- Autonomic Agents
- Accession Number
Agents affecting the function of, or mimicking the actions of, the autonomic nervous system and thereby having an effect on such processes as respiration, circulation, digestion, body temperature regulation, certain endocrine gland secretions, etc.
Drug Drug Description Amphetamine A CNS stimulant and sympathomimetic agent indicated for the treatment of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). Nicotine A stimulatory alkaloid found in tobacco products that is often used for the relief of nicotine withdrawal symptoms and as an aid to smoking cessation. Cevimeline A muscarinic agonist with parasympathomimetic activities that is used for the symptomatic treatment of dry mouth in patients with Sjögren's Syndrome. Lorazepam A long-acting benzodiazepine commonly used to treat panic disorders, severe anxiety, and seizures. Phentermine A sympathomimetic anorectic agent used as a short-term adjunct therapy that is included in a regimen of weight reduction in cases of exogenous obesity. Betaxolol A cardioselective beta blocking agent commonly used to treat hypertension and elevated intraocular pressure (when administered ophthalmically). Trospium An antimuscarinic agent used to treat the symptoms of overactive bladder (OAB). Midodrine An alpha-adrenergic antagonist used to treat orthostatic hypotension. Bethanidine For the treatment of hypertension. Oxyphenonium For the treatment of visceral spasms Isoetharine For the treatment of asthma, wheezing, and chronic asthmatic bronchitis. Theophylline A xanthine used to manage the symptoms of asthma, COPD, and other lung conditions caused by reversible airflow obstruction. Ipratropium An anticholinergic drug used in the control of symptoms related to bronchospasm in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Olanzapine An antipsychotic drug used in the management of schizophrenia, bipolar 1 disorder, and agitation associated with these disorders. Atenolol A synthetic beta-1 selective blocker used in the management of hypertension and chronic angina, and to reduce mortality in known or suspected myocardial infarction in hemodynamically stable patients. Doxylamine An antihistamine used to treat insomnia and allergy symptoms and is used with pyridoxine in the treatment of nausea and vomiting in pregnancy. Norepinephrine A sympathomimetic used in the control of blood pressure during various hypotensive states and as an adjunct treatment during cardiac arrest. Thiethylperazine For the treatment or relief of nausea and vomiting. Tacrine For the palliative treatment of mild to moderate dementia of the Alzheimer's type. Phenylephrine An alpha-1 adrenergic agonist used in the management of hypotension, generally in the surgical setting associated with the use of anesthetics. Phenylpropanolamine A sympathomimetic that was previously used in nasal decongestants and weight loss products, but has been withdrawn by the FDA due to safety risks and lack of efficacy. Carbamoylcholine A direct acting miotic agent administered ophthalmically to decrease intraocular pressure in glaucoma or after eye surgery, and to induce miosis during surgery. Promazine A phenothiazine used to manage schizophrenia. Hyoscyamine For treatment of bladder spasms, peptic ulcer disease, diverticulitis, colic, irritable bowel syndrome, cystitis, and pancreatitis. Also used to treat certain heart conditions, to control the symptoms of Parkinson's disease... Prochlorperazine A phenothiazine derivative used in the treatment of schizophrenia and anxiety and to relieve severe nausea and vomiting. Nitric Oxide A vasodilating agent used in the treatment of hypoxic respiratory failure in premature neonates. Droperidol A butyrophenone derivative and dopamine antagonist used to prevent and treat postoperative nausea and vomiting. Chlorpromazine A phenothiazine antipsychotic used to treat nausea, vomiting, preoperative anxiety, schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, and severe behavioral problems in children. Nabilone A synthetic delta-9-THC used in the treatment of anorexia and weight loss in HIV patients as well as nausea and vomiting in cancer chemotherapy. Sotalol A methane sulfonanilide beta adrenergic antagonist used to treat life-threatening ventricular arrhythmias and to maintain sinus rhythm in atrial fibrillation or flutter. Haloperidol An antipsychotic agent used to treat schizophrenia and other psychoses, as well as symptoms of agitation, irritability, and delirium. Triflupromazine Used mainly in the management of psychoses. Also used to control nausea and vomiting. Carteolol A beta adrenergic antagonist used to treat arrhythmia, angina, hypertension, and glaucoma. Atropine A muscarinic antagonist used to treat poisoning by muscarinic agents, including organophosphates and other drugs. Clonidine An alpha-2 adrenergic agonist used to treat hypertension and severe cancer pain, among other conditions, and to treat withdrawal symptoms from various substances. It is also used to aid in the diagnosis of pheochromocytoma and to prevent migraines. Fluticasone propionate A glucocorticoid used to treat asthma, inflammatory pruritic dermatoses, and nonallergic rhinitis. Labetalol An alpha and beta adrenergic antagonist used to treat hypertension, angina, and sympathetic overactivity syndrome. Metaraminol For the treatment and prevention of hypotension due to hemorrhage, spinal anesthesia, and shock associated with brain damage Bisoprolol A beta-1 adrenergic blocking agent used to prevent myocardial infarction and heart failure and to treat mild to moderate hypertension. Dyphylline A theophylline derivative used to treat asthma, bronchospasm, and COPD. Mecamylamine A nicotine antagonist used to treat moderate to severe essential hypertension and uncomplicated malignant hypertension. Trimethobenzamide An antiemetic used to treat postoperative nausea and vomiting and nausea associated with gastroenteritis. Epinephrine A hormone and neurotransmitter used to treat allergic reactions, to restore cardiac rhythm, and to control mucosal congestion, glaucoma, and asthma. Aprepitant A substance P/neurokinin 1 receptor antagonist used to treat nausea and vomiting caused by chemotherapy and surgery. Galantamine A cholinesterase inhibitor used to manage mild to moderate dementia associated with Alzheimer's Disease. Tizanidine An alpha-2 adrenergic agonist used for the short-term treatment of muscle spasticity. Apomorphine A morphine derivative D2 dopamine agonist used to treat hypomobile "off" episodes of advanced Parkinson's disease. Methoxamine An alpha adrenergic agonist used to treat hypotension. Meclizine A histamine H1 antagonist used to treat nausea, vomiting, and dizziness associated with motion sickness. Scopolamine An anticholinergic used to treat excessive salivation, colicky abdominal pain, bradycardia, diverticulitis, IBS, and motion sickness. Dolasetron An antinauseant and antiemetic used in chemotherapy and postoperatively. Clidinium A synthetic anticholinergic used to treat peptic ulcer disease, colicky abdominal pain, diverticulitis, and IBS. Dicyclomine An antimuscarinic agent used to treat IBS. Tropicamide A muscarinic receptor antagonist used to dilate the pupil. Biperiden A muscarinic receptor antagonist used to treat parkinsonism and control extrapyramidal side effects of neuroleptic drugs. Orciprenaline A beta-2 adrenergic agonist used to treat bronchospasm, asthma, and COPD. Enprofylline Used in the management of symptoms of asthma. Also used in the treatment of peripheral vascular diseases and in the management of cerebrovascular insufficiency, sickle cell disease, and diabetic neuropathy. Diazepam A long-acting benzodiazepine with rapid onset commonly used to treat panic disorders, severe anxiety, alcohol withdrawal, and seizures. Phenmetrazine Used as an anorectic in the treatment of obesity. Trifluoperazine A phenothiazine used to treat depression, anxiety, and agitation. Dobutamine A beta-1 agonist used to treat cardiac decompensation in patients with organic heart disease or from cardiac surgery. Pseudoephedrine An alpha and beta adrenergic agonist used to treat nasal and sinus congestion, as well as allergic rhinitis. Benzphetamine A sympathomimetic used to manage exogenous obesity short term. Alprenolol For the treatment of hypertension, angina, and arrhythmia Ritodrine An adrenergic beta agonist used to treat premature labor. Terbutaline A beta-2 adrenergic agonist used as a bronchodilator and to prevent premature labor. Granisetron A 5HT3 antagonist used to treat nausea and vomiting in cancer therapy and postoperatively. Bitolterol Used to dilate air passages in the lungs that have become narrowed as a result of disease or inflammation. It is used in the treatment of asthma and chronic obstructive... Oxymetazoline An alpha-1A adrenoceptor agonist used to treat nasal congestion, allergic reactions of the eye, and facial erythema associated with rosacea. Salmeterol A long-acting beta-2 adrenergic receptor agonist used to treat asthma and COPD. Methylprednisolone A corticosteroid used to treat inflammation or immune reactions across a variety of organ systems, endocrine conditions, and neoplastic diseases. Methyldopa An alpha-2 adrenergic agonist used to treat hypertension. Azelastine A histamine H1-receptor antagonist used intranasally to treat allergic and vasomotor rhinitis and in an ophthalmic solution to treat allergic conjunctivitis. Cyclopentolate An anticholinergic used to cause mydriasis and cycloplegia for diagnostic testing. Physostigmine A cholinesterase inhibitor used to treat glaucoma and anticholinergic toxicity. Formoterol An inhaled long-acting beta2-adrenergic receptor agonist used as a bronchodilator in the management of asthma and COPD. Dimenhydrinate A medication used to prevent and treat nausea, vomiting, vertigo, and motion sickness. Dopamine A catecholamine neurotransmitter used to treat hemodynamic imbalances, poor perfusion of vital organs, low cardiac output, and hypotension. Salbutamol A beta-2 adrenergic receptor agonist used to treat asthma, bronchitis, COPD, as well as prevent exercise induced bronchospasms. Bethanechol A muscarinic agonist used to treat postoperative and postpartum nonobstructive functional urinary retention and neurogenic atony of the bladder with retention. Echothiophate An acetylcholinesterase inhibitor used in ophthalmic preparations to increase the drainage of intraocular fluid; most commonly used for the treatment of glaucoma. Oxybutynin An antimuscarinic agent that reduces detrusor muscle activity, relaxing the bladder and preventing the urge to void. Isoprenaline A non-selective beta-adrenergic agonist typically used to treat bradycardia and heart block; it is structurally related to epinephrine. Pilocarpine A muscarinic cholinergic agonist used on the eye to treat elevated intraocular pressure, various types of glaucoma, and to induce miosis. Also available orally to treat symptoms of dry mouth associated with Sjogren's syndrome and radiotherapy. Pentolinium Used to produce controlled hypotension during surgical procedures and in hypertensive crises. Trimethaphan For the controlled reduction of blood pressure during surgery and in the treatment of hypertensive emergencies. Ambenonium A cholinesterase inhibitor that targets both muscarinic and nicotinic receptors indicated for the treatment of myasthenia gravis. Flavoxate A muscarinic antagonist and spasmolytic used for the symptomatic relief of conditions associated with lack of muscle control in the bladder, such as dysuria, urgency, and nocturia. Cilostazol An antiplatelet agent and vasodilator used for the symptomatic relief of intermittent claudication. Guanethidine An antihypertensive agent used in the management of moderate and severe hypertension, either alone or as an adjunct, and for the management of renal hypertension. Orphenadrine A muscarinic antagonist used as an adjunct for the symptomatic relief of musculoskeletal pain and discomfort. Cyclizine An antihistamine and antiemetic drug used for the prevention and treatment of nausea, vomiting, and dizziness associated with motion sickness, and vertigo. Domperidone A dopamine receptor antagonist used as a peristaltic stimulant and anti-emetic agent for dyspepsia, indigestion, epigastric pain, nausea, and vomiting. Acebutolol A selective β1-receptor antagonist used for the management of hypertension and ventricular premature beats in adults. Nadolol A non-selective beta-adrenergic antagonist used for the management of arrhythmias, angina pectoris, and hypertension. Levobunolol A beta-adrenergic antagonist used for the reduction of elevated intraocular pressure in patients with ocular hypertension or open-angle glaucoma. Metipranolol A beta-adrenergic antagonist used for the reduction of elevated intraocular pressure in patients with ocular hypertension or open-angle glaucoma. Budesonide A corticosteroid used to treat Crohn's disease, asthma, COPD, hay fever and allergies, and ulcerative colitis. Aminophylline A bronchodilator consisting of theophylline that is used for the treatment of bronchospasm due to asthma, emphysema and chronic bronchitis. Diphenidol An antiemetic agent used for the prevention and symptomatic treatment of nausea and vomiting associated with various conditions as Meniere's disease and surgery of the middle and inner ear. Metoclopramide An antiemetic agent and dopamine D2 antagonist used in the treatment of gastroesophageal reflux disease, prevention of nausea and vomiting, and to stimulate gastric emptying. Dexamethasone A glucocorticoid available in various modes of administration that is used for the treatment of various inflammatory conditions, including bronchial asthma, as well as endocrine and rheumatic disorders. Arformoterol A beta-2 adrenergic agonist and bronchodilator used for long term, symptomatic treatment of reversible bronchoconstriction in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), including chronic bronchitis and emphysema. Fenoterol A beta-2 adrenergic agonist and bronchodilator used for the symptomatic treatment of asthma. Pirbuterol A beta-2 adrenergic agonist and bronchodilator used for the symptomatic treatment of asthma. Oxtriphylline A bronchodilator used for the treatment of asthma, bronchitis, COPD, and emphysema. Ephedrine An alpha and beta-adrenergic agonist indicated to treat hypotension under anesthesia, allergic conditions, bronchial asthma, and nasal congestion. Mephentermine A sympathomimetic agent used in the treatment of hypotension. Procaterol A beta-2 adrenergic receptor agonist and bronchodilator used for the treatment of asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Yohimbine An alpha-2-adrenergic blocker and sympatholytic found in supplements used to. Neostigmine A cholinesterase inhibitor used in the symptomatic treatment of myasthenia gravis by improving muscle tone. Clenbuterol Used as a bronchodilator in the treatment of asthma patients. Bambuterol For the prevention and reversal of bronchospasm in patients 12 years of age and older with asthma and reversible bronchospasm associated with bronchitis and emphysema. Tiotropium A long-acting bronchodilator used in the management of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Theobromine theobromine is used as a vasodilator, a diuretic, and heart stimulant. And similar to caffeine, it may be useful in management of fatigue and orthostatic hypotension. Alizapride Alizapride is used in the treatment of nausea and vomiting, including postoperative nausea and vomiting. Chlorphentermine Used as an appetite suppressant. Metamfetamine A sympathomimetic agent used in the treatment of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and exogenous obesity. Oxprenolol A non-selective beta-adrenergic antagonist used to treat hypertension, angina pectoris, arrhythmias, and anxiety. Alverine Used to relieve cramps or spasms of the stomach and intestines. It is also useful in treating irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and similar conditions. It can also be used to... Alrestatin Not Available Colforsin Potent activator of the adenylate cyclase system and the biosynthesis of cyclic AMP. From the plant Coleus forskohlii. Has antihypertensive, positive inotropic, platelet aggregation inhibitory, and smooth muscle relaxant activities;... Debrisoquine For the treatment of moderate and severe hypertension, either alone or as an adjunct, and for the treatment of renal hypertension. Celiprolol Celiprolol is indicated for the management of mild to moderate hypertension and effort-induced angina pectoris. Ularitide Investigated for use/treatment in congestive heart failure. Lobeline Investigated for use/treatment in addictions. Ibudilast For the treatment of multiple sclerosis, asthma, and cerebrovascular disease. Nylidrin A vasodilator used to treat patients with peripheral vascular disorders, and elderly patients with symptoms associated with organic mental disorders. Dexanabinol Investigated for use/treatment in traumatic brain injuries and neurologic disorders. Casopitant Investigated for use/treatment in urinary incontinence and adverse effects (chemotherapy). Methacholine A parasympathomimetic bronchoconstrictor used during the bronchial challenge test for the diagnosis of bronchial hyperreactivity in subjects who do not have clinically apparent asthma. Fosaprepitant An antiemetic drug used in combination with other antiemetic agents for the prevention of acute and delayed nausea and vomiting caused by chemotherapy. Drotaverine Used in the treatment of functional bowel disorders and alleviating pain in renal colic. Tetryzoline An alpha-adrenergic agonist used in the temporary symptomatic relief of discomfort and redness of the eyes due to minor irritations. Cupric sulfate A compound used as an intravenous copper supplement for Total Parenteral Nutrition (TPN). Tyramine Tyramine (4-hydroxyphenethylamine; para-tyramine, mydrial or uteramin) is a naturally occurring monoamine compound and trace amine derived from the amino acid tyrosine. Tyramine acts by inducing the release of catecholamine. An... Isoxsuprine A beta-adrenergic agonist used in the symptomatic treatment of cerebrovascular insufficiency, peripheral vascular disease of arteriosclerosis obliterans, thromboangiitis obliterans (Buerger's disease) and Raynaud's disease. Hexoprenaline Hexoprenaline is a stimulant of beta 2 adrenergic receptors. It is used as a bronchodilator, antiasthmatic, and tocolytic agent. Hexamethonium A nicotinic cholinergic antagonist often referred to as the prototypical ganglionic blocker. It is poorly absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract and does not cross the blood-brain barrier. It has been... Fenspiride Fenspiride is an oxazolidinone spiro compound used as a drug in the treatment of certain respiratory diseases. It is approved for use in Russia for the treatment of acute and... Etilefrine Etilefrine is an adrenergic agonist that appears to interact with beta-2 and some alpha adrenergic receptors. It has been used as a vasoconstrictor agent. Eperisone Eperisone is an antispasmodic drug which relaxes both skeletal muscles and vascular smooth muscles, and demonstrates a variety of effects such as reduction of myotonia, improvement of circulation, and suppression... Dexetimide A muscarinic antagonist that has been used to treat neuroleptic-induced parkinsonism. Benzetimide is the (-)-enantimorph of dexetimide. Bromopride Bromopride in indicated in the treatment of nausea and vomiting, including PONV (post-operative nausea and vomiting), gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD/GORD), as well as endoscopy preparation and radiographic studies of the... Benactyzine Benactyzine is an anticholinergic drug used as an antidepressant in the treatment of depression and associated anxiety. Benactyzine is no longer widely used in medicine, although it is still a... Olodaterol A long-acting beta2-adrenergic agonist used in the management of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), including chronic bronchitis and/or emphysema. Trimebutine A spasmolytic agent used for the symptomatic treatment of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and treatment of postoperative paralytic ileus following abdominal surgery. Pinaverium A spasmolytic agent used for the symptomatic treatment of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and functional disorders of the biliary tract. Synephrine Synephrine, also referred to as, p-synephrine, is naturally occurring alkaloid. It is present in approved drug products as neo-synephrine, its m-substituted analog. p-synephrine and m-synephrine are known for their longer... Moxisylyte By the WHO, moxisylyte is indicated for the symptomatic management of sequelae of cerebral infarction or hemorrhage. The cerebral infarction is characterized by the blockage of the artery either by... Cimetropium Cimetropium is a semi-synthetic belladonna alkaloid and derivative of scopolamine. It is a potent antimuscarinic and an effective antispasmodic drug. It is also endowed of a direct myolitic action which... Doxofylline Indicated for the treatment of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), bronchial asthma and pulmonary disease with spastic bronchial component. Ramosetron For the treatment of nausea and vomiting and diarrhea-predominant irritable bowel syndrome in males. Butylscopolamine An antispasmodic and anticholinergic agent used for the symptomatic treatment of abdominal cramping and pain. Hydroxyamphetamine An indirectly acting sympathomimetic agent producing mydriasis for diagnostic purposes. Racepinephrine A bronchodilator used to treat intermittent asthma. Homatropine An anticholinergic agent used to dilate the pupil, treat inflammation of the uveal tract, and suppress a cough. Peppermint oil An ingredient used in a variety of natural health products and is not an approved medication. Methscopolamine Methscopolamine is a quaternary ammonium derivative of scopolamine and antagonist at muscarininc (mACh) receptors. Methscopolamine bromide is the most common form of the active ingredient in oral pharmaceutical products. The... Tropisetron For the prevention of nausea and vomiting induced by cytotoxic therapy and postoperative. Anisodamine Anisodamine has been investigated for the treatment of Intestinal Diseases. Oxitropium Oxitropium has been investigated for the treatment of Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive. Tulobuterol Tulobuterol has been used in trials studying the treatment of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease. Moxaverine Moxaverine has been investigated for the treatment of Retina, Ocular Physiology, and Regional Blood Flow. Propiverine An antimuscarinic agent used to treat urinary incontinence or increased urinary frequency or urgency. Vofopitant Vofopitant has been used in trials studying the treatment of PTSD, Primary Insomnia, and Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders. Nepadutant Nepadutant has been used in trials studying the treatment of Colic, Infantile Colic, and Infantile Functional Gastrointestinal Disorders. Mebeverine Mebeverine has been investigated for the treatment of Irritable Bowel Syndrome and Post-cholecystectomy Gastrointestinal Spasms. Bucindolol Bucindolol has been investigated in Heart Failure. Reproterol Reproterol has been used in trials studying the treatment of Asthma, Exercise-Induced. Fenoverine Fenoverine has been used in trials studying the treatment of Irritable Bowel Syndrome. Tramazoline Tramazoline is under investigation in clinical trial NCT01601509 (Nasal Tramazoline and Dexamethazone in Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA) Patients Tramazoline and). Tiropramide Tiropramide is under investigation in clinical trial NCT01629212 (Comparison of the Efficacy and Safety of Tiropramide and Octylonium in the Treatment of Irritable Bowel Syndrome). Bamifylline Bamifylline is a selective A1 adenosine receptor antagonist. Aceclidine Aceclidine has been marketed in Europe but has not been used clinically in the United States. It is used in the treatment of open-angle glaucoma and is a parasympathomimetic agent. Ipecac An emetic agent used to induce vomiting in poisoning. Ibopamine Not Annotated Fenozolone Not Annotated Emetine Not Annotated Proxyphylline Not Annotated Otilonium Not Annotated Emepronium Not Annotated Clebopride Not Annotated Rociverine Not Annotated Metopimazine Not Annotated Etamiphylline Not Annotated Tretoquinol Not Annotated Hydroquinine Not Annotated Terodiline Not Annotated Camylofin Not Annotated Epanolol Epanolol is an beta blocker. Prenalterol Not Annotated Dixyrazine Not Annotated Bufylline Not Annotated Methylatropine Not Annotated Mefenorex Not Annotated Fluticasone Fluticasone's 2 esters are indicated as inhalers for the treatment and management of asthma by prophylaxis[FDA Label] as well as inflammatory and pruritic dermatoses . A DB00588 nasal spray is... Zardaverine Not Available Diphemanil Used in the treatment of peptic ulcer, gastric hyperacidity, and hypermotility in gastritis and pylorospasm, and in the treatment of hyperhidrosis (excessive perspiration). Hydroquinidine Hydroquinidine is under investigation in clinical trial NCT00927732 (Hydroquinidine Versus Placebo in Patients With Brugada Syndrome). Xanomeline Xanomeline is under investigation in clinical trial NCT02831231 (Pilot Study Comparing Effects of Xanomeline Alone to Xanomeline Plus Trospium). Palonosetron A serotonin antagonist used in the prophylaxis or management of vomiting that results from emetogenic chemotherapy, and for the management of postoperative nausea and vomiting. Maropitant Maropitant, used as maropitant citrate, is a neurokinin receptor antagonist, which was developed by Zoetis specifically for the treatment of motion sickness and vomiting in dogs. It was approved by... Rilmenidine Rilmenidine has been used in trials studying the treatment of Hypertension and Chronic Kidney Disease. Tetramethylammonium Not Available
- Drugs & Drug Targets