamate receptor ionotropic, NMDA 3Atarget
DB00514DextromethorphanCytochrome P450 2D6enzyme
DB00514DextromethorphanCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB00514DextromethorphanCytochrome P450 3A5enzyme
DB00514DextromethorphanCytochrome P450 3A7enzyme
DB00514DextromethorphanCytochrome P450 2C9enzyme
DB00514DextromethorphanCytochrome P450 2B6enzyme
DB00514DextromethorphanCytochrome P450 2C19enzyme
DB00514DextromethorphanCytochrome P450 2C8enzyme
DB00514DextromethorphanCytochrome P450 2E1enzyme
DB00514DextromethorphanMembrane-associated progesterone receptor component 1target
DB00514DextromethorphanNeuronal acetylcholine receptor subunit alpha-3target
DB00514DextromethorphanNeuronal acetylcholine receptor subunit alpha-4target
DB00514DextromethorphanNeuronal acetylcholine receptor subunit beta-4target
DB00514DextromethorphanNeuronal acetylcholine receptor subunit beta-2target
DB00514DextromethorphanNeuronal acetylcholine receptor subunit alpha-7target
DB00514DextromethorphanMu-type opioid receptortarget
DB00514DextromethorphanDelta-type opioid receptortarget
DB00514DextromethorphanKappa-type opioid receptortarget
DB00514DextromethorphanNADPH oxidasetarget
DB00514DextromethorphanSodium-dependent noradrenaline transportertarget
DB00645DyclonineSodium channel protein type 10 subunit alphatarget
DB00725Homatropine methylbromideMuscarinic acetylcholine receptor M2target
DB00725Homatropine methylbromideMuscarinic acetylcholine receptor M1target
DB00725Homatropine methylbromideMuscarinic acetylcholine receptor M4target
DB00725Homatropine methylbromideMuscarinic acetylcholine receptor M5target
DB00725Homatropine methylbromideMuscarinic acetylcholine receptor M3target
DB00956HydrocodoneMu-type opioid receptortarget
DB00956HydrocodoneDelta-type opioid receptortarget
DB00956HydrocodoneCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB00956HydrocodoneCytochrome P450 2D6enzyme
DB00825LevomentholTransient receptor potential cation channel subfamily A member 1target
DB00825LevomentholTransient receptor potential cation channel subfamily M member 8target
DB00825LevomentholTransient receptor potential cation channel subfamily V member 3target
DB00825LevomentholKappa-type opioid receptortarget
DB00825LevomentholVoltage-dependent L-type calcium channeltarget
DB00825LevomentholCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB01069PromethazineD(2) dopamine receptortarget
DB01069PromethazineHistamine H1 receptortarget
DB01069PromethazineMuscarinic acetylcholine receptor M4target
DB01069PromethazineMuscarinic acetylcholine receptor M1target
DB01069PromethazineMuscarinic acetylcholine receptor M5target
DB01069PromethazineAlpha-1A adrenergic receptortarget
DB01069Promethazine5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 2Atarget
DB01069PromethazineMuscarinic acetylcholine receptor M2target
DB01069PromethazineMuscarinic acetylcholine receptor M3target
DB01069PromethazineCalmodulintarget
DB01069PromethazineCytochrome P450 2D6enzyme
DB01069PromethazineCytochrome P450 2B6enzyme
DB01069PromethazineMultidrug resistance protein 1transporter
DB01069PromethazineCytochrome P450 2C9enzyme
DB01069PromethazineHistamine H2 receptortarget
DrugDrug NamePhaseStatusCount
DB00514Dextromethorphan1Completed1
DB00003Dornase alfa1Withdrawn1
DB00668Epinephrine1Completed1
DB00281Lidocaine1Completed1
DB00350Minoxidil1Completed1
DB09153Sodium chloride1Completed1
DB09153Sodium chloride1Withdrawn1
DB06774Capsaicin1 / 2Completed2
DB00683Midazolam1 / 2Recruiting1
DB00230Pregabalin1 / 2Recruiting1
DB06742Ambroxol2Not Yet Recruiting1
DB15097Gefapixant2Completed1
DB12664Indantadol2Terminated1
DB06282Levocetirizine2Completed1
DB00471Montelukast2Unknown Status1
DB09291Rolapitant2Completed1
DB12782SCH-4867572Completed2
DB01593Zinc2Recruiting1
DB00207Azithromycin3Completed1
DB00868Benzonatate3Recruiting1
DB00443Betamethasone3Completed1
DB00835Brompheniramine3Withdrawn1
DB01075Diphenhydramine3Withdrawn1
DB03852Eucalyptol3Unknown Status1
DB11359Guaiacol3Terminated1
DB11359Guaiacol3Unknown Status1
DB00825Levomenthol3Unknown Status1
DB00281Lidocaine3Recruiting1
DB00338Omeprazole3Terminated1
DB06614Peramivir3Completed1
DB06614Peramivir3Terminated1
DB00852Pseudoephedrine3Withdrawn1
DB00863Ranitidine3Terminated1
DB01041Thalidomide3Completed1
DB01412Theobromine3Completed1
DB04339Carbocisteine4Completed1
DB00633Dexmedetomidine4Completed1
DB00514Dextromethorphan4Recruiting1
DB00736Esomeprazole4Completed1
DB00813Fentanyl4Completed1
DB06709Methacholine4Not Yet Recruiting1
DB00471Montelukast4Completed3
DB00471Montelukast4Recruiting1
DB00860Prednisolone4Completed1
DB00899Remifentanil4Completed2
DB00899Remifentanil4Not Yet Recruiting1
DB09153Sodium chloride4Completed2
DB10983Thyme4Completed1
DB00171ATPNot AvailableNot Yet Recruiting1
DB00207AzithromycinNot AvailableActive Not Recruiting1
DB06774CapsaicinNot AvailableCompleted1
DB06774CapsaicinNot AvailableNot Yet Recruiting1
DB00633DexmedetomidineNot AvailableRecruiting1
DB11742EbastineNot AvailableUnknown Status1
DB00281LidocaineNot AvailableCompleted1
DB00471MontelukastNot AvailableCompleted1
DB00471MontelukastNot AvailableUnknown Status1
DB01366ProcaterolNot AvailableRecruiting1
DB00818PropofolNot AvailableCompleted1
DB00852PseudoephedrineNot AvailableUnknown Status1
DB00899RemifentanilNot AvailableCompleted3
DB00899RemifentanilNot AvailableRecruiting1
DB01001SalbutamolNot AvailableRecruiting1
DB09153Sodium chlorideNot AvailableCompleted2